Tutorial: Create a secured hub and spoke network

In this tutorial, you create a hub and spoke network topology using Azure Virtual Network Manager. You then deploy a virtual network gateway in the hub virtual network to allow resources in the spoke virtual networks to communicate with remote networks using VPN. Also, you configure a security configuration to block outbound network traffic to the internet on ports 80 and 443. Last, you verify that configurations were applied correctly by looking at the virtual network and virtual machine settings.

Important

Azure Virtual Network Manager is generally available for Virtual Network Manager and hub-and-spoke connectivity configurations. Mesh connectivity configurations remain in public preview.

Security configurations with security admin rules is generally available in the following regions:

  • Australia Central
  • Australia Central 2
  • Australia East
  • Australia Southeast
  • Brazil South
  • Brazil Southeast
  • Canada Central
  • Canada East
  • East Asia
  • Europe North
  • France Central
  • France South
  • Germany North
  • Germany West Central
  • India Central
  • India South
  • India West
  • Israel Central
  • Italy North
  • Japan East
  • Japan West
  • Jio India West
  • Korea Central
  • Korea South
  • Norway East
  • Norway West
  • Poland Central
  • Qatar Central
  • South Africa North
  • South Africa West
  • Sweden Central
  • Sweden South
  • Switzerland North
  • Switzerland West
  • UAE Central
  • UAE North
  • UK South
  • UK West
  • US Central
  • US East
  • US North
  • US West
  • US West 2
  • US West 3
  • US West Central

All other regions remain in public preview.

This preview version is provided without a service level agreement, and it's not recommended for production workloads. Certain features might not be supported or might have constrained capabilities. For more information, see Supplemental Terms of Use for Microsoft Azure Previews.

In this tutorial, you learn how to:

  • Create multiple virtual networks.
  • Deploy a virtual network gateway.
  • Create a hub and spoke network topology.
  • Create a security configuration blocking traffic on port 80 and 443.
  • Verify configurations were applied.

Diagram of secure hub and spoke topology components.

Prerequisite

  • An Azure account with an active subscription. Create an account for free.
  • Before you can complete steps in this tutorial, you must first create an Azure Virtual Network Manager instance. The instance needs to included the Connectivity and Security admin features. This tutorial used a Virtual Network Manager instance named vnm-learn-eastus-001.

Create virtual networks

This procedure walks you through creating three virtual networks that will be connected using the hub and spoke network topology.

  1. Sign in to the Azure portal.

  2. Select + Create a resource and search for Virtual network. Then select Create to begin configuring the virtual network.

  3. On the Basics tab, enter or select the following information:

    Screenshot of basics tab for hub and spoke virtual network.

    Setting Value
    Subscription Select the subscription you want to deploy this virtual network into.
    Resource group Select or create a new resource group to store the virtual network. This quickstart uses a resource group named rg-learn-eastus-001.
    Name Enter vnet-learn-prod-eastus-001 for the virtual network name.
    Region Select the East US region.
  4. Select Next: IP Addresses and configure the following network address space:

    Screenshot of IP addresses tab for hub and spoke virtual network.

    Setting Value
    IPv4 address space Enter 10.0.0.0/16 as the address space.
    Subnet name Enter the name default for the subnet.
    Subnet address space Enter the subnet address space of 10.0.0.0/24.
  5. Select Review + create and then select Create to deploy the virtual network.

  6. Repeat steps 2-5 to create two more virtual networks into the same resource group with the following information:

    Setting Value
    Subscription Select the same subscription you selected in step 3.
    Resource group Select the rg-learn-eastus-001.
    Name Enter vnet-learn-prod-eastus-002 and vnet-learn-hub-eastus-001 for the two virtual networks.
    Region Select (US) East US
    vnet-learn-prod-eastus-002 IP addresses IPv4 address space: 10.1.0.0/16
    Subnet name: default
    Subnet address space: 10.1.0.0/24
    vnet-learn-hub-eastus-001 IP addresses IPv4 address space: 10.2.0.0/16
    Subnet name: default
    Subnet address space: 10.2.0.0/24

Deploy a virtual network gateway

Deploy a virtual network gateway into the hub virtual network. This virtual network gateway is necessary for the spokes to Use hub as a gateway setting.

