Quickstart: Connect an STMicroelectronics B-L4S5I-IOT01A Discovery kit to IoT Central

Applies to: Embedded device development
Total completion time: 30 minutes

Browse code

Browse code

In this quickstart, you use Azure RTOS to connect the STMicroelectronics B-L4S5I-IOT01A Discovery kit (from now on, the STM DevKit) to Azure IoT.

You'll complete the following tasks:

  • Install a set of embedded development tools for programming the STM DevKit in C
  • Build an image and flash it onto the STM DevKit
  • Use Azure IoT Central to create cloud components, view properties, view device telemetry, and call direct commands

Prerequisites

  • A PC running Windows 10

  • Git for cloning the repository

  • Hardware

    • The B-L4S5I-IOT01A (STM DevKit)
    • Wi-Fi 2.4 GHz
    • USB 2.0 A male to Micro USB male cable
  • An active Azure subscription. If you don't have an Azure subscription, create a free account before you begin.

Prepare the development environment

To set up your development environment, first you clone a GitHub repo that contains all the assets you need for the quickstart. Then you install a set of programming tools.

Clone the repo for the quickstart

Clone the following repo to download all sample device code, setup scripts, and offline versions of the documentation. If you previously cloned this repo in another quickstart, you don't need to do it again.

To clone the repo, run the following command:

git clone --recursive https://github.com/azure-rtos/getting-started.git

Install the tools

The cloned repo contains a setup script that installs and configures the required tools. If you installed these tools in another embedded device quickstart, you don't need to do it again.

Note

The setup script installs the following tools:

To install the tools:

  1. From File Explorer, navigate to the following path in the repo and run the setup batch file named get-toolchain.bat.

    getting-started\tools\get-toolchain.bat

  2. After the installation, open a new console window to recognize the configuration changes made by the setup batch file. Use this console to complete the remaining programming tasks in the quickstart. You can use Windows CMD, PowerShell, or Git Bash for Windows.

  3. Run the following code to confirm that CMake version 3.14 or later is installed.

    cmake --version
    

Create the cloud components

Create the IoT Central application

There are several ways to connect devices to Azure IoT. In this section, you learn how to connect a device by using Azure IoT Central. IoT Central is an IoT application platform that reduces the cost and complexity of creating and managing IoT solutions.

To create a new application:

  1. From Azure IoT Central portal, select Build on the side navigation menu.

    Note

    If you have an existing IoT Central application, you can use it to complete the steps in this article rather than create a new application. In this case, we recommend that you either create a new device or delete and recreate the device if you want to use an existing device ID.

  2. Select Create app in the Custom app tile.

    Screenshot of create a custom app in Azure IoT Central

  3. Add Application Name and a URL.

  4. Select one of the standard pricing plans. Select your Directory, Azure subscription, and Location. To learn about creating IoT Central applications, see Create an IoT Central application. To learn about pricing, see Azure IoT Central pricing.

    Screenshot of entering information for the new app in Azure IoT Central

  5. Select Create. After IoT Central provisions the application, it redirects you automatically to the new application dashboard.

Create a new device

In this section, you use the IoT Central application dashboard to create a new device. You'll use the connection information for the newly created device to securely connect your physical device in a later section.

To create a device:

  1. From the application dashboard, select Devices on the side navigation menu.

  2. Select Create a device from the All devices pane to open the Create a new device window. (If you're reusing an existing application that already has one or more devices, select + New to open the window.)

  3. Leave Device template as Unassigned.

  4. Fill in the desired Device name and Device ID.

    Screenshot of entering information for a new device in Azure IoT Central

  5. Select the Create button.

  6. The newly created device will appear in the All devices list. Select on the device name to show details.

  7. Select Connect in the top right menu bar to display the connection information used to configure the device in the next section.

    Screenshot of device connection details in Azure IoT Central

  8. Note the connection values for the following connection string parameters displayed in Connect dialog. You'll add these values to a configuration file in the next step:

    • ID scope
    • Device ID
    • Primary key

Prepare the device

To connect the STM DevKit to Azure, you'll modify a configuration file for Wi-Fi and Azure IoT settings, rebuild the image, and flash the image to the device.

