People picker component in Microsoft Graph Toolkit

You can use the mgt-people-picker web component to search for people and/or groups. By default, the component will search for all people and users in the organization, but you can change the behavior to also search for groups, or only groups. You can also filter the search to a specific group. Additionally, you can allow the user to enter and select any email address.


The following example shows the mgt-people-picker component. Start searching for a name to see the results render and use the code editor to see how properties change the behavior of the component.

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By default, the mgt-people-picker component fetches people from the /me/people and /users endpoints. Use the following attributes to change this behavior.

Attribute Property Description
show-max showMax A number value to indicate the maximum number of people to show. The default value is 6.
group-id groupId A string value that belongs to a Microsoft Graph defined group for further filtering of the search results.
transitive-search transitiveSearch A Boolean value to perform a transitive search returning a flat list of all nested members - by default transitive search is not used.
type type The type of entities to search for. Available options are: person, group, any. Default value is person. This attribute has no effect if group-id property is set.
user-type userType The type of user to search for. Available options are: any, user for organizational users, or contact for contacts. Default value is any.
group-type groupType The group type to search for. Available options are: unified, security, mailenabledsecurity, distribution, any. Default value is any. This attribute has no effect if the type property is set to person.
selected-people selectedPeople An array of selected people. Set this value to select people programmatically.
people people An array of people found and rendered in the search result
placeholder placeholder The default text that appears to explain how to use the component. Default value is Start typing a name.
default-selected-user-ids defaultSelectedUserIds When provided a string of comma-separated Microsoft Graph user IDs, the component renders the respective users as selected upon initialization.
default-selected-group-ids defaultSelectedGroupIds Similar to default-selected-user-ids, when provided a string of comma-separated Microsoft Graph group IDs, the component renders the respective groups as selected upon initialization.
selection-mode selectionMode Used to indicate whether to allow selecting multiple items (users or groups) or just a single item. Available options are: single, multiple. Default value is multiple.
disabled disabled Sets whether the people picker is disabled. When disabled, the user is not able to search or select people. Default is false.
disable-images disableImages Sets whether to disable fetching and display of person images. When set to true, user initials are displayed instead. Default is false.
allow-any-email allowAnyEmail Indicates whether the people picker can accept email addresses without selecting a person. Default value is false. When you finish typing an email address, you can press comma (,), semicolon (;), tab or enter keys to add it.
user-ids userIds A string of comma-separated user IDs. They will only appear on the dropdown menu or your search results when you type a query. For example 48d31887-5fad-4d73-a9f5-3c356e68a038,24fcbca3-c3e2-48bf-9ffc-c7f81b81483d will only display the two users in the dropdown when the input is focused. When you type a search text, it will return results that match the users in the two user IDs only.
user-filters userFilters Specifies the filter criteria to use when querying the users endpoint. It requires the user-type to be set to user or contact. By default, the user-type is any and this leads the querying to take place in the people endpoint block. Example: user-filters="startsWith(displayName,'a')". This attribute is optional. Learn more about the support for filter on user properties of directory objects.
group-filters groupFilters Specifies the filter criteria to use when querying the groups endpoint. It requires the type to be set to group. Example: group-filters="startsWith(displayName,'a')". This attribute is optional.
people-filters peopleFilters Specifies the filter criteria to use when querying the people endpoint. It is used as it is. Example: people-filters="jobTitle eq 'Web Marketing Manager'". This attribute is optional. Learn more about filtering and the supported capabilities on the people resource.
group-ids groupIds A string of comma-separated group IDs. The available results should be limited to the specified groups. Users that will appear on the dropdown menu and via the search experience should only come from the specified group IDs. For example, 02bd9fd6-8f93-4758-87c3-1fb73740a315,06f62f70-9827-4e6e-93ef-8e0f2d9b7b23 will only display users belonging to these groups. When you type a search text, it will return results that match the users in the two group IDs only. This property is not used if group-id is defined. If the property is set, the type is group by default and transitive-search is true by default. If the group-type is set with the property, the type can be any or group. If the type is person, the property is not used.
aria-label ariaLabel A string provided to help assitive technologies provide context for the people picker.

The following is a show-max example.

<mgt-people-picker show-max="4"> </mgt-people-picker>

Selected people

The selected people section of the component renders each person chosen by the developer or user.


You can populate selected people data by doing one of the following:

  • Setting the selectedPeople property directly, as shown in the following example.

