Azure Identity client library for Java - version 1.7.1

The Azure Identity library provides Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) token authentication support across the Azure SDK. It provides a set of TokenCredential implementations that can be used to construct Azure SDK clients that support Azure AD token authentication.

Source code | API reference documentation | Azure AD documentation

Getting started

Include the package

Include the BOM file

Include the azure-sdk-bom in your project to take a dependency on the stable version of the library. In the following snippet, replace the {bom_version_to_target} placeholder with the version number. To learn more about the BOM, see the Azure SDK BOM README.

<dependencyManagement>
    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.azure</groupId>
            <artifactId>azure-sdk-bom</artifactId>
            <version>{bom_version_to_target}</version>
            <type>pom</type>
            <scope>import</scope>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>
</dependencyManagement>

Then include the direct dependency in the dependencies section without the version tag:

<dependencies>
  <dependency>
    <groupId>com.azure</groupId>
    <artifactId>azure-identity</artifactId>
  </dependency>
</dependencies>

Include direct dependency

To take dependency on a particular version of the library that isn't present in the BOM, add the direct dependency to your project as follows:

<dependency>
    <groupId>com.azure</groupId>
    <artifactId>azure-identity</artifactId>
    <version>1.7.1</version>
</dependency>

Prerequisites

Authenticate the client

When debugging and executing code locally, it's typical for a developer to use their own account for authenticating calls to Azure services. There are several developer tools that can be used to perform this authentication in your development environment:

Select each item above to learn about how to configure them for Azure Identity authentication.

Key concepts

Credentials

A credential is a class that contains or can obtain the data needed for a service client to authenticate requests. Service clients across the Azure SDK accept credentials when they're constructed. The service clients use those credentials to authenticate requests to the service.

The Azure Identity library focuses on OAuth authentication with Azure AD, and it offers various credential classes capable of acquiring an Azure AD token to authenticate service requests. All of the credential classes in this library are implementations of the TokenCredential abstract class in azure-core, and any of them can be used by to construct service clients capable of authenticating with a TokenCredential.

See Credential classes for a complete list of available credential classes.

DefaultAzureCredential

The DefaultAzureCredential is appropriate for most scenarios where the application is intended to ultimately be run in Azure. This is because the DefaultAzureCredential combines credentials commonly used to authenticate when deployed, with credentials used to authenticate in a development environment.

Note: DefaultAzureCredential is intended to simplify getting started with the SDK by handling common scenarios with reasonable default behaviors. Developers who want more control or whose scenario isn't served by the default settings should use other credential types.

The DefaultAzureCredential will attempt to authenticate via the following mechanisms in order.

DefaultAzureCredential authentication flow

  1. Environment - The DefaultAzureCredential will read account information specified via environment variables and use it to authenticate.
  2. Managed Identity - If the application is deployed to an Azure host with Managed Identity enabled, the DefaultAzureCredential will authenticate with that account.
  3. IntelliJ - If the developer has authenticated via Azure Toolkit for IntelliJ, the DefaultAzureCredential will authenticate with that account.
  4. Azure CLI - If the developer has authenticated an account via the Azure CLI az login command, the DefaultAzureCredential will authenticate with that account.
  5. Azure PowerShell - If the developer has authenticated an account via the Azure PowerShell Connect-AzAccount command, the DefaultAzureCredential will authenticate with that account.

Note about VisualStudioCodeCredential

Due to a known issue, VisualStudioCodeCredential has been removed from the DefaultAzureCredential token chain. When the issue is resolved in a future release, this change will be reverted.

Examples

You can find more examples of using various credentials in Azure Identity Examples Wiki page.

Authenticate with DefaultAzureCredential

This example demonstrates authenticating the SecretClient from the azure-security-keyvault-secrets client library using the DefaultAzureCredential.

