TimeSeriesCatalog.DetectSpikeBySsa Method

Definition

Overloads

DetectSpikeBySsa(TransformsCatalog, String, String, Double, Int32, Int32, Int32, AnomalySide, ErrorFunction)

Create SsaSpikeEstimator, which predicts spikes in time series using Singular Spectrum Analysis (SSA).

DetectSpikeBySsa(TransformsCatalog, String, String, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, AnomalySide, ErrorFunction)
Obsolete.

Create SsaSpikeEstimator, which predicts spikes in time series using Singular Spectrum Analysis (SSA).

DetectSpikeBySsa(TransformsCatalog, String, String, Double, Int32, Int32, Int32, AnomalySide, ErrorFunction)

Create SsaSpikeEstimator, which predicts spikes in time series using Singular Spectrum Analysis (SSA).

public static Microsoft.ML.Transforms.TimeSeries.SsaSpikeEstimator DetectSpikeBySsa (this Microsoft.ML.TransformsCatalog catalog, string outputColumnName, string inputColumnName, double confidence, int pvalueHistoryLength, int trainingWindowSize, int seasonalityWindowSize, Microsoft.ML.Transforms.TimeSeries.AnomalySide side = Microsoft.ML.Transforms.TimeSeries.AnomalySide.TwoSided, Microsoft.ML.Transforms.TimeSeries.ErrorFunction errorFunction = Microsoft.ML.Transforms.TimeSeries.ErrorFunction.SignedDifference);
static member DetectSpikeBySsa : Microsoft.ML.TransformsCatalog * string * string * double * int * int * int * Microsoft.ML.Transforms.TimeSeries.AnomalySide * Microsoft.ML.Transforms.TimeSeries.ErrorFunction -> Microsoft.ML.Transforms.TimeSeries.SsaSpikeEstimator
<Extension()>
Public Function DetectSpikeBySsa (catalog As TransformsCatalog, outputColumnName As String, inputColumnName As String, confidence As Double, pvalueHistoryLength As Integer, trainingWindowSize As Integer, seasonalityWindowSize As Integer, Optional side As AnomalySide = Microsoft.ML.Transforms.TimeSeries.AnomalySide.TwoSided, Optional errorFunction As ErrorFunction = Microsoft.ML.Transforms.TimeSeries.ErrorFunction.SignedDifference) As SsaSpikeEstimator

Parameters

catalog
TransformsCatalog

The transform's catalog.

outputColumnName
String

Name of the column resulting from the transformation of inputColumnName. The column data is a vector of Double. The vector contains 3 elements: alert (non-zero value means a spike), raw score, and p-value.

inputColumnName
String

Name of column to transform. The column data must be Single. If set to null, the value of the outputColumnName will be used as source.

confidence
Double

The confidence for spike detection in the range [0, 100].

pvalueHistoryLength
Int32

The size of the sliding window for computing the p-value.

trainingWindowSize
Int32

The number of points from the beginning of the sequence used for training.

seasonalityWindowSize
Int32

An upper bound on the largest relevant seasonality in the input time-series.

side
AnomalySide

The argument that determines whether to detect positive or negative anomalies, or both.

errorFunction
ErrorFunction

The function used to compute the error between the expected and the observed value.

Returns

SsaSpikeEstimator

Examples

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using Microsoft.ML;
using Microsoft.ML.Data;

namespace Samples.Dynamic
{
    public static class DetectSpikeBySsaBatchPrediction
    {
        // This example creates a time series (list of Data with the i-th element
        // corresponding to the i-th time slot). The estimator is applied then to
        // identify spiking points in the series. This estimator can account for
        // temporal seasonality in the data.
        public static void Example()
        {
            // Create a new ML context, for ML.NET operations. It can be used for
            // exception tracking and logging, as well as the source of randomness.
            var ml = new MLContext();

