This document uses the following terms:
activity logging: A log provided by the fax service that can log incoming and outgoing fax activity such as job identifiers, submission time, banner contents, status, call time, file name, and other fax-specific information. This activity logging is configurable by the fax server administrator.
area code: A nonzero positive 32-bit integer identifying an area within a country/region. This protocol makes no assumptions regarding specific integer values and the areas or the countries/regions they identify.
authenticated user identity: The principal that is provided by the underlying protocol. See retrieval of client identity in [MS-RPCE] sections 220.127.116.11.2 and 18.104.22.168.3 for details.
authentication level: A numeric value indicating the level of authentication or message protection that remote procedure call (RPC) will apply to a specific message exchange. For more information, see [C706] section 22.214.171.124 and [MS-RPCE].
Authentication Service (AS): A service that issues ticket granting tickets (TGTs), which are used for authenticating principals within the realm or domain served by the Authentication Service.
broadcast: An action of sending the same fax to multiple recipients.
connection handle: A GUID that represents a unique connection that is made to a previously loaded and reported Analysis Services model. The Usage Reporting Service generates a unique handle for each connection and returns that GUID to the model's client application.
Coordinated Universal Time (UTC): A high-precision atomic time standard that approximately tracks Universal Time (UT). It is the basis for legal, civil time all over the Earth. Time zones around the world are expressed as positive and negative offsets from UTC. In this role, it is also referred to as Zulu time (Z) and Greenwich Mean Time (GMT). In these specifications, all references to UTC refer to the time at UTC-0 (or GMT).
country code: A nonzero positive 32-bit integer identifying a country or region. This protocol makes no assumptions between specific integer values and the countries and/or regions they identify. For more information about typical country code values see [E164].
default outbound rule: An outbound rule mapping all countries/regions and all areas to all devices. This routing rule is present by default when the fax server is installed and enables faxes to be sent by any device independently of the destination. This rule cannot be removed.
endpoint: A network-specific address of a remote procedure call (RPC) server process for remote procedure calls. The actual name and type of the endpoint depends on the RPC protocol sequence that is being used. For example, for RPC over TCP (RPC Protocol Sequence ncacn_ip_tcp), an endpoint might be TCP port 1025. For RPC over Server Message Block (RPC Protocol Sequence ncacn_np), an endpoint might be the name of a named pipe. For more information, see [C706].
fax document: A fax that has not yet been submitted to a fax server. A fax document can consist of a cover page and body, but must include at least a cover page or body.
fax job: An inbound or outbound fax transmission that is awaiting transmission in the Fax Queue; the Fax Jobs are qualified as inbound or outbound based on this. The Fax Jobs are further qualified as follows: queued qualifies a Fax Job as awaiting transmission, and active qualifies a Fax Job as in process of being sent or received by the fax server.
fax message: A fax that a fax server has completely received or transmitted, and archived to the Fax Archive Folder described in [MS-FAX] section 3.1.1.
fax queue: A list containing faxes that are being processed (jobs). There is an outgoing queue (usually called Outbox in the Fax Console) containing the faxes that are being sent. There also is an incoming queue (usually called Incoming in the Fax Console) containing faxes that are being received. For more information, see section 3.1.1.
fully qualified domain name (FQDN): An unambiguous domain name that gives an absolute location in the Domain Name System's (DNS) hierarchy tree, as defined in [RFC1035] section 3.1 and [RFC2181] section 11.
general configuration: A set of properties on the fax server that defines the overall fax service behavior. These properties include the number of retries that should be attempted while sending a fax, the delay between each retry, the number of days unsent jobs are retained, branding, and application of telephone discount rates. These properties are configurable.
globally unique identifier (GUID): A term used interchangeably with universally unique identifier (UUID) in Microsoft protocol technical documents (TDs). Interchanging the usage of these terms does not imply or require a specific algorithm or mechanism to generate the value. Specifically, the use of this term does not imply or require that the algorithms described in [RFC4122] or [C706] must be used for generating the GUID. See also universally unique identifier (UUID).
Interface Definition Language (IDL): The International Standards Organization (ISO) standard language for specifying the interface for remote procedure calls. For more information, see [C706] section 4.
Network Data Representation (NDR): A specification that defines a mapping from Interface Definition Language (IDL) data types onto octet streams. NDR also refers to the runtime environment that implements the mapping facilities (for example, data provided to NDR). For more information, see [MS-RPCE] and [C706] section 14.
notification context: The context returned from the fax client (acting as the RPC server) to the fax server (acting as the RPC client) for a successful FAX_OpenConnection method call. The fax client uses this context to identify a connection made to a fax server to receive notifications from this fax server. The context is opaque to the fax server. The fax server calls the FAX_CloseConnection method to request the fax client to close this context.
outbound group: A group that specifies the routing group by which the fax service sends a fax for which the routing rule applies. A routing group must be created before it is specified in a routing rule.
outbound rule: A routing rule that specifies whether a fax is sent by using either a specific device or a group of devices. If the telephone number for an outgoing fax matches the area code and country/region code of a routing rule, the fax service sends the fax according to the matching routing rule.
