Convert.IsDBNull(Object) Method


Returns an indication whether the specified object is of type DBNull.

 static bool IsDBNull(System::Object ^ value);
public static bool IsDBNull (object? value);
public static bool IsDBNull (object value);
static member IsDBNull : obj -> bool
Public Shared Function IsDBNull (value As Object) As Boolean



An object.


true if value is of type DBNull; otherwise, false.


The following example uses a SqlDataReader object to retrieve survey data from a database. It assigns each row's field values to an array, and then passes each array element to the IsDBNull method. If the method returns true, the example assigns the string "NA" to the array element. The array is then added to the Rows collection of a System.Windows.Forms.DataGridView control.

private void Form1_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
   // Define ADO.NET objects.
   SqlConnection conn = new SqlConnection(connectionString);
   SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand();
   SqlDataReader dr;

   // Open connection, and retrieve dataset.

   // Define Command object.
   cmd.CommandText = "Select * From Responses";
   cmd.CommandType = CommandType.Text;
   cmd.Connection = conn;

   // Retrieve data reader.
   dr = cmd.ExecuteReader();

   int fieldCount = dr.FieldCount;
   object[] fieldValues = new object[fieldCount];
   string[] headers = new string[fieldCount];

   // Get names of fields.
   for (int ctr = 0; ctr < fieldCount; ctr++)
      headers[ctr] = dr.GetName(ctr);

   // Set up data grid.
   this.grid.ColumnCount = fieldCount;

   this.grid.ColumnHeadersDefaultCellStyle.BackColor = Color.Navy;
   this.grid.ColumnHeadersDefaultCellStyle.ForeColor = Color.White;
   this.grid.ColumnHeadersDefaultCellStyle.Font = new Font(this.grid.Font, FontStyle.Bold);

   this.grid.AutoSizeRowsMode = DataGridViewAutoSizeRowsMode.DisplayedCellsExceptHeaders;
   this.grid.ColumnHeadersBorderStyle = DataGridViewHeaderBorderStyle.Single;
   this.grid.CellBorderStyle = DataGridViewCellBorderStyle.Single;
   this.grid.GridColor = Color.Black;
   this.grid.RowHeadersVisible = true;

   for (int columnNumber = 0; columnNumber < headers.Length;  columnNumber++)
      this.grid.Columns[columnNumber].Name = headers[columnNumber];

   // Get data, replace missing values with "NA", and display it.
   while (dr.Read())

      for (int fieldCounter = 0; fieldCounter < fieldCount; fieldCounter++)
         if (Convert.IsDBNull(fieldValues[fieldCounter]))
            fieldValues[fieldCounter] = "NA";
member this.Form1_Load(sender: obj, e: EventArgs) =
    // Define ADO.NET objects.
    use conn = new SqlConnection(connectionString)
    use cmd = new SqlCommand()

    // Open connection, and retrieve dataset.

    // Define Command object.
    cmd.CommandText <- "Select * From Responses"
    cmd.CommandType <- CommandType.Text
    cmd.Connection <- conn

    // Retrieve data reader.
    let dr = cmd.ExecuteReader()

    let fieldCount = dr.FieldCount
    let fieldValues = Array.zeroCreate<obj> fieldCount
    let headers = 
        // Get names of fields.
        Array.init fieldCount dr.GetName

    // Set up data grid.
    grid.ColumnCount <- fieldCount

    grid.ColumnHeadersDefaultCellStyle.BackColor <- Color.Navy
    grid.ColumnHeadersDefaultCellStyle.ForeColor <- Color.White
    grid.ColumnHeadersDefaultCellStyle.Font <- new Font(grid.Font, FontStyle.Bold)

    grid.AutoSizeRowsMode <- DataGridViewAutoSizeRowsMode.DisplayedCellsExceptHeaders
    grid.ColumnHeadersBorderStyle <- DataGridViewHeaderBorderStyle.Single
    grid.CellBorderStyle <- DataGridViewCellBorderStyle.Single
    grid.GridColor <- Color.Black
    grid.RowHeadersVisible <- true

    for columnNumber = 0 to headers.Length - 1 do
        grid.Columns[columnNumber].Name <- headers[columnNumber]

    // Get data, replace missing values with "NA", and display it.
    while dr.Read() do
        dr.GetValues fieldValues |> ignore
        for fieldCounter = 0 to fieldCount do
            if Convert.IsDBNull fieldValues[fieldCounter] then
                fieldValues[fieldCounter] <- "NA"
        grid.Rows.Add fieldValues |> ignore

override _.Dispose(disposing) =
    if disposing then
    base.Dispose disposing
Private Sub Form1_Load(ByVal sender As System.Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles MyBase.Load
   ' Define ADO.NET objects.
   Dim conn As New SqlConnection(connectionString)
   Dim cmd As New SqlCommand
   Dim dr As SqlDataReader

   ' Open connection, and retrieve dataset.

   ' Define Command object.
   cmd.CommandText = "Select * From Responses"
   cmd.CommandType = CommandType.Text
   cmd.Connection = conn

   ' Retrieve data reader.
   dr = cmd.ExecuteReader()

   Dim fieldCount As Integer = dr.FieldCount
   Dim fieldValues(fieldCount - 1) As Object
   Dim headers(fieldCount - 1) As String

   ' Get names of fields.
   For ctr As Integer = 0 To fieldCount - 1
      headers(ctr) = dr.GetName(ctr)

   ' Set up data grid.
   grid.ColumnCount = fieldCount

   With grid.ColumnHeadersDefaultCellStyle
      .BackColor = Color.Navy
      .ForeColor = Color.White
      .Font = New Font(grid.Font, FontStyle.Bold)
   End With

   With grid
      .AutoSizeRowsMode = _
      .ColumnHeadersBorderStyle = DataGridViewHeaderBorderStyle.Single
      .CellBorderStyle = DataGridViewCellBorderStyle.Single
      .GridColor = Color.Black
      .RowHeadersVisible = True

      For columnNumber As Integer = 0 To headers.Length - 1
         .Columns(columnNumber).Name = headers(columnNumber)
   End With

   ' Get data, replace missing values with "NA", and display it.
   Do While dr.Read()

      For fieldCounter As Integer = 0 To fieldCount - 1
         If Convert.IsDBNull(fieldValues(fieldCounter)) Then
            fieldValues(fieldCounter) = "NA"
         End If
End Sub


The IsDBNull method tests whether the value parameter is equal to DBNull.Value. It is equivalent to the following code:

return DBNull.Value.Equals(value);
DBNull.Value.Equals value
Return DBNull.Value.Equals(value)


DBNull.Value is used to indicate a value that is missing. It is not equivalent to null or to String.Empty. Therefore, code such as Convert.IsDBNull(null) in C# or Convert.IsDBNull(Nothing) in Visual Basic returnsfalse.

Applies to

See also