Get Enumerator Method
Some information relates to prerelease product that may be substantially modified before it’s released. Microsoft makes no warranties, express or implied, with respect to the information provided here.
Returns an enumerator that iterates through the collection.
virtual System::Collections::IEnumerator ^ System.Collections.IEnumerable.GetEnumerator() = System::Collections::IEnumerable::GetEnumerator;
System.Collections.IEnumerator IEnumerable.GetEnumerator ();
abstract member System.Collections.IEnumerable.GetEnumerator : unit -> System.Collections.IEnumerator override this.System.Collections.IEnumerable.GetEnumerator : unit -> System.Collections.IEnumerator
Function GetEnumerator () As IEnumerator Implements IEnumerable.GetEnumerator
An IEnumerator that can be used to iterate through the collection.
foreach statement of the C# language (
for each in C++,
For Each in Visual Basic) hides the complexity of enumerators. Therefore, using
foreach is recommended, instead of directly manipulating the enumerator.
Enumerators can be used to read the data in the collection, but they cannot be used to modify the underlying collection.
Initially, the enumerator is positioned before the first element in the collection. The Reset method also brings the enumerator back to this position. At this position, the Current property is undefined. Therefore, you must call the MoveNext method to advance the enumerator to the first element of the collection before reading the value of Current.
If MoveNext passes the end of the collection, the enumerator is positioned after the last element in the collection and MoveNext returns
false. When the enumerator is at this position, subsequent calls to MoveNext also return
false. If the last call to MoveNext returned
false, Current is undefined. To set Current to the first element of the collection again, you can call Reset followed by MoveNext.
An enumerator remains valid as long as the collection remains unchanged. If changes are made to the collection, such as adding elements or changing the capacity, the enumerator is irrecoverably invalidated and the next call to MoveNext or IEnumerator.Reset throws an InvalidOperationException.
The enumerator does not have exclusive access to the collection; therefore, enumerating through a collection is intrinsically not a thread safe procedure. To guarantee thread safety during enumeration, you can lock the collection during the entire enumeration. To allow the collection to be accessed by multiple threads for reading and writing, you must implement your own synchronization.
Default implementations of collections in the System.Collections.Generic namespace are not synchronized.
This method is an O(1) operation.