Data Sources Supported in PowerPivot Workbooks

Looking for help with Power Pivot in Excel 2013? Go to Power Pivot Help on

PowerPivot for Excel can import data from a wide variety of sources. After you have imported the data, you can refresh the data at any time to reflect any changes to the data that have occurred in the source. This topic explains the kinds of data sources you can use and provides guidance for identifying which ones work best with a PowerPivot workbook.

Supported Data Sources

You can import data from the data sources in the following table. PowerPivot for Excel does not install the providers that are listed for each data source. Some providers might already be installed with other applications on your computer; in other cases you will need to download and install the provider.

You can also link to tables in Excel and copy and paste data from applications, like Excel and Word, that use an HTML format for the Clipboard. For more information, see Add Data by Using Excel Linked Tables and Copy and Paste Data to PowerPivot.



File type

Providers 1

Access databases

Microsoft Access 2003, 2007, 2010.

.accdb or .mdb

ACE 14 OLE DB provider

SQL Server relational databases

Microsoft SQL Server 2005, 2008, 2008 R2, SQL Server 2012; Microsoft SQL Azure Database 2

(not applicable)

OLE DB Provider for SQL Server

SQL Server Native Client OLE DB Provider

SQL Server Native 10.0 Client OLE DB Provider

.NET Framework Data Provider for SQL Client

SQL Server Parallel Data Warehouse (PDW) 3

2008 R2, SQL Server 2012

(not applicable)

OLE DB provider for SQL Server PDW

Oracle relational databases

Oracle 9i, 10g, 11g.

(not applicable)

Oracle OLE DB Provider

.NET Framework Data Provider for Oracle Client

.NET Framework Data Provider for SQL Server

MSDAORA OLE DB provider 4



Teradata relational databases

Teradata V2R6, V12

(not applicable)


.Net Data Provider for Teradata

Informix relational databases


(not applicable)

Informix OLE DB provider

IBM DB2 relational databases


(not applicable)


Sybase relational databases


(not applicable)

Sybase OLE DB provider

Other relational databases

(not applicable)

(not applicable)

OLE DB provider or ODBC driver

Text files

(not applicable)

.txt, .tab, .csv

ACE 14 OLE DB provider for Microsoft Access

Microsoft Excel files

Excel 97-2003, 2007, 2010

.xlsx, xlsm, .xlsb, .xltx, .xltm

ACE 14 OLE DB provider

PowerPivot workbook

Microsoft SQL Server 2008 R2 and SQL Server 2012 Analysis Services

xlsx, xlsm, .xlsb, .xltx, .xltm


(used only with PowerPivot workbooks that are published to SharePoint farms that have PowerPivot for SharePoint installed)

Analysis Services cube

Microsoft SQL Server 2005, 2008, 2008 R2, SQL Server 2012 Analysis Services

(not applicable)


Data feeds

(used to import data from Reporting Services reports, Atom service documents, Microsoft Azure Marketplace DataMarket, and single data feed)

Atom 1.0 format

Any database or document that is exposed as a Windows Communication Foundation (WCF) Data Service (formerly ADO.NET Data Services).

.atomsvc for a service document that defines one or more feeds

.atom for an Atom web feed document

Microsoft Data Feed Provider for PowerPivot

.NET Framework data feed data provider for PowerPivot

Office Database Connection files




1 You can also use the OLE DB Provider for ODBC.

2 For more information about SQL Azure, see the web site SQL Azure.

3 For more information about SQL Server PDW, see the web site SQL Server 2008 Parallel Data Warehouse.

4 In some cases, using the MSDAORA OLE DB provider can result in connection errors, particularly with newer versions of Oracle. If you encounter any errors, we recommend that you use one of the other providers listed for Oracle.

Unsupported sources

The following data source is not currently supported:

  • Published server documents, such as Access databases already published to SharePoint, cannot be imported.

Tips for Choosing Data Sources

  1. Importing tables from relational databases saves you steps because foreign key relationships are used during import to create relationships between worksheets in the PowerPivot window.

  2. Importing multiple tables, and then deleting the ones you don't need, can also save you steps. If you import tables one at a time, you might still need to create relationships between the tables manually.

  3. Columns that contain similar data in different data sources are the basis of creating relationships within the PowerPivot window. When using heterogeneous data sources, choose tables that have columns that can be mapped to tables in other data sources that contain identical or similar data.

  4. To support data refresh for a workbook that you publish to SharePoint, choose data sources that are equally accessible to both workstations and servers. After publishing the workbook, you can set up a data refresh schedule to update information in the workbook automatically. Using data sources that are available on network servers makes data refresh possible. For more information, see Create a PowerPivot Workbook for SharePoint.

  5. OLE DB providers can sometimes offer faster performance for large scale data. When choosing between different providers for the same data source, you should try the OLE DB provider first.

See Also


Import Data from a Database

Import Data from a File

Import Data from Analysis Services or PowerPivot

Import Data from a Data Feed

Copy and Paste Data to PowerPivot

Add Data by Using Excel Linked Tables