String.IndexOf Método

Definición

Indica el índice de base cero de la primera aparición de un carácter Unicode especificado o de una cadena en la instancia en cuestión. El método devuelve -1, si el carácter o cadena no se encuentran en esta instancia.

Sobrecargas

IndexOf(String, Int32, Int32, StringComparison)

Devuelve el índice de base cero de la primera aparición de la cadena especificada en el objeto String actual. Los parámetros indican la posición inicial de búsqueda en la cadena actual, el número de caracteres de la cadena actual en los que buscar y el tipo de búsqueda que se va a usar para la cadena especificada.

IndexOf(String, Int32, StringComparison)

Devuelve el índice de base cero de la primera aparición de la cadena especificada en el objeto String actual. Los parámetros indican la posición inicial de búsqueda en la cadena actual y el tipo de búsqueda que se usa para la cadena especificada.

IndexOf(Char, Int32, Int32)

Devuelve el índice de base en cero de la primera aparición del carácter especificado en la instancia en cuestión. La búsqueda comienza en una posición de carácter especificada y examina un número especificado de posiciones de caracteres.

IndexOf(String, StringComparison)

Devuelve el índice de base cero de la primera aparición de la cadena especificada en el objeto String actual. Un parámetro especifica el tipo de búsqueda que se va a usar para la cadena especificada.

IndexOf(String, Int32, Int32)

Indica el índice de base cero de la primera aparición de la cadena especificada en la instancia en cuestión. La búsqueda comienza en una posición de carácter especificada y examina un número especificado de posiciones de caracteres.

IndexOf(Char, StringComparison)

Devuelve el índice de base cero de la primera aparición del carácter Unicode especificado en esta cadena. Un parámetro especifica el tipo de búsqueda que se va a usar para el carácter especificado.

IndexOf(Char, Int32)

Devuelve el índice de base cero de la primera aparición del carácter Unicode especificado en esta cadena. La búsqueda comienza en una posición de carácter especificada.

IndexOf(String)

Indica el índice de base cero de la primera aparición de la cadena especificada en la instancia en cuestión.

IndexOf(Char)

Devuelve el índice de base cero de la primera aparición del carácter Unicode especificado en esta cadena.

IndexOf(String, Int32)

Indica el índice de base cero de la primera aparición de la cadena especificada en la instancia en cuestión. La búsqueda comienza en una posición de carácter especificada.

IndexOf(String, Int32, Int32, StringComparison)

Devuelve el índice de base cero de la primera aparición de la cadena especificada en el objeto String actual. Los parámetros indican la posición inicial de búsqueda en la cadena actual, el número de caracteres de la cadena actual en los que buscar y el tipo de búsqueda que se va a usar para la cadena especificada.

public:
 int IndexOf(System::String ^ value, int startIndex, int count, StringComparison comparisonType);
public int IndexOf (string value, int startIndex, int count, StringComparison comparisonType);
member this.IndexOf : string * int * int * StringComparison -> int
Public Function IndexOf (value As String, startIndex As Integer, count As Integer, comparisonType As StringComparison) As Integer

Parámetros

value
String

Cadena que se va a buscar.

startIndex
Int32

Posición en la que comienza la búsqueda.

count
Int32

Número de posiciones de caracteres que se van a examinar.

comparisonType
StringComparison

Uno de los valores de enumeración que especifica las reglas de la búsqueda.

Devoluciones

Int32

Posición de índice de base cero del parámetro value desde el principio de la instancia actual si se encuentra esa cadena o, de lo contrario, -1. Si value es Empty, el valor devuelto es startIndex.

Excepciones

value es null.

count o startIndex es negativo.

o bien

startIndex es mayor que la longitud de esta instancia.

O bien

count es mayor que la longitud de esta cadena menos startIndex.

comparisonType no es un valor StringComparison válido.

Ejemplos

En el ejemplo siguiente se muestran tres sobrecargas del IndexOf método que buscan la primera aparición de una cadena dentro de otra cadena mediante valores diferentes de la StringComparison enumeración.

// This code example demonstrates the 
// System.String.IndexOf(String, ..., StringComparison) methods.

using System;
using System.Threading;
using System.Globalization;

class Sample 
{
    public static void Main() 
    {
    string intro = "Find the first occurrence of a character using different " + 
                   "values of StringComparison.";
    string resultFmt = "Comparison: {0,-28} Location: {1,3}";

// Define a string to search for.
// U+00c5 = LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE
    string CapitalAWithRing = "\u00c5"; 

// Define a string to search. 
// The result of combining the characters LATIN SMALL LETTER A and COMBINING 
// RING ABOVE (U+0061, U+030a) is linguistically equivalent to the character 
// LATIN SMALL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE (U+00e5).
    string cat = "A Cheshire c" + "\u0061\u030a" + "t";

    int loc = 0;
    StringComparison[] scValues = {
        StringComparison.CurrentCulture,
        StringComparison.CurrentCultureIgnoreCase,
        StringComparison.InvariantCulture,
        StringComparison.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase,
        StringComparison.Ordinal,
        StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase };

// Clear the screen and display an introduction.
    Console.Clear();
    Console.WriteLine(intro);

// Display the current culture because culture affects the result. For example, 
// try this code example with the "sv-SE" (Swedish-Sweden) culture.

    Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture = new CultureInfo("en-US");
    Console.WriteLine("The current culture is \"{0}\" - {1}.", 
                       Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture.Name,
                       Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture.DisplayName);

// Display the string to search for and the string to search.
    Console.WriteLine("Search for the string \"{0}\" in the string \"{1}\"", 
                       CapitalAWithRing, cat);
    Console.WriteLine();

// Note that in each of the following searches, we look for 
// LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE in a string that contains 
// LATIN SMALL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE. A result value of -1 indicates 
// the string was not found.
// Search using different values of StringComparison. Specify the start 
// index and count. 

    Console.WriteLine("Part 1: Start index and count are specified.");
    foreach (StringComparison sc in scValues)
        {
        loc = cat.IndexOf(CapitalAWithRing, 0, cat.Length, sc);
        Console.WriteLine(resultFmt, sc, loc);
        }

// Search using different values of StringComparison. Specify the 
// start index. 
    Console.WriteLine("\nPart 2: Start index is specified.");
    foreach (StringComparison sc in scValues)
        {
        loc = cat.IndexOf(CapitalAWithRing, 0, sc);
        Console.WriteLine(resultFmt, sc, loc);
        }

// Search using different values of StringComparison. 
    Console.WriteLine("\nPart 3: Neither start index nor count is specified.");
    foreach (StringComparison sc in scValues)
        {
        loc = cat.IndexOf(CapitalAWithRing, sc);
        Console.WriteLine(resultFmt, sc, loc);
        }
    }
}

/*
Note: This code example was executed on a console whose user interface 
culture is "en-US" (English-United States).

This code example produces the following results:

Find the first occurrence of a character using different values of StringComparison.
The current culture is "en-US" - English (United States).
Search for the string "Å" in the string "A Cheshire ca°t"

Part 1: Start index and count are specified.
Comparison: CurrentCulture               Location:  -1
Comparison: CurrentCultureIgnoreCase     Location:  12
Comparison: InvariantCulture             Location:  -1
Comparison: InvariantCultureIgnoreCase   Location:  12
Comparison: Ordinal                      Location:  -1
Comparison: OrdinalIgnoreCase            Location:  -1

Part 2: Start index is specified.
Comparison: CurrentCulture               Location:  -1
Comparison: CurrentCultureIgnoreCase     Location:  12
Comparison: InvariantCulture             Location:  -1
Comparison: InvariantCultureIgnoreCase   Location:  12
Comparison: Ordinal                      Location:  -1
Comparison: OrdinalIgnoreCase            Location:  -1

Part 3: Neither start index nor count is specified.
Comparison: CurrentCulture               Location:  -1
Comparison: CurrentCultureIgnoreCase     Location:  12
Comparison: InvariantCulture             Location:  -1
Comparison: InvariantCultureIgnoreCase   Location:  12
Comparison: Ordinal                      Location:  -1
Comparison: OrdinalIgnoreCase            Location:  -1

*/
// This code example demonstrates the
// System.String.IndexOf(String, ..., StringComparison) methods.

open System
open System.Threading
open System.Globalization

let intro = "Find the first occurrence of a character using different values of StringComparison."

// Define a string to search for.
// U+00c5 = LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE
let CapitalAWithRing = "\u00c5"

// Define a string to search.
// The result of combining the characters LATIN SMALL LETTER A and COMBINING
// RING ABOVE (U+0061, U+030a) is linguistically equivalent to the character
// LATIN SMALL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE (U+00e5).
let cat = "A Cheshire c" + "\u0061\u030a" + "t"

let scValues = 
    [| StringComparison.CurrentCulture
       StringComparison.CurrentCultureIgnoreCase
       StringComparison.InvariantCulture
       StringComparison.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase
       StringComparison.Ordinal
       StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase |]

// Clear the screen and display an introduction.
Console.Clear()
printfn $"{intro}"

// Display the current culture because culture affects the result. For example,
// try this code example with the "sv-SE" (Swedish-Sweden) culture.

Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture <- CultureInfo "en-US"
printfn $"The current culture is \"{Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture.Name}\" - {Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture.DisplayName}."

// Display the string to search for and the string to search.
printfn $"Search for the string \"{CapitalAWithRing}\" in the string \"{cat}\"\n"

// Note that in each of the following searches, we look for
// LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE in a string that contains
// LATIN SMALL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE. A result value of -1 indicates
// the string was not found.
// Search using different values of StringComparison. Specify the start
// index and count.

printfn "Part 1: Start index and count are specified."
for sc in scValues do
    let loc = cat.IndexOf(CapitalAWithRing, 0, cat.Length, sc)
    printfn $"Comparison: {sc,-28} Location: {loc,3}"

// Search using different values of StringComparison. Specify the
// start index.
printfn "\nPart 2: Start index is specified."
for sc in scValues do
    let loc = cat.IndexOf(CapitalAWithRing, 0, sc)
    printfn $"Comparison: {sc,-28} Location: {loc,3}"

// Search using different values of StringComparison.
Console.WriteLine("\nPart 3: Neither start index nor count is specified.")
for sc in scValues do
    let loc = cat.IndexOf(CapitalAWithRing, sc)
    Console.WriteLine("Comparison: {0,-28} Location: {1,3}", sc, loc)

(*
Note: This code example was executed on a console whose user interface
culture is "en-US" (English-United States).

This code example produces the following results:

Find the first occurrence of a character using different values of StringComparison.
The current culture is "en-US" - English (United States).
Search for the string "Å" in the string "A Cheshire ca°t"

Part 1: Start index and count are specified.
Comparison: CurrentCulture               Location:  -1
Comparison: CurrentCultureIgnoreCase     Location:  12
Comparison: InvariantCulture             Location:  -1
Comparison: InvariantCultureIgnoreCase   Location:  12
Comparison: Ordinal                      Location:  -1
Comparison: OrdinalIgnoreCase            Location:  -1

Part 2: Start index is specified.
Comparison: CurrentCulture               Location:  -1
Comparison: CurrentCultureIgnoreCase     Location:  12
Comparison: InvariantCulture             Location:  -1
Comparison: InvariantCultureIgnoreCase   Location:  12
Comparison: Ordinal                      Location:  -1
Comparison: OrdinalIgnoreCase            Location:  -1

Part 3: Neither start index nor count is specified.
Comparison: CurrentCulture               Location:  -1
Comparison: CurrentCultureIgnoreCase     Location:  12
Comparison: InvariantCulture             Location:  -1
Comparison: InvariantCultureIgnoreCase   Location:  12
Comparison: Ordinal                      Location:  -1
Comparison: OrdinalIgnoreCase            Location:  -1

*)
' This code example demonstrates the 
' System.String.IndexOf(String, ..., StringComparison) methods.

Imports System.Threading
Imports System.Globalization

Class Sample
    Public Shared Sub Main() 
        Dim intro As String = "Find the first occurrence of a character using different " & _
                              "values of StringComparison."
        Dim resultFmt As String = "Comparison: {0,-28} Location: {1,3}"
        
        ' Define a string to search for.
        ' U+00c5 = LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE
        Dim CapitalAWithRing As String = "Å"
        
        ' Define a string to search. 
        ' The result of combining the characters LATIN SMALL LETTER A and COMBINING 
        ' RING ABOVE (U+0061, U+030a) is linguistically equivalent to the character 
        ' LATIN SMALL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE (U+00e5).
        Dim cat As String = "A Cheshire c" & "å" & "t"
        
        Dim loc As Integer = 0
        Dim scValues As StringComparison() =  { _
                        StringComparison.CurrentCulture, _
                        StringComparison.CurrentCultureIgnoreCase, _
                        StringComparison.InvariantCulture, _
                        StringComparison.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase, _
                        StringComparison.Ordinal, _
                        StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase }
        Dim sc As StringComparison
        
        ' Clear the screen and display an introduction.
        Console.Clear()
        Console.WriteLine(intro)
        
        ' Display the current culture because culture affects the result. For example, 
        ' try this code example with the "sv-SE" (Swedish-Sweden) culture.
        Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture = New CultureInfo("en-US")
        Console.WriteLine("The current culture is ""{0}"" - {1}.", _
                           Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture.Name, _ 
                           Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture.DisplayName)
        
        ' Display the string to search for and the string to search.
        Console.WriteLine("Search for the string ""{0}"" in the string ""{1}""", _
                           CapitalAWithRing, cat)
        Console.WriteLine()
        
        ' Note that in each of the following searches, we look for 
        ' LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE in a string that contains 
        ' LATIN SMALL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE. A result value of -1 indicates 
        ' the string was not found.
        ' Search using different values of StringComparison. Specify the start 
        ' index and count.

        Console.WriteLine("Part 1: Start index and count are specified.")
        For Each sc In  scValues
            loc = cat.IndexOf(CapitalAWithRing, 0, cat.Length, sc)
            Console.WriteLine(resultFmt, sc, loc)
        Next sc
        
        ' Search using different values of StringComparison. Specify the 
        ' start index. 

