Create an Azure SQL Managed Instance using the Azure CLI

Applies to: Azure SQL Managed Instance

This Azure CLI script example creates an Azure SQL Managed Instance in a dedicated subnet within a new virtual network. It also configures a route table and a network security group for the virtual network. Once the script has been successfully run, the managed instance can be accessed from within the virtual network or from an on-premises environment. See Configure Azure VM to connect to an Azure SQL Managed Instance and Configure a point-to-site connection to an Azure SQL Managed Instance from on-premises.

Important

For limitations, see supported regions and supported subscription types.

If you don't have an Azure subscription, create an Azure free account before you begin.

Prerequisites

Sample script

For this script, use Azure CLI locally as it takes too long to run in Cloud Shell.

Sign in to Azure

Use the following script to sign in using a specific subscription.

subscription="<subscriptionId>" # add subscription here

az account set -s $subscription # ...or use 'az login'

For more information, see set active subscription or log in interactively

Run the script

# Create an Azure SQL Managed Instance

# Variable block
let "randomIdentifier=$RANDOM*$RANDOM"
location="East US"
resourceGroup="msdocs-azuresql-rg-$randomIdentifier"
tag="create-managed-instance"
vNet="msdocs-azuresql-vnet-$randomIdentifier"
subnet="msdocs-azuresql-subnet-$randomIdentifier"
nsg="msdocs-azuresql-nsg-$randomIdentifier"
route="msdocs-azuresql-route-$randomIdentifier"
instance="msdocs-azuresql-instance-$randomIdentifier"
login="azureuser"
password="Pa$$w0rD-$randomIdentifier"

echo "Using resource group $resourceGroup with login: $login, password: $password..."

echo "Creating $resourceGroup in $location..."
az group create --name $resourceGroup --location "$location" --tags $tag 

echo "Creating $vNet with $subnet..."
az network vnet create --name $vNet --resource-group $resourceGroup --location "$location" --address-prefixes 10.0.0.0/16
az network vnet subnet create --name $subnet --resource-group $resourceGroup --vnet-name $vNet --address-prefixes 10.0.0.0/24 --delegations Microsoft.Sql/managedInstances

echo "Creating $nsg..."
az network nsg create --name $nsg --resource-group $resourceGroup --location "$location"

az network nsg rule create --name "allow_management_inbound" --nsg-name $nsg --priority 100 --resource-group $resourceGroup --access Allow --destination-address-prefixes 10.0.0.0/24 --destination-port-ranges 9000 9003 1438 1440 1452 --direction Inbound --protocol Tcp --source-address-prefixes "*" --source-port-ranges "*"
az network nsg rule create --name "allow_misubnet_inbound" --nsg-name $nsg --priority 200 --resource-group $resourceGroup --access Allow --destination-address-prefixes 10.0.0.0/24 --destination-port-ranges "*" --direction Inbound --protocol "*" --source-address-prefixes 10.0.0.0/24 --source-port-ranges "*"
az network nsg rule create --name "allow_health_probe_inbound" --nsg-name $nsg --priority 300 --resource-group $resourceGroup --access Allow --destination-address-prefixes 10.0.0.0/24 --destination-port-ranges "*" --direction Inbound --protocol "*" --source-address-prefixes AzureLoadBalancer --source-port-ranges "*"
az network nsg rule create --name "allow_management_outbound" --nsg-name $nsg --priority 1100 --resource-group $resourceGroup --access Allow --destination-address-prefixes AzureCloud --destination-port-ranges 443 12000 --direction Outbound --protocol Tcp --source-address-prefixes 10.0.0.0/24 --source-port-ranges "*"
az network nsg rule create --name "allow_misubnet_outbound" --nsg-name $nsg --priority 200 --resource-group $resourceGroup --access Allow --destination-address-prefixes 10.0.0.0/24 --destination-port-ranges "*" --direction Outbound --protocol "*" --source-address-prefixes 10.0.0.0/24 --source-port-ranges "*"

echo "Creating $route..."
az network route-table create --name $route --resource-group $resourceGroup --location "$location"

az network route-table route create --address-prefix 0.0.0.0/0 --name "primaryToMIManagementService" --next-hop-type Internet --resource-group $resourceGroup --route-table-name $route
az network route-table route create --address-prefix 10.0.0.0/24 --name "ToLocalClusterNode" --next-hop-type VnetLocal --resource-group $resourceGroup --route-table-name $route

echo "Configuring $subnet with $nsg and $route..."
az network vnet subnet update --name $subnet --network-security-group $nsg --route-table $route --vnet-name $vNet --resource-group $resourceGroup 

# This step will take awhile to complete. You can monitor deployment progress in the activity log within the Azure portal.
echo "Creating $instance with $vNet and $subnet..."
az sql mi create --admin-password $password --admin-user $login --name $instance --resource-group $resourceGroup --subnet $subnet --vnet-name $vNet --location "$location"

Clean up resources

Use the following command to remove the resource group and all resources associated with it using the az group delete command - unless you have an ongoing need for these resources. Some of these resources may take a while to create, as well as to delete.

az group delete --name $resourceGroup

Sample reference

This script uses the following commands. Each command in the table links to command specific documentation.

Command Description
az network vnet Virtual network commands.
az network vnet subnet Virtual network subnet commands.
az network route-table Network route table commands.
az sql mi SQL Managed Instance commands.

Next steps

For more information on Azure CLI, see Azure CLI documentation.

Additional SQL Database CLI script samples can be found in the Azure SQL Database documentation.