Add configuration

  1. Open the following file in a text editor.

    getting-started\STMicroelectronics\B-L4S5I-IOT01A\app\azure_config.h

  2. Set the Wi-Fi constants to the following values from your local environment.

    Constant name Value
    WIFI_SSID {Use your Wi-Fi SSID}
    WIFI_PASSWORD {Use your Wi-Fi password}
    WIFI_MODE {Use one of the enumerated Wi-Fi mode values in the file}
  3. Set the Azure IoT device information constants to the values that you saved after you created Azure resources.

    Constant name Value
    IOT_DPS_ID_SCOPE {Use your ID scope value}
    IOT_DPS_REGISTRATION_ID {Use your Device ID value}
    IOT_DEVICE_SAS_KEY {Use your Primary key value}
  4. Save and close the file.

Build the image

  1. In your console or in File Explorer, run the batch file rebuild.bat at the following path to build the image:

    getting-started\STMicroelectronics\B-L4S5I-IOT01A\tools\rebuild.bat

  2. After the build completes, confirm that the binary file was created in the following path:

    getting-started\STMicroelectronics\B-L4S5I-IOT01A\build\app\stm32l4S5_azure_iot.bin

Flash the image

  1. On the STM DevKit MCU, locate the Reset button (1), the Micro USB port (2), which is labeled USB STLink, and the board part number (3). You'll refer to these items in the next steps. All of them are highlighted in the following picture:

    Locate key components on the STM DevKit board

  2. Connect the Micro USB cable to the USB STLINK port on the STM DevKit, and then connect it to your computer.

    Note

    For detailed setup information about the STM DevKit, see the instructions on the packaging, or see B-L4S5I-IOT01A Resources

  3. In File Explorer, find the binary files that you created in the previous section.

  4. Copy the binary file named stm32l4s5_azure_iot.bin.

  5. In File Explorer, find the STM Devkit that's connected to your computer. The device appears as a drive on your system.

  6. Paste the binary file into the root folder of the STM Devkit. Flashing starts automatically and completes in a few seconds.

    Note

    During the flashing process, an LED toggles between red and green on the STM DevKit.

Confirm device connection details

You can use the Termite app to monitor communication and confirm that your device is set up correctly.

  1. Start Termite.

    Tip

    If you are unable to connect Termite to your devkit, install the ST-LINK driver and try again. See Troubleshooting for additional steps.

  2. Select Settings.

  3. In the Serial port settings dialog, check the following settings and update if needed:

    • Baud rate: 115,200
    • Port: The port that your STM DevKit is connected to. If there are multiple port options in the dropdown, you can find the correct port to use. Open Windows Device Manager, and view Ports to identify which port to use.

    Screenshot of serial port settings in the Termite app

  4. Select OK.

  5. Press the Reset button on the device. The button is black and is labeled on the device.

  6. In the Termite app, check the following checkpoint values to confirm that the device is initialized and connected to Azure IoT.

    Starting Azure thread
    
    Initializing WiFi
    	Module: ISM43362-M3G-L44-SPI
         MAC address: C4:7F:51:8F:67:F6
    	Firmware revision: C3.5.2.5.STM
         Connecting to SSID 'iot'
    SUCCESS: WiFi connected to iot
    
    Initializing DHCP
         IP address: 192.168.0.22
         Gateway: 192.168.0.1
    SUCCESS: DHCP initialized
    
    Initializing DNS client
         DNS address: 75.75.75.75
    SUCCESS: DNS client initialized
    
    Initializing SNTP client
    	SNTP server 0.pool.ntp.org
         SNTP IP address: 108.62.122.57
         SNTP time update: May 21, 2021 22:42:8.394 UTC 
    SUCCESS: SNTP initialized
    
    Initializing Azure IoT DPS client
         DPS endpoint: global.azure-devices-provisioning.net
         DPS ID scope: ***
         Registration ID: mydevice
    SUCCESS: Azure IoT DPS client initialized
    
    Initializing Azure IoT Hub client
         Hub hostname: ***.azure-devices.net
         Device id: mydevice
         Model id: dtmi:azurertos:devkit:gsgstml4s5;1
    Connected to IoT Hub
    SUCCESS: Azure IoT Hub client initialized
    

    Important

    If the DNS client initialization fails and notifies you that the Wi-Fi firmware is out of date, you'll need to update the Wi-Fi module firmware. Download and install the Inventek ISM 43362 Wi-Fi module firmware update. Then press the Reset button on the device to recheck your connection, and continue with this quickstart.

