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Obter compromissos e reuniões usando o EWS no Exchange

Saiba como obter compromissos e reuniões usando a API Gerenciada do EWS ou o EWS no Exchange.

Você pode recuperar compromissos e reuniões de uma pasta de calendário usando o método CalendarFolder.FindAppointments EWS Managed API ou a operação FindItem EWS.

Obter compromissos usando a API Gerenciada do EWS

O exemplo de código a seguir mostra como usar a API Gerenciada do EWS para recuperar compromissos de um usuário que estão entre um horário de início e término especificados.

       // Initialize values for the start and end times, and the number of appointments to retrieve.
            DateTime startDate = DateTime.Now;
            DateTime endDate = startDate.AddDays(30);
            const int NUM_APPTS = 5;
            // Initialize the calendar folder object with only the folder ID. 
            CalendarFolder calendar = CalendarFolder.Bind(service, WellKnownFolderName.Calendar, new PropertySet());
            // Set the start and end time and number of appointments to retrieve.
            CalendarView cView = new CalendarView(startDate, endDate, NUM_APPTS);
            // Limit the properties returned to the appointment's subject, start time, and end time.
            cView.PropertySet = new PropertySet(AppointmentSchema.Subject, AppointmentSchema.Start, AppointmentSchema.End);
            // Retrieve a collection of appointments by using the calendar view.
            FindItemsResults<Appointment> appointments = calendar.FindAppointments(cView);
            Console.WriteLine("\nThe first " + NUM_APPTS + " appointments on your calendar from " + startDate.Date.ToShortDateString() + 
                              " to " + endDate.Date.ToShortDateString() + " are: \n");
            
            foreach (Appointment a in appointments)
            {
                Console.Write("Subject: " + a.Subject.ToString() + " ");
                Console.Write("Start: " + a.Start.ToString() + " ");
                Console.Write("End: " + a.End.ToString());
                Console.WriteLine();
            }


A seguir está a saída do exemplo de código.

The first five appointments on your calendar from 8/21/2013 to 9/20/2013 are: 
  
Subject: Contoso devs team meeting Start: 8/21/2013 12:30:00 PM End: 8/21/2013 1:00:00 PM
  
Subject: Daily status meeting Start: 8/21/2013 1:00:00 PM End: 8/21/2013 2:00:00 PM
  
Subject: Lunch with sales team Start: 8/21/2013 2:30:00 PM End: 8/21/2013 3:30:00 PM
  
Subject: Tennis at the club Start: 8/22/2013 11:00:00 AM End: 8/22/2013 12:00:00 PM
  
Subject: Online training webcast: 8/22/2013 2:00:00 PM End: 8/22/2013 3:00:00 PM

Obter compromissos usando o EWS

O XML a seguir mostra uma solicitação de operação GetFolder para retornar uma ID de pasta para a operação FindItem .

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<soap:Envelope xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" 
       xmlns:m="https://schemas.microsoft.com/exchange/services/2006/messages" 
       xmlns:t="https://schemas.microsoft.com/exchange/services/2006/types" 
       xmlns:soap="https://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/">
  <soap:Header>
    <t:RequestServerVersion Version="Exchange2007_SP1" />
  </soap:Header>
  <soap:Body>
    <m:GetFolder>
      <m:FolderShape>
        <t:BaseShape>IdOnly</t:BaseShape>
      </m:FolderShape>
      <m:FolderIds>
        <t:DistinguishedFolderId Id="calendar" />
      </m:FolderIds>
    </m:GetFolder>
  </soap:Body>
</soap:Envelope>

O XML a seguir mostra a resposta GetFolder . Observe que os atributos FolderID e ChangeKey são abreviados para legibilidade.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<s:Envelope xmlns:s="https://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/">
  <s:Header>
    <h:ServerVersionInfo MajorVersion="15" MinorVersion="0" MajorBuildNumber="731" MinorBuildNumber="10" Version="V2_3" 
 xmlns:h="https://schemas.microsoft.com/exchange/services/2006/types" 
 xmlns="https://schemas.microsoft.com/exchange/services/2006/types" 
 xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" />
  </s:Header>
  <s:Body xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema">
    <m:GetFolderResponse xmlns:m="https://schemas.microsoft.com/exchange/services/2006/messages" 
 xmlns:t="https://schemas.microsoft.com/exchange/services/2006/types">
      <m:ResponseMessages>
        <m:GetFolderResponseMessage ResponseClass="Success">
          <m:ResponseCode>NoError</m:ResponseCode>
          <m:Folders>
            <t:CalendarFolder>
              <t:FolderId Id="AAMk" ChangeKey="AgAA" />
            </t:CalendarFolder>
          </m:Folders>
        </m:GetFolderResponseMessage>
      </m:ResponseMessages>
    </m:GetFolderResponse>
  </s:Body>
</s:Envelope>