        Console.WriteLine(vbCrLf & "Part 2: Start index is specified.")
        For Each sc In  scValues
            loc = cat.IndexOf(CapitalAWithRing, 0, sc)
            Console.WriteLine(resultFmt, sc, loc)
        Next sc
        
        ' Search using different values of StringComparison. 

        Console.WriteLine(vbCrLf & "Part 3: Neither start index nor count is specified.")
        For Each sc In  scValues
            loc = cat.IndexOf(CapitalAWithRing, sc)
            Console.WriteLine(resultFmt, sc, loc)
        Next sc
    
    End Sub
End Class

'
'Note: This code example was executed on a console whose user interface 
'culture is "en-US" (English-United States).
'
'This code example produces the following results:
'
'Find the first occurrence of a character using different values of StringComparison.
'The current culture is "en-US" - English (United States).
'Search for the string "Å" in the string "A Cheshire ca°t"
'
'Part 1: Start index and count are specified.
'Comparison: CurrentCulture               Location:  -1
'Comparison: CurrentCultureIgnoreCase     Location:  12
'Comparison: InvariantCulture             Location:  -1
'Comparison: InvariantCultureIgnoreCase   Location:  12
'Comparison: Ordinal                      Location:  -1
'Comparison: OrdinalIgnoreCase            Location:  -1
'
'Part 2: Start index is specified.
'Comparison: CurrentCulture               Location:  -1
'Comparison: CurrentCultureIgnoreCase     Location:  12
'Comparison: InvariantCulture             Location:  -1
'Comparison: InvariantCultureIgnoreCase   Location:  12
'Comparison: Ordinal                      Location:  -1
'Comparison: OrdinalIgnoreCase            Location:  -1
'
'Part 3: Neither start index nor count is specified.
'Comparison: CurrentCulture               Location:  -1
'Comparison: CurrentCultureIgnoreCase     Location:  12
'Comparison: InvariantCulture             Location:  -1
'Comparison: InvariantCultureIgnoreCase   Location:  12
'Comparison: Ordinal                      Location:  -1
'Comparison: OrdinalIgnoreCase            Location:  -1
'

Comentarios

La numeración de índice comienza desde 0 (cero). El parámetro startIndex puede estar comprendido entre 0 y la longitud de la instancia de cadena.

La búsqueda comienza en startIndex y continúa hasta startIndex + count -1. El carácter de no startIndex + count se incluye en la búsqueda.

El comparisonType parámetro especifica que se va a buscar el value parámetro mediante la referencia cultural actual o invariable, mediante una búsqueda que distingue mayúsculas de minúsculas o que no distingue mayúsculas de minúsculas y se usan reglas de comparación ordinal de palabras.

Notas a los autores de las llamadas

Los juegos de caracteres incluyen caracteres que se pueden pasar por alto, que son los caracteres que no se tienen en cuenta al realizar una comparación lingüística o en la que se tiene en cuenta la referencia cultural. En una búsqueda que tiene en cuenta la referencia cultural (es decir, si comparisonType no es Ordinal o OrdinalIgnoreCase), si value contiene un carácter que se puede pasar por alto, el resultado es equivalente a buscar sin ese carácter. Si value solo consta de uno o varios caracteres ignorables, el IndexOf(String, Int32, Int32, StringComparison) método siempre devuelve startIndex, que es la posición del carácter en la que comienza la búsqueda.

En el ejemplo siguiente, el IndexOf(String, Int32, Int32, StringComparison) método se usa para buscar la posición de un guión suave (U+00AD) seguido de una "m" comenzando en la tercera a la sexta posición de caracteres en dos cadenas. Solo una de las cadenas contiene la subcadena necesaria. Si el ejemplo se ejecuta en .NET Framework 4 o posterior, en ambos casos, porque el guión temporal es un carácter que se puede omitir, el método devuelve el índice de "m" en la cadena cuando realiza una comparación que distingue la referencia cultural. Sin embargo, cuando realiza una comparación ordinal, encuentra la subcadena solo en la primera cadena. Tenga en cuenta que, en el caso de la primera cadena, que incluye el guión flexible seguido de un "m", el método no devuelve el índice del guión suave, pero en su lugar devuelve el índice de "m" cuando realiza una comparación que distingue la referencia cultural. El método devuelve el índice del guion virtual de la primera cadena solo cuando realiza una comparación ordinal.

using System;

public class Example
{
    public static void Main()
    {

        string searchString = "\u00ADm";
        string s1 = "ani\u00ADmal" ;
        string s2 = "animal";

        Console.WriteLine(s1.IndexOf(searchString, 2, 4, StringComparison.CurrentCulture));
        Console.WriteLine(s1.IndexOf(searchString, 2, 4, StringComparison.Ordinal));
        Console.WriteLine(s2.IndexOf(searchString, 2, 4, StringComparison.CurrentCulture));
        Console.WriteLine(s2.IndexOf(searchString, 2, 4, StringComparison.Ordinal));

        // The example displays the following output:
        //       4
        //       3
        //       3
        //       -1
    }
}
open System

let searchString = "\u00ADm"
let s1 = "ani\u00ADmal"
let s2 = "animal"

printfn $"{s1.IndexOf(searchString, 2, 4, StringComparison.CurrentCulture)}"
printfn $"{s1.IndexOf(searchString, 2, 4, StringComparison.Ordinal)}"
printfn $"{s2.IndexOf(searchString, 2, 4, StringComparison.CurrentCulture)}"
printfn $"{s2.IndexOf(searchString, 2, 4, StringComparison.Ordinal)}"

// The example displays the following output:
//       4
//       3
//       3
//       -1
Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim searchString As String = Chrw(&h00AD) + "m"
      Dim s1 As String = "ani" + ChrW(&h00AD) + "mal"
      Dim s2 As String = "animal"

      Console.WriteLine(s1.IndexOf(searchString, 2, 4, StringComparison.CurrentCulture))
      Console.WriteLine(s1.IndexOf(searchString, 2, 4, StringComparison.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine(s2.IndexOf(searchString, 2, 4, StringComparison.CurrentCulture))
      Console.WriteLine(s2.IndexOf(searchString, 2, 4, StringComparison.Ordinal))
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       4
'       3
'       3
'       -1

Se aplica a

IndexOf(String, Int32, StringComparison)

Devuelve el índice de base cero de la primera aparición de la cadena especificada en el objeto String actual. Los parámetros indican la posición inicial de búsqueda en la cadena actual y el tipo de búsqueda que se usa para la cadena especificada.

public:
 int IndexOf(System::String ^ value, int startIndex, StringComparison comparisonType);
public int IndexOf (string value, int startIndex, StringComparison comparisonType);
member this.IndexOf : string * int * StringComparison -> int
Public Function IndexOf (value As String, startIndex As Integer, comparisonType As StringComparison) As Integer

Parámetros

value
String

Cadena que se va a buscar.

startIndex
Int32

Posición en la que comienza la búsqueda.

comparisonType
StringComparison

Uno de los valores de enumeración que especifica las reglas de la búsqueda.

Devoluciones

Int32

Posición de índice de base cero del parámetro value desde el principio de la instancia actual si se encuentra esa cadena o, de lo contrario, -1. Si value es Empty, el valor devuelto es startIndex.

Excepciones

value es null.

startIndex es menor que 0 (cero) o mayor que la longitud de esta instancia.

comparisonType no es un valor StringComparison válido.

Ejemplos

En el ejemplo siguiente se muestran tres sobrecargas del IndexOf método que buscan la primera aparición de una cadena dentro de otra cadena mediante valores diferentes de la StringComparison enumeración.

// This code example demonstrates the 
// System.String.IndexOf(String, ..., StringComparison) methods.

using System;
using System.Threading;
using System.Globalization;

class Sample 
{
    public static void Main() 
    {
    string intro = "Find the first occurrence of a character using different " + 
                   "values of StringComparison.";
    string resultFmt = "Comparison: {0,-28} Location: {1,3}";

// Define a string to search for.
// U+00c5 = LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE
    string CapitalAWithRing = "\u00c5"; 

// Define a string to search. 
// The result of combining the characters LATIN SMALL LETTER A and COMBINING 
// RING ABOVE (U+0061, U+030a) is linguistically equivalent to the character 
// LATIN SMALL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE (U+00e5).
    string cat = "A Cheshire c" + "\u0061\u030a" + "t";

    int loc = 0;
    StringComparison[] scValues = {
        StringComparison.CurrentCulture,
        StringComparison.CurrentCultureIgnoreCase,
        StringComparison.InvariantCulture,
        StringComparison.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase,
        StringComparison.Ordinal,
        StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase };

// Clear the screen and display an introduction.
    Console.Clear();
    Console.WriteLine(intro);

// Display the current culture because culture affects the result. For example, 
// try this code example with the "sv-SE" (Swedish-Sweden) culture.

    Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture = new CultureInfo("en-US");
    Console.WriteLine("The current culture is \"{0}\" - {1}.", 
                       Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture.Name,
                       Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture.DisplayName);

// Display the string to search for and the string to search.
    Console.WriteLine("Search for the string \"{0}\" in the string \"{1}\"", 
                       CapitalAWithRing, cat);
    Console.WriteLine();

// Note that in each of the following searches, we look for 
// LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE in a string that contains 
// LATIN SMALL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE. A result value of -1 indicates 
// the string was not found.
// Search using different values of StringComparison. Specify the start 
// index and count. 

    Console.WriteLine("Part 1: Start index and count are specified.");
    foreach (StringComparison sc in scValues)
        {
        loc = cat.IndexOf(CapitalAWithRing, 0, cat.Length, sc);
        Console.WriteLine(resultFmt, sc, loc);
        }

// Search using different values of StringComparison. Specify the 
// start index. 
    Console.WriteLine("\nPart 2: Start index is specified.");
    foreach (StringComparison sc in scValues)
        {
        loc = cat.IndexOf(CapitalAWithRing, 0, sc);
        Console.WriteLine(resultFmt, sc, loc);
        }

// Search using different values of StringComparison. 
    Console.WriteLine("\nPart 3: Neither start index nor count is specified.");
    foreach (StringComparison sc in scValues)
        {
        loc = cat.IndexOf(CapitalAWithRing, sc);
        Console.WriteLine(resultFmt, sc, loc);
        }
    }
}

/*
Note: This code example was executed on a console whose user interface 
culture is "en-US" (English-United States).

This code example produces the following results:

Find the first occurrence of a character using different values of StringComparison.
The current culture is "en-US" - English (United States).
Search for the string "Å" in the string "A Cheshire ca°t"

Part 1: Start index and count are specified.
Comparison: CurrentCulture               Location:  -1
Comparison: CurrentCultureIgnoreCase     Location:  12
Comparison: InvariantCulture             Location:  -1
Comparison: InvariantCultureIgnoreCase   Location:  12
Comparison: Ordinal                      Location:  -1
Comparison: OrdinalIgnoreCase            Location:  -1

Part 2: Start index is specified.
Comparison: CurrentCulture               Location:  -1
Comparison: CurrentCultureIgnoreCase     Location:  12
Comparison: InvariantCulture             Location:  -1
Comparison: InvariantCultureIgnoreCase   Location:  12
Comparison: Ordinal                      Location:  -1
Comparison: OrdinalIgnoreCase            Location:  -1

Part 3: Neither start index nor count is specified.
Comparison: CurrentCulture               Location:  -1
Comparison: CurrentCultureIgnoreCase     Location:  12
Comparison: InvariantCulture             Location:  -1
Comparison: InvariantCultureIgnoreCase   Location:  12
Comparison: Ordinal                      Location:  -1
Comparison: OrdinalIgnoreCase            Location:  -1

*/
// This code example demonstrates the
// System.String.IndexOf(String, ..., StringComparison) methods.

open System
open System.Threading
open System.Globalization

let intro = "Find the first occurrence of a character using different values of StringComparison."

// Define a string to search for.
// U+00c5 = LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE
let CapitalAWithRing = "\u00c5"

// Define a string to search.
// The result of combining the characters LATIN SMALL LETTER A and COMBINING
// RING ABOVE (U+0061, U+030a) is linguistically equivalent to the character
// LATIN SMALL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE (U+00e5).
let cat = "A Cheshire c" + "\u0061\u030a" + "t"

let scValues = 
    [| StringComparison.CurrentCulture
       StringComparison.CurrentCultureIgnoreCase
       StringComparison.InvariantCulture
       StringComparison.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase
       StringComparison.Ordinal
       StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase |]

// Clear the screen and display an introduction.
Console.Clear()
printfn $"{intro}"

// Display the current culture because culture affects the result. For example,
// try this code example with the "sv-SE" (Swedish-Sweden) culture.

Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture <- CultureInfo "en-US"
printfn $"The current culture is \"{Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture.Name}\" - {Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture.DisplayName}."

// Display the string to search for and the string to search.
printfn $"Search for the string \"{CapitalAWithRing}\" in the string \"{cat}\"\n"

// Note that in each of the following searches, we look for
// LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE in a string that contains
// LATIN SMALL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE. A result value of -1 indicates
// the string was not found.
// Search using different values of StringComparison. Specify the start
// index and count.

printfn "Part 1: Start index and count are specified."
for sc in scValues do
    let loc = cat.IndexOf(CapitalAWithRing, 0, cat.Length, sc)
    printfn $"Comparison: {sc,-28} Location: {loc,3}"

// Search using different values of StringComparison. Specify the
// start index.
printfn "\nPart 2: Start index is specified."
for sc in scValues do
    let loc = cat.IndexOf(CapitalAWithRing, 0, sc)
    printfn $"Comparison: {sc,-28} Location: {loc,3}"

// Search using different values of StringComparison.
Console.WriteLine("\nPart 3: Neither start index nor count is specified.")
for sc in scValues do
    let loc = cat.IndexOf(CapitalAWithRing, sc)
    Console.WriteLine("Comparison: {0,-28} Location: {1,3}", sc, loc)

(*
Note: This code example was executed on a console whose user interface
culture is "en-US" (English-United States).

This code example produces the following results:

Find the first occurrence of a character using different values of StringComparison.
The current culture is "en-US" - English (United States).
Search for the string "Å" in the string "A Cheshire ca°t"

Part 1: Start index and count are specified.
Comparison: CurrentCulture               Location:  -1
Comparison: CurrentCultureIgnoreCase     Location:  12
Comparison: InvariantCulture             Location:  -1
Comparison: InvariantCultureIgnoreCase   Location:  12
Comparison: Ordinal                      Location:  -1
Comparison: OrdinalIgnoreCase            Location:  -1

Part 2: Start index is specified.
Comparison: CurrentCulture               Location:  -1
Comparison: CurrentCultureIgnoreCase     Location:  12
Comparison: InvariantCulture             Location:  -1
Comparison: InvariantCultureIgnoreCase   Location:  12
Comparison: Ordinal                      Location:  -1
Comparison: OrdinalIgnoreCase            Location:  -1

Part 3: Neither start index nor count is specified.
Comparison: CurrentCulture               Location:  -1
Comparison: CurrentCultureIgnoreCase     Location:  12
Comparison: InvariantCulture             Location:  -1
Comparison: InvariantCultureIgnoreCase   Location:  12
Comparison: Ordinal                      Location:  -1
Comparison: OrdinalIgnoreCase            Location:  -1

*)
' This code example demonstrates the 
' System.String.IndexOf(String, ..., StringComparison) methods.

Imports System.Threading
Imports System.Globalization

Class Sample
    Public Shared Sub Main() 
        Dim intro As String = "Find the first occurrence of a character using different " & _
                              "values of StringComparison."
        Dim resultFmt As String = "Comparison: {0,-28} Location: {1,3}"
        
        ' Define a string to search for.
        ' U+00c5 = LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE
        Dim CapitalAWithRing As String = "Å"
        
        ' Define a string to search. 
        ' The result of combining the characters LATIN SMALL LETTER A and COMBINING 
        ' RING ABOVE (U+0061, U+030a) is linguistically equivalent to the character 
        ' LATIN SMALL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE (U+00e5).
        Dim cat As String = "A Cheshire c" & "å" & "t"
        
        Dim loc As Integer = 0
        Dim scValues As StringComparison() =  { _
                        StringComparison.CurrentCulture, _
                        StringComparison.CurrentCultureIgnoreCase, _
                        StringComparison.InvariantCulture, _
                        StringComparison.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase, _
                        StringComparison.Ordinal, _
                        StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase }
        Dim sc As StringComparison
        
        ' Clear the screen and display an introduction.
        Console.Clear()
        Console.WriteLine(intro)
        
        ' Display the current culture because culture affects the result. For example, 
        ' try this code example with the "sv-SE" (Swedish-Sweden) culture.
        Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture = New CultureInfo("en-US")
        Console.WriteLine("The current culture is ""{0}"" - {1}.", _
                           Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture.Name, _ 
                           Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture.DisplayName)
        
        ' Display the string to search for and the string to search.
        Console.WriteLine("Search for the string ""{0}"" in the string ""{1}""", _
                           CapitalAWithRing, cat)
        Console.WriteLine()
        
        ' Note that in each of the following searches, we look for 
        ' LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE in a string that contains 
        ' LATIN SMALL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE. A result value of -1 indicates 
        ' the string was not found.
        ' Search using different values of StringComparison. Specify the start 
        ' index and count.

        Console.WriteLine("Part 1: Start index and count are specified.")
        For Each sc In  scValues
            loc = cat.IndexOf(CapitalAWithRing, 0, cat.Length, sc)
            Console.WriteLine(resultFmt, sc, loc)
        Next sc
        
        ' Search using different values of StringComparison. Specify the 
        ' start index. 

        Console.WriteLine(vbCrLf & "Part 2: Start index is specified.")
        For Each sc In  scValues
            loc = cat.IndexOf(CapitalAWithRing, 0, sc)
            Console.WriteLine(resultFmt, sc, loc)
        Next sc
        
        ' Search using different values of StringComparison. 

        Console.WriteLine(vbCrLf & "Part 3: Neither start index nor count is specified.")
        For Each sc In  scValues
            loc = cat.IndexOf(CapitalAWithRing, sc)
            Console.WriteLine(resultFmt, sc, loc)
        Next sc
    
    End Sub
End Class

'
'Note: This code example was executed on a console whose user interface 
'culture is "en-US" (English-United States).
'
'This code example produces the following results:
'
'Find the first occurrence of a character using different values of StringComparison.
'The current culture is "en-US" - English (United States).
'Search for the string "Å" in the string "A Cheshire ca°t"
'
'Part 1: Start index and count are specified.
'Comparison: CurrentCulture               Location:  -1
'Comparison: CurrentCultureIgnoreCase     Location:  12
'Comparison: InvariantCulture             Location:  -1
'Comparison: InvariantCultureIgnoreCase   Location:  12
'Comparison: Ordinal                      Location:  -1
'Comparison: OrdinalIgnoreCase            Location:  -1
'
'Part 2: Start index is specified.
'Comparison: CurrentCulture               Location:  -1
'Comparison: CurrentCultureIgnoreCase     Location:  12
'Comparison: InvariantCulture             Location:  -1
'Comparison: InvariantCultureIgnoreCase   Location:  12
'Comparison: Ordinal                      Location:  -1
'Comparison: OrdinalIgnoreCase            Location:  -1
'
'Part 3: Neither start index nor count is specified.
'Comparison: CurrentCulture               Location:  -1
'Comparison: CurrentCultureIgnoreCase     Location:  12
'Comparison: InvariantCulture             Location:  -1
'Comparison: InvariantCultureIgnoreCase   Location:  12
'Comparison: Ordinal                      Location:  -1
'Comparison: OrdinalIgnoreCase            Location:  -1
'

Comentarios

La numeración de índice comienza desde 0. El parámetro startIndex puede estar comprendido entre 0 y la longitud de la instancia de cadena. Si startIndex es igual a la longitud de la instancia de cadena, el método devuelve -1.

El comparisonType parámetro especifica que se va a buscar el value parámetro mediante la referencia cultural actual o invariable, mediante una búsqueda que distingue mayúsculas de minúsculas o que no distingue mayúsculas de minúsculas y se usan reglas de comparación ordinal de palabras.

Notas a los autores de las llamadas

Los juegos de caracteres incluyen caracteres que se pueden pasar por alto, que son los caracteres que no se tienen en cuenta al realizar una comparación lingüística o en la que se tiene en cuenta la referencia cultural. En una búsqueda que tiene en cuenta la referencia cultural (es decir, si comparisonType no es Ordinal o OrdinalIgnoreCase), si value contiene un carácter que se puede pasar por alto, el resultado es equivalente a buscar sin ese carácter. Si value solo consta de uno o varios caracteres ignorables, el IndexOf(String, Int32, StringComparison) método siempre devuelve startIndex, que es la posición del carácter en la que comienza la búsqueda.

En el ejemplo siguiente, el IndexOf(String, Int32, StringComparison) método se usa para buscar la posición de un guión suave (U+00AD) seguido de una "m" empezando por la tercera posición de carácter en dos cadenas. Solo una de las cadenas contiene la subcadena necesaria. Si el ejemplo se ejecuta en .NET Framework 4 o posterior, en ambos casos, porque el guión temporal es un carácter que se puede omitir, el método devuelve el índice de "m" en la cadena cuando realiza una comparación que distingue la referencia cultural. Observe que en el caso de la primera cadena, que incluye el guion virtual seguido de una "m", el método no devuelve el índice del guion virtual, sino el índice de "m". El método devuelve el índice del guion virtual de la primera cadena solo cuando realiza una comparación ordinal.

using System;

public class Example
{
    public static void Main()
    {
      
        string searchString = "\u00ADm";
        string s1 = "ani\u00ADmal" ;
        string s2 = "animal";

        Console.WriteLine(s1.IndexOf(searchString, 2, StringComparison.CurrentCulture));
        Console.WriteLine(s1.IndexOf(searchString, 2, StringComparison.Ordinal));
        Console.WriteLine(s2.IndexOf(searchString, 2, StringComparison.CurrentCulture));
        Console.WriteLine(s2.IndexOf(searchString, 2, StringComparison.Ordinal));

        // The example displays the following output:
        //       4
        //       3
        //       3
        //       -1
    }
}
open System

let searchString = "\u00ADm"
let s1 = "ani\u00ADmal"
let s2 = "animal"

printfn $"{s1.IndexOf(searchString, 2, StringComparison.CurrentCulture)}"
printfn $"{s1.IndexOf(searchString, 2, StringComparison.Ordinal)}"
printfn $"{s2.IndexOf(searchString, 2, StringComparison.CurrentCulture)}"
printfn $"{s2.IndexOf(searchString, 2, StringComparison.Ordinal)}"

// The example displays the following output:
//       4
//       3
//       3
//       -1
Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim searchString As String = Chrw(&h00AD) + "m"
      Dim s1 As String = "ani" + ChrW(&h00AD) + "mal"
      Dim s2 As String = "animal"

      Console.WriteLine(s1.IndexOf(searchString, 2, StringComparison.CurrentCulture))
      Console.WriteLine(s1.IndexOf(searchString, 2, StringComparison.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine(s2.IndexOf(searchString, 2, StringComparison.CurrentCulture))
      Console.WriteLine(s2.IndexOf(searchString, 2, StringComparison.Ordinal))
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       4
'       3
'       3
'       -1

Se aplica a

IndexOf(Char, Int32, Int32)

Devuelve el índice de base en cero de la primera aparición del carácter especificado en la instancia en cuestión. La búsqueda comienza en una posición de carácter especificada y examina un número especificado de posiciones de caracteres.

public:
 int IndexOf(char value, int startIndex, int count);
public int IndexOf (char value, int startIndex, int count);
member this.IndexOf : char * int * int -> int
Public Function IndexOf (value As Char, startIndex As Integer, count As Integer) As Integer

Parámetros

value
Char

Carácter Unicode que se va a buscar.

startIndex
Int32

Posición en la que comienza la búsqueda.

count
Int32

Número de posiciones de caracteres que se van a examinar.

Devoluciones

Int32

Posición de índice de base cero de value desde el principio de la cadena si se encuentra ese carácter, o -1 en caso contrario.

Excepciones

count o startIndex es negativo.

o bien

startIndex es mayor que la longitud de esta cadena.

o bien

count es mayor que la longitud de esta cadena menos startIndex.

Ejemplos

En el siguiente ejemplo se muestra el IndexOf método.

// Example for the String::IndexOf( Char, int, int ) method.
using namespace System;
void FindAllChar( Char target, String^ searched )
{
   Console::Write( "The character '{0}' occurs at position(s): ", target );
   int startIndex = -1;
   int hitCount = 0;
   
   // Search for all occurrences of the target.
   while ( true )
   {
      startIndex = searched->IndexOf( target, startIndex + 1, searched->Length - startIndex - 1 );
      
      // Exit the loop if the target is not found.
      if ( startIndex < 0 )
            break;

      Console::Write( "{0}, ", startIndex );
      hitCount++;
   }

   Console::WriteLine( "occurrences: {0}", hitCount );
}

int main()
{
   String^ br1 = "0----+----1----+----2----+----3----+----"
   "4----+----5----+----6----+----7";
   String^ br2 = "0123456789012345678901234567890123456789"
   "0123456789012345678901234567890";
   String^ str = "ABCDEFGHI abcdefghi ABCDEFGHI abcdefghi "
   "ABCDEFGHI abcdefghi ABCDEFGHI";
   Console::WriteLine( "This example of String::IndexOf( Char, int, int )\n"
   "generates the following output." );
   Console::WriteLine( "{0}{1}{0}{2}{0}{3}{0}", Environment::NewLine, br1, br2, str );
   FindAllChar( 'A', str );
   FindAllChar( 'a', str );
   FindAllChar( 'I', str );
   FindAllChar( 'i', str );
   FindAllChar( '@', str );
   FindAllChar( ' ', str );
}

/*
This example of String::IndexOf( Char, int, int )
generates the following output.

0----+----1----+----2----+----3----+----4----+----5----+----6----+----7
01234567890123456789012345678901234567890123456789012345678901234567890
ABCDEFGHI abcdefghi ABCDEFGHI abcdefghi ABCDEFGHI abcdefghi ABCDEFGHI

The character 'A' occurs at position(s): 0, 20, 40, 60, occurrences: 4
The character 'a' occurs at position(s): 10, 30, 50, occurrences: 3
The character 'I' occurs at position(s): 8, 28, 48, 68, occurrences: 4
The character 'i' occurs at position(s): 18, 38, 58, occurrences: 3
The character '@' occurs at position(s): occurrences: 0
The character ' ' occurs at position(s): 9, 19, 29, 39, 49, 59, occurrences: 6
*/
// Example for the String.IndexOf( char, int, int ) method.
using System;

class IndexOfCII 
{
    public static void Main() 
    {
        string br1 = 
            "0----+----1----+----2----+----3----+----" +
            "4----+----5----+----6----+----7";
        string br2 = 
            "0123456789012345678901234567890123456789" +
            "0123456789012345678901234567890";
        string str = 
            "ABCDEFGHI abcdefghi ABCDEFGHI abcdefghi " +
            "ABCDEFGHI abcdefghi ABCDEFGHI";

        Console.WriteLine( 
            "This example of String.IndexOf( char, int, int )\n" +
            "generates the following output." );
        Console.WriteLine( 
            "{0}{1}{0}{2}{0}{3}{0}", 
            Environment.NewLine, br1, br2, str );

        FindAllChar( 'A', str );
        FindAllChar( 'a', str );
        FindAllChar( 'I', str );
        FindAllChar( 'i', str );
        FindAllChar( '@', str );
        FindAllChar( ' ', str );
    }

    static void FindAllChar( Char target, String searched )
    {
        Console.Write( 
            "The character '{0}' occurs at position(s): ", 
            target );

        int     startIndex = -1;
        int     hitCount = 0;

        // Search for all occurrences of the target.
        while( true )
        {
            startIndex = searched.IndexOf( 
                target, startIndex + 1, 
                searched.Length - startIndex - 1 );

            // Exit the loop if the target is not found.
            if( startIndex < 0 )
                break;

            Console.Write( "{0}, ", startIndex );
            hitCount++;
        }

        Console.WriteLine( "occurrences: {0}", hitCount );
    }
}

/*
This example of String.IndexOf( char, int, int )
generates the following output.

