Prepay for Azure Database for MySQL compute resources with reserved instances
APPLIES TO: Azure Database for MySQL - Single Server Azure Database for MySQL - Flexible Server
Azure Database for MySQL - Single Server is on the retirement path. We strongly recommend for you to upgrade to Azure Database for MySQL - Flexible Server. For more information about migrating to Azure Database for MySQL - Flexible Server, see What's happening to Azure Database for MySQL Single Server?
Azure Database for MySQL now helps you save money by prepaying for compute resources compared to pay-as-you-go prices. With Azure Database for MySQL reserved instances, you make an upfront commitment on MySQL server for a one or three year period to get a significant discount on the compute costs. To purchase Azure Database for MySQL reserved capacity, you need to specify the Azure region, deployment type, performance tier, and term.
How does the instance reservation work?
You do not need to assign the reservation to specific Azure Database for MySQL servers. An already running Azure Database for MySQL or ones that are newly deployed, will automatically get the benefit of reserved pricing. By purchasing a reservation, you are pre-paying for the compute costs for a period of one or three years. As soon as you buy a reservation, the Azure database for MySQL compute charges that match the reservation attributes are no longer charged at the pay-as-you go rates. A reservation does not cover software, networking, or storage charges associated with the MySQL Database server. At the end of the reservation term, the billing benefit expires, and the Azure Database for MySQL are billed at the pay-as-you go price. Reservations do not auto-renew. For pricing information, see the Azure Database for MySQL reserved capacity offering.
- You must be in the owner role for at least one Enterprise or individual subscription with pay-as-you-go rates.
- For Enterprise subscriptions, Add Reserved Instances must be enabled in the EA portal. Or, if that setting is disabled, you must be an EA Admin on the subscription.
- For Cloud Solution Provider (CSP) program, only the admin agents or sales agents can purchase Azure Database for MySQL reserved capacity.
The details on how enterprise customers and Pay-As-You-Go customers are charged for reservation purchases, see understand Azure reservation usage for your Enterprise enrollment and understand Azure reservation usage for your Pay-As-You-Go subscription.
Reservation exchanges and refunds
You can exchange a reservation for another reservation of the same type, you can also exchange a reservation from Azure Database for MySQL - Single Server with Flexible Server. It's also possible to refund a reservation, if you no longer need it. The Azure portal can be used to exchange or refund a reservation. For more information, see Self-service exchanges and refunds for Azure Reservations.
You may save up to 67% on compute costs with reserved instances. In order to find the discount for your case, please visit the Reservation blade on the Azure portal and check the savings per pricing tier and per region. Reserved instances help you manage your workloads, budget, and forecast better with an upfront payment for a one-year or three-year term. You can also exchange or cancel reservations as business needs change.
Determine the right database size before purchase
The size of reservation should be based on the total amount of compute used by the existing or soon-to-be-deployed server within a specific region and using the same performance tier and hardware generation.
For example, let's suppose that you are running one general purpose, Gen5 – 32 vCore MySQL database, and two memory optimized, Gen5 – 16 vCore MySQL databases. Further, let's supposed that you plan to deploy within the next month an additional general purpose, Gen5 – 32 vCore database server, and one memory optimized, Gen5 – 16 vCore database server. Let's suppose that you know that you will need these resources for at least 1 year. In this case, you should purchase a 64 (2x32) vCores, 1 year reservation for single database general purpose - Gen5 and a 48 (2x16 + 16) vCore 1 year reservation for single database memory optimized - Gen5
Buy Azure Database for MySQL reserved capacity
- Sign in to the Azure portal.
- Select All services > Reservations.
- Select Add and then in the Purchase reservations pane, select Azure Database for MySQL to purchase a new reservation for your MySQL databases.
- Fill-in the required fields. Existing or new databases that match the attributes you select qualify to get the reserved capacity discount. The actual number of your Azure Database for MySQL servers that get the discount depend on the scope and quantity selected.
The following table describes required fields.
|Subscription||The subscription used to pay for the Azure Database for MySQL reserved capacity reservation. The payment method on the subscription is charged the upfront costs for the Azure Database for MySQL reserved capacity reservation. The subscription type must be an enterprise agreement (offer numbers: MS-AZR-0017P or MS-AZR-0148P) or an individual agreement with pay-as-you-go pricing (offer numbers: MS-AZR-0003P or MS-AZR-0023P). For an enterprise subscription, the charges are deducted from the enrollment's Azure Prepayment (previously called monetary commitment) balance or charged as overage. For an individual subscription with pay-as-you-go pricing, the charges are billed to the credit card or invoice payment method on the subscription.|
|Scope||The vCore reservation's scope can cover one subscription or multiple subscriptions (shared scope). If you select: Shared, the vCore reservation discount is applied to Azure Database for MySQL servers running in any subscriptions within your billing context. For enterprise customers, the shared scope is the enrollment and includes all subscriptions within the enrollment. For Pay-As-You-Go customers, the shared scope is all Pay-As-You-Go subscriptions created by the account administrator. Single subscription, the vCore reservation discount is applied to Azure Database for MySQL servers in this subscription. Single resource group, the reservation discount is applied to Azure Database for MySQL servers in the selected subscription and the selected resource group within that subscription.|
|Region||The Azure region that's covered by the Azure Database for MySQL reserved capacity reservation.|
|Deployment Type||The Azure Database for MySQL resource type that you want to buy the reservation for.|
|Performance Tier||The service tier for the Azure Database for MySQL servers.|
|Quantity||The amount of compute resources being purchased within the Azure Database for MySQL reserved capacity reservation. The quantity is a number of vCores in the selected Azure region and Performance tier that are being reserved and will get the billing discount. For example, if you are running or planning to run an Azure Database for MySQL servers with the total compute capacity of Gen5 16 vCores in the East US region, then you would specify quantity as 16 to maximize the benefit for all servers.|
Reserved instances API support
Use Azure APIs to programmatically get information for your organization about Azure service or software reservations. For example, use the APIs to:
- Find reservations to buy
- Buy a reservation
- View purchased reservations
- View and manage reservation access
- Split or merge reservations
- Change the scope of reservations
For more information, see APIs for Azure reservation automation.
vCore size flexibility
vCore size flexibility helps you scale up or down within a performance tier and region, without losing the reserved capacity benefit.
How to view reserved instance purchase details
You can view your reserved instance purchase details via the Reservations menu on the left side of the Azure portal. For more information, see How a reservation discount is applied to Azure Database for MySQL.
Reserved instance expiration
You'll receive email notifications, first one 30 days prior to reservation expiry and other one at expiration. Once the reservation expires, deployed VMs will continue to run and be billed at a pay-as-you-go rate. For more information, see Reserved Instances for Azure Database for MySQL.
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The vCore reservation discount is applied automatically to the number of Azure Database for MySQL servers that match the Azure Database for MySQL reserved capacity reservation scope and attributes. You can update the scope of the Azure database for MySQL reserved capacity reservation through Azure portal, PowerShell, CLI or through the API. To learn how to manage the Azure Database for MySQL reserved capacity, see manage Azure Database for MySQL reserved capacity.
To learn more about Azure Reservations, see the following articles: