/Og (Global Optimizations)

Deprecated. Provides local and global optimizations, automatic-register allocation, and loop optimization. We recommend you use either /O1 (Minimize Size) or /O2 (Maximize Speed) instead.




/Og is deprecated. These optimizations are now enabled by default when any optimizations are enabled. For more information on optimizations, see /O1, /O2 (Minimize Size, Maximize Speed), or /Ox (Enable Most Speed Optimizations).

The following optimizations are available under /Og:

  • Local and global common subexpression elimination

    In this optimization, the value of a common subexpression is calculated once. In the following example, if the values of b and c don't change between the three expressions, the compiler can assign the calculation of b + c to a temporary variable, and use that variable for b + c:

    a = b + c;
    d = b + c;
    e = b + c;

    For local common subexpression optimization, the compiler examines short sections of code for common subexpressions. For global common subexpression optimization, the compiler searches entire functions for common subexpressions.

  • Automatic register allocation

    This optimization allows the compiler to store frequently used variables and subexpressions in registers. The register keyword is ignored by default, and causes a diagnostic under /std:c++17 or later.

  • Loop optimization

    This optimization removes invariant subexpressions from the body of a loop. An optimal loop contains only expressions whose values change through each execution of the loop. In the following example, the expression x + y doesn't change in the loop body:

    i = -100;
    while( i < 0 ) {
        i += x + y;

    After optimization, x + y is calculated once rather than every time the loop is executed:

    i = -100;
    t = x + y;
    while( i < 0 ) {
        i += t;

    Loop optimization is much more effective when the compiler can assume no aliasing, which you set with __restrict, noalias, or restrict.


    You can enable or disable global optimization on a function-by-function basis using the optimize pragma together with the g option.

For related information, see /Oi (Generate intrinsic functions) and /Ox (Enable most speed optimizations).

To set this compiler option in the Visual Studio development environment

  1. Open the project's Property Pages dialog box. For details, see Set C++ compiler and build properties in Visual Studio.

  2. Select the Configuration Properties > C/C++ > Command Line property page.

  3. Enter the compiler option in the Additional Options box.

To set this compiler option programmatically

See also

MSVC Compiler Command-Line Syntax