            // Generate sample series data with a recurring pattern and a spike
            // within the pattern
            const int SeasonalitySize = 5;
            const int TrainingSeasons = 3;
            const int TrainingSize = SeasonalitySize * TrainingSeasons;
            var data = new List<TimeSeriesData>()
            {
                new TimeSeriesData(0),
                new TimeSeriesData(1),
                new TimeSeriesData(2),
                new TimeSeriesData(3),
                new TimeSeriesData(4),

                new TimeSeriesData(0),
                new TimeSeriesData(1),
                new TimeSeriesData(2),
                new TimeSeriesData(3),
                new TimeSeriesData(4),

                new TimeSeriesData(0),
                new TimeSeriesData(1),
                new TimeSeriesData(2),
                new TimeSeriesData(3),
                new TimeSeriesData(4),

                //This is a spike.
                new TimeSeriesData(100),

                new TimeSeriesData(0),
                new TimeSeriesData(1),
                new TimeSeriesData(2),
                new TimeSeriesData(3),
                new TimeSeriesData(4),
            };

            // Convert data to IDataView.
            var dataView = ml.Data.LoadFromEnumerable(data);

            // Setup estimator arguments
            var inputColumnName = nameof(TimeSeriesData.Value);
            var outputColumnName = nameof(SsaSpikePrediction.Prediction);

            // The transformed data.
            var transformedData = ml.Transforms.DetectSpikeBySsa(outputColumnName,
                inputColumnName, 95.0d, 8, TrainingSize, SeasonalitySize + 1).Fit(
                dataView).Transform(dataView);

            // Getting the data of the newly created column as an IEnumerable of
            // SsaSpikePrediction.
            var predictionColumn = ml.Data.CreateEnumerable<SsaSpikePrediction>(
                transformedData, reuseRowObject: false);

            Console.WriteLine($"{outputColumnName} column obtained " +
                $"post-transformation.");

            Console.WriteLine("Data\tAlert\tScore\tP-Value");
            int k = 0;
            foreach (var prediction in predictionColumn)
                PrintPrediction(data[k++].Value, prediction);

            // Prediction column obtained post-transformation.
            // Data    Alert   Score   P-Value
            // 0       0      -2.53    0.50
            // 1       0      -0.01    0.01
            // 2       0       0.76    0.14
            // 3       0       0.69    0.28
            // 4       0       1.44    0.18
            // 0       0      -1.84    0.17
            // 1       0       0.22    0.44
            // 2       0       0.20    0.45
            // 3       0       0.16    0.47
            // 4       0       1.33    0.18
            // 0       0      -1.79    0.07
            // 1       0       0.16    0.50
            // 2       0       0.09    0.50
            // 3       0       0.08    0.45
            // 4       0       1.31    0.12
            // 100     1      98.21    0.00   <-- alert is on, predicted spike
            // 0       0     -13.83    0.29
            // 1       0      -1.74    0.44
            // 2       0      -0.47    0.46
            // 3       0     -16.50    0.29
            // 4       0     -29.82    0.21
        }

        private static void PrintPrediction(float value, SsaSpikePrediction
            prediction) =>
            Console.WriteLine("{0}\t{1}\t{2:0.00}\t{3:0.00}", value,
            prediction.Prediction[0], prediction.Prediction[1],
            prediction.Prediction[2]);

        class TimeSeriesData
        {
            public float Value;

            public TimeSeriesData(float value)
            {
                Value = value;
            }
        }

        class SsaSpikePrediction
        {
            [VectorType(3)]
            public double[] Prediction { get; set; }
        }
    }
}

Applies to

DetectSpikeBySsa(TransformsCatalog, String, String, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, AnomalySide, ErrorFunction)

Caution

This API method is deprecated, please use the overload with confidence parameter of type double.

Create SsaSpikeEstimator, which predicts spikes in time series using Singular Spectrum Analysis (SSA).

