Char.IsSurrogatePair Метод

Определение

Определяет, образуют ли два заданных объекта Char суррогатную пару.

Перегрузки

IsSurrogatePair(Char, Char)

Определяет, образуют ли два заданных объекта Char суррогатную пару.

IsSurrogatePair(String, Int32)

Определяет, образуют ли два смежных объекта Char в заданной позиции в строке суррогатную пару.

Примеры

В следующем примере кода демонстрируются методы IsHighSurrogate, IsLowSurrogateи IsSurrogatePair .

// This example demonstrates the Char.IsLowSurrogate() method
//                                    IsHighSurrogate() method
//                                    IsSurrogatePair() method
using namespace System;
int main()
{
   Char cHigh = L'\xD800';
   Char cLow = L'\xDC00';
   array<Char>^temp0 = {L'a',L'\xD800',L'\xDC00',L'z'};
   String^ s1 = gcnew String( temp0 );
   String^ divider = String::Concat( Environment::NewLine, gcnew String( '-',70 ), Environment::NewLine );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "Hexadecimal code point of the character, cHigh: {0:X4}", (int)cHigh );
   Console::WriteLine( "Hexadecimal code point of the character, cLow:  {0:X4}", (int)cLow );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "Characters in string, s1: 'a', high surrogate, low surrogate, 'z'" );
   Console::WriteLine( "Hexadecimal code points of the characters in string, s1: " );
   for ( int i = 0; i < s1->Length; i++ )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "s1[{0}] = {1:X4} ", i, (int)s1[ i ] );
   }
   Console::WriteLine( divider );
   Console::WriteLine( "Is each of the following characters a high surrogate?" );
   Console::WriteLine( "A1) cLow?  - {0}", Char::IsHighSurrogate( cLow ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "A2) cHigh? - {0}", Char::IsHighSurrogate( cHigh ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "A3) s1[0]? - {0}", Char::IsHighSurrogate( s1, 0 ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "A4) s1[1]? - {0}", Char::IsHighSurrogate( s1, 1 ) );
   Console::WriteLine( divider );
   Console::WriteLine( "Is each of the following characters a low surrogate?" );
   Console::WriteLine( "B1) cLow?  - {0}", Char::IsLowSurrogate( cLow ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "B2) cHigh? - {0}", Char::IsLowSurrogate( cHigh ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "B3) s1[0]? - {0}", Char::IsLowSurrogate( s1, 0 ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "B4) s1[2]? - {0}", Char::IsLowSurrogate( s1, 2 ) );
   Console::WriteLine( divider );
   Console::WriteLine( "Is each of the following pairs of characters a surrogate pair?" );
   Console::WriteLine( "C1) cHigh and cLow?  - {0}", Char::IsSurrogatePair( cHigh, cLow ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "C2) s1[0] and s1[1]? - {0}", Char::IsSurrogatePair( s1, 0 ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "C3) s1[1] and s1[2]? - {0}", Char::IsSurrogatePair( s1, 1 ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "C4) s1[2] and s1[3]? - {0}", Char::IsSurrogatePair( s1, 2 ) );
   Console::WriteLine( divider );
}

/*
This example produces the following results:

Hexadecimal code point of the character, cHigh: D800
Hexadecimal code point of the character, cLow:  DC00

Characters in string, s1: 'a', high surrogate, low surrogate, 'z'
Hexadecimal code points of the characters in string, s1:
s1[0] = 0061
s1[1] = D800
s1[2] = DC00
s1[3] = 007A

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Is each of the following characters a high surrogate?
A1) cLow?  - False
A2) cHigh? - True
A3) s1[0]? - False
A4) s1[1]? - True

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Is each of the following characters a low surrogate?
B1) cLow?  - True
B2) cHigh? - False
B3) s1[0]? - False
B4) s1[2]? - True

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Is each of the following pairs of characters a surrogate pair?
C1) cHigh and cLow?  - True
C2) s1[0] and s1[1]? - False
C3) s1[1] and s1[2]? - True
C4) s1[2] and s1[3]? - False

----------------------------------------------------------------------

*/
// This example demonstrates the Char.IsLowSurrogate() method
//                                    IsHighSurrogate() method
//                                    IsSurrogatePair() method
using System;

class Sample
{
    public static void Main()
    {
    char cHigh = '\uD800';
    char cLow  = '\uDC00';
    string s1  = new String(new char[] {'a', '\uD800', '\uDC00', 'z'});
    string divider = String.Concat( Environment.NewLine, new String('-', 70),
                                    Environment.NewLine);

