StringCollection 类

定义

表示字符串的集合。

public ref class StringCollection : System::Collections::IList
public class StringCollection : System.Collections.IList
[System.Serializable]
public class StringCollection : System.Collections.IList
type StringCollection = class
    interface ICollection
    interface IEnumerable
    interface IList
[<System.Serializable>]
type StringCollection = class
    interface IList
    interface ICollection
    interface IEnumerable
Public Class StringCollection
Implements IList
继承
StringCollection
派生
属性
实现

示例

下面的代码示例演示了多个属性和方法 StringCollection

#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
using namespace System::Collections::Specialized;

void PrintValues1( StringCollection^ myCol );
void PrintValues2( StringCollection^ myCol );
void PrintValues3( StringCollection^ myCol );

int main()
{
   
   // Create and initializes a new StringCollection.
   StringCollection^ myCol = gcnew StringCollection;
   
   // Add a range of elements from an array to the end of the StringCollection.
   array<String^>^myArr = {"RED","orange","yellow","RED","green","blue","RED","indigo","violet","RED"};
   myCol->AddRange( myArr );
   
   // Display the contents of the collection using for each. This is the preferred method.
   Console::WriteLine( "Displays the elements using for each:" );
   PrintValues1( myCol );

   // Display the contents of the collection using the enumerator.
   Console::WriteLine( "Displays the elements using the IEnumerator:" );
   PrintValues2( myCol );
   
   // Display the contents of the collection using the Count and Item properties.
   Console::WriteLine( "Displays the elements using the Count and Item properties:" );
   PrintValues3( myCol );
   
   // Add one element to the end of the StringCollection and insert another at index 3.
   myCol->Add( "* white" );
   myCol->Insert( 3, "* gray" );
   Console::WriteLine( "After adding \"* white\" to the end and inserting \"* gray\" at index 3:" );
   PrintValues1( myCol );
   
   // Remove one element from the StringCollection.
   myCol->Remove( "yellow" );
   Console::WriteLine( "After removing \"yellow\":" );
   PrintValues1( myCol );
   
   // Remove all occurrences of a value from the StringCollection.
   int i = myCol->IndexOf( "RED" );
   while ( i > -1 )
   {
      myCol->RemoveAt( i );
      i = myCol->IndexOf( "RED" );
   }

   
   // Verify that all occurrences of "RED" are gone.
   if ( myCol->Contains( "RED" ) )
      Console::WriteLine( "*** The collection still contains \"RED\"." );

   Console::WriteLine( "After removing all occurrences of \"RED\":" );
   PrintValues1( myCol );
   
   // Copy the collection to a new array starting at index 0.
   array<String^>^myArr2 = gcnew array<String^>(myCol->Count);
   myCol->CopyTo( myArr2, 0 );
   Console::WriteLine( "The new array contains:" );
   for ( i = 0; i < myArr2->Length; i++ )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "   [{0}] {1}", i, myArr2[ i ] );

   }
   Console::WriteLine();
   
   // Clears the entire collection.
   myCol->Clear();
   Console::WriteLine( "After clearing the collection:" );
   PrintValues1( myCol );
}


// Uses the for each statement which hides the complexity of the enumerator.
// NOTE: The for each statement is the preferred way of enumerating the contents of a collection.
void PrintValues1( StringCollection^ myCol )  {
   for each ( Object^ obj in myCol )
      Console::WriteLine( "   {0}", obj );
   Console::WriteLine();
}

// Uses the enumerator. 
void PrintValues2( StringCollection^ myCol )
{
   StringEnumerator^ myEnumerator = myCol->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnumerator->MoveNext() )
      Console::WriteLine( "   {0}", myEnumerator->Current );

   Console::WriteLine();
}


// Uses the Count and Item properties.
void PrintValues3( StringCollection^ myCol )
{
   for ( int i = 0; i < myCol->Count; i++ )
      Console::WriteLine( "   {0}", myCol[ i ] );
   Console::WriteLine();
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

Displays the elements using the IEnumerator:
   RED
   orange
   yellow
   RED
   green
   blue
   RED
   indigo
   violet
   RED

Displays the elements using the Count and Item properties:
   RED
   orange
   yellow
   RED
   green
   blue
   RED
   indigo
   violet
   RED

After adding "* white" to the end and inserting "* gray" at index 3:
   RED
   orange
   yellow
   * gray
   RED
   green
   blue
   RED
   indigo
   violet
   RED
   * white

After removing "yellow":
   RED
   orange
   * gray
   RED
   green
   blue
   RED
   indigo
   violet
   RED
   * white

After removing all occurrences of "RED":
   orange
   * gray
   green
   blue
   indigo
   violet
   * white

The new array contains:
   [0] orange
   [1] * gray
   [2] green
   [3] blue
   [4] indigo
   [5] violet
   [6] * white

After clearing the collection:

*/
using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Specialized;

public class SamplesStringCollection  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Create and initializes a new StringCollection.
      StringCollection myCol = new StringCollection();

      // Add a range of elements from an array to the end of the StringCollection.
      String[] myArr = new String[] { "RED", "orange", "yellow", "RED", "green", "blue", "RED", "indigo", "violet", "RED" };
      myCol.AddRange( myArr );

