Word.Document class

The Document object is the top level object. A Document object contains one or more sections, content controls, and the body that contains the contents of the document.

Extends

Remarks

[ API set: WordApi 1.1 ]

Properties

body

Gets the body object of the main document. The body is the text that excludes headers, footers, footnotes, textboxes, etc.

changeTrackingMode

Gets or sets the ChangeTracking mode.

contentControls

Gets the collection of content control objects in the document. This includes content controls in the body of the document, headers, footers, textboxes, etc.

context

The request context associated with the object. This connects the add-in's process to the Office host application's process.

customXmlParts

Gets the custom XML parts in the document.

properties

Gets the properties of the document.

saved

Indicates whether the changes in the document have been saved. A value of true indicates that the document hasn't changed since it was saved.

sections

Gets the collection of section objects in the document.

settings

Gets the add-in's settings in the document.

Methods

deleteBookmark(name)

Deletes a bookmark, if it exists, from the document.

getBookmarkRange(name)

Gets a bookmark's range. Throws an ItemNotFound error if the bookmark does not exist.

getBookmarkRangeOrNullObject(name)

Gets a bookmark's range. If the bookmark does not exist, then this method will return an object with its isNullObject property set to true. For further information, see *OrNullObject methods and properties.

getEndnoteBody()

Gets the document's endnotes in a single body. Not implemented in Word on the web.

getFootnoteBody()

Gets the document's footnotes in a single body. Not implemented in Word on the web.

getSelection()

Gets the current selection of the document. Multiple selections are not supported.

load(options)

Queues up a command to load the specified properties of the object. You must call context.sync() before reading the properties.

load(propertyNames)

Queues up a command to load the specified properties of the object. You must call context.sync() before reading the properties.

load(propertyNamesAndPaths)

Queues up a command to load the specified properties of the object. You must call context.sync() before reading the properties.

save()

Saves the document. This uses the Word default file naming convention if the document has not been saved before.

search(searchText, searchOptions)

Performs a search with the specified search options on the scope of the whole document. The search results are a collection of range objects.

set(properties, options)

Sets multiple properties of an object at the same time. You can pass either a plain object with the appropriate properties, or another API object of the same type.

set(properties)

Sets multiple properties on the object at the same time, based on an existing loaded object.

toJSON()

Overrides the JavaScript toJSON() method in order to provide more useful output when an API object is passed to JSON.stringify(). (JSON.stringify, in turn, calls the toJSON method of the object that is passed to it.) Whereas the original Word.Document object is an API object, the toJSON method returns a plain JavaScript object (typed as Word.Interfaces.DocumentData) that contains shallow copies of any loaded child properties from the original object.

track()

Track the object for automatic adjustment based on surrounding changes in the document. This call is a shorthand for context.trackedObjects.add(thisObject). If you are using this object across .sync calls and outside the sequential execution of a ".run" batch, and get an "InvalidObjectPath" error when setting a property or invoking a method on the object, you need to add the object to the tracked object collection when the object was first created. If this object is part of a collection, you should also track the parent collection.

untrack()

Release the memory associated with this object, if it has previously been tracked. This call is shorthand for context.trackedObjects.remove(thisObject). Having many tracked objects slows down the host application, so please remember to free any objects you add, once you're done using them. You will need to call context.sync() before the memory release takes effect.

Events

onContentControlAdded

Occurs when a content control is added. Run context.sync() in the handler to get the new content control's properties.

Property Details

body

Gets the body object of the main document. The body is the text that excludes headers, footers, footnotes, textboxes, etc.

readonly body: Word.Body;

Property Value

Remarks

[ API set: WordApi 1.1 ]

changeTrackingMode

Gets or sets the ChangeTracking mode.

changeTrackingMode: Word.ChangeTrackingMode | "Off" | "TrackAll" | "TrackMineOnly";

Property Value

Word.ChangeTrackingMode | "Off" | "TrackAll" | "TrackMineOnly"

Remarks

[ API set: WordApi 1.4 ]

Examples

// Link to full sample: https://raw.githubusercontent.com/OfficeDev/office-js-snippets/prod/samples/word/50-document/manage-change-tracking.yaml
// Get the current change tracking mode.
await Word.run(async (context) => {
  const document = context.document;
  document.load("changeTrackingMode");
  await context.sync();

  if (document.changeTrackingMode === Word.ChangeTrackingMode.trackMineOnly) {
    console.log("Only my changes are being tracked.");
  } else if (document.changeTrackingMode === Word.ChangeTrackingMode.trackAll) {
    console.log("Everyone's changes are being tracked.");
  } else {
    console.log("No changes are being tracked.");
  }
});

contentControls

Gets the collection of content control objects in the document. This includes content controls in the body of the document, headers, footers, textboxes, etc.

readonly contentControls: Word.ContentControlCollection;

Property Value

Remarks

[ API set: WordApi 1.1 ]

context

The request context associated with the object. This connects the add-in's process to the Office host application's process.

context: RequestContext;

