How to create an SMB Azure file share

Before you create an Azure file share, you need to answer two questions about how you'll use it:

  • What are the performance requirements for your Azure file share?
    Azure Files offers standard file shares which are hosted on hard disk-based (HDD-based) hardware, and premium file shares, which are hosted on solid-state disk-based (SSD-based) hardware.

  • What are your redundancy requirements for your Azure file share?
    Standard file shares offer locally-redundant (LRS), zone redundant (ZRS), geo-redundant (GRS), or geo-zone-redundant (GZRS) storage. Premium file shares don't support any form of geo-redundancy.

    Premium file shares are available with local redundancy and zone redundancy in a subset of regions. To find out if premium file shares are available in your region, see products available by region. For more information, see Azure Files redundancy.

For more information on these choices, see Planning for an Azure Files deployment.

Applies to

File share type SMB NFS
Standard file shares (GPv2), LRS/ZRS Yes No
Standard file shares (GPv2), GRS/GZRS Yes No
Premium file shares (FileStorage), LRS/ZRS Yes No


Create a storage account

Azure file shares are deployed into storage accounts, which are top-level objects that represent a shared pool of storage. This pool of storage can be used to deploy multiple file shares.

Azure supports multiple types of storage accounts for different storage scenarios customers might have, but there are two main types of storage accounts for Azure Files. Which storage account type you need to create depends on whether you want to create a standard file share or a premium file share:

  • General purpose version 2 (GPv2) storage accounts: Standard GPv2 storage accounts allow you to deploy Azure file shares on standard/hard disk-based (HDD-based) hardware. In addition to storing Azure file shares, GPv2 storage accounts can store other storage resources such as blobs, queues, or tables. File shares can be deployed into the transaction optimized (default), hot, or cool tiers.

  • FileStorage storage accounts: FileStorage storage accounts allow you to deploy Azure file shares on premium/solid-state disk-based (SSD-based) hardware. FileStorage accounts can only be used to store Azure file shares; no other storage resources (blobs, queues, tables, etc.) can be deployed in a FileStorage account.

To create a storage account via the Azure portal, select + Create a resource from the dashboard. In the resulting Azure Marketplace search window, search for storage account and select the resulting search result. This will lead to an overview page for storage accounts; select Create to proceed with the storage account creation wizard.

A screenshot of the storage account quick create option in a browser


The first section to complete to create a storage account is labeled Basics. This contains all of the required fields to create a storage account. To create a GPv2 storage account, ensure the Performance radio button is set to Standard and the Account kind drop-down list is selected to StorageV2 (general purpose v2).

A screenshot of the performance radio button with standard selected and account kind with storagev2 selected.

To create a FileStorage storage account, ensure the Performance radio button is set to Premium and Fileshares is selected in the Premium account type drop-down list.

A screenshot of the performance radio button with premium selected and account kind with FileStorage selected.

The other basics fields are independent from the choice of storage account:

  • Storage account name: The name of the storage account resource to be created. This name must be globally unique. The storage account name will be used as the server name when you mount an Azure file share via SMB. Storage account names must be between 3 and 24 characters in length. They may contain numbers and lowercase letters only.
  • Location: The region for the storage account to be deployed into. This can be the region associated with the resource group, or any other available region.
  • Replication: Although this is labeled replication, this field actually means redundancy; this is the desired redundancy level: locally redundancy (LRS), zone redundancy (ZRS), geo-redundancy (GRS), and geo-zone-redundancy (GZRS). This drop-down list also contains read-access geo-redundancy (RA-GRS) and read-access geo-zone redundancy (RA-GZRS), which don't apply to Azure file shares; any file share created in a storage account with these selected will be either geo-redundant or geo-zone-redundant, respectively.


The networking section allows you to configure networking options. These settings are optional for the creation of the storage account and can be configured later if desired. For more information on these options, see Azure Files networking considerations.

Data protection

The data protection section allows you to configure the soft-delete policy for Azure file shares in your storage account. Other settings related to soft-delete for blobs, containers, point-in-time restore for containers, versioning, and change feed apply only to Azure Blob storage.


The advanced section contains several important settings for Azure file shares:

  • Secure transfer required: This field indicates whether the storage account requires encryption in transit for communication to the storage account. If you require SMB 2.1 support, you must disable this.

  • Enable storage account key access: When storage account key access is disabled, any requests to the account that are authorized with the storage account key will be denied. You might wish to disable storage account key access if you plan to use identity-based authentication to grant access to the share. However keep in mind that full administrative control of a file share, including the ability to take ownership of a file, requires using the storage account key.

  • Large file shares: Provides file share support up to a maximum of 100 TiB. Large file shares are now enabled by default on all storage accounts and can't be disabled. All Azure file shares can now span up to 100 TiB, so this setting is displayed for legacy reasons only and appears grayed out in the Azure portal.