Keep Termite open to monitor device output in the following steps.

Prerequisites

  • A PC running Windows 10

  • Git for cloning the repository

  • Hardware

    • The B-L4S5I-IOT01A (STM DevKit)
    • Wi-Fi 2.4 GHz
    • USB 2.0 A male to Micro USB male cable
  • IAR Embedded Workbench for ARM (IAR EW). You can download and install a 14-day free trial of IAR EW for ARM.

  • Download the STMicroelectronics B-L4S5I-IOT01A IAR sample from Azure RTOS samples, and unzip it to a working directory. Choose a directory with a short path to avoid compiler errors when you build.

Create the cloud components

Create the IoT Central application

There are several ways to connect devices to Azure IoT. In this section, you learn how to connect a device by using Azure IoT Central. IoT Central is an IoT application platform that reduces the cost and complexity of creating and managing IoT solutions.

To create a new application:

  1. From Azure IoT Central portal, select Build on the side navigation menu.

    Note

    If you have an existing IoT Central application, you can use it to complete the steps in this article rather than create a new application. In this case, we recommend that you either create a new device or delete and recreate the device if you want to use an existing device ID.

  2. Select Create app in the Custom app tile.

    Screenshot of create a custom app in Azure IoT Central

  3. Add Application Name and a URL.

  4. Select one of the standard pricing plans. Select your Directory, Azure subscription, and Location. To learn about creating IoT Central applications, see Create an IoT Central application. To learn about pricing, see Azure IoT Central pricing.

    Screenshot of entering information for the new app in Azure IoT Central

  5. Select Create. After IoT Central provisions the application, it redirects you automatically to the new application dashboard.

Create a new device

In this section, you use the IoT Central application dashboard to create a new device. You'll use the connection information for the newly created device to securely connect your physical device in a later section.

To create a device:

  1. From the application dashboard, select Devices on the side navigation menu.

  2. Select Create a device from the All devices pane to open the Create a new device window. (If you're reusing an existing application that already has one or more devices, select + New to open the window.)

  3. Leave Device template as Unassigned.

  4. Fill in the desired Device name and Device ID.

    Screenshot of entering information for a new device in Azure IoT Central

  5. Select the Create button.

  6. The newly created device will appear in the All devices list. Select on the device name to show details.

  7. Select Connect in the top right menu bar to display the connection information used to configure the device in the next section.

    Screenshot of device connection details in Azure IoT Central

  8. Note the connection values for the following connection string parameters displayed in Connect dialog. You'll add these values to a configuration file in the next step:

    • ID scope
    • Device ID
    • Primary key

Prepare the device

To connect the device to Azure, you'll modify a configuration file for Azure IoT settings and IAR settings for Wi-Fi. Then you'll build and flash the image to the device.

Add configuration

  1. Open the azure_rtos.eww EWARM Workspace in IAR from the extracted zip file.

    EWARM workspace in IAR

  2. Expand the project, then expand the Sample subfolder and open the sample_config.h file.

  3. Near the top of the file, uncomment the #define ENABLE_DPS_SAMPLE directive.

    #define ENABLE_DPS_SAMPLE
    
  4. Set the Azure IoT device information constants to the values that you saved after you created Azure resources. The ENDPOINT constant is set to the global endpoint for Azure Device Provisioning Service (DPS).

    Constant name Value
    ENDPOINT {Use this value: "global.azure-devices-provisioning.net"}
    REGISTRATION_ID {Use your Device ID value}
    ID_SCOPE {Use your ID scope value}
    DEVICE_SYMMETRIC_KEY {Use your Primary key value}

    Note

    The ENDPOINT, DEVICE_ID, ID_SCOPE, and DEVICE_SYMMETRIC_KEY values are set in a #ifndef ENABLE_DPS_SAMPLE statement. Make sure you set the values in the #else statement, which will be used when the ENABLE_DPS_SAMPLE value is defined.

  5. Save the file.

  6. Select the sample_azure_iot_embedded_sdk_pnp, right-click on it on in the left Workspace pane, and select Set as active.

  7. Right-click on the active project, select Options > C/C++ Compiler > Preprocessor. Replace the values for your WiFi to be used.

    Symbol name Value
    WIFI_SSID {Use your Wi-Fi SSID}
    WIFI_PASSWORD {Use your Wi-Fi password}

    Options for node sample

Build the project

In IAR, select Project > Batch Build and choose build_all and select Make to build all projects. You’ll observe compilation and linking of all sample projects.

Flash the image

  1. On the STM DevKit MCU, locate the Reset button (1), the Micro USB port (2), which is labeled USB STLink, and the board part number (3). You’ll refer to these items in the next steps. All of them are highlighted in the following picture.

    Locate key components on the STM DevKit board

  2. Connect the Micro USB cable to the USB STLINK port on the STM DevKit, and then connect it to your computer.

    Note

    For detailed setup information about the STM DevKit, see the instructions on the packaging, or see B-L4S5I-IOT01A Resources.

  3. In IAR, press the green Download and Debug button in the toolbar to download the program and run it. Then press Go.

  4. Check the Terminal I/O to verify that messages have been successfully sent to the Azure IoT hub.

    As the project runs, the demo displays the status information to the Terminal IO window (View > Terminal I/O). The demo also publishes the message to IoT Hub every few seconds.

    Note

    The terminal output content varies depending on which sample you choose to build and run.

Confirm device connection details

In the terminal window, you should see output like the following, to verify that the device is initialized and connected to Azure IoT.

STM32L4XX Lib:
> CMSIS Device Version: 1.7.0.0.
> HAL Driver Version: 1.12.0.0.
> BSP Driver Version: 1.0.0.0.
ES-WIFI Firmware:
> Product Name: Inventek eS-WiFi
> Product ID: ISM43362-M3G-L44-SPI
> Firmware Version: C3.5.2.5.STM
> API Version: v3.5.2
ES-WIFI MAC Address: C4:7F:51:7:D7:73
wifi connect try 1 times
ES-WIFI Connected.
> ES-WIFI IP Address: 10.0.0.228
> ES-WIFI Gateway Address: 10.0.0.1
> ES-WIFI DNS1 Address: 75.75.75.75
> ES-WIFI DNS2 Address: 75.75.76.76
IP address: 10.0.0.228
Mask: 255.255.255.0
Gateway: 10.0.0.1
DNS Server address: 1.1.1.1
SNTP Time Sync...0.pool.ntp.org
SNTP Time Sync successfully.
[INFO] Azure IoT Security Module has been enabled, status=0
Start Provisioning Client...
Registered Device Successfully.
IoTHub Host Name: iotc-14c961cd-1779-4d1c-8739-5d2b9afa5b84.azure-devices.net; Device ID: mydevice.
Connected to IoTHub.
Sent properties request.
Telemetry message send: {"temperature":22}.
Received all properties
Telemetry message send: {"temperature":22}.
Telemetry message send: {"temperature":22}.
Telemetry message send: {"temperature":22}.
Telemetry message send: {"temperature":22}.

Keep the terminal open to monitor device output in the following steps.

Verify the device status

To view the device status in IoT Central portal:

  1. From the application dashboard, select Devices on the side navigation menu.

  2. Confirm that the Device status is updated to Provisioned.

  3. Confirm that the Device template is updated to Thermostat.

    Screenshot of device status in IoT Central

View telemetry

With IoT Central, you can view the flow of telemetry from your device to the cloud.

