Service Bus queues output from Azure Stream Analytics

Service Bus queues offer a FIFO message delivery to one or more competing consumers. Typically, messages are received and processed by the receivers in the temporal order in which they were added to the queue. Each message is received and processed by only one message consumer.

In compatibility level 1.2, Azure Stream Analytics uses Advanced Message Queueing Protocol (AMQP) messaging protocol to write to Service Bus Queues and Topics. AMQP enables you to build cross-platform, hybrid applications using an open standard protocol.

Output configuration

The following table lists the property names and their descriptions for creating a queue output.

Property name Description
Output alias A friendly name used in queries to direct the query output to this Service Bus queue.
Service Bus namespace A container for a set of messaging entities.
Queue name The name of the Service Bus queue.
Queue policy name When you create a queue, you can also create shared access policies on the queue's Configure tab. Each shared access policy has a name, permissions that you set, and access keys.
Queue policy key The shared access key that's used to authenticate access to the Service Bus namespace.
Event serialization format The serialization format for output data. JSON, CSV, and Avro are supported.
Encoding For CSV and JSON, UTF-8 is the only supported encoding format at this time.
Delimiter Applicable only for CSV serialization. Stream Analytics supports a number of common delimiters for serializing data in CSV format. Supported values are comma, semicolon, space, tab, and vertical bar.
Format Applicable only for JSON type. Line separated specifies that the output is formatted by having each JSON object separated by a new line. If you select Line separated, the JSON is read one object at a time. The whole content by itself would not be a valid JSON. Array specifies that the output is formatted as an array of JSON objects.
Property columns Optional. Comma-separated columns that need to be attached as user properties of the outgoing message instead of the payload. More information about this feature is in the section Custom metadata properties for output.
System Property columns Optional. Key value pairs of System Properties and corresponding column names that need to be attached to the outgoing message instead of the payload.

The number of partitions is based on the Service Bus SKU and size. Partition key is a unique integer value for each partition.


Partitioning is automatically chosen. The number of partitions is based on the Service Bus SKU and size. The partition key is a unique integer value for each partition. The number of output writers is the same as the number of partitions in the output queue.

Output batch size

The maximum message size is 256 KB per message for Standard tier and 1MB for Premium tier. For more information, see Service Bus limits. To optimize, use a single event per message.

Custom metadata properties for output

You can attach query columns as user properties to your outgoing messages. These columns don't go into the payload. The properties are present in the form of a dictionary on the output message. Key is the column name and value is the column value in the properties dictionary. All Stream Analytics data types are supported except Record and Array.

In the following example, the fields DeviceId and DeviceStatus are added to the metadata.

  1. Use the following query:

    select *, DeviceId, DeviceStatus from iotHubInput
  2. Configure DeviceId,DeviceStatus as property columns in the output.

    Property columns

The following image is of the expected output message properties inspected in EventHub using Service Bus Explorer.

Event custom properties

System properties

You can attach query columns as system properties to your outgoing service bus Queue or Topic messages.

These columns don't go into the payload instead the corresponding BrokeredMessage system property is populated with the query column values. These system properties are supported - MessageId, ContentType, Label, PartitionKey, ReplyTo, SessionId, CorrelationId, To, ForcePersistence, TimeToLive, ScheduledEnqueueTimeUtc.

String values of these columns are parsed as corresponding system property value type and any parsing failures are treated as data errors. This field is provided as a JSON object format. Details about this format are as follows:

  • Surrounded by curly braces {}.
  • Written in key/value pairs.
  • Keys and values must be strings.
  • Key is the system property name and value is the query column name.
  • Keys and values are separated by a colon.
  • Each key/value pair is separated by a comma.

This shows how to use this property –

  • Query: select *, column1, column2 INTO queueOutput FROM iotHubInput
  • System Property Columns: { "MessageId": "column1", "PartitionKey": "column2"}

This sets the MessageId on service bus queue messages with column1's values and PartitionKey is set with column2's values.

Next steps