Property Value

customXmlParts

Gets the custom XML parts in the document.

readonly customXmlParts: Word.CustomXmlPartCollection;

Property Value

Remarks

[ API set: WordApi 1.4 ]

properties

Gets the properties of the document.

readonly properties: Word.DocumentProperties;

Property Value

Remarks

[ API set: WordApi 1.3 ]

Examples

// Link to full sample: https://raw.githubusercontent.com/OfficeDev/office-js-snippets/prod/samples/word/30-properties/get-built-in-properties.yaml
await Word.run(async (context) => {
    const builtInProperties = context.document.properties;
    builtInProperties.load("*"); // Let's get all!

    await context.sync();
    console.log(JSON.stringify(builtInProperties, null, 4));
});

saved

Indicates whether the changes in the document have been saved. A value of true indicates that the document hasn't changed since it was saved.

readonly saved: boolean;

Property Value

boolean

Remarks

[ API set: WordApi 1.1 ]

sections

Gets the collection of section objects in the document.

readonly sections: Word.SectionCollection;

Property Value

Remarks

[ API set: WordApi 1.1 ]

settings

Gets the add-in's settings in the document.

readonly settings: Word.SettingCollection;

Property Value

Remarks

[ API set: WordApi 1.4 ]

Examples

// Link to full sample: https://raw.githubusercontent.com/OfficeDev/office-js-snippets/prod/samples/word/50-document/manage-settings.yaml
// Get all custom settings this add-in set on this document.
await Word.run(async (context) => {
  const settings = context.document.settings;
  settings.load("items");
  await context.sync();

  if (settings.items.length == 0) {
    console.log("There are no settings");
  } else {
    console.log("All settings:");
    for (let i = 0; i < settings.items.length; i++) {
      console.log(settings.items[i]);
    }
  }
});

Method Details

deleteBookmark(name)

Deletes a bookmark, if it exists, from the document.

deleteBookmark(name: string): void;

Parameters

name

string

Required. The bookmark name, which is case-insensitive.

Returns

void

Remarks

[ API set: WordApi 1.4 ]

getBookmarkRange(name)

Gets a bookmark's range. Throws an ItemNotFound error if the bookmark does not exist.

getBookmarkRange(name: string): Word.Range;

Parameters

name

string

Required. The bookmark name, which is case-insensitive.

Returns

Remarks

[ API set: WordApi 1.4 ]

getBookmarkRangeOrNullObject(name)

Gets a bookmark's range. If the bookmark does not exist, then this method will return an object with its isNullObject property set to true. For further information, see *OrNullObject methods and properties.

getBookmarkRangeOrNullObject(name: string): Word.Range;

Parameters

name

string

Required. The bookmark name, which is case-insensitive.

Returns

Remarks

[ API set: WordApi 1.4 ]

getEndnoteBody()

Gets the document's endnotes in a single body. Not implemented in Word on the web.

getEndnoteBody(): Word.Body;

Returns

Remarks

[ API set: WordApiOnline 1.1 ]

getFootnoteBody()

Gets the document's footnotes in a single body. Not implemented in Word on the web.

getFootnoteBody(): Word.Body;

Returns

Remarks

[ API set: WordApiOnline 1.1 ]

getSelection()

Gets the current selection of the document. Multiple selections are not supported.

getSelection(): Word.Range;

Returns

Remarks

[ API set: WordApi 1.1 ]

Examples

// Run a batch operation against the Word object model.
await Word.run(async (context) => {
    
    const textSample = 'This is an example of the insert text method. This is a method ' + 
        'which allows users to insert text into a selection. It can insert text into a ' +
        'relative location or it can overwrite the current selection. Since the ' +
        'getSelection method returns a range object, look up the range object documentation ' +
        'for everything you can do with a selection.';
    
    // Create a range proxy object for the current selection.
    const range = context.document.getSelection();
    
    // Queue a command to insert text at the end of the selection.
    range.insertText(textSample, Word.InsertLocation.end);
    
    // Synchronize the document state by executing the queued commands, 
    // and return a promise to indicate task completion.
    await context.sync();
    console.log('Inserted the text at the end of the selection.');
});  

load(options)

Queues up a command to load the specified properties of the object. You must call context.sync() before reading the properties.

load(options?: Word.Interfaces.DocumentLoadOptions): Word.Document;

Parameters

options
Word.Interfaces.DocumentLoadOptions

Provides options for which properties of the object to load.

Returns

Examples

// Run a batch operation against the Word object model.
await Word.run(async (context) => {
    
    // Create a proxy object for the document.
    const thisDocument = context.document;
    
    // Queue a command to load content control properties.
    thisDocument.load('contentControls/id, contentControls/text, contentControls/tag');
    
    // Synchronize the document state by executing the queued commands, 
    // and return a promise to indicate task completion.
    await context.sync();
    if (thisDocument.contentControls.items.length !== 0) {
        for (let i = 0; i < thisDocument.contentControls.items.length; i++) {
            console.log(thisDocument.contentControls.items[i].id);
            console.log(thisDocument.contentControls.items[i].text);
            console.log(thisDocument.contentControls.items[i].tag);
        }
    } else {
        console.log('No content controls in this document.');
    }
});

load(propertyNames)

Queues up a command to load the specified properties of the object. You must call context.sync() before reading the properties.

load(propertyNames?: string | string[]): Word.Document;

Parameters

propertyNames

string | string[]

A comma-delimited string or an array of strings that specify the properties to load.