    Console.WriteLine();
    Console.WriteLine("Hexadecimal code point of the character, cHigh: {0:X4}", (int)cHigh);
    Console.WriteLine("Hexadecimal code point of the character, cLow:  {0:X4}", (int)cLow);
    Console.WriteLine();
    Console.WriteLine("Characters in string, s1: 'a', high surrogate, low surrogate, 'z'");
    Console.WriteLine("Hexadecimal code points of the characters in string, s1: ");
    for(int i = 0; i < s1.Length; i++)
        {
        Console.WriteLine("s1[{0}] = {1:X4} ", i, (int)s1[i]);
        }
    Console.WriteLine(divider);

    Console.WriteLine("Is each of the following characters a high surrogate?");
    Console.WriteLine("A1) cLow?  - {0}", Char.IsHighSurrogate(cLow));
    Console.WriteLine("A2) cHigh? - {0}", Char.IsHighSurrogate(cHigh));
    Console.WriteLine("A3) s1[0]? - {0}", Char.IsHighSurrogate(s1, 0));
    Console.WriteLine("A4) s1[1]? - {0}", Char.IsHighSurrogate(s1, 1));
    Console.WriteLine(divider);

    Console.WriteLine("Is each of the following characters a low surrogate?");
    Console.WriteLine("B1) cLow?  - {0}", Char.IsLowSurrogate(cLow));
    Console.WriteLine("B2) cHigh? - {0}", Char.IsLowSurrogate(cHigh));
    Console.WriteLine("B3) s1[0]? - {0}", Char.IsLowSurrogate(s1, 0));
    Console.WriteLine("B4) s1[2]? - {0}", Char.IsLowSurrogate(s1, 2));
    Console.WriteLine(divider);

    Console.WriteLine("Is each of the following pairs of characters a surrogate pair?");
    Console.WriteLine("C1) cHigh and cLow?  - {0}", Char.IsSurrogatePair(cHigh, cLow));
    Console.WriteLine("C2) s1[0] and s1[1]? - {0}", Char.IsSurrogatePair(s1, 0));
    Console.WriteLine("C3) s1[1] and s1[2]? - {0}", Char.IsSurrogatePair(s1, 1));
    Console.WriteLine("C4) s1[2] and s1[3]? - {0}", Char.IsSurrogatePair(s1, 2));
    Console.WriteLine(divider);
    }
}
/*
This example produces the following results:

Hexadecimal code point of the character, cHigh: D800
Hexadecimal code point of the character, cLow:  DC00

Characters in string, s1: 'a', high surrogate, low surrogate, 'z'
Hexadecimal code points of the characters in string, s1:
s1[0] = 0061
s1[1] = D800
s1[2] = DC00
s1[3] = 007A

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Is each of the following characters a high surrogate?
A1) cLow?  - False
A2) cHigh? - True
A3) s1[0]? - False
A4) s1[1]? - True

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Is each of the following characters a low surrogate?
B1) cLow?  - True
B2) cHigh? - False
B3) s1[0]? - False
B4) s1[2]? - True

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Is each of the following pairs of characters a surrogate pair?
C1) cHigh and cLow?  - True
C2) s1[0] and s1[1]? - False
C3) s1[1] and s1[2]? - True
C4) s1[2] and s1[3]? - False

----------------------------------------------------------------------

*/
// This example demonstrates the Char.IsLowSurrogate() method
//                                    IsHighSurrogate() method
//                                    IsSurrogatePair() method
open System

let cHigh = '\uD800'
let cLow  = '\uDC00'
let s1 = String [| 'a'; '\uD800'; '\uDC00'; 'z' |]
let divider = String.Concat(Environment.NewLine, String('-', 70), Environment.NewLine)

printfn $"""
Hexadecimal code point of the character, cHigh: {int cHigh:X4}
Hexadecimal code point of the character, cLow:  {int cLow:X4}

Characters in string, s1: 'a', high surrogate, low surrogate, 'z'
Hexadecimal code points of the characters in string, s1: """

for i = 0 to s1.Length - 1 do
    printfn $"s1[{i}] = {int s1[i]:X4} "

printfn $"""{divider}
Is each of the following characters a high surrogate?
A1) cLow?  - {Char.IsHighSurrogate cLow}
A2) cHigh? - {Char.IsHighSurrogate cHigh}
A3) s1[0]? - {Char.IsHighSurrogate(s1, 0)}
A4) s1[1]? - {Char.IsHighSurrogate(s1, 1)}
{divider}"""

