GC.GetGeneration 메서드

정의

개체의 현재 세대 번호를 반환합니다.

오버로드

GetGeneration(Object)

지정된 개체의 현재 세대 번호를 반환합니다.

GetGeneration(WeakReference)

지정된 약한 참조의 대상의 현재 세대 번호를 반환합니다.

GetGeneration(Object)

지정된 개체의 현재 세대 번호를 반환합니다.

public:
 static int GetGeneration(System::Object ^ obj);
public static int GetGeneration (object obj);
static member GetGeneration : obj -> int
Public Shared Function GetGeneration (obj As Object) As Integer

매개 변수

obj
Object

세대 정보를 검색할 개체입니다.

반환

또는 Int32.MaxValueobj현재 생성 번호입니다.

예제

다음 예제에서는 사용 GetGeneration 하는 방법에 설명 합니다 개체의 나이 결정 하는 방법입니다. 그런 다음 가비지 수집을 수행하여 메모리를 클린 콘솔의 사전 및 사후 컬렉션 메모리 합계를 비교합니다.

using namespace System;
const long maxGarbage = 1000;
ref class MyGCCollectClass
{
public:
   void MakeSomeGarbage()
   {
      Version^ vt;
      for ( int i = 0; i < maxGarbage; i++ )
      {
         
         // Create objects and release them to fill up memory
         // with unused objects.
         vt = gcnew Version;

      }
   }

};

int main()
{
   MyGCCollectClass^ myGCCol = gcnew MyGCCollectClass;
   
   // Determine the maximum number of generations the system
   // garbage collector currently supports.
   Console::WriteLine( "The highest generation is {0}", GC::MaxGeneration );
   myGCCol->MakeSomeGarbage();
   
   // Determine which generation myGCCol object is stored in.
   Console::WriteLine( "Generation: {0}", GC::GetGeneration( myGCCol ) );
   
   // Determine the best available approximation of the number
   // of bytes currently allocated in managed memory.
   Console::WriteLine( "Total Memory: {0}", GC::GetTotalMemory( false ) );
   
   // Perform a collection of generation 0 only.
   GC::Collect( 0 );
   
   // Determine which generation myGCCol object is stored in.
   Console::WriteLine( "Generation: {0}", GC::GetGeneration( myGCCol ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Total Memory: {0}", GC::GetTotalMemory( false ) );
   
   // Perform a collection of all generations up to and including 2.
   GC::Collect( 2 );
   
   // Determine which generation myGCCol object is stored in.
   Console::WriteLine( "Generation: {0}", GC::GetGeneration( myGCCol ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Total Memory: {0}", GC::GetTotalMemory( false ) );
}
using System;

namespace GCCollectIntExample
{
    class MyGCCollectClass
    {
        private const long maxGarbage = 1000;

        static void Main()
        {
            MyGCCollectClass myGCCol = new MyGCCollectClass();

            // Determine the maximum number of generations the system
        // garbage collector currently supports.
            Console.WriteLine("The highest generation is {0}", GC.MaxGeneration);

            myGCCol.MakeSomeGarbage();

            // Determine which generation myGCCol object is stored in.
            Console.WriteLine("Generation: {0}", GC.GetGeneration(myGCCol));

            // Determine the best available approximation of the number
        // of bytes currently allocated in managed memory.
            Console.WriteLine("Total Memory: {0}", GC.GetTotalMemory(false));

            // Perform a collection of generation 0 only.
            GC.Collect(0);

            // Determine which generation myGCCol object is stored in.
            Console.WriteLine("Generation: {0}", GC.GetGeneration(myGCCol));

            Console.WriteLine("Total Memory: {0}", GC.GetTotalMemory(false));

            // Perform a collection of all generations up to and including 2.
            GC.Collect(2);

