Get a user

Namespace: microsoft.graph

Retrieve the properties and relationships of user object.

Note: Getting a user returns a default set of properties only (businessPhones, displayName, givenName, id, jobTitle, mail, mobilePhone, officeLocation, preferredLanguage, surname, userPrincipalName). Use $select to get the other properties and relationships for the user object.

This request might have replication delays for users that were recently created, updated, or deleted.

Permissions

One of the following permissions is required to call this API. To learn more, including how to choose permissions, see Permissions.

Permission type Permissions (from least to most privileged)
Delegated (work or school account) User.Read, User.ReadWrite, User.ReadBasic.All, User.Read.All, User.ReadWrite.All, Directory.Read.All, Directory.ReadWrite.All
Delegated (personal Microsoft account) User.Read, User.ReadWrite
Application User.Read.All, User.ReadWrite.All, Directory.Read.All, Directory.ReadWrite.All

Tip

  1. Calling the /me endpoint requires a signed-in user and therefore a delegated permission. Application permissions are not supported when using the /me endpoint.
  2. The User.Read permission allows the app to read the profile, and discover relationships such as the group membership, reports and manager of the signed-in user only.

HTTP request

For a specific user:

GET /me
GET /users/{id | userPrincipalName}

Tip

  • When the userPrincipalName begins with a $ character, the GET request URL syntax /users/$x@y.com fails with a 400 Bad Request error code. This is because this request URL violates the OData URL convention, which expects only system query options to be prefixed with a $ character. Remove the slash (/) after /users and enclose the userPrincipalName in parentheses and single quotes, as follows: /users('$x@y.com'). For example, /users('$AdeleVance@contoso.com').
  • To query a B2B user using the userPrincipalName, encode the hash (#) character. That is, replace the # symbol with %23. For example, /users/AdeleVance_adatum.com%23EXT%23@contoso.com.

For the signed-in user:

GET /me

Optional query parameters

This method supports the $select OData query parameter to retrieve specific user properties, including those that are not returned by default.

By default, only a limited set of properties are returned ( businessPhones, displayName, givenName, id, jobTitle, mail, mobilePhone, officeLocation, preferredLanguage, surname, userPrincipalName ).

To return an alternative property set, you must specify the desired set of user properties using the OData $select query parameter. For example, to return displayName, givenName, and postalCode, you would use the add the following to your query $select=displayName,givenName,postalCode.

Extension properties also support query parameters as follows:

Extension type Comments
onPremisesExtensionAttributes 1-15 Returned only with $select.
Schema extensions Returned only with $select.
Open extensions Returned only through the Get open extension operation.
Directory extensions Returned only with $select.

Request headers

Header Value
Authorization Bearer {token}. Required.
Content-Type application/json

Request body

Do not supply a request body for this method.

Response

If successful, this method returns a 200 OK response code and user object in the response body. It returns the default properties unless you use $select to specify specific properties.

This method returns 202 Accepted when the request has been processed successfully but the server requires more time to complete related background operations.

Examples

Example 1: Standard users request

Request

By default, only a limited set of properties are returned ( businessPhones, displayName, givenName, id, jobTitle, mail, mobilePhone, officeLocation, preferredLanguage, surname, userPrincipalName ). This example illustrates the default request and response.

GET https://graph.microsoft.com/v1.0/users/87d349ed-44d7-43e1-9a83-5f2406dee5bd

Response

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Content-type: application/json

{
  "businessPhones": [
       "+1 425 555 0109"
   ],
   "displayName": "Adele Vance",
   "givenName": "Adele",
   "jobTitle": "Retail Manager",
   "mail": "AdeleV@contoso.onmicrosoft.com",
   "mobilePhone": "+1 425 555 0109",
   "officeLocation": "18/2111",
   "preferredLanguage": "en-US",
   "surname": "Vance",
   "userPrincipalName": "AdeleV@contoso.onmicrosoft.com",
   "id": "87d349ed-44d7-43e1-9a83-5f2406dee5bd"
}

Example 2: Signed-in user request

You can get the user information for the signed-in user by replacing /users/{id | userPrincipalName} with /me.

Request

GET https://graph.microsoft.com/v1.0/me

Response

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Content-type: application/json

{
  "businessPhones": [
       "+1 425 555 0109"
   ],
   "displayName": "Adele Vance",
   "givenName": "Adele",
   "jobTitle": "Retail Manager",
   "mail": "AdeleV@contoso.onmicrosoft.com",
   "mobilePhone": "+1 425 555 0109",
   "officeLocation": "18/2111",
   "preferredLanguage": "en-US",
   "surname": "Vance",
   "userPrincipalName": "AdeleV@contoso.onmicrosoft.com",
   "id": "87d349ed-44d7-43e1-9a83-5f2406dee5bd"
}

Example 3: Use $select to retrieve specific properties of a user

To retrieve specific properties, use the OData $select query parameter. For example, to return displayName, givenName, postalCode, and identities, you would use the add the following to your query $select=displayName,givenName,postalCode,identities

Request

GET https://graph.microsoft.com/v1.0/users/87d349ed-44d7-43e1-9a83-5f2406dee5bd?$select=displayName,givenName,postalCode,identities

Response

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Content-type: application/json

{
    "@odata.context": "https://graph.microsoft.com/v1.0/$metadata#users(displayName,givenName,postalCode,identities)/$entity",
    "displayName": "Adele Vance",
    "givenName": "Adele",
    "postalCode": "98004",
    "identities": [
        {
            "signInType": "userPrincipalName",
            "issuer": "contoso.com",
            "issuerAssignedId": "AdeleV@contoso.com"
        }
    ]
}

Example 4: Get the value of a schema extension for a user

In this example, the ID of the schema extension is ext55gb1l09_msLearnCourses.

Request

GET https://graph.microsoft.com/v1.0/users/4562bcc8-c436-4f95-b7c0-4f8ce89dca5e?$select=ext55gb1l09_msLearnCourses

Response

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Content-type: application/json

{
    "@odata.context": "https://graph.microsoft.com/v1.0/$metadata#users(ext55gb1l09_msLearnCourses)/$entity",
    "ext55gb1l09_msLearnCourses": {
        "@odata.type": "#microsoft.graph.ComplexExtensionValue",
        "courseType": "Developer",
        "courseName": "Introduction to Microsoft Graph",
        "courseId": 1
    }
}