ID3D12GraphicsCommandList::SetDescriptorHeaps method (d3d12.h)

Changes the currently bound descriptor heaps that are associated with a command list.


void SetDescriptorHeaps(
  UINT                 NumDescriptorHeaps,
  ID3D12DescriptorHeap * const *ppDescriptorHeaps



Type: [in] UINT

Number of descriptor heaps to bind.


Type: [in] ID3D12DescriptorHeap*

A pointer to an array of ID3D12DescriptorHeap objects for the heaps to set on the command list.

You can only bind descriptor heaps of type D3D12_DESCRIPTOR_HEAP_TYPE_CBV_SRV_UAV and D3D12_DESCRIPTOR_HEAP_TYPE_SAMPLER.

Only one descriptor heap of each type can be set at one time, which means a maximum of 2 heaps (one sampler, one CBV/SRV/UAV) can be set at one time.

Return value



SetDescriptorHeaps can be called on a bundle, but the bundle descriptor heaps must match the calling command list descriptor heap. For more information on bundle restrictions, refer to Creating and Recording Command Lists and Bundles.

All previously set heaps are unset by the call. At most one heap of each shader-visible type can be set in the call.

Changing descriptor heaps can incur a pipeline flush on some hardware. Because of this, it is recommended to use a single shader-visible heap of each type, and set it once per frame, rather than regularly changing the bound descriptor heaps. Instead, use ID3D12Device::CopyDescriptors and ID3D12Device::CopyDescriptorsSimple to copy the required descriptors from shader-opaque heaps to the single shader-visible heap as required during rendering.


The D3D12Bundles sample uses ID3D12GraphicsCommandList::SetDescriptorHeaps as follows:

void D3D12Bundles::PopulateCommandList(FrameResource* pFrameResource)
    // Command list allocators can only be reset when the associated
    // command lists have finished execution on the GPU; apps should use
    // fences to determine GPU execution progress.

    // However, when ExecuteCommandList() is called on a particular command
    // list, that command list can then be reset at any time and must be before
    // re-recording.
    ThrowIfFailed(m_commandList->Reset(m_pCurrentFrameResource->m_commandAllocator.Get(), m_pipelineState1.Get()));

    // Set necessary state.

    ID3D12DescriptorHeap* ppHeaps[] = { m_cbvSrvHeap.Get(), m_samplerHeap.Get() };
    m_commandList->SetDescriptorHeaps(_countof(ppHeaps), ppHeaps);

    m_commandList->RSSetViewports(1, &m_viewport);
    m_commandList->RSSetScissorRects(1, &m_scissorRect);

    // Indicate that the back buffer will be used as a render target.
    m_commandList->ResourceBarrier(1, &CD3DX12_RESOURCE_BARRIER::Transition(m_renderTargets[m_frameIndex].Get(), D3D12_RESOURCE_STATE_PRESENT, D3D12_RESOURCE_STATE_RENDER_TARGET));

    CD3DX12_CPU_DESCRIPTOR_HANDLE rtvHandle(m_rtvHeap->GetCPUDescriptorHandleForHeapStart(), m_frameIndex, m_rtvDescriptorSize);
    CD3DX12_CPU_DESCRIPTOR_HANDLE dsvHandle(m_dsvHeap->GetCPUDescriptorHandleForHeapStart());
    m_commandList->OMSetRenderTargets(1, &rtvHandle, FALSE, &dsvHandle);

    // Record commands.
    const float clearColor[] = { 0.0f, 0.2f, 0.4f, 1.0f };
    m_commandList->ClearRenderTargetView(rtvHandle, clearColor, 0, nullptr);
    m_commandList->ClearDepthStencilView(m_dsvHeap->GetCPUDescriptorHandleForHeapStart(), D3D12_CLEAR_FLAG_DEPTH, 1.0f, 0, 0, nullptr);

    if (UseBundles)
        // Execute the prebuilt bundle.
        // Populate a new command list.
        pFrameResource->PopulateCommandList(m_commandList.Get(), m_pipelineState1.Get(), m_pipelineState2.Get(), m_currentFrameResourceIndex, m_numIndices, &m_indexBufferView,
            &m_vertexBufferView, m_cbvSrvHeap.Get(), m_cbvSrvDescriptorSize, m_samplerHeap.Get(), m_rootSignature.Get());

    // Indicate that the back buffer will now be used to present.
    m_commandList->ResourceBarrier(1, &CD3DX12_RESOURCE_BARRIER::Transition(m_renderTargets[m_frameIndex].Get(), D3D12_RESOURCE_STATE_RENDER_TARGET, D3D12_RESOURCE_STATE_PRESENT));


See Example Code in the D3D12 Reference.


Requirement Value
Target Platform Windows
Header d3d12.h
Library D3d12.lib
DLL D3d12.dll

See also

Descriptor Heaps