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Windows Embedded CE 6.0 R3


This function creates a bitmap compatible with the device associated with the specified device context.


HBITMAP CreateCompatibleBitmap(
  HDC hdc, 
  int nWidth, 
  int nHeight


  • hdc
    [in] Handle to a device context.
  • nWidth
    [in] Specifies the bitmap width, in pixels.
  • nHeight
    [in] Specifies the bitmap height, in pixels.

Return Value

A handle to the bitmap indicates success.

NULL indicates failure.

To get extended error information, call GetLastError.

Code Example

The following code example shows how to create a memory device context, and how to use a CreateCompatibleBitmap to create a bitmap.

  HDC hDC,                  // Handle to the display device context 
      hDCMem;               // Handle to the memory device context
  HBITMAP hBitmap;          // Handle to the new bitmap
  int iWidth, iHeight;      // Width and height of the bitmap
  // Retrieve the handle to a display device context for the client 
  // area of the window. 
  hDC = GetDC (hwnd);
  // Create a memory device context compatible with the device. 
  hDCMem = CreateCompatibleDC (hDC);
  // Retrieve the width and height of window display elements.
  iWidth = GetSystemMetrics (SM_CXSCREEN) / 10;
  iHeight = GetSystemMetrics (SM_CYSCREEN) / 10;
  // Create a bitmap compatible with the device associated with the 
  // device context.
  hBitmap = CreateCompatibleBitmap (hDC, iWidth, iHeight);
// Insert code to use the bitmap.
  // Delete the bitmap object and free all resources associated with it. 
  DeleteObject (hBitmap);
  // Delete the memory device context and the display device context.
  DeleteDC (hDCMem);
  ReleaseDC (hDC);


The color format of the bitmap created by the CreateCompatibleBitmap function matches the color format of the device identified by the hdc parameter. This bitmap can be selected into any memory device context that is compatible with the original device.

Because memory device contexts allow both color and monochrome bitmaps, the format of the bitmap returned by the CreateCompatibleBitmap function differs when the specified device context is a memory device context. However, a compatible bitmap that was created for a nonmemory device context always possesses the same color format and uses the same color palette as the specified device context.

If an application sets the nWidth or nHeight parameters to zero, CreateCompatibleBitmap returns the handle to a 1- by 1-pixel, monochrome bitmap.

If a DIB section, which is a bitmap created by the CreateDIBSection function, is selected into the device context identified by the hdc parameter, CreateCompatibleBitmap creates a DIB section.

When you no longer need the bitmap, call the DeleteObject function to delete it.


Header windows.h
Library coredll.lib
Windows Embedded CE Windows CE 1.0 and later
Windows Mobile Windows Mobile Version 5.0 and later

See Also


GDI Functions