To view telemetry in IoT Central portal:

  1. From the application dashboard, select Devices on the side navigation menu.

  2. Select the device from the device list.

  3. View the telemetry as the device sends messages to the cloud in the Overview tab.

    Screenshot of device telemetry in IoT Central

    Note

    You can also monitor telemetry from the device by using the Termite app.

Call a direct method on the device

You can also use IoT Central to call a direct method that you've implemented on your device. Direct methods have a name, and can optionally have a JSON payload, configurable connection, and method timeout.

To call a method in IoT Central portal:

  1. Select the Command tab from the device page.

  2. In the Since field, use the date picker and time selectors to set a time, then select Run.

    Screenshot of calling a direct method on a device in IoT Central

View device information

You can view the device information from IoT Central.

Select the About tab from the device page.

Screenshot of device information in IoT Central

Prerequisites

  • A PC running Windows 10

  • Git for cloning the repository

  • Hardware

    • The B-L4S5I-IOT01A (STM DevKit)
    • Wi-Fi 2.4 GHz
    • USB 2.0 A male to Micro USB male cable

Download the STM32Cube IDE

You can download a free version of STM32Cube IDE, but you'll need to create an account. Follow the instructions on the ST website. The STM32Cube IDE can be downloaded from this website: https://www.st.com/en/development-tools/stm32cubeide.html

The sample distribution zip file contains the following subfolders that you'll use later:

Folder Contents
sample_azure_iot_embedded_sdk {Sample project to connect to Azure loT Hub using Azure loT Middleware for Azure RTOS}
sample_azure_iot_embedded_sdk_pnp {Sample project to connect to Azure loT Hub using Azure loT Middleware for Azure RTOS via loT Plug and Play}

Download the STMicroelectronics B-L4S5I-IOT01A IAR sample from Azure RTOS samples, and unzip it to a working directory. Choose a directory with a short path to avoid compiler errors when you build.

Create the cloud components

Create the IoT Central application

There are several ways to connect devices to Azure IoT. In this section, you learn how to connect a device by using Azure IoT Central. IoT Central is an IoT application platform that reduces the cost and complexity of creating and managing IoT solutions.

To create a new application:

  1. From Azure IoT Central portal, select Build on the side navigation menu.

    Note

    If you have an existing IoT Central application, you can use it to complete the steps in this article rather than create a new application. In this case, we recommend that you either create a new device or delete and recreate the device if you want to use an existing device ID.

  2. Select Create app in the Custom app tile.

    Screenshot of create a custom app in Azure IoT Central

  3. Add Application Name and a URL.

  4. Select one of the standard pricing plans. Select your Directory, Azure subscription, and Location. To learn about creating IoT Central applications, see Create an IoT Central application. To learn about pricing, see Azure IoT Central pricing.

    Screenshot of entering information for the new app in Azure IoT Central

  5. Select Create. After IoT Central provisions the application, it redirects you automatically to the new application dashboard.

Create a new device

In this section, you use the IoT Central application dashboard to create a new device. You'll use the connection information for the newly created device to securely connect your physical device in a later section.

To create a device:

  1. From the application dashboard, select Devices on the side navigation menu.

  2. Select Create a device from the All devices pane to open the Create a new device window. (If you're reusing an existing application that already has one or more devices, select + New to open the window.)

  3. Leave Device template as Unassigned.

  4. Fill in the desired Device name and Device ID.

    Screenshot of entering information for a new device in Azure IoT Central

  5. Select the Create button.

  6. The newly created device will appear in the All devices list. Select on the device name to show details.

  7. Select Connect in the top right menu bar to display the connection information used to configure the device in the next section.

    Screenshot of device connection details in Azure IoT Central

  8. Note the connection values for the following connection string parameters displayed in Connect dialog. You'll add these values to a configuration file in the next step:

    • ID scope
    • Device ID
    • Primary key

Prepare the device

To connect the device to Azure, you'll modify a configuration file for Azure IoT settings and STM32Cube IDE settings for Wi-Fi, and then build and flash the image to the device.

