ReaderWriterLock Clase

Definición

Define un bloqueo que admite un escritor y varios lectores.

public ref class ReaderWriterLock sealed : System::Runtime::ConstrainedExecution::CriticalFinalizerObject
public ref class ReaderWriterLock sealed
public sealed class ReaderWriterLock : System.Runtime.ConstrainedExecution.CriticalFinalizerObject
public sealed class ReaderWriterLock
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
public sealed class ReaderWriterLock : System.Runtime.ConstrainedExecution.CriticalFinalizerObject
type ReaderWriterLock = class
    inherit CriticalFinalizerObject
type ReaderWriterLock = class
[<System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)>]
type ReaderWriterLock = class
    inherit CriticalFinalizerObject
Public NotInheritable Class ReaderWriterLock
Inherits CriticalFinalizerObject
Public NotInheritable Class ReaderWriterLock
Herencia
ReaderWriterLock
Herencia
ReaderWriterLock
Atributos

Ejemplos

En el ejemplo siguiente se muestra cómo usar para ReaderWriterLock proteger un recurso compartido, un valor entero denominado resource, que se lee simultáneamente y se escribe exclusivamente por varios subprocesos. Tenga en cuenta que ReaderWriterLock se declara en el nivel de clase para que sea visible para todos los subprocesos.

// This example shows a ReaderWriterLock protecting a shared
// resource that is read concurrently and written exclusively
// by multiple threads.
// The complete code is located in the ReaderWriterLock
// class topic.
using namespace System;
using namespace System::Threading;
public ref class Test
{
public:

   // Declaring the ReaderWriterLock at the class level
   // makes it visible to all threads.
   static ReaderWriterLock^ rwl = gcnew ReaderWriterLock;

   // For this example, the shared resource protected by the
   // ReaderWriterLock is just an integer.
   static int resource = 0;

   literal int numThreads = 26;
   static bool running = true;

   // Statistics.
   static int readerTimeouts = 0;
   static int writerTimeouts = 0;
   static int reads = 0;
   static int writes = 0;
   static void ThreadProc()
   {
      Random^ rnd = gcnew Random;

      // As long as a thread runs, it randomly selects
      // various ways to read and write from the shared
      // resource. Each of the methods demonstrates one
      // or more features of ReaderWriterLock.
      while ( running )
      {
         double action = rnd->NextDouble();
         if ( action < .8 )
                  ReadFromResource( 10 );
         else
         if ( action < .81 )
                  ReleaseRestore( rnd, 50 );
         else
         if ( action < .90 )
                  UpgradeDowngrade( rnd, 100 );
         else
                  WriteToResource( rnd, 100 );
      }
   }


   // Shows how to request and release a reader lock, and
   // how to handle time-outs.
   static void ReadFromResource( int timeOut )
   {
      try
      {
         rwl->AcquireReaderLock( timeOut );
         try
         {

            // It is safe for this thread to read from
            // the shared resource.
            Display( String::Format( "reads resource value {0}", resource ) );
            Interlocked::Increment( reads );
         }
         finally
         {

            // Ensure that the lock is released.
            rwl->ReleaseReaderLock();
         }

      }
      catch ( ApplicationException^ )
      {

         // The reader lock request timed out.
         Interlocked::Increment( readerTimeouts );
      }

   }


   // Shows how to request and release the writer lock, and
   // how to handle time-outs.
   static void WriteToResource( Random^ rnd, int timeOut )
   {
      try
      {
         rwl->AcquireWriterLock( timeOut );
         try
         {

            // It is safe for this thread to read or write
            // from the shared resource.
            resource = rnd->Next( 500 );
            Display( String::Format( "writes resource value {0}", resource ) );
            Interlocked::Increment( writes );
         }
         finally
         {

            // Ensure that the lock is released.
            rwl->ReleaseWriterLock();
         }

      }
      catch ( ApplicationException^ )
      {

         // The writer lock request timed out.
         Interlocked::Increment( writerTimeouts );
      }

   }


   // Shows how to request a reader lock, upgrade the
   // reader lock to the writer lock, and downgrade to a
   // reader lock again.
   static void UpgradeDowngrade( Random^ rnd, int timeOut )
   {
      try
      {
         rwl->AcquireReaderLock( timeOut );
         try
         {