[System.Obsolete("This API method is deprecated, please use the overload with confidence parameter of type double.")]
public static Microsoft.ML.Transforms.TimeSeries.SsaSpikeEstimator DetectSpikeBySsa (this Microsoft.ML.TransformsCatalog catalog, string outputColumnName, string inputColumnName, int confidence, int pvalueHistoryLength, int trainingWindowSize, int seasonalityWindowSize, Microsoft.ML.Transforms.TimeSeries.AnomalySide side = Microsoft.ML.Transforms.TimeSeries.AnomalySide.TwoSided, Microsoft.ML.Transforms.TimeSeries.ErrorFunction errorFunction = Microsoft.ML.Transforms.TimeSeries.ErrorFunction.SignedDifference);
public static Microsoft.ML.Transforms.TimeSeries.SsaSpikeEstimator DetectSpikeBySsa (this Microsoft.ML.TransformsCatalog catalog, string outputColumnName, string inputColumnName, int confidence, int pvalueHistoryLength, int trainingWindowSize, int seasonalityWindowSize, Microsoft.ML.Transforms.TimeSeries.AnomalySide side = Microsoft.ML.Transforms.TimeSeries.AnomalySide.TwoSided, Microsoft.ML.Transforms.TimeSeries.ErrorFunction errorFunction = Microsoft.ML.Transforms.TimeSeries.ErrorFunction.SignedDifference);
[<System.Obsolete("This API method is deprecated, please use the overload with confidence parameter of type double.")>]
static member DetectSpikeBySsa : Microsoft.ML.TransformsCatalog * string * string * int * int * int * int * Microsoft.ML.Transforms.TimeSeries.AnomalySide * Microsoft.ML.Transforms.TimeSeries.ErrorFunction -> Microsoft.ML.Transforms.TimeSeries.SsaSpikeEstimator
static member DetectSpikeBySsa : Microsoft.ML.TransformsCatalog * string * string * int * int * int * int * Microsoft.ML.Transforms.TimeSeries.AnomalySide * Microsoft.ML.Transforms.TimeSeries.ErrorFunction -> Microsoft.ML.Transforms.TimeSeries.SsaSpikeEstimator
<Extension()>
Public Function DetectSpikeBySsa (catalog As TransformsCatalog, outputColumnName As String, inputColumnName As String, confidence As Integer, pvalueHistoryLength As Integer, trainingWindowSize As Integer, seasonalityWindowSize As Integer, Optional side As AnomalySide = Microsoft.ML.Transforms.TimeSeries.AnomalySide.TwoSided, Optional errorFunction As ErrorFunction = Microsoft.ML.Transforms.TimeSeries.ErrorFunction.SignedDifference) As SsaSpikeEstimator

Parameters

catalog
TransformsCatalog

The transform's catalog.

outputColumnName
String

Name of the column resulting from the transformation of inputColumnName. The column data is a vector of Double. The vector contains 3 elements: alert (non-zero value means a spike), raw score, and p-value.

inputColumnName
String

Name of column to transform. The column data must be Single. If set to null, the value of the outputColumnName will be used as source.

confidence
Int32

The confidence for spike detection in the range [0, 100].

pvalueHistoryLength
Int32

The size of the sliding window for computing the p-value.

trainingWindowSize
Int32

The number of points from the beginning of the sequence used for training.

seasonalityWindowSize
Int32

An upper bound on the largest relevant seasonality in the input time-series.

side
AnomalySide

The argument that determines whether to detect positive or negative anomalies, or both.

errorFunction
ErrorFunction

The function used to compute the error between the expected and the observed value.