/**
 * The default credential first checks environment variables for configuration.
 * If environment configuration is incomplete, it will try managed identity.
 */
public void createDefaultAzureCredential() {
    DefaultAzureCredential defaultCredential = new DefaultAzureCredentialBuilder().build();

    // Azure SDK client builders accept the credential as a parameter
    SecretClient client = new SecretClientBuilder()
        .vaultUrl("https://{YOUR_VAULT_NAME}.vault.azure.net")
        .credential(defaultCredential)
        .buildClient();
}

See more how to configure the DefaultAzureCredential on your workstation or Azure in Configure DefaultAzureCredential.

Authenticate a user-assigned managed identity with DefaultAzureCredential

To authenticate using user-assigned managed identity, ensure that configuration instructions for your supported Azure resource here have been successfully completed.

The below example demonstrates authenticating the SecretClient from the azure-security-keyvault-secrets client library using the DefaultAzureCredential, deployed to an Azure resource with a user-assigned managed identity configured.

See more about how to configure a user-assigned managed identity for an Azure resource in Enable managed identity for Azure resources.

/**
 * The default credential will use the user assigned managed identity with the specified client ID.
 */
public void createDefaultAzureCredentialForUserAssignedManagedIdentity() {
    DefaultAzureCredential defaultCredential = new DefaultAzureCredentialBuilder()
        .managedIdentityClientId("<MANAGED_IDENTITY_CLIENT_ID>")
        .build();

    // Azure SDK client builders accept the credential as a parameter
    SecretClient client = new SecretClientBuilder()
        .vaultUrl("https://{YOUR_VAULT_NAME}.vault.azure.net")
        .credential(defaultCredential)
        .buildClient();
}

In addition to configuring the managedIdentityClientId via code, it can also be set using the AZURE_CLIENT_ID environment variable. These two approaches are equivalent when using the DefaultAzureCredential.

Authenticate a user in Azure Toolkit for IntelliJ with DefaultAzureCredential

To authenticate using IntelliJ, ensure that configuration instructions here have been successfully completed.

The below example demonstrates authenticating the SecretClient from the azure-security-keyvault-secrets client library using the DefaultAzureCredential, on a workstation with IntelliJ IDEA installed, and the user has signed in with an Azure account to the Azure Toolkit for IntelliJ.

See more about how to configure your IntelliJ IDEA in Sign in Azure Toolkit for IntelliJ for IntelliJCredential.

/**
 * The default credential will use the KeePass database path to find the user account in IntelliJ on Windows.
 */
public void createDefaultAzureCredentialForIntelliJ() {
    DefaultAzureCredential defaultCredential = new DefaultAzureCredentialBuilder()
        // KeePass configuration required only for Windows. No configuration needed for Linux / Mac
        .intelliJKeePassDatabasePath("C:\\Users\\user\\AppData\\Roaming\\JetBrains\\IdeaIC2020.1\\c.kdbx")
        .build();

    // Azure SDK client builders accept the credential as a parameter
    SecretClient client = new SecretClientBuilder()
        .vaultUrl("https://{YOUR_VAULT_NAME}.vault.azure.net")
        .credential(defaultCredential)
        .buildClient();
}

Managed Identity support

The Managed identity authentication is supported via either the DefaultAzureCredential or the ManagedIdentityCredential directly for the following Azure Services:

Examples

Authenticate in Azure with Managed Identity

This example demonstrates authenticating the SecretClient from the azure-security-keyvault-secrets client library using the ManagedIdentityCredential in a virtual machine, app service, function app, cloud shell, or AKS environment on Azure, with system-assigned or user-assigned managed identity enabled.