            // It is safe for this thread to read from
            // the shared resource.
            Display( String::Format( "reads resource value {0}", resource ) );
            Interlocked::Increment( reads );

            // If it is necessary to write to the resource,
            // you must either release the reader lock and
            // then request the writer lock, or upgrade the
            // reader lock. Note that upgrading the reader lock
            // puts the thread in the write queue, behind any
            // other threads that might be waiting for the
            // writer lock.
            try
            {
               LockCookie lc = rwl->UpgradeToWriterLock( timeOut );
               try
               {

                  // It is safe for this thread to read or write
                  // from the shared resource.
                  resource = rnd->Next( 500 );
                  Display( String::Format( "writes resource value {0}", resource ) );
                  Interlocked::Increment( writes );
               }
               finally
               {

                  // Ensure that the lock is released.
                  rwl->DowngradeFromWriterLock( lc );
               }

            }
            catch ( ApplicationException^ )
            {

               // The upgrade request timed out.
               Interlocked::Increment( writerTimeouts );
            }


            // When the lock has been downgraded, it is
            // still safe to read from the resource.
            Display( String::Format( "reads resource value {0}", resource ) );
            Interlocked::Increment( reads );
         }
         finally
         {

            // Ensure that the lock is released.
            rwl->ReleaseReaderLock();
         }

      }
      catch ( ApplicationException^ )
      {

         // The reader lock request timed out.
         Interlocked::Increment( readerTimeouts );
      }

   }


   // Shows how to release all locks and later restore
   // the lock state. Shows how to use sequence numbers
   // to determine whether another thread has obtained
   // a writer lock since this thread last accessed the
   // resource.
   static void ReleaseRestore( Random^ rnd, int timeOut )
   {
      int lastWriter;
      try
      {
         rwl->AcquireReaderLock( timeOut );
         try
         {

            // It is safe for this thread to read from
            // the shared resource. Cache the value. (You
            // might do this if reading the resource is
            // an expensive operation.)
            int resourceValue = resource;
            Display( String::Format( "reads resource value {0}", resourceValue ) );
            Interlocked::Increment( reads );

            // Save the current writer sequence number.
            lastWriter = rwl->WriterSeqNum;

            // Release the lock, and save a cookie so the
            // lock can be restored later.
            LockCookie lc = rwl->ReleaseLock();

            // Wait for a random interval (up to a
            // quarter of a second), and then restore
            // the previous state of the lock. Note that
            // there is no timeout on the Restore method.
            Thread::Sleep( rnd->Next( 250 ) );
            rwl->RestoreLock( lc );

            // Check whether other threads obtained the
            // writer lock in the interval. If not, then
            // the cached value of the resource is still
            // valid.
            if ( rwl->AnyWritersSince( lastWriter ) )
            {
               resourceValue = resource;
               Interlocked::Increment( reads );
               Display( String::Format( "resource has changed {0}", resourceValue ) );
            }
            else
            {
               Display( String::Format( "resource has not changed {0}", resourceValue ) );
            }
         }
         finally
         {

            // Ensure that the lock is released.
            rwl->ReleaseReaderLock();
         }

      }
      catch ( ApplicationException^ )
      {

         // The reader lock request timed out.
         Interlocked::Increment( readerTimeouts );
      }

   }


   // Helper method briefly displays the most recent
   // thread action. Comment out calls to Display to
   // get a better idea of throughput.
   static void Display( String^ msg )
   {
      Console::Write( "Thread {0} {1}.       \r", Thread::CurrentThread->Name, msg );
   }

};


int main()
{
   array<String^>^args = Environment::GetCommandLineArgs();

   // Start a series of threads. Each thread randomly
   // performs reads and writes on the shared resource.
   array<Thread^>^t = gcnew array<Thread^>(Test::numThreads);
   for ( int i = 0; i < Test::numThreads; i++ )
   {
      t[ i ] = gcnew Thread( gcnew ThreadStart( Test::ThreadProc ) );
      t[ i ]->Name = gcnew String( Convert::ToChar( i + 65 ),1 );
      t[ i ]->Start();
      if ( i > 10 )
            Thread::Sleep( 300 );

