Use a control to modify the property of other controls


When working with controls, you can modify the way that a particular control functions based on another control's properties. This functionality allows your users to see changes to their experience based on their input.

As an example, your app might have a drop-down menu allowing the user to choose a small, medium, or large font size. Based on this setting, the app could dynamically change the font size throughout the app.

Screenshot of a dropdown showing small and a text label showing font in size 8.

Screenshot of the same dropdown showing large and the same text label showing the font size in 24.

You could apply similar logic for font colors, fill colors, locations of your controls, or showing or hiding controls based on user selections. For example, if a user selects a check box for "Are you a new client?", the fields for entering a new client would appear on the screen.

Screenshot of a checkbox asking "Are you a new client?" that is unchecked with blank portion below.

Screenshot of a checkbox asking "Are you a new client?" checked with input fields for first and last name showing.

Use inputs to adjust the positions of a control

Let's use an example to understand control positioning on the canvas and how to use the user's input to modify it. As an introduction, a control's location on the canvas is based on a combination of two properties: the X and the Y property.

  • X - distance between the left edge of a control and the left edge of the screen.

  • Y - distance between the top edge of a control and the top edge of the screen.

Remember that the X and Y properties apply to all controls except screens. Now go to your app and let's learn via practice.

  1. First, let's create a new screen for your app by selecting + New screen from the Tree view panel, then select Blank.

  2. Next insert a dropdown control. Select the + Insert button and enter drop in the search field, then select Drop down.

  3. Change the Items property on your dropdown from DropDownSample to the following:


    This creates a table of records with a single column called Position with three records called Top, Bottom, and Middle. If you select your dropdown control while holding the Alt key, you see these values displayed.

    Screenshot of the dropdown control showing the values Top, Middle, and Bottom.

  4. Next, we add a control that we can dynamically reposition on the screen. Once more, select + Insert from the ribbon, enter airplane in the search field, and select the Airplane icon. Drag the Airplane icon to the middle of your screen.

  5. Now, let's make our Airplane icon appear at different heights on the screen based on our dropdown control. To do this, select the airplane icon and find the Y property. Notice that it currently has a static number value. Change the value for the Y property to the following:



    Your dropdown control may have a different name than Dropdown1; make sure you replace Dropdown1 with the specific name of your control.

    Screenshot of the Y Property in Power Apps.

  6. To have a little fun (and test your formula), put your app in preview mode. Now, select each position from the drop-down menu. Notice that the Airplane icon adjusts its 'altitude' (or Y coordinate) as you change the dropdown value!


We were able to accomplish the movement of our airplane icon because our Y property is just a numeric value. Not all numbers would work, though, so we had to give numbers that would show our icon on the screen.

We used a Switch function based on the position value of our dropdown control, assigning a different value to Y based on user input. Zero is at the top, and the entire height of the screen is at the bottom. We used the Height property of our screen control to account for any platform using this app.

We also used the Height property of the airplane icon (Self.Height) for the "Bottom" value so that we could see the airplane icon at the bottom of the screen, else it would have been off of our viewable screen.

You can change properties in your controls to modify how other controls behave. Doing this provides a great way to shape the user experience. Keep your practice app open and in the next module we'll learn how to enhance your app by applying conditional formatting.