Develop Stream Analytics Edge jobs using Visual Studio tools

In this tutorial, you learn how to use Stream Analytics tools for Visual Studio. You learn how to author, debug, and create your Stream Analytics Edge jobs. After you create and test the job, you can go to the Azure portal to deploy it to your devices.


You need the following prerequisites to complete this tutorial:

Create a Stream Analytics Edge project

From Visual Studio, select File > New > Project. Navigate to the Templates list on the left > expand Azure Stream Analytics > Stream Analytics Edge > Azure Stream Analytics Edge Application. Provide a Name, Location, and Solution name for your project and select OK.

New Stream Analytics Edge project in Visual Studio

After the project gets created, navigate to the Solution Explorer to view the folder hierarchy.

Solution explorer view of Stream Analytics Edge job

Choose the correct subscription

  1. From your Visual Studio View menu, select Server Explorer.

  2. Right click on Azure > Select Connect to Microsoft Azure Subscription > and then sign in with your Azure account.

Define inputs

  1. From the Solution Explorer, expand the Inputs node you should see an input named EdgeInput.json. Double-click to view its settings.

  2. Set Source Type to Data Stream. Then set Source to Edge Hub, Event Serialization Format to Json, and Encoding to UTF8. Optionally, you can rename the Input Alias, let’s leave it as is for this example. In case you rename the input alias, use the name you specified when defining the query. Select Save to save the settings.
    Stream Analytics job input configuration

Define outputs

  1. From the Solution Explorer, expand the Outputs node you should see an output named EdgeOutput.json. Double-click to view its settings.

  2. Make sure to set Sink to select Edge Hub, set Event Serialization Format to Json, set Encoding to UTF8, and set Format Array. Optionally, you can rename the Output Alias, let’s leave it as is for this example. In case you rename the output alias, use the name you specified when defining the query. Select Save to save the settings. Stream Analytics job output configuration

Define the transformation query

Stream Analytics jobs deployed in the Stream Analytics IoT Edge environments support most of Stream Analytics Query Language reference. However, the following operations aren't yet supported for Stream Analytics Edge jobs:

Category Command
Other operators
  • JavaScript UDF
  • User-defined aggregates (UDA)
  • GetMetadataPropertyValue
  • Using more than 14 aggregates in a single step

When you create a Stream Analytics Edge job in the portal, the compiler will automatically warn you if you aren't using a supported operator.

From your Visual Studio, define the following transformation query in the query editor (script.asaql file)

SELECT * INTO EdgeOutput
FROM EdgeInput 

Test the job locally

To test the query locally, you should upload the sample data. You can get sample data by downloading Registration data from the GitHub repository and save it to your local computer.

  1. To upload sample data, right click on EdgeInput.json file and choose Add Local Input

  2. In the pop-up window > Browse the sample data from your local path > Select Save. Local input configuration in Visual Studio

  3. A file named local_EdgeInput.json is added automatically to your inputs folder.

  4. You can either run it locally or submit to Azure. To test the query, select Run Locally.
    Stream Analytics job run options in Visual Studio

  5. The command prompt window shows the status of the job. When the job runs successfully, it creates a folder that looks like "2018-02-23-11-31-42" in your project folder path "Visual Studio 2015\Projects\MyASAEdgejob\MyASAEdgejob\ASALocalRun\2018-02-23-11-31-42". Navigate to the folder path to view the results in the local folder:

    You can also sign in to the Azure portal and verify that the job is created.

    Stream Analytics job result folder

Submit the job to Azure

  1. Before you submit the job to Azure, you must connect to your Azure Subscription. Open Server Explorer > right click on Azure > Connect to Microsoft Azure subscription > sign in to your Azure subscription.

  2. To submit the job to Azure, navigate to the query editor > select Submit to Azure.

  3. A pop-up window opens. Choose to update an existing Stream Analytics Edge job or create a new one. When you update an existing job, it will replace all the job configuration, in this scenario, you'll publish a new job. Select Create a New Azure Stream Analytics Job > enter a name for your job something like MyASAEdgeJob > choose the required Subscription, Resource Group, and Location > Select Submit.

    Submit Stream Analytics job to Azure from Visual Studio

    Now your Stream Analytics Edge job has been created. You can refer to the Run jobs on IoT Edge tutorial to learn how to deploy it to your devices.

Manage the job

You can view the status of job and the job diagram from the Server Explorer. From Stream Analytics in Server Explorer, expand the subscription and the resource group where you deployed the Stream Analytics Edge job. You can view the MyASAEdgejob with status Created. Expand your job node and double-click on it to open the job view.

Server explorer job management options

The job view window provides you with operations such as refreshing the job, deleting the job, and opening the job from Azure portal.

Job diagram and other options in Visual Studio

Next steps