   }

   // Tell the threads to shut down, then wait until they all
   // finish.
   Test::running = false;
   for ( int i = 0; i < Test::numThreads; i++ )
   {
      t[ i ]->Join();

   }

   // Display statistics.
   Console::WriteLine( "\r\n {0} reads, {1} writes, {2} reader time-outs, {3} writer time-outs.", Test::reads, Test::writes, Test::readerTimeouts, Test::writerTimeouts );
   Console::WriteLine( "Press ENTER to exit." );
   Console::ReadLine();
   return 0;
}
// The complete code is located in the ReaderWriterLock class topic.
using System;
using System.Threading;

public class Example
{
   static ReaderWriterLock rwl = new ReaderWriterLock();
   // Define the shared resource protected by the ReaderWriterLock.
   static int resource = 0;

   const int numThreads = 26;
   static bool running = true;

   // Statistics.
   static int readerTimeouts = 0;
   static int writerTimeouts = 0;
   static int reads = 0;
   static int writes = 0;

   public static void Main()
   {
      // Start a series of threads to randomly read from and
      // write to the shared resource.
      Thread[] t = new Thread[numThreads];
      for (int i = 0; i < numThreads; i++){
         t[i] = new Thread(new ThreadStart(ThreadProc));
         t[i].Name = new String((char)(i + 65), 1);
         t[i].Start();
         if (i > 10)
            Thread.Sleep(300);
      }

      // Tell the threads to shut down and wait until they all finish.
      running = false;
      for (int i = 0; i < numThreads; i++)
         t[i].Join();

      // Display statistics.
      Console.WriteLine("\n{0} reads, {1} writes, {2} reader time-outs, {3} writer time-outs.",
            reads, writes, readerTimeouts, writerTimeouts);
      Console.Write("Press ENTER to exit... ");
      Console.ReadLine();
   }

   static void ThreadProc()
   {
      Random rnd = new Random();

      // Randomly select a way for the thread to read and write from the shared
      // resource.
      while (running) {
         double action = rnd.NextDouble();
         if (action < .8)
            ReadFromResource(10);
         else if (action < .81)
            ReleaseRestore(rnd, 50);
         else if (action < .90)
            UpgradeDowngrade(rnd, 100);
         else
            WriteToResource(rnd, 100);
      }
   }

   // Request and release a reader lock, and handle time-outs.
   static void ReadFromResource(int timeOut)
   {
      try {
         rwl.AcquireReaderLock(timeOut);
         try {
            // It is safe for this thread to read from the shared resource.
            Display("reads resource value " + resource);
            Interlocked.Increment(ref reads);
         }
         finally {
            // Ensure that the lock is released.
            rwl.ReleaseReaderLock();
         }
      }
      catch (ApplicationException) {
         // The reader lock request timed out.
         Interlocked.Increment(ref readerTimeouts);
      }
   }

   // Request and release the writer lock, and handle time-outs.
   static void WriteToResource(Random rnd, int timeOut)
   {
      try {
         rwl.AcquireWriterLock(timeOut);
         try {
            // It's safe for this thread to access from the shared resource.
            resource = rnd.Next(500);
            Display("writes resource value " + resource);
            Interlocked.Increment(ref writes);
         }
         finally {
            // Ensure that the lock is released.
            rwl.ReleaseWriterLock();
         }
      }
      catch (ApplicationException) {
         // The writer lock request timed out.
         Interlocked.Increment(ref writerTimeouts);
      }
   }

   // Requests a reader lock, upgrades the reader lock to the writer
   // lock, and downgrades it to a reader lock again.
   static void UpgradeDowngrade(Random rnd, int timeOut)
   {
      try {
         rwl.AcquireReaderLock(timeOut);
         try {
            // It's safe for this thread to read from the shared resource.
            Display("reads resource value " + resource);
            Interlocked.Increment(ref reads);

