Ingest data using the Azure Data Explorer Node library

Azure Data Explorer is a fast and highly scalable data exploration service for log and telemetry data. Azure Data Explorer provides two client libraries for Node: an ingest library and a data library. These libraries enable you to ingest (load) data into a cluster and query data from your code. In this article, you first create a table and data mapping in a test cluster. You then queue ingestion to the cluster and validate the results.

If you don't have an Azure subscription, create a free Azure account before you begin.


Install the data and ingest libraries

Install azure-kusto-ingest and azure-kusto-data

npm i azure-kusto-ingest@^3.3.2 azure-kusto-data@^3.3.2

Add import statements and constants

Import classes from the libraries

const { Client: KustoClient, KustoConnectionStringBuilder } =  require('azure-kusto-data');
const {
    IngestClient: KustoIngestClient,
} =  require("azure-kusto-ingest");

To authenticate an application, Azure Data Explorer uses your Azure Active Directory tenant ID. To find your tenant ID, follow Find your Microsoft 365 tenant ID.

Set the values for authorityId, kustoUri, kustoIngestUri and kustoDatabase before running this code.

const cluster = "MyCluster";
const region = "westus";
const authorityId = "";
const kustoUri = `https://${cluster}.${region}`;
const kustoIngestUri = `https://ingest-${cluster}.${region}`;
const kustoDatabase  = "Weather";

Now construct the connection string. This example uses device authentication to access the cluster. Check the console output to complete the authentication. You can also use an Azure Active Directory application certificate, application key, and user and password.

You create the destination table and mapping in a later step.

const kcsbIngest = KustoConnectionStringBuilder.withAadDeviceAuthentication(kustoIngestUri, authorityId);
const kcsbData = KustoConnectionStringBuilder.withAadDeviceAuthentication(kustoUri, authorityId);
const destTable = "StormEvents";
const destTableMapping = "StormEvents_CSV_Mapping";

Set source file information

Import more classes and set constants for the data source file. This example uses a sample file hosted on Azure Blob Storage. The StormEvents sample data set contains weather-related data from the National Centers for Environmental Information.

const container = "samplefiles";
const account = "kustosamples";
const sas = "";  // If relevant add SAS token
const filePath = "StormEvents.csv";
const blobPath = `https://${account}${container}/${filePath}${sas}`;

Create a table on your test cluster

Create a table that matches the schema of the data in the StormEvents.csv file. When this code runs, it returns a message like the following: To sign in, use a web browser to open the page and enter the code XXXXXXXXX to authenticate. Follow the steps to sign in, then return to run the next code block. Subsequent code blocks that make a connection will require you to sign in again.

const kustoClient = new KustoClient(kcsbData);
const createTableCommand = `.create table ${destTable} (StartTime: datetime, EndTime: datetime, EpisodeId: int, EventId: int, State: string, EventType: string, InjuriesDirect: int, InjuriesIndirect: int, DeathsDirect: int, DeathsIndirect: int, DamageProperty: int, DamageCrops: int, Source: string, BeginLocation: string, EndLocation: string, BeginLat: real, BeginLon: real, EndLat: real, EndLon: real, EpisodeNarrative: string, EventNarrative: string, StormSummary: dynamic)`;

const createTableResults = await kustoClient.executeMgmt(kustoDatabase, createTableCommand);

Define ingestion mapping

Map incoming CSV data to the column names and data types used when creating the table.

const createMappingCommand = `.create table ${destTable} ingestion csv mapping '${destTableMapping}' '[{"Name":"StartTime","datatype":"datetime","Ordinal":0}, {"Name":"EndTime","datatype":"datetime","Ordinal":1},{"Name":"EpisodeId","datatype":"int","Ordinal":2},{"Name":"EventId","datatype":"int","Ordinal":3},{"Name":"State","datatype":"string","Ordinal":4},{"Name":"EventType","datatype":"string","Ordinal":5},{"Name":"InjuriesDirect","datatype":"int","Ordinal":6},{"Name":"InjuriesIndirect","datatype":"int","Ordinal":7},{"Name":"DeathsDirect","datatype":"int","Ordinal":8},{"Name":"DeathsIndirect","datatype":"int","Ordinal":9},{"Name":"DamageProperty","datatype":"int","Ordinal":10},{"Name":"DamageCrops","datatype":"int","Ordinal":11},{"Name":"Source","datatype":"string","Ordinal":12},{"Name":"BeginLocation","datatype":"string","Ordinal":13},{"Name":"EndLocation","datatype":"string","Ordinal":14},{"Name":"BeginLat","datatype":"real","Ordinal":16},{"Name":"BeginLon","datatype":"real","Ordinal":17},{"Name":"EndLat","datatype":"real","Ordinal":18},{"Name":"EndLon","datatype":"real","Ordinal":19},{"Name":"EpisodeNarrative","datatype":"string","Ordinal":20},{"Name":"EventNarrative","datatype":"string","Ordinal":21},{"Name":"StormSummary","datatype":"dynamic","Ordinal":22}]'`;

const mappingCommandResults = await kustoClient.executeMgmt(kustoDatabase, createMappingCommand);

Queue a message for ingestion

Queue a message to pull data from blob storage and ingest that data into Azure Data Explorer.

const defaultProps  = new IngestionProperties({
    database: kustoDatabase,
    table: destTable,
    format: DataFormat.CSV,
    ingestionMappingReference: destTableMapping,
    ingestionMappingKind: IngestionMappingKind.CSV,
    additionalProperties: {ignoreFirstRecord: true},

const ingestClient = new KustoIngestClient(kcsbIngest, defaultProps);
// All ingestion properties are documented here:

const blobDesc = new BlobDescriptor(blobPath, 10);
try {
	const ingestionResult = await ingestClient.ingestFromBlob(blobDesc, null);
} catch (err) {
	// Handle errors

Validate that table contains data

Validate that the data was ingested into the table. Wait for five to ten minutes for the queued ingestion to schedule the ingest and load the data into Azure Data Explorer. Then run the following code to get the count of records in the StormEvents table.

const query = `${destTable} | count`;

var tableResults = await kustoClient.execute(kustoDatabase, query);

Run troubleshooting queries

Sign in to and connect to your cluster. Run the following command in your database to see if there were any ingestion failures in the last four hours. Replace the database name before running.

.show ingestion failures
| where FailedOn > ago(4h) and Database == "<DatabaseName>"

Run the following command to view the status of all ingestion operations in the last four hours. Replace the database name before running.

.show operations
| where StartedOn > ago(4h) and Database == "<DatabaseName>" and Operation == "DataIngestPull"
| summarize arg_max(LastUpdatedOn, *) by OperationId

Clean up resources

If you plan to follow our other articles, keep the resources you created. If not, run the following command in your database to clean up the StormEvents table.

.drop table StormEvents

Next steps