            // Determine which generation myGCCol object is stored in.
            Console.WriteLine("Generation: {0}", GC.GetGeneration(myGCCol));
            Console.WriteLine("Total Memory: {0}", GC.GetTotalMemory(false));
            Console.Read();
        }

        void MakeSomeGarbage()
        {
            Version vt;

            for(int i = 0; i < maxGarbage; i++)
            {
                // Create objects and release them to fill up memory
        // with unused objects.
                vt = new Version();
            }
        }
    }
}
open System

let maxGarbage = 1000

type MyGCCollectClass() =
    member _.MakeSomeGarbage() =
        for _ = 1 to maxGarbage do
            // Create objects and release them to fill up memory with unused objects.
            Version() |> ignore

[<EntryPoint>]
let main _ =
    let myGCCol = MyGCCollectClass()

    // Determine the maximum number of generations the system
    // garbage collector currently supports.
    printfn $"The highest generation is {GC.MaxGeneration}"

    myGCCol.MakeSomeGarbage()

    // Determine which generation myGCCol object is stored in.
    printfn $"Generation: {GC.GetGeneration myGCCol}"

    // Determine the best available approximation of the number
    // of bytes currently allocated in managed memory.
    printfn $"Total Memory: {GC.GetTotalMemory false}"

    // Perform a collection of generation 0 only.
    GC.Collect 0

    // Determine which generation myGCCol object is stored in.
    printfn $"Generation: {GC.GetGeneration myGCCol}"

    printfn $"Total Memory: {GC.GetTotalMemory false}"

    // Perform a collection of all generations up to and including 2.
    GC.Collect 2

    // Determine which generation myGCCol object is stored in.
    printfn $"Generation: {GC.GetGeneration myGCCol}"
    printfn $"Total Memory: {GC.GetTotalMemory false}"

    0
Namespace GCCollectInt_Example
    Class MyGCCollectClass
        Private maxGarbage As Long = 10000

        Public Shared Sub Main()
            Dim myGCCol As New MyGCCollectClass

            'Determine the maximum number of generations the system
            'garbage collector currently supports.
            Console.WriteLine("The highest generation is {0}", GC.MaxGeneration)

            myGCCol.MakeSomeGarbage()

            'Determine which generation myGCCol object is stored in.
            Console.WriteLine("Generation: {0}", GC.GetGeneration(myGCCol))

            'Determine the best available approximation of the number 
            'of bytes currently allocated in managed memory.
            Console.WriteLine("Total Memory: {0}", GC.GetTotalMemory(False))

            'Perform a collection of generation 0 only.
            GC.Collect(0)

            'Determine which generation myGCCol object is stored in.
            Console.WriteLine("Generation: {0}", GC.GetGeneration(myGCCol))

            Console.WriteLine("Total Memory: {0}", GC.GetTotalMemory(False))

            'Perform a collection of all generations up to and including 2.
            GC.Collect(2)

            'Determine which generation myGCCol object is stored in.
            Console.WriteLine("Generation: {0}", GC.GetGeneration(myGCCol))
            Console.WriteLine("Total Memory: {0}", GC.GetTotalMemory(False))
            Console.Read()

        End Sub


        Sub MakeSomeGarbage()
            Dim vt As Version

            Dim i As Integer
            For i = 0 To maxGarbage - 1
                'Create objects and release them to fill up memory
                'with unused objects.
                vt = New Version
            Next i
        End Sub
    End Class
End Namespace

설명

이 메서드를 사용하여 개체의 기간을 확인한 다음, 메서드와 함께 Collect 해당 정보를 사용하여 가비지 수집기가 동일한 세대의 개체를 수집하도록 강제합니다. 예를 들어 그룹으로 만들어지고 동시에 액세스할 수 없게 되는 개체 집합이 있는 경우 이 메서드를 사용합니다.

.NET 8부터 이 메서드는 GC가 아닌 힙에 할당된 개체에 대해 를 반환 MaxValue 할 수 있습니다. 자세한 내용은 GC를 참조하세요. GetGeneration은 Int32.MaxValue를 반환할 수 있습니다.

추가 정보

적용 대상

GetGeneration(WeakReference)

지정된 약한 참조의 대상의 현재 세대 번호를 반환합니다.

public:
 static int GetGeneration(WeakReference ^ wo);
public static int GetGeneration (WeakReference wo);
static member GetGeneration : WeakReference -> int
Public Shared Function GetGeneration (wo As WeakReference) As Integer

매개 변수

wo
WeakReference

세대 번호를 확인할 대상 개체를 참조하는 WeakReference입니다.