printfn $"""Is each of the following characters a low surrogate?
B1) cLow?  - {Char.IsLowSurrogate cLow}
B2) cHigh? - {Char.IsLowSurrogate cHigh}
B3) s1[0]? - {Char.IsLowSurrogate(s1, 0)}
B4) s1[2]? - {Char.IsLowSurrogate(s1, 2)}
{divider}"""

printfn $"""Is each of the following pairs of characters a surrogate pair?
C1) cHigh and cLow?  - {Char.IsSurrogatePair(cHigh, cLow)}
C2) s1[0] and s1[1]? - {Char.IsSurrogatePair(s1, 0)}
C3) s1[1] and s1[2]? - {Char.IsSurrogatePair(s1, 1)}
C4) s1[2] and s1[3]? - {Char.IsSurrogatePair(s1, 2)}"
{divider}"""

// This example produces the following results:
//
// Hexadecimal code point of the character, cHigh: D800
// Hexadecimal code point of the character, cLow:  DC00
//
// Characters in string, s1: 'a', high surrogate, low surrogate, 'z'
// Hexadecimal code points of the characters in string, s1:
// s1[0] = 0061
// s1[1] = D800
// s1[2] = DC00
// s1[3] = 007A
//
// ----------------------------------------------------------------------
//
// Is each of the following characters a high surrogate?
// A1) cLow?  - False
// A2) cHigh? - True
// A3) s1[0]? - False
// A4) s1[1]? - True
//
// ----------------------------------------------------------------------
//
// Is each of the following characters a low surrogate?
// B1) cLow?  - True
// B2) cHigh? - False
// B3) s1[0]? - False
// B4) s1[2]? - True
//
// ----------------------------------------------------------------------
//
// Is each of the following pairs of characters a surrogate pair?
// C1) cHigh and cLow?  - True
// C2) s1[0] and s1[1]? - False
// C3) s1[1] and s1[2]? - True
// C4) s1[2] and s1[3]? - False
//
// ----------------------------------------------------------------------
' This example demonstrates the Char.IsLowSurrogate() method
'                                    IsHighSurrogate() method
'                                    IsSurrogatePair() method
Class Sample
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      Dim cHigh As Char = ChrW(&HD800)
      Dim cLow  As Char = ChrW(&HDC00)
      Dim s1 = New [String](New Char() {"a"c, ChrW(&HD800), ChrW(&HDC00), "z"c})
      Dim divider As String = [String].Concat(Environment.NewLine, _
                                              New [String]("-"c, 70), _
                                              Environment.NewLine)
      
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("Hexadecimal code point of the character, cHigh: {0:X4}", AscW(cHigh))
      Console.WriteLine("Hexadecimal code point of the character, cLow:  {0:X4}", AscW(cLow))
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("Characters in string, s1: 'a', high surrogate, low surrogate, 'z'")
      Console.WriteLine("Hexadecimal code points of the characters in string, s1: ")
      Dim i As Integer
      For i = 0 To s1.Length - 1
         Console.WriteLine("s1({0}) = {1:X4} ", i, AscW(s1.Chars(i)))
      Next i
      Console.WriteLine(divider)
      
      Console.WriteLine("Is each of the following characters a high surrogate?")
      Console.WriteLine("A1) cLow?  - {0}", [Char].IsHighSurrogate(cLow))
      Console.WriteLine("A2) cHigh? - {0}", [Char].IsHighSurrogate(cHigh))
      Console.WriteLine("A3) s1(0)? - {0}", [Char].IsHighSurrogate(s1, 0))
      Console.WriteLine("A4) s1(1)? - {0}", [Char].IsHighSurrogate(s1, 1))
      Console.WriteLine(divider)
      
      Console.WriteLine("Is each of the following characters a low surrogate?")
      Console.WriteLine("B1) cLow?  - {0}", [Char].IsLowSurrogate(cLow))
      Console.WriteLine("B2) cHigh? - {0}", [Char].IsLowSurrogate(cHigh))
      Console.WriteLine("B3) s1(0)? - {0}", [Char].IsLowSurrogate(s1, 0))
      Console.WriteLine("B4) s1(2)? - {0}", [Char].IsLowSurrogate(s1, 2))
      Console.WriteLine(divider)
      