0----+----1----+----2----+----3----+----4----+----5----+----6----+----7
01234567890123456789012345678901234567890123456789012345678901234567890
ABCDEFGHI abcdefghi ABCDEFGHI abcdefghi ABCDEFGHI abcdefghi ABCDEFGHI

The character 'A' occurs at position(s): 0, 20, 40, 60, occurrences: 4
The character 'a' occurs at position(s): 10, 30, 50, occurrences: 3
The character 'I' occurs at position(s): 8, 28, 48, 68, occurrences: 4
The character 'i' occurs at position(s): 18, 38, 58, occurrences: 3
The character '@' occurs at position(s): occurrences: 0
The character ' ' occurs at position(s): 9, 19, 29, 39, 49, 59, occurrences: 6
*/
// Example for the String.IndexOf( char, int, int ) method.
open System

let br1 =
    "0----+----1----+----2----+----3----+----" +
    "4----+----5----+----6----+----7"
let br2 =
    "0123456789012345678901234567890123456789" +
    "0123456789012345678901234567890"
let str =
    "ABCDEFGHI abcdefghi ABCDEFGHI abcdefghi " +
    "ABCDEFGHI abcdefghi ABCDEFGHI"

printfn "This example of String.IndexOf( char, int, int )\ngenerates the following output."
printfn $"{Environment.NewLine}{br1}{Environment.NewLine}{br2}{Environment.NewLine}{str}{Environment.NewLine}"

let findAllChar (target: char) (searched: string) =
    printf $"The character '{target}' occurs at position(s): "

    let mutable hitCount = 0
    let mutable startIndex = -1
    let mutable broken = false
    // Search for all occurrences of the target.
    while not broken do
        startIndex <- searched.IndexOf(target, startIndex + 1, searched.Length - startIndex - 1)

        // Exit the loop if the target is not found.
        if startIndex < 0 then
            broken <- true
        else

        printf $"{startIndex}, "
        hitCount <- hitCount + 1

    printfn $"occurrences: {hitCount}"

findAllChar 'A' str
findAllChar 'a' str
findAllChar 'I' str
findAllChar 'i' str
findAllChar '@' str
findAllChar ' ' str


(*
This example of String.IndexOf( char, int, int )
generates the following output.

0----+----1----+----2----+----3----+----4----+----5----+----6----+----7
01234567890123456789012345678901234567890123456789012345678901234567890
ABCDEFGHI abcdefghi ABCDEFGHI abcdefghi ABCDEFGHI abcdefghi ABCDEFGHI

The character 'A' occurs at position(s): 0, 20, 40, 60, occurrences: 4
The character 'a' occurs at position(s): 10, 30, 50, occurrences: 3
The character 'I' occurs at position(s): 8, 28, 48, 68, occurrences: 4
The character 'i' occurs at position(s): 18, 38, 58, occurrences: 3
The character '@' occurs at position(s): occurrences: 0
The character ' ' occurs at position(s): 9, 19, 29, 39, 49, 59, occurrences: 6
*)
' Example for the String.IndexOf( Char, Integer, Integer ) method.
Module IndexOfCII
   
    Sub Main()
        Dim br1 As String = _
            "0----+----1----+----2----+----3----+----" & _
            "4----+----5----+----6----+----7"
        Dim br2 As String = _
            "0123456789012345678901234567890123456789" & _
            "0123456789012345678901234567890"
        Dim str As String = _
            "ABCDEFGHI abcdefghi ABCDEFGHI abcdefghi " & _
            "ABCDEFGHI abcdefghi ABCDEFGHI"
          
        Console.WriteLine( _
            "This example of String.IndexOf( Char, Integer, Integer )" & _
            vbCrLf & "generates the following output." )
        Console.WriteLine( _
            "{0}{1}{0}{2}{0}{3}{0}", _
            Environment.NewLine, br1, br2, str)

        FindAllChar("A"c, str)
        FindAllChar("a"c, str)
        FindAllChar("I"c, str)
        FindAllChar("i"c, str)
        FindAllChar("@"c, str)
        FindAllChar(" "c, str)
    End Sub
       
    Sub FindAllChar(target As Char, searched As String)

        Console.Write( _
            "The character ""{0}"" occurs at position(s): ", target)
          
        Dim startIndex As Integer = - 1
        Dim hitCount As Integer = 0
          
        ' Search for all occurrences of the target.
        While True
            startIndex = searched.IndexOf( _
                target, startIndex + 1, _
                searched.Length - startIndex - 1)

            ' Exit the loop if the target is not found.
            If startIndex < 0 Then
                Exit While
            End If 

            Console.Write("{0}, ", startIndex)
            hitCount += 1
        End While
          
        Console.WriteLine("occurrences: {0}", hitCount)

    End Sub
End Module 'IndexOfCII

' This example of String.IndexOf( Char, Integer, Integer )
' generates the following output.
' 
' 0----+----1----+----2----+----3----+----4----+----5----+----6----+----7
' 01234567890123456789012345678901234567890123456789012345678901234567890
' ABCDEFGHI abcdefghi ABCDEFGHI abcdefghi ABCDEFGHI abcdefghi ABCDEFGHI
' 
' The character "A" occurs at position(s): 0, 20, 40, 60, occurrences: 4
' The character "a" occurs at position(s): 10, 30, 50, occurrences: 3
' The character "I" occurs at position(s): 8, 28, 48, 68, occurrences: 4
' The character "i" occurs at position(s): 18, 38, 58, occurrences: 3
' The character "@" occurs at position(s): occurrences: 0
' The character " " occurs at position(s): 9, 19, 29, 39, 49, 59, occurrences: 6

Comentarios

La búsqueda comienza en startIndex y continúa hasta startIndex + count -1. El carácter de no startIndex + count se incluye en la búsqueda.

La numeración de índices comienza desde 0 (cero). El parámetro startIndex puede estar comprendido entre 0 y la longitud de la instancia de cadena.

Este método realiza una búsqueda ordinal (que no distingue la referencia cultural), donde un carácter se considera equivalente a otro carácter solo si sus valores escalares Unicode son los mismos. Para realizar una búsqueda que tenga en cuenta la referencia cultural, use el CompareInfo.IndexOf método , donde un valor escalar Unicode que representa un carácter precomponido, como la ligadura "Æ" (U+00C6), podría considerarse equivalente a cualquier aparición de los componentes del carácter en la secuencia correcta, como "AE" (U+0041, U+0045), dependiendo de la referencia cultural.

Consulte también

Se aplica a

IndexOf(String, StringComparison)

Devuelve el índice de base cero de la primera aparición de la cadena especificada en el objeto String actual. Un parámetro especifica el tipo de búsqueda que se va a usar para la cadena especificada.

public:
 int IndexOf(System::String ^ value, StringComparison comparisonType);
public int IndexOf (string value, StringComparison comparisonType);
member this.IndexOf : string * StringComparison -> int
Public Function IndexOf (value As String, comparisonType As StringComparison) As Integer

Parámetros

value
String

Cadena que se va a buscar.

comparisonType
StringComparison

Uno de los valores de enumeración que especifica las reglas de la búsqueda.

Devoluciones

Int32

Posición de índice del parámetro value si se encuentra la cadena; de lo contrario, -1. Si value es Empty, el valor devuelto es 0.

Excepciones

value es null.

comparisonType no es un valor StringComparison válido.

Ejemplos

En el ejemplo siguiente se muestran tres sobrecargas del IndexOf método que encuentran la primera aparición de una cadena dentro de otra cadena mediante valores diferentes de la StringComparison enumeración.

// This code example demonstrates the 
// System.String.IndexOf(String, ..., StringComparison) methods.

using System;
using System.Threading;
using System.Globalization;

class Sample 
{
    public static void Main() 
    {
    string intro = "Find the first occurrence of a character using different " + 
                   "values of StringComparison.";
    string resultFmt = "Comparison: {0,-28} Location: {1,3}";

// Define a string to search for.
// U+00c5 = LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE
    string CapitalAWithRing = "\u00c5"; 

// Define a string to search. 
// The result of combining the characters LATIN SMALL LETTER A and COMBINING 
// RING ABOVE (U+0061, U+030a) is linguistically equivalent to the character 
// LATIN SMALL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE (U+00e5).
    string cat = "A Cheshire c" + "\u0061\u030a" + "t";

    int loc = 0;
    StringComparison[] scValues = {
        StringComparison.CurrentCulture,
        StringComparison.CurrentCultureIgnoreCase,
        StringComparison.InvariantCulture,
        StringComparison.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase,
        StringComparison.Ordinal,
        StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase };

// Clear the screen and display an introduction.
    Console.Clear();
    Console.WriteLine(intro);

// Display the current culture because culture affects the result. For example, 
// try this code example with the "sv-SE" (Swedish-Sweden) culture.

    Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture = new CultureInfo("en-US");
    Console.WriteLine("The current culture is \"{0}\" - {1}.", 
                       Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture.Name,
                       Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture.DisplayName);

// Display the string to search for and the string to search.
    Console.WriteLine("Search for the string \"{0}\" in the string \"{1}\"", 
                       CapitalAWithRing, cat);
    Console.WriteLine();

// Note that in each of the following searches, we look for 
// LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE in a string that contains 
// LATIN SMALL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE. A result value of -1 indicates 
// the string was not found.
// Search using different values of StringComparison. Specify the start 
// index and count. 

    Console.WriteLine("Part 1: Start index and count are specified.");
    foreach (StringComparison sc in scValues)
        {
        loc = cat.IndexOf(CapitalAWithRing, 0, cat.Length, sc);
        Console.WriteLine(resultFmt, sc, loc);
        }

// Search using different values of StringComparison. Specify the 
// start index. 
    Console.WriteLine("\nPart 2: Start index is specified.");
    foreach (StringComparison sc in scValues)
        {
        loc = cat.IndexOf(CapitalAWithRing, 0, sc);
        Console.WriteLine(resultFmt, sc, loc);
        }

// Search using different values of StringComparison. 
    Console.WriteLine("\nPart 3: Neither start index nor count is specified.");
    foreach (StringComparison sc in scValues)
        {
        loc = cat.IndexOf(CapitalAWithRing, sc);
        Console.WriteLine(resultFmt, sc, loc);
        }
    }
}

/*
Note: This code example was executed on a console whose user interface 
culture is "en-US" (English-United States).

This code example produces the following results:

Find the first occurrence of a character using different values of StringComparison.
The current culture is "en-US" - English (United States).
Search for the string "Å" in the string "A Cheshire ca°t"

Part 1: Start index and count are specified.
Comparison: CurrentCulture               Location:  -1
Comparison: CurrentCultureIgnoreCase     Location:  12
Comparison: InvariantCulture             Location:  -1
Comparison: InvariantCultureIgnoreCase   Location:  12
Comparison: Ordinal                      Location:  -1
Comparison: OrdinalIgnoreCase            Location:  -1

Part 2: Start index is specified.
Comparison: CurrentCulture               Location:  -1
Comparison: CurrentCultureIgnoreCase     Location:  12
Comparison: InvariantCulture             Location:  -1
Comparison: InvariantCultureIgnoreCase   Location:  12
Comparison: Ordinal                      Location:  -1
Comparison: OrdinalIgnoreCase            Location:  -1

Part 3: Neither start index nor count is specified.
Comparison: CurrentCulture               Location:  -1
Comparison: CurrentCultureIgnoreCase     Location:  12
Comparison: InvariantCulture             Location:  -1
Comparison: InvariantCultureIgnoreCase   Location:  12
Comparison: Ordinal                      Location:  -1
Comparison: OrdinalIgnoreCase            Location:  -1

*/
// This code example demonstrates the
// System.String.IndexOf(String, ..., StringComparison) methods.

open System
open System.Threading
open System.Globalization

let intro = "Find the first occurrence of a character using different values of StringComparison."

// Define a string to search for.
// U+00c5 = LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE
let CapitalAWithRing = "\u00c5"

// Define a string to search.
// The result of combining the characters LATIN SMALL LETTER A and COMBINING
// RING ABOVE (U+0061, U+030a) is linguistically equivalent to the character
// LATIN SMALL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE (U+00e5).
let cat = "A Cheshire c" + "\u0061\u030a" + "t"

let scValues = 
    [| StringComparison.CurrentCulture
       StringComparison.CurrentCultureIgnoreCase
       StringComparison.InvariantCulture
       StringComparison.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase
       StringComparison.Ordinal
       StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase |]

// Clear the screen and display an introduction.
Console.Clear()
printfn $"{intro}"

// Display the current culture because culture affects the result. For example,
// try this code example with the "sv-SE" (Swedish-Sweden) culture.

Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture <- CultureInfo "en-US"
printfn $"The current culture is \"{Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture.Name}\" - {Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture.DisplayName}."