반환

또는 대상의 현재 생성 번호입니다woMaxValue.

예외

가비지 수집이 wo에서 이미 수행된 경우

약한 참조의 대상이 이미 가비지 수집되었습니다.

예제

다음 예제에서는 사용 하는 방법을 보여 줍니다.는 GetGeneration 약한 참조 개체의 나이 결정 하는 방법입니다.

using namespace System;
ref class MyGCCollectClass
{
private:
   static const long maxGarbage = 1000;

public:
   void MakeSomeGarbage()
   {
      Version^ vt;
      for ( int i = 0; i < maxGarbage; i++ )
      {
         
         // Create objects and release them to fill up memory
         // with unused objects.
         vt = gcnew Version;

      }
   }

};

int main()
{
   
   // Create a strong reference to an Object.
   MyGCCollectClass^ myGCCol = gcnew MyGCCollectClass;
   
   // Put some objects in memory.
   myGCCol->MakeSomeGarbage();
   
   // Get the generation of managed memory where myGCCol is stored.
   Console::WriteLine( "The object is in generation: {0}", GC::GetGeneration( myGCCol ) );
   
   // Perform a full garbage collection.
   // Because there is a strong reference to myGCCol, it will
   // not be garbage collected.
   GC::Collect();
   
   // Get the generation of managed memory where myGCCol is stored.
   Console::WriteLine( "The object is in generation: {0}", GC::GetGeneration( myGCCol ) );
   
   // Create a WeakReference to myGCCol.
   WeakReference^ wkref = gcnew WeakReference( myGCCol );
   
   // Remove the strong reference to myGCCol.
   myGCCol = nullptr;
   
   // Get the generation of managed memory where wkref is stored.
   Console::WriteLine( "The WeakReference to the object is in generation: {0}", GC::GetGeneration( wkref ) );
   
   // Perform another full garbage collection.
   // A WeakReference will not survive a garbage collection.
   GC::Collect();
   
   // Try to get the generation of managed memory where wkref is stored.
   // Because it has been collected, an exception will be thrown.
   try
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "The WeakReference to the object is in generation: {0}", GC::GetGeneration( wkref ) );
      Console::Read();
   }
   catch ( Exception^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "The WeakReference to the object has been garbage collected: ' {0}'", e );
   }

}
using System;

namespace GCGetGenerationWeakExample
{
    public class MyGCCollectClass
    {
        private const long maxGarbage = 1000;

        static void Main()
        {
            // Create a strong reference to an object.
            MyGCCollectClass myGCCol = new MyGCCollectClass();

            // Put some objects in memory.
            myGCCol.MakeSomeGarbage();

            // Get the generation of managed memory where myGCCol is stored.
            Console.WriteLine("The object is in generation: {0}", GC.GetGeneration(myGCCol));
                        
            // Perform a full garbage collection.
            // Because there is a strong reference to myGCCol, it will
            // not be garbage collected.
            GC.Collect();
            
            // Get the generation of managed memory where myGCCol is stored.
            Console.WriteLine("The object is in generation: {0}", GC.GetGeneration(myGCCol));
            
            // Create a WeakReference to myGCCol.
            WeakReference wkref = new WeakReference(myGCCol);
            // Remove the strong reference to myGCCol.
            myGCCol = null;

            // Get the generation of managed memory where wkref is stored.
            Console.WriteLine("The WeakReference to the object is in generation: {0}", GC.GetGeneration(wkref));
            
            // Perform another full garbage collection.
            // A WeakReference will not survive a garbage collection.
            GC.Collect();
        