            // To write to the resource, either release the reader lock and
            // request the writer lock, or upgrade the reader lock. Upgrading
            // the reader lock puts the thread in the write queue, behind any
            // other threads that might be waiting for the writer lock.
            try {
               LockCookie lc = rwl.UpgradeToWriterLock(timeOut);
               try {
                  // It's safe for this thread to read or write from the shared resource.
                  resource = rnd.Next(500);
                  Display("writes resource value " + resource);
                  Interlocked.Increment(ref writes);
               }
               finally {
                  // Ensure that the lock is released.
                  rwl.DowngradeFromWriterLock(ref lc);
               }
            }
            catch (ApplicationException) {
               // The upgrade request timed out.
               Interlocked.Increment(ref writerTimeouts);
            }

            // If the lock was downgraded, it's still safe to read from the resource.
            Display("reads resource value " + resource);
            Interlocked.Increment(ref reads);
         }
         finally {
            // Ensure that the lock is released.
            rwl.ReleaseReaderLock();
         }
      }
      catch (ApplicationException) {
         // The reader lock request timed out.
         Interlocked.Increment(ref readerTimeouts);
      }
   }

   // Release all locks and later restores the lock state.
   // Uses sequence numbers to determine whether another thread has
   // obtained a writer lock since this thread last accessed the resource.
   static void ReleaseRestore(Random rnd, int timeOut)
   {
      int lastWriter;

      try {
         rwl.AcquireReaderLock(timeOut);
         try {
            // It's safe for this thread to read from the shared resource,
            // so read and cache the resource value.
            int resourceValue = resource;     // Cache the resource value.
            Display("reads resource value " + resourceValue);
            Interlocked.Increment(ref reads);

            // Save the current writer sequence number.
            lastWriter = rwl.WriterSeqNum;

            // Release the lock and save a cookie so the lock can be restored later.
            LockCookie lc = rwl.ReleaseLock();

            // Wait for a random interval and then restore the previous state of the lock.
            Thread.Sleep(rnd.Next(250));
            rwl.RestoreLock(ref lc);

            // Check whether other threads obtained the writer lock in the interval.
            // If not, then the cached value of the resource is still valid.
            if (rwl.AnyWritersSince(lastWriter)) {
               resourceValue = resource;
               Interlocked.Increment(ref reads);
               Display("resource has changed " + resourceValue);
            }
            else {
               Display("resource has not changed " + resourceValue);
            }
         }
         finally {
            // Ensure that the lock is released.
            rwl.ReleaseReaderLock();
         }
      }
      catch (ApplicationException) {
         // The reader lock request timed out.
         Interlocked.Increment(ref readerTimeouts);
      }
   }

   // Helper method briefly displays the most recent thread action.
   static void Display(string msg)
   {
      Console.Write("Thread {0} {1}.       \r", Thread.CurrentThread.Name, msg);
   }
}
' The complete code is located in the ReaderWriterLock class topic.
Imports System.Threading

Public Module Example
   Private rwl As New ReaderWriterLock()
   ' Define the shared resource protected by the ReaderWriterLock.
   Private resource As Integer = 0

   Const numThreads As Integer = 26
   Private running As Boolean = True
   
   ' Statistics.
   Private readerTimeouts As Integer = 0
   Private writerTimeouts As Integer = 0
   Private reads As Integer = 0
   Private writes As Integer = 0
  
   Public Sub Main()
      ' Start a series of threads to randomly read from and
      ' write to the shared resource.
      Dim t(numThreads - 1) As Thread
      Dim i As Integer
      For i = 0 To numThreads - 1
         t(i) = New Thread(New ThreadStart(AddressOf ThreadProc))
         t(i).Name = Chr(i + 65)
         t(i).Start()
         If i > 10 Then
            Thread.Sleep(300)
         End If
      Next

      ' Tell the threads to shut down and wait until they all finish.
      running = False
      For i = 0 To numThreads - 1
         t(i).Join()
      Next
      
      ' Display statistics.
      Console.WriteLine(vbCrLf & "{0} reads, {1} writes, {2} reader time-outs, {3} writer time-outs.",
                        reads, writes, readerTimeouts, writerTimeouts)
      Console.Write("Press ENTER to exit... ")
      Console.ReadLine()
   End Sub