The other settings that are available in the advanced tab (hierarchical namespace for Azure Data Lake storage gen 2, default blob tier, NFSv3 for blob storage, etc.) don't apply to Azure Files.


Selecting the blob access tier doesn't affect the tier of the file share.


Tags are name/value pairs that enable you to categorize resources and view consolidated billing by applying the same tag to multiple resources and resource groups. These are optional and can be applied after storage account creation.

Review + create

The final step to create the storage account is to select the Create button on the Review + create tab. This button won't be available unless all the required fields for a storage account are filled.

Create a file share

Once you've created your storage account, you can create your file share. This process is mostly the same regardless of whether you're using a premium file share or a standard file share. You should consider the following differences:

Standard file shares can be deployed into one of the standard tiers: transaction optimized (default), hot, or cool. This is a per file share tier that isn't affected by the blob access tier of the storage account (this property only relates to Azure Blob storage - it doesn't relate to Azure Files at all). You can change the tier of the share at any time after it's been deployed. Premium file shares can't be directly converted to any standard tier.


You can move file shares between tiers within GPv2 storage account types (transaction optimized, hot, and cool). Share moves between tiers incur transactions: moving from a hotter tier to a cooler tier will incur the cooler tier's write transaction charge for each file in the share, while a move from a cooler tier to a hotter tier will incur the cool tier's read transaction charge for each file the share.

Follow these instructions to create a new Azure file share using the Azure portal.

  1. If you just created your storage account, you can navigate to it from the deployment screen by selecting Go to resource. Once in the storage account, select the File shares in the table of contents for the storage account.

  2. In the file share listing, you should see any file shares you have previously created in this storage account; an empty table if no file shares have been created yet. Select + File share to create a new file share.

  3. The new file share blade should appear on the screen. Complete the fields in the Basic tab of the new file share blade to create a file share:

    • Name: The name of the file share to be created.

    • Tier: The selected tier for a standard file share. This field is only available in a general purpose (GPv2) storage account type. You can choose transaction optimized, hot, or cool. You can change the share's tier at any time. We recommend picking the Transaction optimized tier possible during a migration, to minimize transaction expenses, and then switching to a lower tier if desired after the migration is complete.

    • Provisioned capacity: For premium file shares only, the provisioned capacity is the amount that you'll be billed for regardless of actual usage. This field is only available in a FileStorage storage account type. The IOPS and throughput available on a premium file share are based on the provisioned capacity, so you can provision more capacity to get more performance. The minimum size for a premium file share is 100 GiB. For more information on how to plan for a premium file share, see provisioning premium file shares.

  4. Select the Backup tab. By default, backup is enabled when you create an Azure file share using the Azure portal. If you want to disable backup for the file share, uncheck the Enable backup checkbox. If you want backup enabled, you can either leave the defaults or create a new Recovery Services Vault in the same region and subscription as the storage account. To create a new backup policy, select Create a new policy.

  5. Select Review + create and then Create to create the Azure file share.


The name of your file share must be all lower-case letters, numbers, and single hyphens, and must begin and end with a lower-case letter or number. The name can't contain two consecutive hyphens. For details about naming file shares and files, see Naming and referencing shares, directories, files, and metadata.

Change the tier of an Azure file share

File shares deployed in a general purpose v2 (GPv2) storage account can be in the transaction optimized, hot, or cool tiers. You can change the tier of the Azure file share at any time, subject to transaction costs as described above.

On the main storage account page, select File shares, and select the tile labeled File shares (you can also navigate to File shares via the table of contents for the storage account).

Screenshot of storage account blade, file shares selected.

In the table list of file shares, select the file share for which you would like to change the tier. On the file share overview page, select Change tier from the menu.

A screenshot of the file share overview page with the change tier button highlighted

On the resulting dialog, select the desired tier: transaction optimized, hot, or cool.

A screenshot of the change tier dialog

Expand existing file shares

If you enable large file shares on an existing storage account, you must expand existing file shares in that storage account to take advantage of the increased capacity and scale.

  1. From your storage account, select File shares.
  2. Right-click your file share, and then select Quota.
  3. Enter the new size that you want, and then select OK.

The Azure portal UI with Quota of existing file shares

Delete a file share

To delete an Azure file share, you can use the Azure portal, Azure PowerShell, or Azure CLI. SMB Azure file shares can be recovered within the soft delete retention period.

  1. Open the Azure portal, and navigate to the storage account that contains the file share you want to delete.
  2. Open the storage account and select File shares.
  3. Select the file share you want to delete.
  4. Select Delete share.
  5. Check the box confirming that you agree to the deletion of the file share and all its content.
  6. Select Delete.

Screen shot of the Azure portal procedure for deleting a file share.

Next steps