Understand the .NET IoT Libraries
In this unit, you'll learn about the .NET IoT Libraries, which enable interaction with your device.
The .NET IoT Libraries are composed of two open-source NuGet packages:
System.Device.Gpio package implements various protocols for interacting with low-level hardware pins to control devices. These protocols include:
- General-purpose I/O (GPIO)
- Inter-Integrated Circuit (I2C)
- Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI)
- Pulse Width Modulation (PWM)
- Serial port
System.Device.Gpio doesn't provide any device-specific features. It just provides the foundations for communicating using the supported protocols. For example, the BME280 sensor used in this module uses the I2C bus to communicate.
System.Device.Gpio provides abstractions to interact via I2C, but it doesn't provide any functionality specific to the functions of the BME280. If you write code interacting with the BME280 using just
System.Device.Gpio, your code needs to understand the functions of the BME280. That includes how to serialize/deserialize messages to/from the sensor over the I2C bus.
Iot.Device.Bindings package contains device bindings to streamline app development by wrapping
System.Device.Gpio. It contains classes representing a wide array of common IoT sensors and other devices. It's a community-driven, open-source project, and anybody can add new device support.
Iot.Device.Bindings enables the developer to work directly with device abstractions without worrying about low-level communication. Consider the example of the BME280 sensor. To communicate with the sensor, your app must send and receive messages in binary on the I2C bus. The classes in
Iot.Device.Bindings provide abstractions using classes in
System.Device.Gpio to handle the binary communication for you. This library enables you to focus on what you intend to do with the sensor, not on low-level communication.
Supported operating systems
The .NET IoT Libraries run anywhere .NET is supported, including most versions of Linux that support ARM/ARM64 and Windows 10 IoT Core. Raspberry Pi OS is recommended for most Raspberry Pi projects.
Supported hardware platforms
The .NET IoT Libraries are compatible with most single-board platforms. Recommended platforms are Raspberry Pi (2 and greater) and Hummingboard. Other platforms known to be compatible are BeagleBoard and ODROID.
PC platforms are supported via the use of a USB to SPI/I2C bridge.
.NET isn't supported on ARMv6 architecture devices, including Raspberry Pi Zero and Raspberry Pi devices prior to Raspberry Pi 2.
In the next unit, you'll use the .NET IoT Libraries to read the BME280 sensor and trigger the LED that represents your fan relay.