            // Try to get the generation of managed memory where wkref is stored.
            // Because it has been collected, an exception will be thrown.
            try
            {
                Console.WriteLine("The WeakReference to the object is in generation: {0}", GC.GetGeneration(wkref));
                Console.Read();
            }
            catch(Exception e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("The WeakReference to the object has been garbage collected: '{0}'", e);
                Console.Read();
            }
        }

        void MakeSomeGarbage()
        {
            Version vt;

            for(int i = 0; i < maxGarbage; i++)
            {
                // Create objects and release them to fill up memory
                // with unused objects.
                vt = new Version();
            }
        }
    }
}
open System

let maxGarbage = 1000

[<AllowNullLiteral>]
type MyGCCollectClass() =
    member _.MakeSomeGarbage() =
        for i = 1 to maxGarbage do
            // Create objects and release them to fill up memory
            // with unused objects.
            Version() |> ignore

// Create a strong reference to an object.
let mutable myGCCol = MyGCCollectClass()

// Put some objects in memory.
myGCCol.MakeSomeGarbage()

// Get the generation of managed memory where myGCCol is stored.
printfn $"The object is in generation: {GC.GetGeneration myGCCol}"
            
// Perform a full garbage collection.
// Because there is a strong reference to myGCCol, it will
// not be garbage collected.
GC.Collect()

// Get the generation of managed memory where myGCCol is stored.
printfn $"The object is in generation: {GC.GetGeneration myGCCol}"

// Create a WeakReference to myGCCol.
let wkref = WeakReference myGCCol
// Remove the strong reference to myGCCol.
myGCCol <- null

// Get the generation of managed memory where wkref is stored.
printfn $"The WeakReference to the object is in generation: {GC.GetGeneration wkref}"

// Perform another full garbage collection.
// A WeakReference will not survive a garbage collection.
GC.Collect()

// Try to get the generation of managed memory where wkref is stored.
// Because it has been collected, an exception will be thrown.
try
    printfn $"The WeakReference to the object is in generation: {GC.GetGeneration wkref}"
    stdin.Read() |> ignore
with e ->
    printfn $"The WeakReference to the object has been garbage collected: '{e}'"
    stdin.Read() |> ignore
Namespace GCGetGenerationWeakExample

   Class MyGCCollectClass
      Private maxGarbage As Long = 1000

      Public Shared Sub Main()
         ' Create a strong reference to an object.
         Dim myGCCol As New MyGCCollectClass

         ' Put some objects in memory.
         myGCCol.MakeSomeGarbage()

         ' Get the generation of managed memory where myGCCol is stored.
         Console.WriteLine("The object is in generation: {0}", _
                            GC.GetGeneration(myGCCol))

         ' Perform a full garbage collection.
         ' Because there is a strong reference to myGCCol, it will
         ' not be garbage collected.
         GC.Collect()

         ' Get the generation of managed memory where myGCCol is stored.
         Console.WriteLine("The object is in generation: {0}", _
                            GC.GetGeneration(myGCCol))

         ' Create a WeakReference to myGCCol.
         Dim wkref As New WeakReference(myGCCol)
         ' Remove the strong reference to myGCCol.
         myGCCol = Nothing

         ' Get the generation of managed memory where wkref is stored.
         Console.WriteLine("The WeakReference to the object is in generation: {0}", _
                           GC.GetGeneration(wkref))

         ' Perform another full garbage collection.
         ' A WeakReference will not survive a garbage collection.
         GC.Collect()

         ' Try to get the generation of managed memory where wkref is stored.
         ' Because it has been collected, an exception will be thrown.
         Try
            Console.WriteLine("The WeakReference to the object is in generation: {0}", _
                               GC.GetGeneration(wkref))
            Console.Read()
         Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine("The WeakReference to the object " & _
                              "has been garbage collected: '{0}'", e)
            Console.Read()
         End Try
      End Sub


      Sub MakeSomeGarbage()
         Dim vt As Version

         Dim i As Integer
         For i = 0 To maxGarbage - 1
            ' Create objects and release them to fill up memory
            ' with unused objects.
            vt = New Version
         Next i
      End Sub
   End Class
End Namespace

설명

.NET 8부터 이 메서드는 GC가 아닌 힙에 할당된 개체에 대해 를 반환 MaxValue 할 수 있습니다. 자세한 내용은 GC를 참조하세요. GetGeneration은 Int32.MaxValue를 반환할 수 있습니다.

추가 정보

적용 대상