SQLDisconnect Function

Version Introduced: ODBC 1.0 Standards Compliance: ISO 92

SQLDisconnect closes the connection associated with a specific connection handle.


SQLRETURN SQLDisconnect(  
     SQLHDBC     ConnectionHandle);  


[Input] Connection handle.




When SQLDisconnect returns SQL_ERROR or SQL_SUCCESS_WITH_INFO, an associated SQLSTATE value may be obtained by calling SQLGetDiagRec with a HandleType of SQL_HANDLE_DBC and a Handle of ConnectionHandle. The following table lists the SQLSTATE values commonly returned by SQLDisconnect and explains each one in the context of this function; the notation "(DM)" precedes the descriptions of SQLSTATEs returned by the Driver Manager. The return code associated with each SQLSTATE value is SQL_ERROR, unless noted otherwise.

SQLSTATE Error Description
01000 General warning Driver-specific informational message. (Function returns SQL_SUCCESS_WITH_INFO.)
01002 Disconnect error An error occurred during the disconnect. However, the disconnect succeeded. (Function returns SQL_SUCCESS_WITH_INFO.)
08003 Connection not open (DM) The connection specified in the argument ConnectionHandle was not open.
25000 Invalid transaction state There was a transaction in process on the connection specified by the argument ConnectionHandle. The transaction remains active.
HY000 General error An error occurred for which there was no specific SQLSTATE and for which no implementation-specific SQLSTATE was defined. The error message returned by SQLGetDiagRec in the *MessageText buffer describes the error and its cause.
HY001 Memory allocation error The driver was unable to allocate memory required to support execution or completion of the function.
HY008 Operation canceled Asynchronous processing was enabled for the ConnectionHandle. The function was called, and before it finshed executing SQLCancelHandle Function was called on the ConnectionHandle. Then the function was called again on the ConnectionHandle.

The function was called, and before it finished executing SQLCancelHandle was called on the ConnectionHandle from a different thread in a multithread application.
HY010 Function sequence error (DM) An asynchronously executing function was called for a StatementHandle associated with the ConnectionHandle and was still executing when SQLDisconnect was called.

(DM) An asynchronously executing function (not this one) was called for the ConnectionHandle and was still executing when this function was called.

(DM) SQLExecute, SQLExecDirect, SQLBulkOperations, or SQLSetPos was called for a StatementHandle associated with the ConnectionHandle and returned SQL_NEED_DATA. This function was called before data was sent for all data-at-execution parameters or columns.
HY013 Memory management error The function call could not be processed because the underlying memory objects could not be accessed, possibly because of low memory conditions.
HY117 Connection is suspended due to unknown transaction state. Only disconnect and read-only functions are allowed. (DM) For more information about suspended state, see SQLEndTran Function.
HYT01 Connection timeout expired The connection timeout period expired before the data source responded to the request, and the connection is still active. The connection timeout period is set through SQLSetConnectAttr, SQL_ATTR_CONNECTION_TIMEOUT.
IM001 Driver does not support this function (DM) The driver associated with the ConnectionHandle does not support the function.
IM017 Polling is disabled in asynchronous notification mode Whenever the notification model is used, polling is disabled.
IM018 SQLCompleteAsync has not been called to complete the previous asynchronous operation on this handle. If the previous function call on the handle returns SQL_STILL_EXECUTING and if notification mode is enabled, SQLCompleteAsync must be called on the handle to do post-processing and complete the operation.


If an application calls SQLDisconnect after SQLBrowseConnect returns SQL_NEED_DATA and before it returns a different return code, the driver cancels the connection browsing process and returns the connection to an unconnected state.

If an application calls SQLDisconnect while there is an incomplete transaction associated with the connection handle, the driver returns SQLSTATE 25000 (Invalid transaction state), indicating that the transaction is unchanged and the connection is open. An incomplete transaction is one that has not been committed or rolled back with SQLEndTran.

If an application calls SQLDisconnect before it has freed all statements associated with the connection, the driver, after it successfully disconnects from the data source, frees those statements and all descriptors that have been explicitly allocated on the connection. However, if one or more of the statements associated with the connection are still executing asynchronously, SQLDisconnect returns SQL_ERROR with a SQLSTATE value of HY010 (Function sequence error). Also, SQLDisconnect will free all associated statements and all descriptors that have been explicitly allocated on the connection, if the connection is in a suspended state or if SQLDisconnect was successfully canceled by SQLCancelHandle.

For information about how an application uses SQLDisconnect, see Disconnecting from a Data Source or Driver.

Disconnecting from a Pooled Connection

If connection pooling is enabled for a shared environment and an application calls SQLDisconnect on a connection in that environment, the connection is returned to the connection pool and is still available to other components using the same shared environment.

Code Example

See Sample ODBC Program, SQLBrowseConnect Function, and SQLConnect Function.

For information about See
Allocating a handle SQLAllocHandle Function
Connecting to a data source SQLConnect Function
Connecting to a data source using a connection string or dialog box SQLDriverConnect Function
Executing a commit or rollback operation SQLEndTran Function
Freeing a connection handle SQLFreeConnect Function

See Also

ODBC API Reference
ODBC Header Files