      Console.WriteLine("Is each of the following pairs of characters a surrogate pair?")
      Console.WriteLine("C1) cHigh and cLow?  - {0}", [Char].IsSurrogatePair(cHigh, cLow))
      Console.WriteLine("C2) s1(0) and s1(1)? - {0}", [Char].IsSurrogatePair(s1, 0))
      Console.WriteLine("C3) s1(1) and s1(2)? - {0}", [Char].IsSurrogatePair(s1, 1))
      Console.WriteLine("C4) s1(2) and s1(3)? - {0}", [Char].IsSurrogatePair(s1, 2))
      Console.WriteLine(divider)
   End Sub
End Class
'
'This example produces the following results:
'
'Hexadecimal code point of the character, cHigh: D800
'Hexadecimal code point of the character, cLow:  DC00
'
'Characters in string, s1: 'a', high surrogate, low surrogate, 'z'
'Hexadecimal code points of the characters in string, s1:
's1(0) = 0061
's1(1) = D800
's1(2) = DC00
's1(3) = 007A
'
'----------------------------------------------------------------------
'
'Is each of the following characters a high surrogate?
'A1) cLow?  - False
'A2) cHigh? - True
'A3) s1(0)? - False
'A4) s1(1)? - True
'
'----------------------------------------------------------------------
'
'Is each of the following characters a low surrogate?
'B1) cLow?  - True
'B2) cHigh? - False
'B3) s1(0)? - False
'B4) s1(2)? - True
'
'----------------------------------------------------------------------
'
'Is each of the following pairs of characters a surrogate pair?
'C1) cHigh and cLow?  - True
'C2) s1(0) and s1(1)? - False
'C3) s1(1) and s1(2)? - True
'C4) s1(2) and s1(3)? - False
'
'----------------------------------------------------------------------
'

IsSurrogatePair(Char, Char)

Определяет, образуют ли два заданных объекта Char суррогатную пару.

public:
 static bool IsSurrogatePair(char highSurrogate, char lowSurrogate);
public static bool IsSurrogatePair (char highSurrogate, char lowSurrogate);
static member IsSurrogatePair : char * char -> bool
Public Shared Function IsSurrogatePair (highSurrogate As Char, lowSurrogate As Char) As Boolean

Параметры

highSurrogate
Char

Символ, который необходимо вычислить в качестве старшего знака-заменителя в паре.

lowSurrogate
Char

Символ, который необходимо вычислить в качестве младшего знака-заменителя в паре.

Возвращаемое значение

Boolean

Значение true, если числовое значение параметра highSurrogate лежит в диапазоне от U+D800 до U+DBFF, а числовое значение параметра lowSurrogate лежит в диапазоне от U+DC00 до U+DFFF; в противном случае — значение false.

Комментарии

Обычно один символ представлен одной 16-разрядной единицей кода Юникода. Кодировка UTF-16 также поддерживает суррогатные пары, которые позволяют представить один абстрактный символ двумя 16-разрядными единицами кода. Первая единица кода, значение которой может варьироваться от U+D800 до U+DBFF, является высоким суррогатом. Вторая единица кода, значение которой может варьироваться от U+DC00 до U+DFFF, является низкой суррогатной. Отдельные суррогатные кодовые точки не имеют собственной интерпретации. Дополнительные сведения о суррогатах и стандарте Юникода см. на домашней странице Юникода.

См. также раздел

Применяется к

IsSurrogatePair(String, Int32)

Определяет, образуют ли два смежных объекта Char в заданной позиции в строке суррогатную пару.

public:
 static bool IsSurrogatePair(System::String ^ s, int index);
public static bool IsSurrogatePair (string s, int index);
static member IsSurrogatePair : string * int -> bool
Public Shared Function IsSurrogatePair (s As String, index As Integer) As Boolean

Параметры

s
String

Строка.

index
Int32

Начальная позиция пары символов для вычисления в строке s.

Возвращаемое значение

Boolean

Значение true, если параметр s включает соседние знаки в позициях index и index + 1, числовое значение знака в позиции index лежит в диапазоне от U+D800 до U+DBFF и числовое значение знака в позиции index +1 лежит в диапазоне от U+DC00 до U+DFFF; в противном случае — значение false.

Исключения

s имеет значение null.

index не является позицией в s.

Комментарии

Обычно один символ представлен одной 16-разрядной единицей кода Юникода. Кодировка UTF-16 также поддерживает суррогатные пары, которые позволяют представить один абстрактный символ двумя 16-разрядными единицами кода. Первая единица кода, значение которой может варьироваться от U+D800 до U+DBFF, является высоким суррогатом. Вторая единица кода, значение которой может варьироваться от U+DC00 до U+DFFF, является низкой суррогатной. Отдельные суррогатные кодовые точки не имеют собственной интерпретации. Дополнительные сведения о суррогатах и стандарте Юникода см. на домашней странице Юникода.

См. также раздел

Применяется к