// Display the string to search for and the string to search.
printfn $"Search for the string \"{CapitalAWithRing}\" in the string \"{cat}\"\n"

// Note that in each of the following searches, we look for
// LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE in a string that contains
// LATIN SMALL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE. A result value of -1 indicates
// the string was not found.
// Search using different values of StringComparison. Specify the start
// index and count.

printfn "Part 1: Start index and count are specified."
for sc in scValues do
    let loc = cat.IndexOf(CapitalAWithRing, 0, cat.Length, sc)
    printfn $"Comparison: {sc,-28} Location: {loc,3}"

// Search using different values of StringComparison. Specify the
// start index.
printfn "\nPart 2: Start index is specified."
for sc in scValues do
    let loc = cat.IndexOf(CapitalAWithRing, 0, sc)
    printfn $"Comparison: {sc,-28} Location: {loc,3}"

// Search using different values of StringComparison.
Console.WriteLine("\nPart 3: Neither start index nor count is specified.")
for sc in scValues do
    let loc = cat.IndexOf(CapitalAWithRing, sc)
    Console.WriteLine("Comparison: {0,-28} Location: {1,3}", sc, loc)

(*
Note: This code example was executed on a console whose user interface
culture is "en-US" (English-United States).

This code example produces the following results:

Find the first occurrence of a character using different values of StringComparison.
The current culture is "en-US" - English (United States).
Search for the string "Å" in the string "A Cheshire ca°t"

Part 1: Start index and count are specified.
Comparison: CurrentCulture               Location:  -1
Comparison: CurrentCultureIgnoreCase     Location:  12
Comparison: InvariantCulture             Location:  -1
Comparison: InvariantCultureIgnoreCase   Location:  12
Comparison: Ordinal                      Location:  -1
Comparison: OrdinalIgnoreCase            Location:  -1

Part 2: Start index is specified.
Comparison: CurrentCulture               Location:  -1
Comparison: CurrentCultureIgnoreCase     Location:  12
Comparison: InvariantCulture             Location:  -1
Comparison: InvariantCultureIgnoreCase   Location:  12
Comparison: Ordinal                      Location:  -1
Comparison: OrdinalIgnoreCase            Location:  -1

Part 3: Neither start index nor count is specified.
Comparison: CurrentCulture               Location:  -1
Comparison: CurrentCultureIgnoreCase     Location:  12
Comparison: InvariantCulture             Location:  -1
Comparison: InvariantCultureIgnoreCase   Location:  12
Comparison: Ordinal                      Location:  -1
Comparison: OrdinalIgnoreCase            Location:  -1

*)
' This code example demonstrates the 
' System.String.IndexOf(String, ..., StringComparison) methods.

Imports System.Threading
Imports System.Globalization

Class Sample
    Public Shared Sub Main() 
        Dim intro As String = "Find the first occurrence of a character using different " & _
                              "values of StringComparison."
        Dim resultFmt As String = "Comparison: {0,-28} Location: {1,3}"
        
        ' Define a string to search for.
        ' U+00c5 = LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE
        Dim CapitalAWithRing As String = "Å"
        
        ' Define a string to search. 
        ' The result of combining the characters LATIN SMALL LETTER A and COMBINING 
        ' RING ABOVE (U+0061, U+030a) is linguistically equivalent to the character 
        ' LATIN SMALL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE (U+00e5).
        Dim cat As String = "A Cheshire c" & "å" & "t"
        
        Dim loc As Integer = 0
        Dim scValues As StringComparison() =  { _
                        StringComparison.CurrentCulture, _
                        StringComparison.CurrentCultureIgnoreCase, _
                        StringComparison.InvariantCulture, _
                        StringComparison.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase, _
                        StringComparison.Ordinal, _
                        StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase }
        Dim sc As StringComparison
        
        ' Clear the screen and display an introduction.
        Console.Clear()
        Console.WriteLine(intro)
        
        ' Display the current culture because culture affects the result. For example, 
        ' try this code example with the "sv-SE" (Swedish-Sweden) culture.
        Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture = New CultureInfo("en-US")
        Console.WriteLine("The current culture is ""{0}"" - {1}.", _
                           Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture.Name, _ 
                           Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture.DisplayName)
        
        ' Display the string to search for and the string to search.
        Console.WriteLine("Search for the string ""{0}"" in the string ""{1}""", _
                           CapitalAWithRing, cat)
        Console.WriteLine()
        
        ' Note that in each of the following searches, we look for 
        ' LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE in a string that contains 
        ' LATIN SMALL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE. A result value of -1 indicates 
        ' the string was not found.
        ' Search using different values of StringComparison. Specify the start 
        ' index and count.

        Console.WriteLine("Part 1: Start index and count are specified.")
        For Each sc In  scValues
            loc = cat.IndexOf(CapitalAWithRing, 0, cat.Length, sc)
            Console.WriteLine(resultFmt, sc, loc)
        Next sc
        
        ' Search using different values of StringComparison. Specify the 
        ' start index. 

        Console.WriteLine(vbCrLf & "Part 2: Start index is specified.")
        For Each sc In  scValues
            loc = cat.IndexOf(CapitalAWithRing, 0, sc)
            Console.WriteLine(resultFmt, sc, loc)
        Next sc
        
        ' Search using different values of StringComparison. 

        Console.WriteLine(vbCrLf & "Part 3: Neither start index nor count is specified.")
        For Each sc In  scValues
            loc = cat.IndexOf(CapitalAWithRing, sc)
            Console.WriteLine(resultFmt, sc, loc)
        Next sc
    
    End Sub
End Class

'
'Note: This code example was executed on a console whose user interface 
'culture is "en-US" (English-United States).
'
'This code example produces the following results:
'
'Find the first occurrence of a character using different values of StringComparison.
'The current culture is "en-US" - English (United States).
'Search for the string "Å" in the string "A Cheshire ca°t"
'
'Part 1: Start index and count are specified.
'Comparison: CurrentCulture               Location:  -1
'Comparison: CurrentCultureIgnoreCase     Location:  12
'Comparison: InvariantCulture             Location:  -1
'Comparison: InvariantCultureIgnoreCase   Location:  12
'Comparison: Ordinal                      Location:  -1
'Comparison: OrdinalIgnoreCase            Location:  -1
'
'Part 2: Start index is specified.
'Comparison: CurrentCulture               Location:  -1
'Comparison: CurrentCultureIgnoreCase     Location:  12
'Comparison: InvariantCulture             Location:  -1
'Comparison: InvariantCultureIgnoreCase   Location:  12
'Comparison: Ordinal                      Location:  -1
'Comparison: OrdinalIgnoreCase            Location:  -1
'
'Part 3: Neither start index nor count is specified.
'Comparison: CurrentCulture               Location:  -1
'Comparison: CurrentCultureIgnoreCase     Location:  12
'Comparison: InvariantCulture             Location:  -1
'Comparison: InvariantCultureIgnoreCase   Location:  12
'Comparison: Ordinal                      Location:  -1
'Comparison: OrdinalIgnoreCase            Location:  -1
'

Comentarios

La numeración de índices comienza desde cero.

El comparisonType parámetro especifica que se busque el value parámetro mediante la referencia cultural actual o invariable, mediante una búsqueda que distingue mayúsculas de minúsculas o sin distinción entre mayúsculas y minúsculas y se usan reglas de comparación ordinal de palabras.

Notas a los autores de las llamadas

Los juegos de caracteres incluyen caracteres que se pueden pasar por alto, que son los caracteres que no se tienen en cuenta al realizar una comparación lingüística o en la que se tiene en cuenta la referencia cultural. En una búsqueda que tiene en cuenta la referencia cultural (es decir, si comparisonType no es Ordinal o OrdinalIgnoreCase), si value contiene un carácter que se puede pasar por alto, el resultado es equivalente a buscar sin ese carácter. Si value solo consta de uno o varios caracteres ignorables, el IndexOf(String, StringComparison) método siempre devuelve 0 (cero) para indicar que la coincidencia se encuentra al principio de la instancia actual.

En el ejemplo siguiente, el IndexOf(String, StringComparison) método se usa para buscar tres subcadenas (un guion suave (U+00AD), un guion suave seguido de "n" y un guión suave seguido de "m") en dos cadenas. Solo una de las cadenas contiene un guion virtual. Si el ejemplo se ejecuta en .NET Framework 4 o posterior, porque el guion flexible es un carácter ignorable, una búsqueda que distingue referencias culturales devuelve el mismo valor que devolvería si el guion flexible no se incluyera en la cadena de búsqueda. Sin embargo, una búsqueda ordinal encuentra correctamente el guión suave en una cadena e informa de que no está presente en la segunda cadena.

using System;

public class Example
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        string s1 = "ani\u00ADmal";
        string s2 = "animal";
      
        Console.WriteLine("Culture-sensitive comparison:");
        // Use culture-sensitive comparison to find the soft hyphen.
        Console.WriteLine(s1.IndexOf("\u00AD", StringComparison.CurrentCulture));
        Console.WriteLine(s2.IndexOf("\u00AD", StringComparison.CurrentCulture));
      
        // Use culture-sensitive comparison to find the soft hyphen followed by "n".
        Console.WriteLine(s1.IndexOf("\u00ADn", StringComparison.CurrentCulture));
        Console.WriteLine(s2.IndexOf("\u00ADn", StringComparison.CurrentCulture));
      
        // Use culture-sensitive comparison to find the soft hyphen followed by "m".
        Console.WriteLine(s1.IndexOf("\u00ADm", StringComparison.CurrentCulture));
        Console.WriteLine(s2.IndexOf("\u00ADm", StringComparison.CurrentCulture));
      
        Console.WriteLine("Ordinal comparison:");
        // Use ordinal comparison to find the soft hyphen.
        Console.WriteLine(s1.IndexOf("\u00AD", StringComparison.Ordinal));
        Console.WriteLine(s2.IndexOf("\u00AD", StringComparison.Ordinal));
      
        // Use ordinal comparison to find the soft hyphen followed by "n".
        Console.WriteLine(s1.IndexOf("\u00ADn", StringComparison.Ordinal));
        Console.WriteLine(s2.IndexOf("\u00ADn", StringComparison.Ordinal));
      
        // Use ordinal comparison to find the soft hyphen followed by "m".
        Console.WriteLine(s1.IndexOf("\u00ADm", StringComparison.Ordinal));
        Console.WriteLine(s2.IndexOf("\u00ADm", StringComparison.Ordinal));

        // The example displays the following output:
        //       Culture-sensitive comparison:
        //       0
        //       0
        //       1
        //       1
        //       4
        //       3
        //       Ordinal comparison:
        //       3
        //       -1
        //       -1
        //       -1
        //       3
        //       -1
    }
}
open System

let s1 = "ani\u00ADmal"
let s2 = "animal"

printfn "Culture-sensitive comparison:"
// Use culture-sensitive comparison to find the soft hyphen.
printfn $"""{s1.IndexOf("\u00AD", StringComparison.CurrentCulture)}"""
printfn $"""{s2.IndexOf("\u00AD", StringComparison.CurrentCulture)}"""

// Use culture-sensitive comparison to find the soft hyphen followed by "n".
printfn $"""{s1.IndexOf("\u00ADn", StringComparison.CurrentCulture)}"""
printfn $"""{s2.IndexOf("\u00ADn", StringComparison.CurrentCulture)}"""

// Use culture-sensitive comparison to find the soft hyphen followed by "m".
printfn $"""{s1.IndexOf("\u00ADm", StringComparison.CurrentCulture)}"""
printfn $"""{s2.IndexOf("\u00ADm", StringComparison.CurrentCulture)}"""

printfn "Ordinal comparison:"
// Use ordinal comparison to find the soft hyphen.
printfn $"""{s1.IndexOf("\u00AD", StringComparison.Ordinal)}"""
printfn $"""{s2.IndexOf("\u00AD", StringComparison.Ordinal)}"""

// Use ordinal comparison to find the soft hyphen followed by "n".
printfn $"""{s1.IndexOf("\u00ADn", StringComparison.Ordinal)}"""
printfn $"""{s2.IndexOf("\u00ADn", StringComparison.Ordinal)}"""

// Use ordinal comparison to find the soft hyphen followed by "m".
printfn $"""{s1.IndexOf("\u00ADm", StringComparison.Ordinal)}"""
printfn $"""{s2.IndexOf("\u00ADm", StringComparison.Ordinal)}"""

// The example displays the following output:
//       Culture-sensitive comparison:
//       0
//       0
//       1
//       1
//       4
//       3
//       Ordinal comparison:
//       3
//       -1
//       -1
//       -1
//       3
//       -1
Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim softHyphen As String = ChrW(&h00AD)
      Dim s1 As String = "ani" + softHyphen + "mal"
      Dim s2 As String = "animal"
      
      Console.WriteLine("Culture-sensitive comparison:")
      ' Use culture-sensitive comparison to find the soft hyphen.
      Console.WriteLine(s1.IndexOf(softHyphen, StringComparison.CurrentCulture))
      Console.WriteLine(s2.IndexOf(softHyphen, StringComparison.CurrentCulture))
      
      ' Use culture-sensitive comparison to find the soft hyphen followed by "n".
      Console.WriteLine(s1.IndexOf(softHyphen + "n", StringComparison.CurrentCulture))
      Console.WriteLine(s2.IndexOf(softHyphen + "n", StringComparison.CurrentCulture))
      
      ' Use culture-sensitive comparison to find the soft hyphen followed by "m".
      Console.WriteLine(s1.IndexOf(softHyphen + "m", StringComparison.CurrentCulture))
      Console.WriteLine(s2.IndexOf(softHyphen + "m", StringComparison.CurrentCulture))
      
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal comparison:")
      ' Use ordinal comparison to find the soft hyphen.
      Console.WriteLine(s1.IndexOf(softHyphen, StringComparison.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine(s2.IndexOf(softHyphen, StringComparison.Ordinal))
      
      ' Use ordinal comparison to find the soft hyphen followed by "n".
      Console.WriteLine(s1.IndexOf(softHyphen + "n", StringComparison.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine(s2.IndexOf(softHyphen + "n", StringComparison.Ordinal))
      
      ' Use ordinal comparison to find the soft hyphen followed by "m".
      Console.WriteLine(s1.IndexOf(softHyphen + "m", StringComparison.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine(s2.IndexOf(softHyphen + "m", StringComparison.Ordinal))
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       Culture-sensitive comparison:
'       0
'       0
'       1
'       1
'       4
'       3
'       Ordinal comparison:
'       3
'       -1
'       -1
'       -1
'       3
'       -1

Se aplica a

IndexOf(String, Int32, Int32)

Indica el índice de base cero de la primera aparición de la cadena especificada en la instancia en cuestión. La búsqueda comienza en una posición de carácter especificada y examina un número especificado de posiciones de caracteres.

public:
 int IndexOf(System::String ^ value, int startIndex, int count);
public int IndexOf (string value, int startIndex, int count);
member this.IndexOf : string * int * int -> int
Public Function IndexOf (value As String, startIndex As Integer, count As Integer) As Integer

Parámetros

value
String

Cadena que se va a buscar.

startIndex
Int32

Posición en la que comienza la búsqueda.

count
Int32

Número de posiciones de caracteres que se van a examinar.