   Sub ThreadProc()
      Dim rnd As New Random

      ' Randomly select a way for the thread to read and write from the shared
      ' resource.
      While running
         Dim action As Double = rnd.NextDouble()
         If action < 0.8 Then
            ReadFromResource(10)
         ElseIf action < 0.81 Then
            ReleaseRestore(rnd, 50)
         ElseIf action < 0.9 Then
            UpgradeDowngrade(rnd, 100)
         Else
            WriteToResource(rnd, 100)
         End If
      End While
   End Sub
    
   ' Request and release a reader lock, and handle time-outs.
   Sub ReadFromResource(timeOut As Integer)
      Try
         rwl.AcquireReaderLock(timeOut)
         Try
            ' It's safe for this thread to read from the shared resource.
            Display("reads resource value " & resource)
            Interlocked.Increment(reads)
         Finally
            ' Ensure that the lock is released.
            rwl.ReleaseReaderLock()
         End Try
      Catch ex As ApplicationException
         ' The reader lock request timed out.
         Interlocked.Increment(readerTimeouts)
      End Try
   End Sub

   ' Request and release the writer lock, and handle time-outs.
   Sub WriteToResource(rnd As Random, timeOut As Integer)
      Try
         rwl.AcquireWriterLock(timeOut)
         Try
            ' It's safe for this thread to read or write from the shared resource.
            resource = rnd.Next(500)
            Display("writes resource value " & resource)
            Interlocked.Increment(writes)
         Finally
            ' Ensure that the lock is released.
            rwl.ReleaseWriterLock()
         End Try
      Catch ex As ApplicationException
         ' The writer lock request timed out.
         Interlocked.Increment(writerTimeouts)
      End Try
   End Sub

   ' Requests a reader lock, upgrades the reader lock to the writer
   ' lock, and downgrades it to a reader lock again.
   Sub UpgradeDowngrade(rnd As Random, timeOut As Integer)
      Try
         rwl.AcquireReaderLock(timeOut)
         Try
            ' It's safe for this thread to read from the shared resource.
            Display("reads resource value " & resource)
            Interlocked.Increment(reads)
            
            ' To write to the resource, either release the reader lock and
            ' request the writer lock, or upgrade the reader lock. Upgrading
            ' the reader lock puts the thread in the write queue, behind any
            ' other threads that might be waiting for the writer lock.
            Try
               Dim lc As LockCookie = rwl.UpgradeToWriterLock(timeOut)
               Try
                  ' It's safe for this thread to read or write from the shared resource.
                  resource = rnd.Next(500)
                  Display("writes resource value " & resource)
                  Interlocked.Increment(writes)
               Finally
                  ' Ensure that the lock is released.
                  rwl.DowngradeFromWriterLock(lc)
               End Try
            Catch ex As ApplicationException
               ' The upgrade request timed out.
               Interlocked.Increment(writerTimeouts)
            End Try
            
            ' If the lock was downgraded, it's still safe to read from the resource.
            Display("reads resource value " & resource)
            Interlocked.Increment(reads)
         Finally
            ' Ensure that the lock is released.
            rwl.ReleaseReaderLock()
         End Try
      Catch ex As ApplicationException
         ' The reader lock request timed out.
         Interlocked.Increment(readerTimeouts)
      End Try
   End Sub

   ' Release all locks and later restores the lock state.
   ' Uses sequence numbers to determine whether another thread has
   ' obtained a writer lock since this thread last accessed the resource.
   Sub ReleaseRestore(rnd As Random ,timeOut As Integer)
      Dim lastWriter As Integer
      
      Try
         rwl.AcquireReaderLock(timeOut)
         Try
            ' It's safe for this thread to read from the shared resource,
            ' so read and cache the resource value.
            Dim resourceValue As Integer = resource
            Display("reads resource value " & resourceValue)
            Interlocked.Increment(reads)
            
            ' Save the current writer sequence number.
            lastWriter = rwl.WriterSeqNum
            
            ' Release the lock and save a cookie so the lock can be restored later.
            Dim lc As LockCookie = rwl.ReleaseLock()
            
