How to Use VML on Webpages

This topic describes VML, a feature that is deprecated as of Windows Internet Explorer 9. Webpages and applications that rely on VML should be migrated to SVG or other widely supported standards.


As of December 2011, this topic has been archived. As a result, it is no longer actively maintained. For more information, see Archived Content. For information, recommendations, and guidance regarding the current version of Windows Internet Explorer, see Internet Explorer Developer Center.


This document supplements the Vector Markup Language (VML) specification that was submitted to the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). With this document and the complete VML specification, you should be able to use VML to design webpages. We have assumed that you already have a working knowledge of HTML.

Part I: Basic Topics

Part II: Advanced Topics


The samples provided in this reference are designed for Internet Explorer. We have also provided illustrations where possible.