print queue: The logical entity to which jobs can be submitted for a particular print device. Associated with a print queue is a print driver, a user's print configuration in the form of a DEVMODE structure, and a system print configuration stored in the system registry.
printer driver: The interface component between the operating system and the printer device. It is responsible for processing the application data into a page description language (PDL) that can be interpreted by the printer device.
queue: An object that holds messages passed between applications or messages passed between Message Queuing and applications. In general, applications can send messages to queues and read messages from queues.
registry: A local system-defined database in which applications and system components store and retrieve configuration data. It is a hierarchical data store with lightly typed elements that are logically stored in tree format. Applications use the registry API to retrieve, modify, or delete registry data. The data stored in the registry varies according to the version of the operating system.
remote procedure call (RPC): A communication protocol used primarily between client and server. The term has three definitions that are often used interchangeably: a runtime environment providing for communication facilities between computers (the RPC runtime); a set of request-and-response message exchanges between computers (the RPC exchange); and the single message from an RPC exchange (the RPC message). For more information, see [C706].
RPC context handle: A representation of state maintained between a remote procedure call (RPC) client and server. The state is maintained on the server on behalf of the client. An RPC context handle is created by the server and given to the client. The client passes the RPC context handle back to the server in method calls to assist in identifying the state. For more information, see [C706].
security descriptor: A data structure containing the security information associated with a securable object. A security descriptor identifies an object's owner by its security identifier (SID). If access control is configured for the object, its security descriptor contains a discretionary access control list (DACL) with SIDs for the security principals who are allowed or denied access. Applications use this structure to set and query an object's security status. The security descriptor is used to guard access to an object as well as to control which type of auditing takes place when the object is accessed. The security descriptor format is specified in [MS-DTYP] section 2.4.6; a string representation of security descriptors, called SDDL, is specified in [MS-DTYP] section 2.5.1.
security provider: A pluggable security module that is specified by the protocol layer above the remote procedure call (RPC) layer, and will cause the RPC layer to use this module to secure messages in a communication session with the server. The security provider is sometimes referred to as an authentication service. For more information, see [C706] and [MS-RPCE].
share: A resource offered by a Common Internet File System (CIFS) server for access by CIFS clients over the network. A share typically represents a directory tree and its included files (referred to commonly as a "disk share" or "file share") or a printer (a "print share"). If the information about the share is saved in persistent store (for example, Windows registry) and reloaded when a file server is restarted, then the share is referred to as a "sticky share". Some share names are reserved for specific functions and are referred to as special shares: IPC$, reserved for interprocess communication, ADMIN$, reserved for remote administration, and A$, B$, C$ (and other local disk names followed by a dollar sign), assigned to local disk devices.
Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP): A member of the TCP/IP suite of protocols that is used to transport Internet messages, as described in [RFC5321].
Stock Keeping Unit (SKU): A unique identifier for a distinct product or service that is used as a source of revenue. For example, a SKU can represent a retail product such as software that is sold through a channel, a subscription program, or an online service such as MSDN.
subscription context: The context returned from the fax server to the fax client for a successful FAX_StartServerNotification, FAX_StartServerNotificationEx, or FAX_StartServerNotificationEx2 method call. The fax server uses this context to identify a fax client's subscription for notifications. To deliver a notification to the subscribed client, the fax server (acting as the RPC client) calls one of the following methods on the client (acting as the RPC server): FAX_ClientEventQueue or FAX_ClientEventQueueEx. The context is opaque to the fax client. The fax client closes this context by calling FAX_EndServerNotification.
transmitting subscriber identifier (TSID): A TSID, as described in section 3.1.1.
universally unique identifier (UUID): A 128-bit value. UUIDs can be used for multiple purposes, from tagging objects with an extremely short lifetime, to reliably identifying very persistent objects in cross-process communication such as client and server interfaces, manager entry-point vectors, and RPC objects. UUIDs are highly likely to be unique. UUIDs are also known as globally unique identifiers (GUIDs) and these terms are used interchangeably in the Microsoft protocol technical documents (TDs). Interchanging the usage of these terms does not imply or require a specific algorithm or mechanism to generate the UUID. Specifically, the use of this term does not imply or require that the algorithms described in [RFC4122] or [C706] must be used for generating the UUID.
UTC (Coordinated Universal Time): A high-precision atomic time standard that approximately tracks Universal Time (UT). It is the basis for legal, civil time all over the Earth. Time zones around the world are expressed as positive and negative offsets from UTC. In this role, it is also referred to as Zulu time (Z) and Greenwich Mean Time (GMT). In these specifications, all references to UTC refer to the time at UTC–0 (or GMT).
UTF-16LE: The Unicode Transformation Format - 16-bit, Little Endian encoding scheme. It is used to encode Unicode characters as a sequence of 16-bit codes, each encoded as two 8-bit bytes with the least-significant byte first.
MAY, SHOULD, MUST, SHOULD NOT, MUST NOT: These terms (in all caps) are used as defined in [RFC2119]. All statements of optional behavior use either MAY, SHOULD, or SHOULD NOT.