            ' Wait for a random interval and then restore the previous state of the lock.
            Thread.Sleep(rnd.Next(250))
            rwl.RestoreLock(lc)
           
            ' Check whether other threads obtained the writer lock in the interval.
            ' If not, then the cached value of the resource is still valid.
            If rwl.AnyWritersSince(lastWriter) Then
               resourceValue = resource
               Interlocked.Increment(reads)
               Display("resource has changed " & resourceValue)
            Else
               Display("resource has not changed " & resourceValue)
            End If
         Finally
            ' Ensure that the lock is released.
            rwl.ReleaseReaderLock()
         End Try
      Catch ex As ApplicationException
         ' The reader lock request timed out.
         Interlocked.Increment(readerTimeouts)
      End Try
   End Sub

   ' Helper method briefly displays the most recent thread action.
   Sub Display(msg As String)
      Console.Write("Thread {0} {1}.       " & vbCr, Thread.CurrentThread.Name, msg)
   End Sub
End Module

Comentarios

Importante

El .NET Framework tiene dos bloqueos lector-escritor y ReaderWriterLockSlim ReaderWriterLock. ReaderWriterLockSlim se recomienda para todos los nuevos desarrollos. ReaderWriterLockSlim es similar a ReaderWriterLock, pero se han simplificado las reglas para la recursividad y para actualizar y degradar el estado de bloqueo. ReaderWriterLockSlim evita muchos casos de interbloqueo potencial. Además, el rendimiento de ReaderWriterLockSlim es significativamente mayor que ReaderWriterLock.

ReaderWriterLock se usa para sincronizar el acceso a un recurso. En un momento dado, permite el acceso de lectura simultáneo para varios subprocesos o el acceso de escritura para un único subproceso. En una situación en la que un recurso se cambia con poca frecuencia, proporciona ReaderWriterLock un mejor rendimiento que un bloqueo simple de uno a uno, como Monitor.

ReaderWriterLock funciona mejor donde la mayoría de los accesos son lecturas, mientras que las escrituras son poco frecuentes y de corta duración. Varios lectores se alternan con escritores únicos, de modo que ni los lectores ni los escritores se bloqueen durante largos períodos.

Nota

Mantener bloqueados de lector o bloqueos de escritor durante largos períodos se verán abocados a otros subprocesos. Para obtener el mejor rendimiento, considere la posibilidad de reestructurar la aplicación para minimizar la duración de las escrituras.

Un subproceso puede contener un bloqueo de lector o un bloqueo de escritor, pero no ambos al mismo tiempo. En lugar de liberar un bloqueo de lector para adquirir el bloqueo del escritor, puede usar UpgradeToWriterLock y DowngradeFromWriterLock.

Las solicitudes de bloqueo recursiva aumentan el número de bloqueos en un bloqueo.

Los lectores y escritores se ponen en cola por separado. Cuando un subproceso libera el bloqueo del escritor, se conceden bloqueos de lector a todos los subprocesos que esperan en la cola del lector; cuando se han liberado todos esos bloqueos de lector, se concede el siguiente subproceso que espera en la cola del escritor, si existe, el bloqueo del escritor, etc. En otras palabras, ReaderWriterLock alterna entre una colección de lectores y un escritor.

Mientras un subproceso de la cola del escritor está esperando que se liberen bloqueos de lector activos, los subprocesos que solicitan nuevos bloqueos de lector se acumulan en la cola del lector. No se conceden sus solicitudes, aunque pudieran compartir acceso simultáneo con los titulares de bloqueo de lector existentes; esto ayuda a proteger a los escritores contra bloqueos indefinidos por parte de los lectores.

La mayoría de los métodos para adquirir bloqueos en valores ReaderWriterLock de tiempo de espera aceptados. Use tiempos de espera para evitar interbloqueos en la aplicación. Por ejemplo, un subproceso podría adquirir el bloqueo del escritor en un recurso y, a continuación, solicitar un bloqueo de lector en un segundo recurso; mientras tanto, otro subproceso podría adquirir el bloqueo del escritor en el segundo recurso y solicitar un bloqueo de lector en el primero. A menos que se usen tiempos de espera, los subprocesos se interbloquean.

