CLOSE SYMMETRIC KEY (Transact-SQL)

Applies to: SQL Server (all supported versions) Azure SQL Database Azure SQL Managed Instance Azure Synapse Analytics

Closes a symmetric key, or closes all symmetric keys open in the current session.

Topic link icon Transact-SQL Syntax Conventions

Note

This syntax is not supported by serverless SQL pool in Azure Synapse Analytics.

Syntax

CLOSE { SYMMETRIC KEY key_name | ALL SYMMETRIC KEYS }  

Note

To view Transact-SQL syntax for SQL Server 2014 and earlier, see Previous versions documentation.

Arguments

Key_name
Is the name of the symmetric key to be closed.

Remarks

Open symmetric keys are bound to the session not to the security context. An open key will continue to be available until it is either explicitly closed or the session is terminated. CLOSE ALL SYMMETRIC KEYS will close any database master key that was opened in the current session by using the OPEN MASTER KEY statement. Information about open keys is visible in the sys.openkeys (Transact-SQL) catalog view.

Permissions

No explicit permission is required to close a symmetric key.

Examples

A. Closing a symmetric key

The following example closes the symmetric key ShippingSymKey04.

CLOSE SYMMETRIC KEY ShippingSymKey04;  
GO  

B. Closing all symmetric keys

The following example closes all symmetric keys that are open in the current session, and also the explicitly opened database master key.

CLOSE ALL SYMMETRIC KEYS;  
GO  

See Also

CREATE SYMMETRIC KEY (Transact-SQL)
ALTER SYMMETRIC KEY (Transact-SQL)
OPEN SYMMETRIC KEY (Transact-SQL)
DROP SYMMETRIC KEY (Transact-SQL)