Devoluciones

Int32

Posición de índice de base cero de value desde el principio de la instancia actual si se encuentra esa cadena o, de lo contrario, -1. Si value es Empty, el valor devuelto es startIndex.

Excepciones

value es null.

count o startIndex es negativo.

O bien

startIndex es mayor que la longitud de esta cadena.

O bien

count es mayor que la longitud de esta cadena menos startIndex.

Ejemplos

En el ejemplo siguiente se busca el índice de todas las apariciones de la cadena "he" dentro de una subcadena de otra cadena. Tenga en cuenta que el número de caracteres que se va a buscar se debe volver a calcular para cada iteración de búsqueda.

// Sample for String::IndexOf(String, Int32, Int32)
using namespace System;
int main()
{
   String^ br1 = "0----+----1----+----2----+----3----+----4----+----5----+----6----+-";
   String^ br2 = "0123456789012345678901234567890123456789012345678901234567890123456";
   String^ str = "Now is the time for all good men to come to the aid of their party.";
   int start;
   int at;
   int end;
   int count;
   end = str->Length;
   start = end / 2;
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "All occurrences of 'he' from position {0} to {1}.", start, end - 1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "{1}{0}{2}{0}{3}{0}", Environment::NewLine, br1, br2, str );
   Console::Write( "The string 'he' occurs at position(s): " );
   count = 0;
   at = 0;
   while ( (start <= end) && (at > -1) )
   {
      
      // start+count must be a position within -str-.
      count = end - start;
      at = str->IndexOf( "he", start, count );
      if ( at == -1 )
            break;

      Console::Write( "{0} ", at );
      start = at + 1;
   }

   Console::WriteLine();
}

/*
This example produces the following results:

All occurrences of 'he' from position 33 to 66.
0----+----1----+----2----+----3----+----4----+----5----+----6----+-
0123456789012345678901234567890123456789012345678901234567890123456
Now is the time for all good men to come to the aid of their party.

The string 'he' occurs at position(s): 45 56

*/
string br1 = "0----+----1----+----2----+----3----+----4----+----5----+----6----+---";
string br2 = "012345678901234567890123456789012345678901234567890123456789012345678";
string str = "Now is the time for all good men to come to the aid of their country.";
int start;
int at;
int end;
int count;

end = str.Length;
start = end/2;
Console.WriteLine();
Console.WriteLine("All occurrences of 'he' from position {0} to {1}.", start, end-1);
Console.WriteLine("{1}{0}{2}{0}{3}{0}", Environment.NewLine, br1, br2, str);
Console.Write("The string 'he' occurs at position(s): ");

count = 0;
at = 0;
while((start <= end) && (at > -1))
{
    // start+count must be a position within -str-.
    count = end - start;
    at = str.IndexOf("he", start, count);
    if (at == -1) break;
    Console.Write("{0} ", at);
    start = at+1;
}
Console.WriteLine();

/*
This example produces the following results:

All occurrences of 'he' from position 34 to 68.
0----+----1----+----2----+----3----+----4----+----5----+----6----+---
012345678901234567890123456789012345678901234567890123456789012345678
Now is the time for all good men to come to the aid of their country.

The string 'he' occurs at position(s): 45 56

*/
let br1 = "0----+----1----+----2----+----3----+----4----+----5----+----6----+---"
let br2 = "012345678901234567890123456789012345678901234567890123456789012345678"
let str = "Now is the time for all good men to come to the aid of their country."

let last = str.Length
let mutable start = last / 2
printfn $"\nAll occurrences of 'he' from position {start} to {last - 1}."
printfn $"{br1}{Environment.NewLine}{br2}{Environment.NewLine}{str}{Environment.NewLine}"
printf "The string 'he' occurs at position(s): "

let mutable broken = false
let mutable at = 0
while (start <= last) && (at > -1) do
    // start+count must be a position within -str-.
    let count = last - start
    at <- str.IndexOf("he", start, count)
    if at = -1 then
        broken <- true
    else
        printf $"{at} "
        start <- at + 1
printfn ""

(*
This example produces the following results:

All occurrences of 'he' from position 34 to 68.
0----+----1----+----2----+----3----+----4----+----5----+----6----+---
012345678901234567890123456789012345678901234567890123456789012345678
Now is the time for all good men to come to the aid of their country.

The string 'he' occurs at position(s): 45 56

*)
' Sample for String.IndexOf(String, Int32, Int32)
Class Sample
   
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      
      Dim br1 As String = "0----+----1----+----2----+----3----+----4----+----5----+----6----+-"
      Dim br2 As String = "0123456789012345678901234567890123456789012345678901234567890123456"
      Dim str As String = "Now is the time for all good men to come to the aid of their party."
      Dim start As Integer
      Dim at As Integer
      Dim [end] As Integer
      Dim count As Integer
      
      [end] = str.Length
      start = [end] / 2
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("All occurrences of 'he' from position {0} to {1}.", start, [end] - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("{1}{0}{2}{0}{3}{0}", Environment.NewLine, br1, br2, str)
      Console.Write("The string 'he' occurs at position(s): ")
      
      count = 0
      at = 0
      While start <= [end] AndAlso at > - 1
         ' start+count must be a position within -str-.
         count = [end] - start
         at = str.IndexOf("he", start, count)
         If at = - 1 Then
            Exit While
         End If
         Console.Write("{0} ", at)
         start = at + 1
      End While
      Console.WriteLine()
   End Sub
End Class
'
'This example produces the following results:
'
'All occurrences of 'he' from position 33 to 66.
'0----+----1----+----2----+----3----+----4----+----5----+----6----+-
'0123456789012345678901234567890123456789012345678901234567890123456
'Now is the time for all good men to come to the aid of their party.
'
'The string 'he' occurs at position(s): 45 56
'
'

Comentarios

La numeración de índices comienza desde 0 (cero). El parámetro startIndex puede estar comprendido entre 0 y la longitud de la instancia de cadena.

Este método realiza una búsqueda de palabras (distingue mayúsculas de minúsculas y de referencia cultural) mediante la referencia cultural actual. La búsqueda comienza en startIndex y continúa hasta startIndex + count -1. El carácter de no startIndex + count se incluye en la búsqueda.

Los juegos de caracteres incluyen caracteres que se pueden pasar por alto, que son los caracteres que no se tienen en cuenta al realizar una comparación lingüística o en la que se tiene en cuenta la referencia cultural. En una búsqueda que tiene en cuenta la referencia cultural, si value contiene un carácter que se puede pasar por alto, el resultado es equivalente a buscar sin ese carácter. Si value solo consta de uno o varios caracteres ignorables, el IndexOf(String, Int32, Int32) método siempre devuelve startIndex, que es la posición de carácter en la que comienza la búsqueda. En el ejemplo siguiente, el IndexOf(String, Int32, Int32) método se usa para buscar la posición de un guión suave (U+00AD) seguido de un "m" comenzando en la tercera a la sexta posición de carácter en dos cadenas. Solo una de las cadenas contiene la subcadena necesaria. Si el ejemplo se ejecuta en .NET Framework 4 o posterior, en ambos casos, porque el guion flexible es un carácter que se puede omitir, el método devuelve el índice de "m" en la cadena cuando realiza una comparación que distingue referencias culturales. Observe que en el caso de la primera cadena, que incluye el guion virtual seguido de una "m", el método no devuelve el índice del guion virtual, sino el índice de "m".

using System;

public class Example
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        string searchString = "\u00ADm";
        string s1 = "ani\u00ADmal" ;
        string s2 = "animal";

        Console.WriteLine(s1.IndexOf(searchString, 2, 4));
        Console.WriteLine(s2.IndexOf(searchString, 2, 4));

        // The example displays the following output:
        //       4
        //       3
    }
}
let searchString = "\u00ADm"
let s1 = "ani\u00ADmal"
let s2 = "animal"

printfn $"{s1.IndexOf(searchString, 2, 4)}"
printfn $"{s2.IndexOf(searchString, 2, 4)}"

// The example displays the following output:
//       4
//       3
Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim searchString As String = Chrw(&h00AD) + "m"
      Dim s1 As String = "ani" + ChrW(&h00AD) + "mal"
      Dim s2 As String = "animal"

      Console.WriteLine(s1.IndexOf(searchString, 2, 4))
      Console.WriteLine(s2.IndexOf(searchString, 2, 4))
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       4
'       3

Notas a los autores de las llamadas

Como se explica en Procedimientos recomendados para usar cadenas, se recomienda evitar llamar a métodos de comparación de cadenas que sustituya los valores predeterminados y, en su lugar, llame a métodos que requieren que se especifiquen explícitamente parámetros. Para usar las reglas de comparación de la referencia cultural actual para realizar esta operación, llame a la sobrecarga del IndexOf(String, Int32, Int32, StringComparison) método con un valor de CurrentCulture para su comparisonType parámetro.

Consulte también

Se aplica a

IndexOf(Char, StringComparison)

Devuelve el índice de base cero de la primera aparición del carácter Unicode especificado en esta cadena. Un parámetro especifica el tipo de búsqueda que se va a usar para el carácter especificado.

public:
 int IndexOf(char value, StringComparison comparisonType);
public int IndexOf (char value, StringComparison comparisonType);
member this.IndexOf : char * StringComparison -> int
Public Function IndexOf (value As Char, comparisonType As StringComparison) As Integer

Parámetros

value
Char

Carácter que se va a buscar.

comparisonType
StringComparison

Valor de enumeración que especifica las reglas de la búsqueda.

Devoluciones

Int32

Devuelve el índice de base cero de value si se encuentra dicho carácter; de lo contrario, devuelve -1.

Excepciones

comparisonType no es un valor StringComparison válido.

Comentarios

La numeración de índices comienza desde cero.

El comparisonType parámetro es un StringComparison miembro de enumeración que especifica si la búsqueda del value argumento usa la referencia cultural actual o invariable, distingue mayúsculas de minúsculas o no distingue entre mayúsculas y minúsculas, o usa reglas de comparación ordinal de palabras.

Se aplica a

IndexOf(Char, Int32)

Devuelve el índice de base cero de la primera aparición del carácter Unicode especificado en esta cadena. La búsqueda comienza en una posición de carácter especificada.

public:
 int IndexOf(char value, int startIndex);
public int IndexOf (char value, int startIndex);
member this.IndexOf : char * int -> int
Public Function IndexOf (value As Char, startIndex As Integer) As Integer

Parámetros

value
Char

Carácter Unicode que se va a buscar.

startIndex
Int32

Posición en la que comienza la búsqueda.

Devoluciones

Int32

Posición de índice de base cero de value desde el principio de la cadena si se encuentra ese carácter, o -1 en caso contrario.

Excepciones

startIndex es menor que 0 (cero) o mayor que la longitud de la cadena.

Ejemplos

En el siguiente ejemplo se muestra el IndexOf método.

// Sample for String::IndexOf(Char, Int32)
using namespace System;
int main()
{
   String^ br1 = "0----+----1----+----2----+----3----+----4----+----5----+----6----+-";
   String^ br2 = "0123456789012345678901234567890123456789012345678901234567890123456";
   String^ str = "Now is the time for all good men to come to the aid of their party.";
   int start;
   int at;
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "All occurrences of 't' from position 0 to {0}.", str->Length - 1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "{1}{0}{2}{0}{3}{0}", Environment::NewLine, br1, br2, str );
   Console::Write( "The letter 't' occurs at position(s): " );
   at = 0;
   start = 0;
   while ( (start < str->Length) && (at > -1) )
   {
      at = str->IndexOf( 't', start );
      if ( at == -1 )
            break;

      Console::Write( "{0} ", at );
      start = at + 1;
   }

   Console::WriteLine();
}

/*
This example produces the following results:

All occurrences of 't' from position 0 to 66.
0----+----1----+----2----+----3----+----4----+----5----+----6----+-
0123456789012345678901234567890123456789012345678901234567890123456
Now is the time for all good men to come to the aid of their party.

The letter 't' occurs at position(s): 7 11 33 41 44 55 64

*/
string br1 = "0----+----1----+----2----+----3----+----4----+----5----+----6----+---";
string br2 = "012345678901234567890123456789012345678901234567890123456789012345678";
string str = "Now is the time for all good men to come to the aid of their country.";
int start;
int at;

Console.WriteLine();
Console.WriteLine("All occurrences of 't' from position 0 to {0}.", str.Length-1);
Console.WriteLine("{1}{0}{2}{0}{3}{0}", Environment.NewLine, br1, br2, str);
Console.Write("The letter 't' occurs at position(s): ");

at = 0;
start = 0;
while((start < str.Length) && (at > -1))
{
    at = str.IndexOf('t', start);
    if (at == -1) break;
    Console.Write("{0} ", at);
    start = at+1;
}
Console.WriteLine();

/*
This example produces the following results:

All occurrences of 't' from position 0 to 68.
0----+----1----+----2----+----3----+----4----+----5----+----6----+---
012345678901234567890123456789012345678901234567890123456789012345678
Now is the time for all good men to come to the aid of their country.