See more about how to configure your Azure resource for managed identity in Enable managed identity for Azure resources

/**
 * Authenticate with a User Assigned Managed identity.
 */
public void createManagedIdentityCredential() {
    ManagedIdentityCredential managedIdentityCredential = new ManagedIdentityCredentialBuilder()
        .clientId("<USER ASSIGNED MANAGED IDENTITY CLIENT ID>") // only required for user assigned
        .build();

    // Azure SDK client builders accept the credential as a parameter
    SecretClient client = new SecretClientBuilder()
        .vaultUrl("https://{YOUR_VAULT_NAME}.vault.azure.net")
        .credential(managedIdentityCredential)
        .buildClient();
}
/**
 * Authenticate with a System Assigned Managed identity.
 */
public void createManagedIdentityCredential() {
    ManagedIdentityCredential managedIdentityCredential = new ManagedIdentityCredentialBuilder()
        .build();

    // Azure SDK client builders accept the credential as a parameter
    SecretClient client = new SecretClientBuilder()
        .vaultUrl("https://{YOUR_VAULT_NAME}.vault.azure.net")
        .credential(managedIdentityCredential)
        .buildClient();
}

Define a custom authentication flow with the ChainedTokenCredential

While the DefaultAzureCredential is generally the quickest way to get started developing applications for Azure, more advanced users may want to customize the credentials considered when authenticating. The ChainedTokenCredential enables users to combine multiple credential instances to define a customized chain of credentials. This example demonstrates creating a ChainedTokenCredential, which will:

  • Attempt to authenticate using managed identity.
  • Fall back to authenticating via the Azure CLI if managed identity is unavailable in the current environment.
// Authenticate using managed identity if it is available; otherwise use the Azure CLI to authenticate.

    ManagedIdentityCredential managedIdentityCredential = new ManagedIdentityCredentialBuilder().build();
    AzureCliCredential cliCredential = new AzureCliCredentialBuilder().build();

    ChainedTokenCredential credential = new ChainedTokenCredentialBuilder().addLast(managedIdentityCredential).addLast(cliCredential).build();

    // Azure SDK client builders accept the credential as a parameter
    SecretClient client = new SecretClientBuilder()
        .vaultUrl("https://{YOUR_VAULT_NAME}.vault.azure.net")
        .credential(credential)
        .buildClient();

Cloud configuration

Credentials default to authenticating to the Azure AD endpoint for Azure Public Cloud. To access resources in other clouds, such as Azure Government or a private cloud, configure credentials with the auhtorityHost argument. AzureAuthorityHosts defines authorities for well-known clouds:

DefaultAzureCredential defaultAzureCredential = new DefaultAzureCredentialBuilder()
    .authorityHost(AzureAuthorityHosts.AZURE_GOVERNMENT)
    .build();

Not all credentials require this configuration. Credentials that authenticate through a development tool, such as AzureCliCredential, use that tool's configuration. Similarly, VisualStudioCodeCredential accepts an authority argument but defaults to the authority matching VS Code's "Azure: Cloud" setting.

Credential classes

Authenticate Azure-hosted applications

Authenticate Azure-hosted applications
Credential class Usage Example
DefaultAzureCredential provides a simplified authentication experience to quickly start developing applications run in Azure example
ChainedTokenCredential allows users to define custom authentication flows composing multiple credentials example
EnvironmentCredential authenticates a service principal or user via credential information specified in environment variables
ManagedIdentityCredential authenticates the managed identity of an Azure resource example

Authenticate service principals

Authenticate service principals
Credential class Usage Example Reference
ClientAssertionCredential authenticates a service principal using a signed client assertion
ClientCertificateCredential authenticates a service principal using a certificate example Service principal authentication
ClientSecretCredential authenticates a service principal using a secret example Service principal authentication

Authenticate users

Authenticate users
Credential class Usage Example Reference
AuthorizationCodeCredential authenticate a user with a previously obtained authorization code as part of an Oauth 2 flow OAuth2 authentication code
DeviceCodeCredential interactively authenticates a user on devices with limited UI example Device code authentication
InteractiveBrowserCredential interactively authenticates a user with the default system browser example OAuth2 authentication code
OnBehalfOfCredential propagates the delegated user identity and permissions through the request chain On-behalf-of authentication
UsernamePasswordCredential authenticates a user with a username and password without multi-factored auth example Username + password authentication