  1. Select + Create a resource and search for Virtual network gateway. Then select Create to begin configuring the virtual network gateway.

  2. On the Basics tab, enter or select the following settings:

    Screenshot of create the virtual network gateway basics tab.

    Setting Value
    Subscription Select the subscription you want to deploy this virtual network into.
    Name Enter gw-learn-hub-eastus-001 for the virtual network gateway name.
    SKU Select VpnGW1 for the SKU.
    Generation Select Generation1 for the generation.
    Virtual network Select the vnet-learn-hub-eastus-001 for the VNet.
    Public IP Address
    Public IP address name Enter the name gwpip-learn-hub-eastus-001 for the public IP.
    SECOND PUBLIC IP ADDRESS
    Public IP address name Enter the name gwpip-learn-hub-eastus-002 for the public IP.
  3. Select Review + create and then select Create after validation has passed. The deployment of a virtual network gateway can take about 30 minutes. You can move on to the next section while waiting for this deployment to complete. However, you may find gw-learn-hub-eastus-001 doesn't display that it has a gateway due to timing and sync across the Azure portal.

Create a dynamic network group

  1. Go to your Azure Virtual Network Manager instance. This tutorial assumes you've created one using the quickstart guide. The network group in this tutorial is called ng-learn-prod-eastus-001.

  2. Select Network groups under Settings, and then select + Create to create a new network group.

    Screenshot of add a network group button.

  3. On the Create a network group screen, enter the following information:

    Screenshot of the Basics tab on Create a network group page.

    Setting Value
    Name Enter ng-learn-prod-eastus-001 for the network group name.
    Description Provide a description about this network group.
  4. Select Create to create the virtual network group.

  5. From the Network groups page, select the created network group from above to configure the network group.

  6. On the Overview page, select Create Azure Policy under Create policy to dynamically add members.

    Screenshot of the defined dynamic membership button.

  7. On the Create Azure Policy page, select or enter the following information:

    Screenshot of create a network group conditional statements tab.

    Setting Value
    Policy name Enter azpol-learn-prod-eastus-001 in the text box.
    Scope Select Select Scopes and choose your current subscription.
    Criteria
    Parameter Select Name from the drop-down.
    Operator Select Contains from the drop-down.
    Condition Enter -prod for the condition in the text box.
  8. Select Preview resources to view the Effective virtual networks page and select Close. This page shows the virtual networks that will be added to the network group based on the conditions defined in Azure Policy.

    Screenshot of Effective virtual networks page with results of conditional statement.

  9. Select Save to deploy the group membership. It can take up to one minute for the policy to take effect and be added to your network group.

  10. On the Network Group page under Settings, select Group Members to view the membership of the group based on the conditions defined in Azure Policy. The Source is listed as azpol-learn-prod-eastus-001.

    Screenshot of dynamic group membership under Group Membership.

Create a hub and spoke connectivity configuration

  1. Select Configurations under Settings, then select + Create.

  2. Select Connectivity configuration from the drop-down menu to begin creating a connectivity configuration.

  3. On the Basics page, enter the following information, and select Next: Topology >.

    Screenshot of add a connectivity configuration page.

    Setting Value
    Name Enter cc-learn-prod-eastus-001.
    Description (Optional) Provide a description about this connectivity configuration.
  4. On the Topology tab, select Hub and Spoke. This reveals other settings.

    Screenshot of selecting a hub for the connectivity configuration.

  5. Select Select a hub under Hub setting. Then, select vnet-learn-hub-eastus-001 to serve as your network hub and select Select.

    Screenshot of Select a hub configuration.

    Note

    Depending on the timing of deployment, you may not see the target hub virtual networked as have a gateway under Has gateway. This is due to the deployment of the virtual network gateway. It can take up to 30 minutes to deploy, and may not display immediately in the various Azure portal views.

  6. Under Spoke network groups, select + add. Then, select ng-learn-prod-eastus-001 for the network group and select Select.

    Screenshot of Add network groups page.

  7. After you've added the network group, select the following options. Then select add to create the connectivity configuration.

    Screenshot of settings for network group configuration.

    Setting Value
    Direct Connectivity Select the checkbox for Enable connectivity within network group. This setting allows spoke virtual networks in the network group in the same region to communicate with each other directly.
    Global Mesh Leave Enable mesh connectivity across regions option unchecked. This setting isn't required as both spokes are in the same region
    Hub as gateway Select the checkbox for Hub as a gateway.
  8. Select Next: Review + create > and then create the connectivity configuration.