Add configuration

  1. Launch STM32CubeIDE, select File > Open Projects from File System. Open the stm32cubeide folder from inside the extracted zip file, and then select Finish to open the projects.

    Import projects from distribution Zip file

  2. Select the sample project that you want to build and run. For example, sample_azure_iot_embedded_sdk_pnp.

  3. Expand the common_hardware_code folder to open board_setup.c to configure the values for your WiFi to be used.

    Symbol name Value
    WIFI_SSID {Use your Wi-Fi SSID}
    WIFI_PASSWORD {se your Wi-Fi password}
  4. Expand the sample folder to open sample_config.h to set the Azure IoT device information constants to the values that you saved after you created Azure resources.

    Constant name Value
    ENDPOINT {Use this value: "global.azure-devices-provisioning.net"}
    REGISTRATION_ID {Use your Device ID value}
    ID_SCOPE {Use your ID scope value}
    DEVICE_SYMMETRIC_KEY {Use your Primary key value}

    Note

    The ENDPOINT, DEVICE_ID, ID_SCOPE, and DEVICE_SYMMETRIC_KEY values are set in a #ifndef ENABLE_DPS_SAMPLE statement. Make sure you set the values in the #else statement, which will be used when the ENABLE_DPS_SAMPLE value is defined.

Build the project

In STM32CubeIDE, select Project > Build All to build sample projects and its dependent libraries. You'll observe compilation and linking of the sample project.

Download and run the project

  1. On the STM DevKit MCU, locate the Reset button (1), the Micro USB port (2), which is labeled USB STLink, and the board part number (3). You'll refer to these items in the next steps. All of them are highlighted in the following picture:

    Locate key components on the STM DevKit board

  2. Connect the Micro USB cable to the USB STLINK port on the STM DevKit, and then connect it to your computer.

  3. In STM32CubeIDE, Select Run > Debug (F11) or Debug on the toolbar to download the program and run it, and then select Resume. You may need to upgrade the ST-Link to make the debug work. Select Help > ST-Link Upgrade and follow the instructions.

    ST-Link upgrade instructions

  4. Verify the serial port in your OS’s device manager. It should show up as a COM port.

    Verify the serial port

  5. Open your favorite serial terminal program such as Termite and connect to the COM port discovered above. Configure the following values for the serial ports: Baud rate: 115200 Data bits: 8 Stop bits: 1

  6. As the project runs, the demo displays status information to the terminal output window. The demo also publishes the message to IoT Hub every five seconds. Check the terminal output to verify that messages have been successfully sent to the Azure IoT hub.

    Note

    The terminal output content varies depending on which sample you choose to build and run.

Confirm device connection details

In the terminal window, you should see output like the following, to verify that the device is initialized and connected to Azure IoT.

STM32L4XX Lib:
> CMSIS Device Version: 1.7.0.0.
> HAL Driver Version: 1.12.0.0.
> BSP Driver Version: 1.0.0.0.
ES-WIFI Firmware:
> Product Name: Inventek eS-WiFi
> Product ID: ISM43362-M3G-L44-SPI
> Firmware Version: C3.5.2.5.STM
> API Version: v3.5.2
ES-WIFI MAC Address: C4:7F:51:7:D7:73
wifi connect try 1 times
ES-WIFI Connected.
> ES-WIFI IP Address: 10.0.0.204
> ES-WIFI Gateway Address: 10.0.0.1
> ES-WIFI DNS1 Address: 75.75.75.75
> ES-WIFI DNS2 Address: 75.75.76.76
IP address: 10.0.0.204
Mask: 255.255.255.0
Gateway: 10.0.0.1
DNS Server address: 75.75.75.75
SNTP Time Sync...0.pool.ntp.org
SNTP Time Sync...1.pool.ntp.org
SNTP Time Sync successfully.
[INFO] Azure IoT Security Module has been enabled, status=0
Start Provisioning Client...
Registered Device Successfully.
IoTHub Host Name: iotc-ad97cfe1-91b4-4476-bee8-dcdb0aa2cc0a.azure-devices.net; Device ID: 51pf4yld0g.
Connected to IoTHub.
Sent properties request.
Telemetry message send: {"temperature":22}.
[INFO] Azure IoT Security Module message is empty
Received all properties
Telemetry message send: {"temperature":22}.
Telemetry message send: {"temperature":22}.
Telemetry message send: {"temperature":22}.

