Common MSBuild project properties
The following table lists frequently used properties that are defined in the Visual Studio project files or included in .targets files that MSBuild provides.
Project files in Visual Studio (.csproj, .vbproj, .vcxproj, and others) contain MSBuild XML code that runs when you build a project by using the IDE. Projects typically import one or more .targets files to define their build process. For more information, see MSBuild .targets files.
List of common properties and parameters
|Property or parameter name||Project types||Description|
|AdditionalLibPaths||.NET||Specifies additional folders in which compilers should look for reference assemblies.|
|AddModules||.NET||Causes the compiler to make all type information from the specified files available to the project you are compiling. This property is equivalent to the
|ALToolPath||.NET||The path where AL.exe can be found. This property overrides the current version of AL.exe to enable use of a different version.|
|ApplicationManifest||All||Specifies the path of the file that is used to generate external User Account Control (UAC) manifest information. Applies only to Visual Studio projects targeting Windows Vista.
In most cases, the manifest is embedded. However, if you use Registration Free COM or ClickOnce deployment, then the manifest can be an external file that is installed together with your application assemblies. For more information, see the NoWin32Manifest property in this topic.
|AssemblyOriginatorKeyFile||.NET||Specifies the file that's used to sign the assembly (
|AssemblySearchPaths||.NET||A list of locations to search during build-time reference assembly resolution. The order in which paths appear in this list is meaningful because paths listed earlier takes precedence over later entries.|
|AssemblyName||.NET||The name of the final output assembly after the project is built.|
|BaseAddress||.NET||Specifies the base address of the main output assembly. This property is equivalent to the
|BaseIntermediateOutputPath||All||The top-level folder where all configuration-specific intermediate output folders are created. The default value is
|BaseOutputPath||All||Specifies the base path for the output file. If it is set, MSBuild will use
|BuildInParallel||All||A boolean value that indicates whether project references are built or cleaned in parallel when Multi-Proc MSBuild is used. The default value is
|BuildProjectReferences||All||A boolean value that indicates whether project references are built by MSBuild. Automatically set to
|CleanFile||All||The name of the file that will be used as the "clean cache." The clean cache is a list of generated files to be deleted during the cleaning operation. The file is put in the intermediate output path by the build process.
This property specifies only file names that do not have path information.
|CodePage||.NET||Specifies the code page to use for all source-code files in the compilation. This property is equivalent to the
|CompilerResponseFile||.NET||An optional response file that can be passed to the compiler tasks.|
|Configuration||All||The configuration that you are building, generally
|CscToolPath||C#||The path of csc.exe, the C# compiler.|
|CustomBeforeMicrosoftCommonTargets||All||The name of a project file or targets file that is to be imported automatically before the common targets import.|
|DebugSymbols||All||A boolean value that indicates whether symbols are generated by the build.
Setting -p:DebugSymbols=false on the command line disables generation of program database (.pdb) symbol files.
|DebugType||All||Defines the level of debug information that you want generated. Valid values are "full," "pdbonly," "portable", "embedded", and "none."|
|DefineConstants||.NET||Defines conditional compiler constants. Symbol/value pairs are separated by semicolons and are specified by using the following syntax:
symbol1 = value1 ; symbol2 = value2
The property is equivalent to the
|DefineDebug||All||A boolean value that indicates whether you want the DEBUG constant defined.|
|DefineTrace||All||A boolean value that indicates whether you want the TRACE constant defined.|
|DelaySign||.NET||A boolean value that indicates whether you want to delay-sign the assembly rather than full-sign it.|
|Deterministic||.NET||A boolean value that indicates whether the compiler should produce identical assemblies for identical inputs. This parameter corresponds to the
|DisableFastUpToDateCheck||All||A boolean value that applies to Visual Studio only. The Visual Studio build manager uses a process called FastUpToDateCheck to determine whether a project must be rebuilt to be up to date. This process is faster than using MSBuild to determine this. Setting the DisableFastUpToDateCheck property to
|DocumentationFile||.NET||The name of the file that is generated as the XML documentation file. This name includes only the file name and has no path information.|
|ErrorReport||.NET||Specifies how the compiler task should report internal compiler errors. Valid values are "prompt," "send," or "none." This property is equivalent to the
|ExcludeDeploymentUrl||.NET||The GenerateDeploymentManifest task adds a deploymentProvider tag to the deployment manifest if the project file includes any of the following elements:
Using ExcludeDeploymentUrl, however, you can prevent the deploymentProvider tag from being added to the deployment manifest even if any of the above URLs are specified. To do this, add the following property to your project file:
Note: ExcludeDeploymentUrl is not exposed in the Visual Studio IDE and can be set only by manually editing the project file. Setting this property does not affect publishing within Visual Studio; that is, the deploymentProvider tag will still be added to the URL specified by PublishUrl.