Deploy the connectivity configuration

Make sure the virtual network gateway has been successfully deployed before deploying the connectivity configuration. If you deploy a hub and spoke configuration with Use the hub as a gateway enabled and there's no gateway, the deployment fails. For more information, see use hub as a gateway.

  1. Select Deployments under Settings, then select Deploy configuration.

    Screenshot of deployments page in Network Manager.

  2. Select the following settings:

    Screenshot of deploy a configuration page.

    Setting Value
    Configurations Select Include connectivity configurations in your goal state .
    Connectivity configurations Select cc-learn-prod-eastus-001.
    Target regions Select East US as the deployment region.
  3. Select Next and then select Deploy to complete the deployment.

    Screenshot of deployment confirmation message.

  4. The deployment displays in the list for the selected region. The deployment of the configuration can take a few minutes to complete.

    Screenshot of configuration deployment in progress status.

Create a security admin configuration

  1. Select Configuration under Settings again, then select + Create, and select SecurityAdmin from the menu to begin creating a SecurityAdmin configuration.

  2. Enter the name sac-learn-prod-eastus-001 for the configuration, then select Next: Rule collections.

    Screenshot of Security Admin configuration page.

  3. Enter the name rc-learn-prod-eastus-001 for the rule collection and select ng-learn-prod-eastus-001 for the target network group. Then select + Add.

    Screenshot of add a rule collection page.

  4. Enter and select the following settings, then select Add:

    Screenshot of add a rule page and rule settings.

    Setting Value
    Name Enter DENY_INTERNET
    Description Enter This rule blocks traffic to the internet on HTTP and HTTPS
    Priority Enter 1
    Action Select Deny
    Direction Select Outbound
    Protocol Select TCP
    Source
    Source type Select IP
    Source IP addresses Enter *
    Destination
    Destination type Select IP addresses
    Destination IP addresses Enter *
    Destination port Enter 80, 443
  5. Select Add to add the rule collection to the configuration.

    Screenshot of save button for a rule collection.

  6. Select Review + create and Create to create the security admin configuration.

Deploy the security admin configuration

  1. Select Deployments under Settings, then select Deploy configurations.

  2. Under Configurations, Select Include security admin in your goal state and the sac-learn-prod-eastus-001 configuration you created in the last section. Then select East US as the target region and select Next.

    Screenshot of deploying a security configuration.

  3. Select Next and then Deploy. You should now see the deployment show up in the list for the selected region. The deployment of the configuration can take a few minutes to complete.

Verify deployment of configurations

Verify from a virtual network

  1. Go to vnet-learn-prod-eastus-001 virtual network and select Network Manager under Settings. The Connectivity configurations tab lists cc-learn-prod-eastus-001 connectivity configuration applied in the virtual network

    Screenshot of connectivity configuration applied to the virtual network.

  2. Select the Security admin configurations tab and expand Outbound to list the security admin rules applied to this virtual network.

    Screenshot of security admin configuration applied to the virtual network.

  3. Select Peerings under Settings to list the virtual network peerings created by Virtual Network Manager. Its name starts with ANM_.

    Screenshot of virtual network peerings created by Virtual Network Manager.

Verify from a VM

  1. Deploy a test virtual machine into vnet-learn-prod-eastus-001.

  2. Go to the test VM created in vnet-learn-prod-eastus-001 and select Networking under Settings. Select Outbound port rules and verify the DENY_INTERNET rule is applied.

    Screenshot of test VM's network security rules.

  3. Select the network interface name and select Effective routes under Help to verify the routes for the virtual network peerings.The 10.2.0.0/16 route with the Next Hop Type of VNet peering is the route to the hub virtual network.

    Screenshot of effective routes from test VM network interface.

Clean up resources

If you no longer need the Azure Virtual Network Manager, you need to make sure all of following is true before you can delete the resource:

  • There are no deployments of configurations to any region.
  • All configurations have been deleted.
  • All network groups have been deleted.

Use the remove components checklist to make sure no child resources are still available before deleting the resource group.

Next steps

Learn how to block network traffic with a Security admin configuration.