Si el intervalo de tiempo de espera expira y no se ha concedido la solicitud de bloqueo, el método devuelve el control al subproceso que realiza la llamada iniciando una ApplicationExceptionexcepción . Un subproceso puede detectar esta excepción y determinar qué acción realizar a continuación.

Los tiempos de espera se expresan en milisegundos. Si usa un System.TimeSpan para especificar el tiempo de espera, el valor utilizado es el número total de milisegundos enteros representados por .TimeSpan En la tabla siguiente se muestran los valores de tiempo de espera válidos en milisegundos.

Valor Descripción
-1 El subproceso espera hasta que se adquiere el bloqueo, independientemente del tiempo que tarde. Para los métodos que especifican tiempos de espera enteros, se puede usar la constante Infinite .
0 El subproceso no espera a adquirir el bloqueo. Si el bloqueo no se puede adquirir inmediatamente, el método devuelve.
>0 Número de milisegundos durante los que se va a esperar.

A excepción de -1, no se permiten valores de tiempo de espera negativos. Si especifica un entero negativo distinto de -1, se usa en su lugar un valor de tiempo de espera de cero. (Es decir, el método devuelve sin esperar, si el bloqueo no se puede adquirir inmediatamente). Si especifica un TimeSpan que representa un número negativo de milisegundos distintos de -1, ArgumentOutOfRangeException se produce .

Constructores

ReaderWriterLock()

Inicializa una nueva instancia de la clase ReaderWriterLock.

Propiedades

IsReaderLockHeld

Obtiene un valor que indica si el subproceso actual tiene un bloqueo de lector.

IsWriterLockHeld

Obtiene un valor que indica si el subproceso actual tiene el bloqueo de escritor.

WriterSeqNum

Obtiene el número de secuencia actual.

Métodos

AcquireReaderLock(Int32)

Adquiere un bloqueo de lector, utilizando un valor Int32 para el tiempo de espera.

AcquireReaderLock(TimeSpan)

Adquiere un bloqueo de lector, utilizando un valor TimeSpan para el tiempo de espera.

AcquireWriterLock(Int32)

Adquiere el bloqueo de escritor, utilizando un valor Int32 para el tiempo de espera.

AcquireWriterLock(TimeSpan)

Adquiere el bloqueo de escritor, utilizando un valor TimeSpan para el tiempo de espera.

AnyWritersSince(Int32)

Indica si se ha concedido el bloqueo de escritor a algún subproceso desde que se obtuvo el número de secuencia.

DowngradeFromWriterLock(LockCookie)

Recupera el estado de bloqueo del subproceso al estado que tenía antes de llamar a UpgradeToWriterLock(Int32).

Equals(Object)

Determina si el objeto especificado es igual que el objeto actual.

(Heredado de Object)
Finalize()

Se asegura de que los recursos se liberan y que se llevan a cabo otras operaciones de limpieza cuando el recolector de elementos no utilizados recupere el objeto ReaderWriterLock.

GetHashCode()

Sirve como la función hash predeterminada.

(Heredado de Object)
GetType()

Obtiene el Type de la instancia actual.

(Heredado de Object)
MemberwiseClone()

Crea una copia superficial del Object actual.

(Heredado de Object)
ReleaseLock()

Libera el bloqueo, independientemente del número de veces que el subproceso haya adquirido el bloqueo.

ReleaseReaderLock()

Reduce el recuento de bloqueos.

ReleaseWriterLock()

Reduce el recuento de bloqueos del bloqueo de escritor.

RestoreLock(LockCookie)

Restaura el estado de bloqueo del subproceso al estado que tenía antes de llamar a ReleaseLock().

ToString()

Devuelve una cadena que representa el objeto actual.

(Heredado de Object)
UpgradeToWriterLock(Int32)

Actualiza un bloqueo de lector al bloqueo de escritor, utilizando un valor Int32 para el tiempo de espera.

UpgradeToWriterLock(TimeSpan)

Actualiza un bloqueo de lector al bloqueo de escritor utilizando un valor TimeSpan para el tiempo de espera.

Se aplica a

Seguridad para subprocesos

Este tipo es seguro para la ejecución de subprocesos.

Consulte también