|FileAlignment||.NET||Specifies, in bytes, where to align the sections of the output file. Valid values are 512, 1024, 2048, 4096, 8192. This property is equivalent to the
|FrameworkPathOverride||Visual Basic||Specifies the location of mscorlib.dll and microsoft.visualbasic.dll. This parameter is equivalent to the
|GenerateDocumentation||.NET||A boolean parameter that indicates whether documentation is generated by the build. If
|GenerateFullPaths||C#||Generate full paths for filenames in output by using the -fullpaths compiler option.|
|GenerateSerializationAssemblies||.NET||Indicates whether XML serialization assemblies should be generated by SGen.exe, which can be set to on, auto, or off. This property is used for assemblies that target .NET Framework only. To generate XML serialization assemblies for .NET Standard or .NET Core assemblies, reference the Microsoft.XmlSerializer.Generator NuGet package.|
|IntermediateOutputPath||All||The full intermediate output path as derived from
|KeyContainerName||All||The name of the strong-name key container.|
|KeyOriginatorFile||All||The name of the strong-name key file.|
|ModuleAssemblyName||.NET||The name of the assembly that the compiled module is to be incorporated into. The property is equivalent to the
|MSBuildProjectExtensionsPath||All||Specifies the path where project extensions are located. By default, this takes the same value as
|MSBuildTreatWarningsAsErrors||All||A boolean value that tells MSBuild to treat all warnings as errors, unless they're suppressed.|
|MSBuildWarningsAsErrors||All||Specifies a list of warning codes to treat as errors. Separate multiple warnings by semicolons. If you are using the .NET SDK property
|MSBuildWarningsAsMessages||All||Specifies a list of warning codes to suppress by treating them as low-importance messages. Separate multiple warnings by semicolons. Note that some warnings emitted by MSBuild cannot be suppressed by using this property; to suppress them, use the command-line switch
|NoLogo||All||A boolean value that indicates whether you want compiler logo to be turned off. This property is equivalent to the
|NoStdLib||.NET||A boolean value that indicates whether to avoid referencing the standard library (mscorlib.dll). The default value is
|NoVBRuntimeReference||Visual Basic||A boolean value that indicates whether the Visual Basic runtime (Microsoft.VisualBasic.dll) should be included as a reference in the project.|
|NoWarn||.NET||Suppresses the specified warnings. Only the numeric part of the warning identifier must be specified. Multiple warnings are separated by semicolons. This parameter corresponds to the
|NoWin32Manifest||.NET||A boolean value that indicates whether User Account Control (UAC) manifest information will be embedded in the application's executable. Applies only to Visual Studio projects targeting Windows Vista. In projects deployed using ClickOnce and Registration-Free COM, this element is ignored.
This property applies only to Visual Studio projects targeting Windows Vista. In projects deployed using ClickOnce and Registration-Free COM, this property is ignored.
You should add NoWin32Manifest only if you do not want Visual Studio to embed any manifest information in the application's executable; this process is called virtualization. To use virtualization, set
- For Visual Basic projects, remove the
- For C# projects, set
This property is equivalent to the
|Optimize||.NET||A boolean value that when set to
|OptionCompare||VisualBasic||Specifies how string comparisons are made. Valid values are "binary" or "text." This property is equivalent to the
|OptionExplicit||Visual Basic||A boolean value that when set to
|OptionInfer||Visual Basic||A boolean value that when set to
|OptionStrict||Visual Basic||A boolean value that when set to
|OutDir||All||Indicates the final output location for the project or solution. When building a solution, OutDir can be used to gather multiple project outputs in one location. In addition, OutDir is included in AssemblySearchPaths used for resolving references. For example, bin\Debug.|
|OutputPath||All||Specifies the path to the output directory, relative to the project directory, for example, bin\Debug.|
|OutputType||All||Specifies the file format of the output file. This parameter can have one of the following values:
- Library. Creates a code library. (Default value.)
- Exe. Creates a console application.
- Module. Creates a module.
- Winexe. Creates a Windows-based program.
