Connection strings for Synapse SQL

You can connect to Synapse SQL with several different application libraries such as, ADO.NET, ODBC, PHP, and JDBC. Below are some examples of connections strings for each library.

You can also use the Azure portal to build your connection string. To build your connection string using the Azure portal, navigate to your database blade, under Essentials select Show database connection strings.

Sample ADO.NET connection string

Server=tcp:{your_server},1433;Database={your_database};User ID={your_user_name};Password={your_password_here};Encrypt=True;TrustServerCertificate=False;Connection Timeout=30;

Sample ODBC connection string

Driver={ODBC Driver 18 for SQL Server};Server=tcp:{your_server},1433;Database={your_database};Uid={your_user_name};Pwd={your_password_here};Encrypt=yes;TrustServerCertificate=no;Connection Timeout=30;

Sample PHP connection string

Server: {your_server},1433 \r\nSQL Database: {your_database}\r\nUser Name: {your_user_name}\r\n\r\nPHP Data Objects(PDO) Sample Code:\r\n\r\ntry {\r\n   $conn = new PDO ( \"sqlsrv:server = tcp:{your_server},1433; Database = {your_database}\", \"{your_user_name}\", \"{your_password_here}\");\r\n    $conn->setAttribute( PDO::ATTR_ERRMODE, PDO::ERRMODE_EXCEPTION );\r\n}\r\ncatch ( PDOException $e ) {\r\n   print( \"Error connecting to SQL Server.\" );\r\n   die(print_r($e));\r\n}\r\n\rSQL Server Extension Sample Code:\r\n\r\n$connectionInfo = array(\"UID\" => \"{your_user_name}\", \"pwd\" => \"{your_password_here}\", \"Database\" => \"{your_database}\", \"LoginTimeout\" => 30, \"Encrypt\" => 1, \"TrustServerCertificate\" => 0);\r\n$serverName = \"tcp:{your_server},1433\";\r\n$conn = sqlsrv_connect($serverName, $connectionInfo);

Sample JDBC connection string



Consider setting the connection timeout to 300 seconds to allow the connection to survive short periods of unavailability and provide enough time for paused instances to resume.


For executing serverless SQL pool queries, recommended tools are Azure Data Studio and Azure Synapse Studio.

Next steps

To start querying your analytics with Visual Studio and other applications, see Query with Visual Studio.