Authenticate via development tools

Authenticate via development tools
Credential class Usage Example Reference
AzureCliCredential Authenticate in a development environment with the enabled user or service principal in Azure CLI example Azure CLI authentication
AzurePowerShellCredential Authenticate in a development environment with the enabled user or service principal in Azure PowerShell example Azure PowerShell documentation
IntelliJCredential Authenticate in a development environment with the account in Azure Toolkit for IntelliJ example IntelliJ authentication
VisualStudioCodeCredential Authenticate in a development environment with the account in Visual Studio Code Azure Account extension. example VS Code Azure Account extension

Note: All credential implementations in the Azure Identity library are threadsafe, and a single credential instance can be used to create multiple service clients.

Credentials can be chained together to be tried in turn until one succeeds using the ChainedTokenCredential; see chaining credentials for details.

Environment variables

DefaultAzureCredential and EnvironmentCredential can be configured with environment variables. Each type of authentication requires values for specific variables:

Service principal with secret

Service principal with secret
Variable name Value
AZURE_CLIENT_ID ID of an Azure AD application
AZURE_TENANT_ID ID of the application's Azure AD tenant
AZURE_CLIENT_SECRET one of the application's client secrets

Service principal with certificate

Service principal with certificate
Variable name Value
AZURE_CLIENT_ID ID of an Azure AD application
AZURE_TENANT_ID ID of the application's Azure AD tenant
AZURE_CLIENT_CERTIFICATE_PATH path to a PFX or PEM-encoded certificate file including private key
AZURE_CLIENT_CERTIFICATE_PASSWORD (optional) password for certificate. The certificate can't be password-protected unless this value is specified.

Username and password

Username and password
Variable name Value
AZURE_CLIENT_ID ID of an Azure AD application
AZURE_TENANT_ID (optional) ID of the application's Azure AD tenant
AZURE_USERNAME a username (usually an email address)
AZURE_PASSWORD that user's password

Configuration is attempted in the above order. For example, if values for a client secret and certificate are both present, the client secret will be used.

Troubleshooting

Credentials raise exceptions when they fail to authenticate or can't execute authentication. When credentials fail to authenticate, theClientAuthenticationException is raised. The exception has a message attribute, which describes why authentication failed. When this exception is raised by ChainedTokenCredential, the chained execution of underlying list of credentials is stopped.

When credentials can't execute authentication due to one of the underlying resources required by the credential being unavailable on the machine, theCredentialUnavailableException is raised. The exception has a message attribute that describes why the credential is unavailable for authentication execution. When this exception is raised by ChainedTokenCredential, the message collects error messages from each credential in the chain.

See the troubleshooting guide for details on how to diagnose various failure scenarios.

Enable client logging

Azure SDK for Java offers a consistent logging story to help aid in troubleshooting application errors and expedite their resolution. The logs produced will capture the flow of an application before reaching the terminal state to help locate the root issue. View the logging wiki for guidance about enabling logging.

Next steps

The Java client libraries listed here support authenticating with TokenCredential and the Azure Identity library. You can learn more about their use, and find additional documentation on use of these client libraries along samples with can be found in the links mentioned here.

The microsoft-graph-sdk also supports authenticating with TokenCredential and the Azure Identity library.

Contributing

This project welcomes contributions and suggestions. Most contributions require you to agree to a Contributor License Agreement (CLA) declaring that you have the right to, and actually do, grant us the rights to use your contribution. For details, visit https://cla.microsoft.com.

When you submit a pull request, a CLA-bot will automatically determine whether you need to provide a CLA and decorate the PR appropriately (e.g., label, comment). Simply follow the instructions provided by the bot. You will only need to do this once across all repos using our CLA.

This project has adopted the Microsoft Open Source Code of Conduct. For more information see the Code of Conduct FAQ or contact opencode@microsoft.com with any additional questions or comments.

Impressions