O XML a seguir mostra a solicitação FindItem usada para retornar os compromissos solicitados. Observe que os atributos FolderID e ChangeKey são abreviados para legibilidade.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<soap:Envelope xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" 
       xmlns:m="https://schemas.microsoft.com/exchange/services/2006/messages" 
       xmlns:t="https://schemas.microsoft.com/exchange/services/2006/types" 
       xmlns:soap="https://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/">
  <soap:Header>
    <t:RequestServerVersion Version="Exchange2007_SP1" />
  </soap:Header>
  <soap:Body>
    <m:FindItem Traversal="Shallow">
      <m:ItemShape>
        <t:BaseShape>IdOnly</t:BaseShape>
        <t:AdditionalProperties>
          <t:FieldURI FieldURI="item:Subject" />
          <t:FieldURI FieldURI="calendar:Start" />
          <t:FieldURI FieldURI="calendar:End" />
        </t:AdditionalProperties>
      </m:ItemShape>
      <m:CalendarView MaxEntriesReturned="5" StartDate="2013-08-21T17:30:24.127Z" EndDate="2013-09-20T17:30:24.127Z" />
      <m:ParentFolderIds>
        <t:FolderId Id="AAMk" ChangeKey="AgAA" />
      </m:ParentFolderIds>
    </m:FindItem>
  </soap:Body>
</soap:Envelope>

O XML a seguir mostra a resposta FindItem . Observe que os atributos ItemID e ChangeKey são abreviados para legibilidade.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<s:Envelope xmlns:s="https://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/">
  <s:Header>
    <h:ServerVersionInfo MajorVersion="15" MinorVersion="0" MajorBuildNumber="731" MinorBuildNumber="10" Version="V2_3" 
 xmlns:h="https://schemas.microsoft.com/exchange/services/2006/types" 
 xmlns="https://schemas.microsoft.com/exchange/services/2006/types" 
 xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" 
 xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" />
  </s:Header>
  <s:Body xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema">
    <m:FindItemResponse xmlns:m="https://schemas.microsoft.com/exchange/services/2006/messages" 
xmlns:t="https://schemas.microsoft.com/exchange/services/2006/types">
      <m:ResponseMessages>
        <m:FindItemResponseMessage ResponseClass="Success">
          <m:ResponseCode>NoError</m:ResponseCode>
          <m:RootFolder TotalItemsInView="33" IncludesLastItemInRange="false">
            <t:Items>
              <t:CalendarItem>
                <t:ItemId Id="AAMk" ChangeKey="DwAA" />
                <t:Subject>Contoso devs team meeting</t:Subject>
                <t:Start>2013-08-21T19:30:00Z</t:Start>
                <t:End>2013-08-21T20:00:00Z</t:End>
              </t:CalendarItem>
              <t:CalendarItem>
                <t:ItemId Id="AAMk" ChangeKey="DwAA" />
                <t:Subject>Daily status meeting</t:Subject>
                <t:Start>2013-08-21T20:00:00Z</t:Start>
                <t:End>2013-08-21T21:00:00Z</t:End>
              </t:CalendarItem>
              <t:CalendarItem>
                <t:ItemId Id="AAMk" ChangeKey="DwAA" />
                <t:Subject>Lunch with sales team</t:Subject>
                <t:Start>2013-08-21T21:30:00Z</t:Start>
                <t:End>2013-08-21T22:30:00Z</t:End>
              </t:CalendarItem>
              <t:CalendarItem>
                <t:ItemId Id="AAMk" ChangeKey="DwAA" />
                <t:Subject>Tennis at the club</t:Subject>
                <t:Start>2013-08-22T18:00:00Z</t:Start>
                <t:End>2013-08-22T19:00:00Z</t:End>
              </t:CalendarItem>
              <t:CalendarItem>
                <t:ItemId Id="AAMkA" ChangeKey="DwAA" />
                <t:Subject>Online training webcast</t:Subject>
                <t:Start>2013-08-22T21:00:00Z</t:Start>
                <t:End>2013-08-22T22:00:00Z</t:End>
              </t:CalendarItem>
            </t:Items>
          </m:RootFolder>
        </m:FindItemResponseMessage>
      </m:ResponseMessages>
    </m:FindItemResponse>
  </s:Body>
</s:Envelope>

Reuniões recorrentes e a exibição do calendário

A pasta calendário é um pouco diferente de outras pastas em uma caixa de correio porque ocorrências em uma série recorrente e exceções a uma série recorrente não são itens reais na caixa de correio, mas sim são armazenadas internamente como anexos a um mestre recorrente. Isso significa que, embora você possa criar uma solicitação EWS que retorna valores entre um conjunto de valores iniciais e finais usando um dos métodos de sobrecarga findItems da API Gerenciada do EWS, como ExchangeService.FindItems ou a operação EWS FindItem , o EWS não examinaria a tabela de anexo de cada item de calendário para encontrar exceções e ocorrências.

Em vez disso, o que você realmente deseja fazer é algo semelhante à aplicação de um Dataview em uma união de duas tabelas SQL, usando um objeto CalendarView . Observe que, por motivos de desempenho, recomendamos que você use a propriedade PropertySet para limitar o tamanho da resposta indicando o número de compromissos ou reuniões desejadas retornadas, bem como as propriedades específicas desejadas.

Confira também