OData API versioning

Azure DevOps Services | Azure DevOps Server 2022 - Azure DevOps Server 2019

As the Analytics service matures, we're dedicated to providing consistency and reliability to our users. As such, Analytics for Azure DevOps provides a versioned OData API that is compatible with clients designed for those versions. Each version may be enhanced with more functionality and non-breaking changes. Incompatible or breaking changes will be rolled into future versions of the API.

The API version follows the _odata element in the request path and has value as one of our supported versions: v1.0, v2.0, v3.0-preview, or v4.0-preview.

https://analytics.dev.azure.com/{OrganizationName}/{ProjectName}/_odata/{version}/$metadata
https://{servername}:{port}/tfs/{CollectionName}/{ProjectName}/_odata/{version}/$metadata

Note

The Analytics service is automatically enabled for all Azure DevOps Services. It is supported for use in production. Power BI integration and access to the OData feed of the Analytics Service are generally available. We encourage you to use it and provide us feedback.

Note

The Analytics service is automatically installed on all new project collections for Azure DevOps Server 2020 and later versions. It is supported for use in production. Power BI integration and access to the OData feed of the Analytics Service are generally available. We encourage you to use it and provide us feedback. If you upgraded from Azure DevOps Server 2019, then you're provided with the option to install the Analytics service during upgrade.

Note

The Analytics service is in preview for Azure DevOps Server 2019. You access Analytics by enabling or installing it for a project collection. Power BI integration and access to the OData feed of the Analytics Service are in Preview. We encourage you to use it and provide us feedback.

Preview versions

  • v3.0-preview
  • v4.0-preview

Released versions

  • v1.0
  • v2.0

Entity sets supported in each version

For information on which EntitySets are supported with each API version, see Data model for Analytics, Entities.

Version lifecycle

Each version of the OData API will go through three phases during its lifecycle.

Preview

All breaking changes will be combined and released together in future versions of the API. To make this functionality available as early as possible, well release new versions in preview mode. Breaking changes are still possible while a version is in preview mode. Also, there's no guarantee that what is included in a preview version will be included in a released version.

The preview of a version will be available for a minimum of six weeks after it's released.

Released

Once a preview version matures enough for release, it will be made available without the -preview suffix. No breaking changes will be introduced to released versions, but the data model may still grow with additive functionality. Released versions will be supported for a minimum of 12 months.

Deprecated

Deprecated versions are no longer supported. Requests made to a deprecated version won't be fulfilled. If you attempt to request a deprecated or unsupported version, you'll receive an HTTP 410 response code and a message like:

The {version} OData endpoint for Analytics is not supported. Information on the latest recommended version is available here: https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?linkid=856818

Breaking vs non-breaking changes

The data model exposed by Analytics defines the contract between the service and its clients. The OData spec requires that clients be tolerant of additive changes to the data model. Breaking changes will be introduced in future versions. For more information, see OData Version 4.0 Part 5: Versioning

Note

The system doesn't version any custom work item fields. Also, it's possible to cause breaking changes to your model by removing, or changing the types of work items or custom fields. All work items, and their revisions, will reflect the current custom field configuration.

Example of non-breaking changes

Consider a scenario where a new UserType property is added to the User entity. For example, the metadata for v1.0 version is as shown in the following syntax.

<EntityType Name="User">
    <Key>
        <PropertyRef Name="UserSK"/>
    </Key>
    <Property Name="UserSK" Type="Edm.Guid" Nullable="false"/>
    <Property Name="UserId" Type="Edm.Guid">
        <Annotation Term="Display.DisplayName" String="User Id"/>
    </Property>
    <Property Name="UserName" Type="Edm.String">
        <Annotation Term="Display.DisplayName" String="User Name"/>
    </Property>
    <Property Name="UserEmail" Type="Edm.String">
        <Annotation Term="Display.DisplayName" String="User Email"/>
    </Property>
    <!-- New User Type property -->
    <Property Name="UserType" Type="Edm.Int32">
        <Annotation Term="Display.DisplayName" String="User Type"/>
    </Property>
    <!-- New User Type property -->
</EntityType>

For v4.0-preview version, the metadata has been augmented. Changes are additive and can be made available in previous versions.

<EntityType Name="User">
  <Key>
    <PropertyRef Name="UserSK"/>
  </Key>
  <Property Name="UserSK" Type="Edm.Guid" Nullable="false"/>
  <Property Name="UserId" Type="Edm.Guid">
    <Annotation Term="Display.DisplayName" String="User Id"/>
  </Property>
  <Property Name="UserName" Type="Edm.String">
    <Annotation Term="Display.DisplayName" String="User Name"/>
    <Annotation Term="Microsoft.VisualStudio.Services.Analytics.IsPersonallyIdentifiableInformation" Bool="true"/>
  </Property>
  <Property Name="UserEmail" Type="Edm.String">
    <Annotation Term="Display.DisplayName" String="User Email"/>
    <Annotation Term="Microsoft.VisualStudio.Services.Analytics.IsPersonallyIdentifiableInformation" Bool="true"/>
  </Property>
  <Property Name="AnalyticsUpdatedDate" Type="Edm.DateTimeOffset"/>
  <Property Name="GitHubUserId" Type="Edm.String">
    <Annotation Term="Display.DisplayName" String="GitHub User Id"/>
  </Property>
  <Property Name="UserType" Type="Microsoft.VisualStudio.Services.Analytics.Model.UserType">
    <Annotation Term="Display.DisplayName" String="User Type"/>
  </Property>
</EntityType>

Example of breaking changes

Now consider a scenario where we revert to the original structure of the User entity, causing the removal of a previously available feature.

<EntityType Name="User">
    <Key>
        <PropertyRef Name="UserSK"/>
    </Key>
    <Property Name="UserSK" Type="Edm.Guid" Nullable="false"/>
    <Property Name="UserId" Type="Edm.Guid" Nullable="false">
        <Annotation Term="Display.DisplayName" String="User Id"/>
    </Property>
    <Property Name="UserName" Type="Edm.String">
        <Annotation Term="Display.DisplayName" String="User Name"/>
    </Property>
    <Property Name="UserEmail" Type="Edm.String">
        <Annotation Term="Display.DisplayName" String="User Email"/>
    </Property>
    <!-- User Type property has been removed -->
</EntityType>

Since removal of the UserType field is a breaking change, the field won't be removed until version v2.0 of the API. Version v1.0 of the data model continues to include the UserType field.