    // personObject is the User or Person object from Microsoft Graph
  • Using the selectUsersById() method, which accepts an array of Microsoft graph user ids to find associated user details for selection.

    Note: If no user is found for an id, no data will be rendered for that id.

    // id = Microsoft graph User "id"
    document.querySelector("mgt-people-picker").selectUsersById(["id", "id"]);
  • Using the selectGroupsById() method, which accepts an array of Microsoft graph group ids to find the group(s) with associated users.

    // groupid = Microsoft graph group "id"
      .selectGroupsById(["groupid", "groupid"]);

CSS custom properties

The mgt-people-picker component defines the following CSS custom properties.

<mgt-people-picker class="people-picker"></mgt-people-picker>
.people-picker {
  --people-picker-selected-option-background-color: orange;
  --people-picker-selected-option-highlight-background-color: red;
  --people-picker-dropdown-background-color: blue;
  --people-picker-dropdown-result-background-color: yellow;
  --people-picker-dropdown-result-hover-background-color: gold;
  --people-picker-dropdown-result-focus-background-color: green;
  --people-picker-no-results-text-color: orange;
  --people-picker-input-background: gray;
  --people-picker-input-border-color: yellow;
  --people-picker-input-hover-background: green;
  --people-picker-input-hover-border-color: red;
  --people-picker-input-focus-background: purple;
  --people-picker-input-focus-border-color: orange;

  --people-picker-input-placeholder-focus-text-color: yellow;
  --people-picker-input-placeholder-hover-text-color: gold;
  --people-picker-input-placeholder-text-color: white;
  --people-picker-search-icon-color: yellow;
  --people-picker-remove-selected-close-icon-color: blue;

  /** You can also change the person tokens **/
  --person-line1-text-color: blue;
  --person-line2-text-color: red;

To learn more, see styling components.


The following events are fired from the component.

Event When is it emitted Custom data Cancelable Bubbles Works with custom template
selectionChanged The user added or removed a person from the list of selected/picked people Array of selected people, where a person can be a Graph user, person or contact with an additional personImage property that contains the URL of the user's photo No No Yes, unless you override the default template

For more information about handling events, see events.


mgt-people-picker supports several templates that you can use to replace certain parts of the component. To specify a template, include a <template> element inside a component and set the data-type value to one of the following.

Data type Data context Description
default null: no data The template used to override the rendering of the entire component.
loading null: no data The template used to render the state of picker while request to graph is being made.
error null: no data The template used if user search returns no users.
no-data null: no data An alternative template used if user search returns no users.
selected-person person: The person details object The template to render selected people.
person person: The person details object The template to render people in the dropdown.

The following examples shows how to use the error template.

  <template data-type="error">
    <p>Sorry, no people were found</p>

Microsoft Graph permissions

This component uses the following Microsoft Graph APIs and permissions.

Configuration Permission API
group-id set People.Read, User.Read.All, GroupMember.Read.All /groups/${groupId}/members
type set to Person or any People.Read /me/people
type set to Group or searching for users and type set to Group or any Group.Read.All /groups
default-selected-user-ids set User.ReadBasic.All /users
searching for users and type set to Person or any People.Read, User.ReadBasic.All /me/people, /users


The control uses the global authentication provider described in the authentication documentation.


Object store Cached data Remarks
groups List of groups Used when type is set to
people List of people Used when type is set to PersonType.person or PersonType.any
users List of users Used when groupId specified

See Caching for more details on how to configure the cache.

Extend for more control

For more complex scenarios or a truly custom UX, this component exposes several protected render* methods for override in component extensions.

Method Description
renderInput Renders the input text box.
renderSelectedPeople Renders the selected people tokens.
renderSelectedPerson Renders an individual person token.
renderFlyout Renders the flyout chrome.
renderFlyoutContent Renders the appropriate state in the results flyout.
renderLoading Renders the loading state.
renderNoData Renders the state when no results are found for the search query.
renderSearchResults Renders the list of search results.
renderPersonResult Renders an individual person search result.


The control exposes the following variables that can be localized. For details about localization, see Localizing components.

String name Default value
inputPlaceholderText Start typing a name
maxSelectionsPlaceHolder Maxiumum reached
maxSelectionsAriaLabel You can only select 1 person
noResultsFound We didn't find any matches.
loadingMessage Loading...
selected selected
removeSelectedUser Remove
selectContact select a contact
suggestionsTitle Suggested contacts