The letter 't' occurs at position(s): 7 11 33 41 44 55 65

*/
let br1 = "0----+----1----+----2----+----3----+----4----+----5----+----6----+---"
let br2 = "012345678901234567890123456789012345678901234567890123456789012345678"
let str = "Now is the time for all good men to come to the aid of their country."

printfn ""
printfn $"All occurrences of 't' from position 0 to {str.Length - 1}."
printfn $"{br1}{Environment.NewLine}{br2}{Environment.NewLine}{str}{Environment.NewLine}"
printf "The letter 't' occurs at position(s): "

let mutable at = 0
let mutable start = 0
let mutable broken = false
while not broken && (start < str.Length) && (at > -1) do
    at <- str.IndexOf('t', start)
    if at = -1 then broken <- true
    else
        printf $"{at} "
        start <- at + 1
    printfn ""

(*
This example produces the following results:

All occurrences of 't' from position 0 to 68.
0----+----1----+----2----+----3----+----4----+----5----+----6----+---
012345678901234567890123456789012345678901234567890123456789012345678
Now is the time for all good men to come to the aid of their country.

The letter 't' occurs at position(s): 7 11 33 41 44 55 65

*)
' Sample for String.IndexOf(Char, Int32)

Module Sample
    Sub Main()

        Dim br1 As String = "0----+----1----+----2----+----3----+----4----+----5----+----6----+-"
        Dim br2 As String = "0123456789012345678901234567890123456789012345678901234567890123456"
        Dim str As String = "Now is the time for all good men to come to the aid of their party."
        Dim start As Integer
        Dim at As Integer

        Console.WriteLine()
        Console.WriteLine("All occurrences of 't' from position 0 to {0}.", str.Length - 1)
        Console.WriteLine("{1}{0}{2}{0}{3}{0}", Environment.NewLine, br1, br2, str)
        Console.Write("The letter 't' occurs at position(s): ")

        at = 0
        start = 0
        While start < str.Length AndAlso at > -1
            at = str.IndexOf("t"c, start)
            If at = -1 Then
                Exit While
            End If
            Console.Write("{0} ", at)
            start = at + 1
        End While
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub
End Module
'
'This example produces the following results:
'
'All occurrences of 't' from position 0 to 66.
'0----+----1----+----2----+----3----+----4----+----5----+----6----+-
'0123456789012345678901234567890123456789012345678901234567890123456
'Now is the time for all good men to come to the aid of their party.
'
'The letter 't' occurs at position(s): 7 11 33 41 44 55 64
'
'

Comentarios

La numeración de índices comienza a partir de 0. El parámetro startIndex puede estar comprendido entre 0 y la longitud de la instancia de cadena. Si startIndex es igual a la longitud de la instancia de cadena, el método devuelve -1.

La búsqueda va de startIndex hasta el final de la cadena.

Este método realiza una búsqueda ordinal (que no distingue la referencia cultural), donde un carácter se considera equivalente a otro carácter solo si sus valores escalares Unicode son los mismos. Para realizar una búsqueda que tenga en cuenta la referencia cultural, use el CompareInfo.IndexOf método , donde un valor escalar Unicode que representa un carácter precomponido, como la ligadura "Æ" (U+00C6), podría considerarse equivalente a cualquier aparición de los componentes del carácter en la secuencia correcta, como "AE" (U+0041, U+0045), dependiendo de la referencia cultural.

Consulte también

Se aplica a

IndexOf(String)

Indica el índice de base cero de la primera aparición de la cadena especificada en la instancia en cuestión.

public:
 int IndexOf(System::String ^ value);
public int IndexOf (string value);
member this.IndexOf : string -> int
Public Function IndexOf (value As String) As Integer

Parámetros

value
String

Cadena que se va a buscar.

Devoluciones

Int32

Devuelve la posición de índice de base cero de value si se encuentra dicha cadena; de lo contrario, devuelve -1. Si value es Empty, el valor devuelto es 0.

Excepciones

value es null.

Ejemplos

En el ejemplo siguiente se busca "n" en "animal". Dado que los índices de cadena comienzan en cero en lugar de uno, el IndexOf(String) método indica que "n" está en la posición 1.

using namespace System;

void main()
{
   String^ str = "animal";
   String^ toFind = "n";
   int index = str->IndexOf("n");
   Console::WriteLine("Found '{0}' in '{1}' at position {2}",
                        toFind, str, index);

}
// The example displays the following output:
//        Found 'n' in 'animal' at position 1
String str = "animal";
String toFind = "n";
int index = str.IndexOf("n");
Console.WriteLine("Found '{0}' in '{1}' at position {2}",
                toFind, str, index);

// The example displays the following output:
//        Found 'n' in 'animal' at position 1
open System

let str = "animal"
let toFind = "n"
let index = str.IndexOf "n"
printfn $"Found '{toFind}' in '{str}' at position {index}"

// The example displays the following output:
//        Found 'n' in 'animal' at position 1
Public Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim str As String = "animal"
      Dim toFind As String = "n"
      Dim index As Integer = str.IndexOf("n")
      Console.WriteLine("Found '{0}' in '{1}' at position {2}",
                        toFind, str, index)
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       Found 'n' in 'animal' at position 1

En el ejemplo siguiente se usa el IndexOf método para determinar la posición inicial de un nombre animal en una oración. A continuación, utiliza esta posición para insertar un adjetivo que describa al animal en la oración.

using namespace System;

int main()
{
   String^ animal1 = "fox";
   String^ animal2 = "dog";
   String^ strTarget = String::Format( "The {0} jumps over the {1}.", animal1, animal2 );
   Console::WriteLine( "The original string is:{0}{1}{0}", Environment::NewLine, strTarget );
   Console::Write( "Enter an adjective (or group of adjectives) to describe the {0}: ==> ", animal1 );
   String^ adj1 = Console::ReadLine();
   Console::Write( "Enter an adjective (or group of adjectives) to describe the {0}: ==> ", animal2 );
   String^ adj2 = Console::ReadLine();
   adj1 = String::Concat( adj1->Trim(), " " );
   adj2 = String::Concat( adj2->Trim(), " " );
   strTarget = strTarget->Insert( strTarget->IndexOf( animal1 ), adj1 );
   strTarget = strTarget->Insert( strTarget->IndexOf( animal2 ), adj2 );
   Console::WriteLine( " {0}The final string is: {0} {1}", Environment::NewLine, strTarget );
}
// Output from the example might appear as follows:
//       The original string is:
//       The fox jumps over the dog.
//       
//       Enter an adjective (or group of adjectives) to describe the fox: ==> bold
//       Enter an adjective (or group of adjectives) to describe the dog: ==> lazy
//       
//       The final string is:
//       The bold fox jumps over the lazy dog.
using System;

public class Example {
    public static void Main()
    {
        string animal1 = "fox";
        string animal2 = "dog";

        string strTarget = String.Format("The {0} jumps over the {1}.",
                                         animal1, animal2);

        Console.WriteLine("The original string is:{0}{1}{0}",
                          Environment.NewLine, strTarget);

        Console.Write("Enter an adjective (or group of adjectives) " +
                      "to describe the {0}: ==> ", animal1);
        string adj1 = Console.ReadLine();

        Console.Write("Enter an adjective (or group of adjectives) " +
                      "to describe the {0}: ==> ", animal2);
        string adj2 = Console.ReadLine();

        adj1 = adj1.Trim() + " ";
        adj2 = adj2.Trim() + " ";

        strTarget = strTarget.Insert(strTarget.IndexOf(animal1), adj1);
        strTarget = strTarget.Insert(strTarget.IndexOf(animal2), adj2);

        Console.WriteLine("{0}The final string is:{0}{1}",
                          Environment.NewLine, strTarget);
    }
}
// Output from the example might appear as follows:
//       The original string is:
//       The fox jumps over the dog.
//
//       Enter an adjective (or group of adjectives) to describe the fox: ==> bold
//       Enter an adjective (or group of adjectives) to describe the dog: ==> lazy
//
//       The final string is:
//       The bold fox jumps over the lazy dog.
open System

let animal1 = "fox"
let animal2 = "dog"

let strTarget = String.Format("The {0} jumps over the {1}.", animal1, animal2)

do
    printfn $"The original string is:{Environment.NewLine}{strTarget}{Environment.NewLine}"

    printf $"Enter an adjective (or group of adjectives) to describe the {animal1}: => "
    let adj1 = stdin.ReadLine()

    printf $"Enter an adjective (or group of adjectives) to describe the {animal2}: => "
    let adj2 = stdin.ReadLine()

    let adj1 = adj1.Trim() + " "
    let adj2 = adj2.Trim() + " "

    let strTarget = strTarget.Insert(strTarget.IndexOf animal1, adj1)
    let strTarget = strTarget.Insert(strTarget.IndexOf animal2, adj2)

    printfn $"{Environment.NewLine}The final string is:{strTarget}{Environment.NewLine}"
// Output from the example might appear as follows:
//       The original string is:
//       The fox jumps over the dog.
//
//       Enter an adjective (or group of adjectives) to describe the fox: => bold
//       Enter an adjective (or group of adjectives) to describe the dog: => lazy
//
//       The final string is:
//       The bold fox jumps over the lazy dog.
Public Class Example
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim animal1 As String = "fox"
        Dim animal2 As String = "dog"
        Dim strTarget As String = String.Format("The {0} jumps over the {1}.", 
                                                animal1, animal2)
        
        Console.WriteLine("The original string is: {0}{1}{0}", 
                          Environment.NewLine, strTarget)
        
        Console.Write("Enter an adjective (or group of adjectives) " +
                      "to describe the {0}: ==> ", animal1)
        Dim adj1 As String = Console.ReadLine()
        
        Console.Write("Enter an adjective (or group of adjectives) " + 
                      "to describe the {0}: ==> ", animal2)
        Dim adj2 As String = Console.ReadLine()
        
        adj1 = adj1.Trim() + " "
        adj2 = adj2.Trim() + " "
        
        strTarget = strTarget.Insert(strTarget.IndexOf(animal1), adj1)
        strTarget = strTarget.Insert(strTarget.IndexOf(animal2), adj2)
        
        Console.WriteLine("{0}The final string is:{0}{1}", 
                          Environment.NewLine, strTarget)
    End Sub 
End Class 
' Output from the example might appear as follows:
'       The original string is:
'       The fox jumps over the dog.
'       
'       Enter an adjective (or group of adjectives) to describe the fox: ==> bold
'       Enter an adjective (or group of adjectives) to describe the dog: ==> lazy
'       
'       The final string is:
'       The bold fox jumps over the lazy dog.

Comentarios

La numeración de índices comienza desde cero.

Este método realiza una búsqueda de palabras (distingue mayúsculas de minúsculas y de referencia cultural) mediante la referencia cultural actual. La búsqueda comienza en la primera posición de carácter de esta instancia y continúa hasta la última posición del carácter.

Los juegos de caracteres incluyen caracteres que se pueden pasar por alto, que son los caracteres que no se tienen en cuenta al realizar una comparación lingüística o en la que se tiene en cuenta la referencia cultural. En una búsqueda que tiene en cuenta la referencia cultural, si value contiene un carácter que se puede pasar por alto, el resultado es equivalente a buscar sin ese carácter. Si value solo consta de uno o varios caracteres ignorables, el IndexOf(String) método siempre devuelve 0 (cero) para indicar que la coincidencia se encuentra al principio de la instancia actual. En el ejemplo siguiente, el IndexOf(String) método se usa para buscar tres subcadenas (un guion suave (U+00AD), un guion suave seguido de "n" y un guión suave seguido de "m") en dos cadenas. Solo una de las cadenas contiene un guion virtual. Si el ejemplo se ejecuta en .NET Framework 4 o posterior, en cada caso, porque el guion flexible es un carácter que se puede pasar por alto, el resultado es el mismo que si el guión suave no se hubiera incluido en value. Al buscar solo un guión suave, el método devuelve 0 (cero) para indicar que ha encontrado una coincidencia al principio de la cadena.

using System;

public class Example
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        string s1 = "ani\u00ADmal";
        string s2 = "animal";
      
        // Find the index of the soft hyphen.
        Console.WriteLine(s1.IndexOf("\u00AD"));
        Console.WriteLine(s2.IndexOf("\u00AD"));
      
        // Find the index of the soft hyphen followed by "n".
        Console.WriteLine(s1.IndexOf("\u00ADn"));
        Console.WriteLine(s2.IndexOf("\u00ADn"));
      
        // Find the index of the soft hyphen followed by "m".
        Console.WriteLine(s1.IndexOf("\u00ADm"));
        Console.WriteLine(s2.IndexOf("\u00ADm"));

        // The example displays the following output
        // if run under the .NET Framework 4 or later:
        //       0
        //       0
        //       1
        //       1
        //       4
        //       3
    }
}
let s1 = "ani\u00ADmal"
let s2 = "animal"

// Find the index of the soft hyphen.
printfn $"""{s1.IndexOf "\u00AD"}"""
printfn $"""{s2.IndexOf "\u00AD"}"""

// Find the index of the soft hyphen followed by "n".
printfn $"""{s1.IndexOf "\u00ADn"}"""
printfn $"""{s2.IndexOf "\u00ADn"}"""

// Find the index of the soft hyphen followed by "m".
printfn $"""{s1.IndexOf "\u00ADm"}"""
printfn $"""{s2.IndexOf "\u00ADm"}"""

// The example displays the following output
// if run under the .NET Framework 4 or later:
//       0
//       0
//       1
//       1
//       4
//       3
Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim softHyphen As String = ChrW(&h00AD)
      Dim s1 As String = "ani" + softHyphen + "mal"
      Dim s2 As String = "animal"
      
      ' Find the index of the soft hyphen.
      Console.WriteLine(s1.IndexOf(softHyphen))
      Console.WriteLine(s2.IndexOf(softHyphen))
      
      ' Find the index of the soft hyphen followed by "n".
      Console.WriteLine(s1.IndexOf(softHyphen + "n"))
      Console.WriteLine(s2.IndexOf(softHyphen + "n"))
      
      ' Find the index of the soft hyphen followed by "m".
      Console.WriteLine(s1.IndexOf(softHyphen + "m"))
      Console.WriteLine(s2.IndexOf(softHyphen + "m"))
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output 
' if run under the .NET Framework 4 or later:
'       0
'       0
'       1
'       1
'       4
'       3

Notas a los autores de las llamadas

Como se explica en Procedimientos recomendados para usar cadenas, se recomienda evitar llamar a métodos de comparación de cadenas que sustituya los valores predeterminados y, en su lugar, llame a métodos que requieren que se especifiquen explícitamente parámetros. Para buscar el primer índice de una subcadena dentro de una instancia de cadena mediante las reglas de comparación de la referencia cultural actual, llame a la sobrecarga del IndexOf(String, StringComparison) método con un valor de CurrentCulture para su comparisonType parámetro.