Keep the terminal open to monitor device output in the following steps.

Verify the device status

To view the device status in IoT Central portal:

  1. From the application dashboard, select Devices on the side navigation menu.

  2. Confirm that the Device status is updated to Provisioned.

  3. Confirm that the Device template is updated to Thermostat.

    Screenshot of device status in IoT Central

View telemetry

With IoT Central, you can view the flow of telemetry from your device to the cloud.

To view telemetry in IoT Central portal:

  1. From the application dashboard, select Devices on the side navigation menu.

  2. Select the device from the device list.

  3. View the telemetry as the device sends messages to the cloud in the Overview tab.

    Screenshot of device telemetry in IoT Central

    Note

    You can also monitor telemetry from the device by using the Termite app.

Call a direct method on the device

You can also use IoT Central to call a direct method that you've implemented on your device. Direct methods have a name, and can optionally have a JSON payload, configurable connection, and method timeout.

To call a method in IoT Central portal:

  1. Select the Command tab from the device page.

  2. In the Since field, use the date picker and time selectors to set a time, then select Run.

    Screenshot of calling a direct method on a device in IoT Central

  3. You can see the command invocation in the terminal. In this case, because the sample thermostat application displays a simulated temperature value, there won't be minimum or maximum values during the time range.

View device information

You can view the device information from IoT Central.

Select the About tab from the device page.

Screenshot of device information in IoT Central

Tip

To customize these views, edit the device template.

Verify the device status

To view the device status in IoT Central portal:

  1. From the application dashboard, select Devices on the side navigation menu.

  2. Confirm that the Device status is updated to Provisioned.

  3. Confirm that the Device template is updated to Getting Started Guide.

    Screenshot of device status in IoT Central

View telemetry

With IoT Central, you can view the flow of telemetry from your device to the cloud.

To view telemetry in IoT Central portal:

  1. From the application dashboard, select Devices on the side navigation menu.

  2. Select the device from the device list.

  3. View the telemetry as the device sends messages to the cloud in the Overview tab.

    Screenshot of device telemetry in IoT Central

    Note

    You can also monitor telemetry from the device by using the Termite app.

Call a direct method on the device

You can also use IoT Central to call a direct method that you've implemented on your device. Direct methods have a name, and can optionally have a JSON payload, configurable connection, and method timeout. In this section, you call a method that enables you to turn an LED on or off.

To call a method in IoT Central portal:

  1. Select the Command tab from the device page.

  2. In the State dropdown, select True, and then select Run. The LED light should turn on.

    Screenshot of calling a direct method on a device in IoT Central

View device information

You can view the device information from IoT Central.

Select the About tab from the device page.

Screenshot of device information in IoT Central

Troubleshoot and debug

If you experience issues building the device code, flashing the device, or connecting, see Troubleshooting.

For debugging the application, see Debugging with Visual Studio Code.

For help with debugging the application, see the selections under Help in IAR EW for ARM.

For help with debugging the application, see the selections under Help.

Clean up resources

If you no longer need the Azure resources created in this quickstart, you can delete them from the IoT Central portal.

To remove the entire Azure IoT Central sample application and all its devices and resources:

  1. Select Administration > Your application.
  2. Select Delete.

Next steps

In this quickstart, you built a custom image that contains Azure RTOS sample code, and then flashed the image to the STM DevKit device. You also used the IoT Central portal to create Azure resources, connect the STM DevKit securely to Azure, view device data, and send messages.

As a next step, explore the following articles to learn more about using the IoT device SDKs to connect devices to Azure IoT.

Important

Azure RTOS provides OEMs with components to secure communication and to create code and data isolation using underlying MCU/MPU hardware protection mechanisms. However, each OEM is ultimately responsible for ensuring that their device meets evolving security requirements.