Returns

SsaSpikeEstimator
Attributes

Examples

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using Microsoft.ML;
using Microsoft.ML.Data;

namespace Samples.Dynamic
{
    public static class DetectSpikeBySsaBatchPrediction
    {
        // This example creates a time series (list of Data with the i-th element
        // corresponding to the i-th time slot). The estimator is applied then to
        // identify spiking points in the series. This estimator can account for
        // temporal seasonality in the data.
        public static void Example()
        {
            // Create a new ML context, for ML.NET operations. It can be used for
            // exception tracking and logging, as well as the source of randomness.
            var ml = new MLContext();

            // Generate sample series data with a recurring pattern and a spike
            // within the pattern
            const int SeasonalitySize = 5;
            const int TrainingSeasons = 3;
            const int TrainingSize = SeasonalitySize * TrainingSeasons;
            var data = new List<TimeSeriesData>()
            {
                new TimeSeriesData(0),
                new TimeSeriesData(1),
                new TimeSeriesData(2),
                new TimeSeriesData(3),
                new TimeSeriesData(4),

                new TimeSeriesData(0),
                new TimeSeriesData(1),
                new TimeSeriesData(2),
                new TimeSeriesData(3),
                new TimeSeriesData(4),

                new TimeSeriesData(0),
                new TimeSeriesData(1),
                new TimeSeriesData(2),
                new TimeSeriesData(3),
                new TimeSeriesData(4),

                //This is a spike.
                new TimeSeriesData(100),

                new TimeSeriesData(0),
                new TimeSeriesData(1),
                new TimeSeriesData(2),
                new TimeSeriesData(3),
                new TimeSeriesData(4),
            };

            // Convert data to IDataView.
            var dataView = ml.Data.LoadFromEnumerable(data);

            // Setup estimator arguments
            var inputColumnName = nameof(TimeSeriesData.Value);
            var outputColumnName = nameof(SsaSpikePrediction.Prediction);

            // The transformed data.
            var transformedData = ml.Transforms.DetectSpikeBySsa(outputColumnName,
                inputColumnName, 95.0d, 8, TrainingSize, SeasonalitySize + 1).Fit(
                dataView).Transform(dataView);

            // Getting the data of the newly created column as an IEnumerable of
            // SsaSpikePrediction.
            var predictionColumn = ml.Data.CreateEnumerable<SsaSpikePrediction>(
                transformedData, reuseRowObject: false);

            Console.WriteLine($"{outputColumnName} column obtained " +
                $"post-transformation.");

            Console.WriteLine("Data\tAlert\tScore\tP-Value");
            int k = 0;
            foreach (var prediction in predictionColumn)
                PrintPrediction(data[k++].Value, prediction);

            // Prediction column obtained post-transformation.
            // Data    Alert   Score   P-Value
            // 0       0      -2.53    0.50
            // 1       0      -0.01    0.01
            // 2       0       0.76    0.14
            // 3       0       0.69    0.28
            // 4       0       1.44    0.18
            // 0       0      -1.84    0.17
            // 1       0       0.22    0.44
            // 2       0       0.20    0.45
            // 3       0       0.16    0.47
            // 4       0       1.33    0.18
            // 0       0      -1.79    0.07
            // 1       0       0.16    0.50
            // 2       0       0.09    0.50
            // 3       0       0.08    0.45
            // 4       0       1.31    0.12
            // 100     1      98.21    0.00   <-- alert is on, predicted spike
            // 0       0     -13.83    0.29
            // 1       0      -1.74    0.44
            // 2       0      -0.47    0.46
            // 3       0     -16.50    0.29
            // 4       0     -29.82    0.21
        }

        private static void PrintPrediction(float value, SsaSpikePrediction
            prediction) =>
            Console.WriteLine("{0}\t{1}\t{2:0.00}\t{3:0.00}", value,
            prediction.Prediction[0], prediction.Prediction[1],
            prediction.Prediction[2]);

        class TimeSeriesData
        {
            public float Value;

            public TimeSeriesData(float value)
            {
                Value = value;
            }
        }

        class SsaSpikePrediction
        {
            [VectorType(3)]
            public double[] Prediction { get; set; }
        }
    }
}

Applies to