Control.SaveViewState Method


Saves any server control view-state changes that have occurred since the time the page was posted back to the server.

 virtual System::Object ^ SaveViewState();
protected virtual object SaveViewState ();
abstract member SaveViewState : unit -> obj
override this.SaveViewState : unit -> obj
Protected Overridable Function SaveViewState () As Object



Returns the server control's current view state. If there is no view state associated with the control, this method returns null.


The following example overrides the SaveViewState method in a custom ASP.NET server control. When this method is invoked, it determines whether the control has any child controls and whether the containing Page object is the result of a postback. If both are true, it changes the Text property of a Label Web server control to read Custom Control Has Saved State. It then saves the view state of the control as an array of objects, named allStates.

protected override object SaveViewState()
{  // Change Text Property of Label when this function is invoked.
   if(HasControls() && (Page.IsPostBack))
      ((Label)(Controls[0])).Text = "Custom Control Has Saved State";
   // Save State as a cumulative array of objects.
   object baseState = base.SaveViewState();
   string userText = UserText;
   string passwordText = PasswordText;
   object[] allStates = new object[3];
   allStates[0] = baseState;
   allStates[1] = userText;
   allStates[2] = PasswordText;
   return allStates;
Protected Overrides Function SaveViewState() As Object
   ' Change Text Property of Label when this function is invoked.
   If HasControls() And Page.IsPostBack Then
      CType(Controls(0), Label).Text = "Custom Control Has Saved State"
   End If
   ' Save State as a cumulative array of objects.
   Dim baseState As Object = MyBase.SaveViewState()
   Dim _userText As String = UserText
   Dim _passwordText As String = PasswordText
   Dim allStates(3) As Object
   allStates(0) = baseState
   allStates(1) = _userText
   allStates(2) = PasswordText
   Return allStates
End Function


View state is the accumulation of the values of a server control's properties. These values are automatically placed in the server control's ViewState property, which is an instance of the StateBag class. This property's value is then persisted to a string object after the save state stage of the server control life cycle. For more information, see ASP.NET Page Life Cycle Overview.

When view state is saved, this string object is returned to the client as a variable that is stored in an HTML HIDDEN element. When you author a custom server control with a custom view state, the view state can be managed explicitly with the SaveViewState and LoadViewState methods. For more information, see ASP.NET State Management Overview. For information on implementing a custom session-state provider, see Implementing a Session-State Store Provider.

Applies to

See also