Returns

load(propertyNamesAndPaths)

Queues up a command to load the specified properties of the object. You must call context.sync() before reading the properties.

load(propertyNamesAndPaths?: {
            select?: string;
            expand?: string;
        }): Word.Document;

Parameters

propertyNamesAndPaths

{ select?: string; expand?: string; }

propertyNamesAndPaths.select is a comma-delimited string that specifies the properties to load, and propertyNamesAndPaths.expand is a comma-delimited string that specifies the navigation properties to load.

Returns

save()

Saves the document. This uses the Word default file naming convention if the document has not been saved before.

save(): void;

Returns

void

Remarks

[ API set: WordApi 1.1 ]

Examples

// Run a batch operation against the Word object model.
await Word.run(async (context) => {
    
    // Create a proxy object for the document.
    const thisDocument = context.document;

    // Queue a command to load the document save state (on the saved property).
    thisDocument.load('saved');    
    
    // Synchronize the document state by executing the queued commands, 
    // and return a promise to indicate task completion.
    await context.sync();
        
    if (thisDocument.saved === false) {
        // Queue a command to save this document.
        thisDocument.save();
        
        // Synchronize the document state by executing the queued commands, 
        // and return a promise to indicate task completion.
        await context.sync();
        console.log('Saved the document');
    } else {
        console.log('The document has not changed since the last save.');
    }
    });

search(searchText, searchOptions)

Performs a search with the specified search options on the scope of the whole document. The search results are a collection of range objects.

search(searchText: string, searchOptions?: Word.SearchOptions | {
            ignorePunct?: boolean;
            ignoreSpace?: boolean;
            matchCase?: boolean;
            matchPrefix?: boolean;
            matchSuffix?: boolean;
            matchWholeWord?: boolean;
            matchWildcards?: boolean;
        }): Word.RangeCollection;

Parameters

searchText

string

searchOptions

Word.SearchOptions | { ignorePunct?: boolean; ignoreSpace?: boolean; matchCase?: boolean; matchPrefix?: boolean; matchSuffix?: boolean; matchWholeWord?: boolean; matchWildcards?: boolean; }

Returns

Remarks

[ API set: WordApiOnline 1.1 ]

set(properties, options)

Sets multiple properties of an object at the same time. You can pass either a plain object with the appropriate properties, or another API object of the same type.

set(properties: Interfaces.DocumentUpdateData, options?: OfficeExtension.UpdateOptions): void;

Parameters

properties
Word.Interfaces.DocumentUpdateData

A JavaScript object with properties that are structured isomorphically to the properties of the object on which the method is called.

options
OfficeExtension.UpdateOptions

Provides an option to suppress errors if the properties object tries to set any read-only properties.

Returns

void

set(properties)

Sets multiple properties on the object at the same time, based on an existing loaded object.

set(properties: Word.Document): void;

Parameters

properties
Word.Document

Returns

void

toJSON()

Overrides the JavaScript toJSON() method in order to provide more useful output when an API object is passed to JSON.stringify(). (JSON.stringify, in turn, calls the toJSON method of the object that is passed to it.) Whereas the original Word.Document object is an API object, the toJSON method returns a plain JavaScript object (typed as Word.Interfaces.DocumentData) that contains shallow copies of any loaded child properties from the original object.

toJSON(): Word.Interfaces.DocumentData;

Returns

track()

Track the object for automatic adjustment based on surrounding changes in the document. This call is a shorthand for context.trackedObjects.add(thisObject). If you are using this object across .sync calls and outside the sequential execution of a ".run" batch, and get an "InvalidObjectPath" error when setting a property or invoking a method on the object, you need to add the object to the tracked object collection when the object was first created. If this object is part of a collection, you should also track the parent collection.

track(): Word.Document;

Returns

untrack()

Release the memory associated with this object, if it has previously been tracked. This call is shorthand for context.trackedObjects.remove(thisObject). Having many tracked objects slows down the host application, so please remember to free any objects you add, once you're done using them. You will need to call context.sync() before the memory release takes effect.

untrack(): Word.Document;

Returns

Event Details

onContentControlAdded

Note

This API is provided as a preview for developers and may change based on feedback that we receive. Do not use this API in a production environment.

Occurs when a content control is added. Run context.sync() in the handler to get the new content control's properties.

readonly onContentControlAdded: OfficeExtension.EventHandlers<Word.ContentControlEventArgs>;

Event Type

Remarks

[ API set: WordApi BETA (PREVIEW ONLY) ]