For C# and Visual Basic, this property is equivalent to the
|OverwriteReadOnlyFiles||All||A boolean value that indicates whether you want to enable the build to overwrite read-only files or trigger an error.|
|PathMap||.NET||Specifies how to map physical paths to source path names output by the compiler. This property is equivalent to the
|PdbFile||.NET||The file name of the .pdb file that you are emitting. This property is equivalent to the
|Platform||All||The operating system you are building for. Examples for .NET Framework builds are "Any CPU", "x86", and "x64".|
|ProcessorArchitecture||.NET||The processor architecture that is used when assembly references are resolved. Valid values are "msil," "x86," "amd64," or "ia64."|
|ProduceOnlyReferenceAssembly||.NET||A boolean value that instructs the compiler to emit only a reference assembly rather than compiled code. Cannot be used in conjunction with
|ProduceReferenceAssembly||.NET||A boolean value that when set to
|RemoveIntegerChecks||Visual Basic||A boolean value that indicates whether to disable integer overflow error checks. The default value is
|RootNamespace||All||The root namespace to use when you name an embedded resource. This namespace is part of the embedded resource manifest name.|
|Satellite_AlgorithmId||.NET||The ID of the AL.exe hashing algorithm to use when satellite assemblies are created.|
|Satellite_BaseAddress||.NET||The base address to use when culture-specific satellite assemblies are built by using the
|Satellite_CompanyName||.NET||The company name to pass into AL.exe during satellite assembly generation.|
|Satellite_Configuration||.NET||The configuration name to pass into AL.exe during satellite assembly generation.|
|Satellite_Description||.NET||The description text to pass into AL.exe during satellite assembly generation.|
|Satellite_EvidenceFile||.NET||Embeds the specified file in the satellite assembly that has the resource name "Security.Evidence."|
|Satellite_FileVersion||.NET||Specifies a string for the File Version field in the satellite assembly.|
|Satellite_Flags||.NET||Specifies a value for the Flags field in the satellite assembly.|
|Satellite_GenerateFullPaths||.NET||Causes the build task to use absolute paths for any files reported in an error message.|
|Satellite_LinkResource||.NET||Links the specified resource files to a satellite assembly.|
|Satellite_MainEntryPoint||.NET||Specifies the fully-qualified name (that is, class.method) of the method to use as an entry point when a module is converted to an executable file during satellite assembly generation.|
|Satellite_ProductName||.NET||Specifies a string for the Product field in the satellite assembly.|
|Satellite_ProductVersion||.NET||Specifies a string for the ProductVersion field in the satellite assembly.|
|Satellite_TargetType||.NET||Specifies the file format of the satellite assembly output file as "library," "exe," or "win." The default value is "library."|
|Satellite_Title||.NET||Specifies a string for the Title field in the satellite assembly.|
|Satellite_Trademark||.NET||Specifies a string for the Trademark field in the satellite assembly.|
|Satellite_Version||.NET||Specifies the version information for the satellite assembly.|
|Satellite_Win32Icon||.NET||Inserts an .ico icon file in the satellite assembly.|
|Satellite_Win32Resource||.NET||Inserts a Win32 resource (.res file) into the satellite assembly.|
|SGenToolPath||.NET||An optional tool path that indicates where to obtain SGen.exe when the current version of SGen.exe is overridden.|
|SGenUseProxyTypes||.NET||A boolean value that indicates whether proxy types should be generated by SGen.exe. This applies only when GenerateSerializationAssemblies is set to on.
The SGen target uses this property to set the UseProxyTypes flag. This property defaults to true, and there is no UI to change this. To generate the serialization assembly for non-webservice types, add this property to the project file and set it to false before importing the Microsoft.Common.Targets or the C#/VB.targets.
|StartupObject||.NET||Specifies the class or module that contains the Main method or Sub Main procedure. This property is equivalent to the
|SubsystemVersion||.NET||Specifies the minimum version of the subsystem that the generated executable file can use. This property is equivalent to the
|TargetCompactFramework||.NET||The version of the .NET Compact Framework that is required to run the application that you are building. Specifying this lets you reference certain framework assemblies that you may not be able to reference otherwise.|
|TargetFrameworkVersion||.NET||The version of the .NET Framework that is required to run the application that you are building. Specifying this lets you reference certain framework assemblies that you may not be able to reference otherwise.|
|TreatWarningsAsErrors||.NET||A boolean parameter that, if
|UseCommonOutputDirectory||.NET||A boolean property that you can set to
|UseHostCompilerIfAvailable||.NET||A boolean parameter that, if
|Utf8Output||.NET||A boolean parameter that, if
|VbcToolPath||Visual Basic||An optional path that indicates another location for vbc.exe when the current version of vbc.exe is overridden.|
|VbcVerbosity||Visual Basic||Specifies the verbosity of the Visual Basic compiler's output. Valid values are "Quiet," "Normal" (the default value), or "Verbose."|
|VisualStudioVersion||All||Specifies the version of Visual Studio under which this project should be considered to be running. If this property isn't specified, MSBuild sets it to a default value of
This property is used in several project types to specify the set of targets that are used for the build. If
|WarningsAsErrors||.NET||Specifies a list of warnings to treat as errors. This parameter is equivalent to the
|WarningLevel||All||Specifies the warning level to pass to the compilers for warnings emitted by the compiler. This setting doesn't affect MSBuild warnings, which do not have level designations. See Warning Level in the C# compiler documentation and /W (Warning level) in the C++ compiler documentation.|
|WarningsNotAsErrors||.NET||Specifies a list of warnings that are not treated as errors. This parameter is equivalent to the
|Win32Manifest||.NET||The name of the manifest file that should be embedded in the final assembly. This parameter is equivalent to the
|Win32Resource||.NET||The file name of the Win32 resource to be embedded in the final assembly. This parameter is equivalent to the
Properties specific to .NET SDK projects, such as
TargetFramework, are documented at Framework properties.