CompressionMode 列挙型

定義

基になるストリームを圧縮するか、または圧縮解除するかを指定します。

public enum class CompressionMode
public enum CompressionMode
type CompressionMode = 
Public Enum CompressionMode
継承
CompressionMode

フィールド

Compress 1

基になるストリームを圧縮します。

Decompress 0

基になるストリームの圧縮を解除します。

次のコード例では、列挙体と CompressionMode クラスを GZipStream 使用して、ファイルを圧縮および展開します。

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.IO.Compression;

public class FileCompressionModeExample
{
    private const string Message = "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum.";
    private const string OriginalFileName = "original.txt";
    private const string CompressedFileName = "compressed.gz";
    private const string DecompressedFileName = "decompressed.txt";

    public static void Main()
    {
        CreateFileToCompress();
        CompressFile();
        DecompressFile();
        PrintResults();
        DeleteFiles();

        /*
         Output:

            The original file 'original.txt' weighs 445 bytes. Contents: "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum."

            The compressed file 'compressed.gz' weighs 283 bytes.

            The decompressed file 'decompressed.txt' weighs 445 bytes. Contents: "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum."
         */
    }

    private static void CreateFileToCompress() => File.WriteAllText(OriginalFileName, Message);

    private static void CompressFile()
    {
        using FileStream originalFileStream = File.Open(OriginalFileName, FileMode.Open);
        using FileStream compressedFileStream = File.Create(CompressedFileName);
        using var compressor = new GZipStream(compressedFileStream, CompressionMode.Compress);
        originalFileStream.CopyTo(compressor);
    }

    private static void DecompressFile()
    {
        using FileStream compressedFileStream = File.Open(CompressedFileName, FileMode.Open);
        using FileStream outputFileStream = File.Create(DecompressedFileName);
        using var decompressor = new GZipStream(compressedFileStream, CompressionMode.Decompress);
        decompressor.CopyTo(outputFileStream);
    }

    private static void PrintResults()
    {
        long originalSize = new FileInfo(OriginalFileName).Length;
        long compressedSize = new FileInfo(CompressedFileName).Length;
        long decompressedSize = new FileInfo(DecompressedFileName).Length;

        Console.WriteLine($"The original file '{OriginalFileName}' weighs {originalSize} bytes. Contents: \"{File.ReadAllText(OriginalFileName)}\"");
        Console.WriteLine($"The compressed file '{CompressedFileName}' weighs {compressedSize} bytes.");
        Console.WriteLine($"The decompressed file '{DecompressedFileName}' weighs {decompressedSize} bytes. Contents: \"{File.ReadAllText(DecompressedFileName)}\"");
    }

    private static void DeleteFiles()
    {
        File.Delete(OriginalFileName);
        File.Delete(CompressedFileName);
        File.Delete(DecompressedFileName);
    }
}
Imports System
Imports System.IO
Imports System.IO.Compression

Public Class FileCompressionModeExample
    Private Const Message As String = "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum."
    Private Const OriginalFileName As String = "original.txt"
    Private Const CompressedFileName As String = "compressed.gz"
    Private Const DecompressedFileName As String = "decompressed.txt"

    Public Shared Sub Main()
        CreateFileToCompress()
        CompressFile()
        DecompressFile()
        PrintResults()
        DeleteFiles()

        ' Output:
        '   The original file 'original.txt' weighs 445 bytes. Contents: "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum."

        '   The compressed file 'compressed.gz' weighs 283 bytes.

        '   The decompressed file 'decompressed.txt' weighs 445 bytes. Contents: "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum."
    End Sub

    Private Shared Sub CreateFileToCompress()
        File.WriteAllText(OriginalFileName, Message)
    End Sub

    Private Shared Sub CompressFile()
        Using originalFileStream As FileStream = File.Open(OriginalFileName, FileMode.Open)
            Using compressedFileStream As FileStream = File.Create(CompressedFileName)
                Using compressor = New GZipStream(compressedFileStream, CompressionMode.Compress)
                    originalFileStream.CopyTo(compressor)
                End Using
            End Using
        End Using
    End Sub

    Private Shared Sub DecompressFile()
        Using compressedFileStream As FileStream = File.Open(CompressedFileName, FileMode.Open)
            Using outputFileStream As FileStream = File.Create(DecompressedFileName)
                Using decompressor = New GZipStream(compressedFileStream, CompressionMode.Decompress)
                    decompressor.CopyTo(outputFileStream)
                End Using
            End Using
        End Using
    End Sub

    Private Shared Sub PrintResults()
        Dim originalSize As Long = New FileInfo(OriginalFileName).Length
        Dim compressedSize As Long = New FileInfo(CompressedFileName).Length
        Dim decompressedSize As Long = New FileInfo(DecompressedFileName).Length

        Console.WriteLine($"The original file '{OriginalFileName}' weighs {originalSize} bytes. Contents: ""{File.ReadAllText(OriginalFileName)}""")
        Console.WriteLine($"The compressed file '{CompressedFileName}' weighs {compressedSize} bytes.")
        Console.WriteLine($"The decompressed file '{DecompressedFileName}' weighs {decompressedSize} bytes. Contents: ""{File.ReadAllText(DecompressedFileName)}""")
    End Sub

    Private Shared Sub DeleteFiles()
        File.Delete(OriginalFileName)
        File.Delete(CompressedFileName)
        File.Delete(DecompressedFileName)
    End Sub
End Class

注釈

この列挙型は、クラスとDeflateStream共にGZipStream使用されます。

適用対象