Consulte también

Se aplica a

IndexOf(Char)

Devuelve el índice de base cero de la primera aparición del carácter Unicode especificado en esta cadena.

public:
 int IndexOf(char value);
public int IndexOf (char value);
member this.IndexOf : char -> int
Public Function IndexOf (value As Char) As Integer

Parámetros

value
Char

Carácter Unicode que se va a buscar.

Devoluciones

Int32

Devuelve la posición de índice de base cero de value si se encuentra dicho carácter; de lo contrario, devuelve -1.

Ejemplos

En el ejemplo siguiente se muestra cómo puede buscar un String carácter mediante el IndexOf método .

using namespace System;

void main()
{
   // Create a Unicode String with 5 Greek Alpha characters.
   String^ szGreekAlpha = gcnew String(L'\x0391',5);

   // Create a Unicode String with a 3 Greek Omega characters.
   String^ szGreekOmega = L"\x03A9\x03A9\x03A9";

   String^ szGreekLetters = String::Concat(szGreekOmega, szGreekAlpha, 
                                           szGreekOmega->Clone());

   // Display the entire string.
   Console::WriteLine(szGreekLetters);

   // The first index of Alpha.
   int ialpha = szGreekLetters->IndexOf( L'\x0391');
   // The first index of Omega.
   int iomega = szGreekLetters->IndexOf(L'\x03A9');

   Console::WriteLine("First occurrence of the Greek letter Alpha: Index {0}", 
                      ialpha);
   Console::WriteLine("First occurrence of the Greek letter Omega: Index {0}", 
                      iomega);
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       The string: OOO?????OOO
//       First occurrence of the Greek letter Alpha: Index 3
//       First occurrence of the Greek letter Omega: Index 0
// Create a Unicode string with 5 Greek Alpha characters.
String szGreekAlpha = new String('\u0391',5);

// Create a Unicode string with 3 Greek Omega characters.
String szGreekOmega = "\u03A9\u03A9\u03A9";

String szGreekLetters = String.Concat(szGreekOmega, szGreekAlpha, 
                                    szGreekOmega.Clone());

// Display the entire string.
Console.WriteLine("The string: {0}", szGreekLetters);

// The first index of Alpha.
int ialpha = szGreekLetters.IndexOf('\u0391');
// The first index of Omega.
int iomega = szGreekLetters.IndexOf('\u03A9');

Console.WriteLine("First occurrence of the Greek letter Alpha: Index {0}", 
                ialpha);
Console.WriteLine("First occurrence of the Greek letter Omega: Index {0}", 
                iomega);

// The example displays the following output:
//    The string: ΩΩΩΑΑΑΑΑΩΩΩ
//    First occurrence of the Greek letter Alpha: Index 3
//    First occurrence of the Greek letter Omega: Index 0
open System

// Create a Unicode string with 5 Greek Alpha characters.
let szGreekAlpha = String('\u0391',5)

// Create a Unicode string with 3 Greek Omega characters.
let szGreekOmega = "\u03A9\u03A9\u03A9"

let szGreekLetters = String.Concat(szGreekOmega, szGreekAlpha, szGreekOmega.Clone())

// Display the entire string.
printfn $"The string: {szGreekLetters}"

// The first index of Alpha.
let ialpha = szGreekLetters.IndexOf '\u0391'
// The first index of Omega.
let iomega = szGreekLetters.IndexOf '\u03A9'

printfn "First occurrence of the Greek letter Alpha: Index {ialpha}"
printfn "First occurrence of the Greek letter Omega: Index {iomega}"

// The example displays the following output:
//    The string: ΩΩΩΑΑΑΑΑΩΩΩ
//    First occurrence of the Greek letter Alpha: Index 3
//    First occurrence of the Greek letter Omega: Index 0
Public Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      ' Create a Unicode string with 5 Greek Alpha characters.
      Dim szGreekAlpha As New String(ChrW(&H0391), 5)

      ' Create a Unicode string with 3 Greek Omega characters.
      Dim szGreekOmega As String = ChrW(&H03A9) + ChrW(&H03A9)+
                                   ChrW(&H03A9)

      Dim szGreekLetters As String = String.Concat(szGreekOmega, szGreekAlpha, _
                                                   szGreekOmega.Clone())

      ' Display the entire string.
      Console.WriteLine(szGreekLetters)

      ' The first index of Alpha.
      Dim iAlpha As Integer = szGreekLetters.IndexOf(ChrW(&H0391))
      ' The first index of Omega.
      Dim iomega As Integer = szGreekLetters.IndexOf(ChrW(&H03A9))

      Console.WriteLine("First occurrence of the Greek letter Alpha: Index {0}", 
                        ialpha)
      Console.WriteLine("First occurrence of the Greek letter Omega: Index {0}", 
                        iomega)
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       The string: OOO?????OOO
'       First occurrence of the Greek letter Alpha: Index 3
'       First occurrence of the Greek letter Omega: Index 0

Comentarios

La numeración de índices comienza desde cero.

Este método realiza una búsqueda ordinal (que no distingue la referencia cultural), donde un carácter se considera equivalente a otro carácter solo si sus valores escalares Unicode son iguales. Para realizar una búsqueda sensible a la referencia cultural, use el CompareInfo.IndexOf método , donde un valor escalar Unicode que representa un carácter precomponido, como la ligadura "Æ" (U+00C6), podría considerarse equivalente a cualquier aparición de los componentes del carácter en la secuencia correcta, como "AE" (U+0041, U+0045), dependiendo de la referencia cultural.

Consulte también

Se aplica a

IndexOf(String, Int32)

Indica el índice de base cero de la primera aparición de la cadena especificada en la instancia en cuestión. La búsqueda comienza en una posición de carácter especificada.

public:
 int IndexOf(System::String ^ value, int startIndex);
public int IndexOf (string value, int startIndex);
member this.IndexOf : string * int -> int
Public Function IndexOf (value As String, startIndex As Integer) As Integer

Parámetros

value
String

Cadena que se va a buscar.

startIndex
Int32

Posición en la que comienza la búsqueda.

Devoluciones

Int32

Posición de índice de base cero de value desde el principio de la instancia actual si se encuentra esa cadena o, de lo contrario, -1. Si value es Empty, el valor devuelto es startIndex.

Excepciones

value es null.

startIndex es menor que 0 (cero) o mayor que la longitud de esta instancia.

Ejemplos

En el ejemplo siguiente se buscan todas las apariciones de una cadena especificada dentro de una cadena de destino.

using namespace System;
int main()
{
   String^ strSource = "This is the string which we will perform the search on";
   Console::WriteLine( "The search string is: {0}\"{1}\" {0}", Environment::NewLine, strSource );
   String^ strTarget = "";
   int found = 0;
   int totFinds = 0;
   do
   {
      Console::Write( "Please enter a search value to look for in the above string (hit Enter to exit) ==> " );
      strTarget = Console::ReadLine();
      if (  !strTarget->Equals( "" ) )
      {
         for ( int i = 0; i < strSource->Length; i++ )
         {
            found = strSource->IndexOf( strTarget, i );
            if (found >= 0)
            {
               totFinds++;
               i = found;
            }
            else
               break;

         }
      }
      else
            return 0;
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}The search parameter '{1}' was found {2} times. {0}", Environment::NewLine, strTarget, totFinds );
      totFinds = 0;
   }
   while ( true );
}
using System;

public class IndexOfTest {
    public static void Main() {

        string strSource = "This is the string which we will perform the search on";

        Console.WriteLine("The search string is:{0}\"{1}\"{0}", Environment.NewLine, strSource);

        string strTarget = "";
        int found = 0;
        int totFinds = 0;

        do {
            Console.Write("Please enter a search value to look for in the above string (hit Enter to exit) ==> ");

            strTarget = Console.ReadLine();

            if (strTarget != "") {

                for (int i = 0; i < strSource.Length; i++) {

                    found = strSource.IndexOf(strTarget, i);

                    if (found >= 0) {
                        totFinds++;
                        i = found;
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        break;
                    }
                }
            }
            else
            {
                return;
            }

            Console.WriteLine("{0}The search parameter '{1}' was found {2} times.{0}",
                    Environment.NewLine, strTarget, totFinds);

            totFinds = 0;
        } while ( true );
    }
}
open System

let strSource = "This is the string which we will perform the search on"

printfn $"The search string is:{Environment.NewLine}\"{strSource}\"{Environment.NewLine}"

let mutable broken = false
while not broken do
    let mutable totFinds = 0
    printf "Please enter a search value to look for in the above string (hit Enter to exit) => "

    let strTarget = stdin.ReadLine()

    if strTarget <> "" then
        let mutable i = 0
        let mutable broken = false
        while not broken && i <= strSource.Length - 1 do
            let found = strSource.IndexOf(strTarget, i)

            if found >= 0 then
                totFinds <- totFinds + 1
                i <- found
            else
                broken <- true
            i <- i + 1
    else
        broken <- true

    printfn $"{Environment.NewLine}The search parameter '{strTarget}' was found {totFinds} times.{Environment.NewLine}"
Public Class IndexOfTest
    
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim strSource As String = "This is the string which we will perform the search on"
        
        Console.WriteLine("The search string is:{0}{1}{0}", Environment.NewLine, strSource)
        Dim strTarget As String = ""
        Dim found As Integer = 0
        Dim totFinds As Integer = 0
        
        Do
            Console.Write("Please enter a search value to look for in the above string (hit Enter to exit) ==> ")
            
            strTarget = Console.ReadLine()
            If strTarget <> "" Then
                Dim i As Integer
                
                
                For i = 0 To strSource.Length - 1
                    
                    found = strSource.IndexOf(strTarget, i)
                    If found >= 0 Then
                        
                        totFinds += 1
                        i = found
                    Else
                        Exit For
                    End If
                Next i
            Else
                Return
            
            End If
            Console.WriteLine("{0}The search parameter '{1}' was found {2} times.{0}", Environment.NewLine, strTarget, totFinds)
            
            totFinds = 0
        
        Loop While True
    End Sub
End Class

Comentarios

La numeración de índice comienza desde 0. El parámetro startIndex puede estar comprendido entre 0 y la longitud de la instancia de cadena. Si startIndex es igual a la longitud de la instancia de cadena, el método devuelve -1.

Este método realiza una búsqueda de palabras (con distinción entre mayúsculas y minúsculas y con distinción de referencia cultural) mediante la referencia cultural actual. La búsqueda comienza en la startIndex posición del carácter de esta instancia y continúa hasta la última posición del carácter.

Los juegos de caracteres incluyen caracteres que se pueden pasar por alto, que son los caracteres que no se tienen en cuenta al realizar una comparación lingüística o en la que se tiene en cuenta la referencia cultural. En una búsqueda que tiene en cuenta la referencia cultural, si value contiene un carácter que se puede pasar por alto, el resultado es equivalente a buscar sin ese carácter. Si value solo consta de uno o varios caracteres ignorables, el IndexOf(String, Int32) método siempre devuelve startIndex, que es la posición del carácter en la que comienza la búsqueda. En el ejemplo siguiente, el IndexOf(String, Int32) método se usa para buscar la posición de un guión suave (U+00AD) seguido de una "m" en dos cadenas. Solo una de las cadenas contiene la subcadena necesaria. Si el ejemplo se ejecuta en .NET Framework 4 o posterior, en ambos casos, porque el guion flexible es un carácter que se puede omitir, el método devuelve el índice de "m" en la cadena. Observe que en el caso de la primera cadena, que incluye el guion virtual seguido de una "m", el método no devuelve el índice del guion virtual, sino el índice de "m".

using System;

public class Example
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        string searchString = "\u00ADm";
        string s1 = "ani\u00ADmal" ;
        string s2 = "animal";

        Console.WriteLine(s1.IndexOf(searchString, 2));
        Console.WriteLine(s2.IndexOf(searchString, 2));

        // The example displays the following output:
        //       4
        //       3
    }
}
let searchString = "\u00ADm"
let s1 = "ani\u00ADmal"
let s2 = "animal"

printfn $"{s1.IndexOf(searchString, 2)}"
printfn $"{s2.IndexOf(searchString, 2)}"

// The example displays the following output:
//       4
//       3
Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim searchString As String = Chrw(&h00AD) + "m"
      Dim s1 As String = "ani" + ChrW(&h00AD) + "mal"
      Dim s2 As String = "animal"

      Console.WriteLine(s1.IndexOf(searchString, 2))
      Console.WriteLine(s2.IndexOf(searchString, 2))
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       4
'       3

Notas a los autores de las llamadas

Como se explica en Procedimientos recomendados para usar cadenas, se recomienda evitar llamar a métodos de comparación de cadenas que sustituya los valores predeterminados y, en su lugar, llame a métodos que requieren que se especifiquen explícitamente parámetros. Para buscar el primer índice de una subcadena que se produce después de una posición de carácter determinada mediante las reglas de comparación de la referencia cultural actual, llame a la sobrecarga del IndexOf(String, Int32, StringComparison) método con un valor de CurrentCulture para su comparisonType parámetro.

Consulte también

Se aplica a