      // Display the contents of the collection using foreach. This is the preferred method.
      Console.WriteLine( "Displays the elements using foreach:" );
      PrintValues1( myCol );

      // Display the contents of the collection using the enumerator.
      Console.WriteLine( "Displays the elements using the IEnumerator:" );
      PrintValues2( myCol );

      // Display the contents of the collection using the Count and Item properties.
      Console.WriteLine( "Displays the elements using the Count and Item properties:" );
      PrintValues3( myCol );

      // Add one element to the end of the StringCollection and insert another at index 3.
      myCol.Add( "* white" );
      myCol.Insert( 3, "* gray" );

      Console.WriteLine( "After adding \"* white\" to the end and inserting \"* gray\" at index 3:" );
      PrintValues1( myCol );

      // Remove one element from the StringCollection.
      myCol.Remove( "yellow" );

      Console.WriteLine( "After removing \"yellow\":" );
      PrintValues1( myCol );

      // Remove all occurrences of a value from the StringCollection.
      int i = myCol.IndexOf( "RED" );
      while ( i > -1 )  {
         myCol.RemoveAt( i );
         i = myCol.IndexOf( "RED" );
      }

      // Verify that all occurrences of "RED" are gone.
      if ( myCol.Contains( "RED" ) )
         Console.WriteLine( "*** The collection still contains \"RED\"." );

      Console.WriteLine( "After removing all occurrences of \"RED\":" );
      PrintValues1( myCol );

      // Copy the collection to a new array starting at index 0.
      String[] myArr2 = new String[myCol.Count];
      myCol.CopyTo( myArr2, 0 );

      Console.WriteLine( "The new array contains:" );
      for ( i = 0; i < myArr2.Length; i++ )  {
         Console.WriteLine( "   [{0}] {1}", i, myArr2[i] );
      }
      Console.WriteLine();

      // Clears the entire collection.
      myCol.Clear();

      Console.WriteLine( "After clearing the collection:" );
      PrintValues1( myCol );
   }

   // Uses the foreach statement which hides the complexity of the enumerator.
   // NOTE: The foreach statement is the preferred way of enumerating the contents of a collection.
   public static void PrintValues1( StringCollection myCol )  {
      foreach ( Object obj in myCol )
         Console.WriteLine( "   {0}", obj );
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

   // Uses the enumerator.
   // NOTE: The foreach statement is the preferred way of enumerating the contents of a collection.
   public static void PrintValues2( StringCollection myCol )  {
      StringEnumerator myEnumerator = myCol.GetEnumerator();
      while ( myEnumerator.MoveNext() )
         Console.WriteLine( "   {0}", myEnumerator.Current );
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

   // Uses the Count and Item properties.
   public static void PrintValues3( StringCollection myCol )  {
      for ( int i = 0; i < myCol.Count; i++ )
         Console.WriteLine( "   {0}", myCol[i] );
      Console.WriteLine();
   }
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

Displays the elements using foreach:
   RED
   orange
   yellow
   RED
   green
   blue
   RED
   indigo
   violet
   RED

Displays the elements using the IEnumerator:
   RED
   orange
   yellow
   RED
   green
   blue
   RED
   indigo
   violet
   RED

Displays the elements using the Count and Item properties:
   RED
   orange
   yellow
   RED
   green
   blue
   RED
   indigo
   violet
   RED

After adding "* white" to the end and inserting "* gray" at index 3:
   RED
   orange
   yellow
   * gray
   RED
   green
   blue
   RED
   indigo
   violet
   RED
   * white

After removing "yellow":
   RED
   orange
   * gray
   RED
   green
   blue
   RED
   indigo
   violet
   RED
   * white

After removing all occurrences of "RED":
   orange
   * gray
   green
   blue
   indigo
   violet
   * white

The new array contains:
   [0] orange
   [1] * gray
   [2] green
   [3] blue
   [4] indigo
   [5] violet
   [6] * white

After clearing the collection:

*/
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Collections.Specialized

Public Class SamplesStringCollection

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Create and initializes a new StringCollection.
      Dim myCol As New StringCollection()

      ' Add a range of elements from an array to the end of the StringCollection.
      Dim myArr() As String = {"RED", "orange", "yellow", "RED", "green", "blue", "RED", "indigo", "violet", "RED"}
      myCol.AddRange(myArr)

      ' Display the contents of the collection using foreach. This is the preferred method.
      Console.WriteLine("Displays the elements using foreach:")
      PrintValues1(myCol)

      ' Display the contents of the collection using the enumerator.
      Console.WriteLine("Displays the elements using the IEnumerator:")
      PrintValues2(myCol)

      ' Display the contents of the collection using the Count and Item properties.
      Console.WriteLine("Displays the elements using the Count and Item properties:")
      PrintValues3(myCol)

      ' Add one element to the end of the StringCollection and insert another at index 3.
      myCol.Add("* white")
      myCol.Insert(3, "* gray")

      Console.WriteLine("After adding ""* white"" to the end and inserting ""* gray"" at index 3:")
      PrintValues1(myCol)

      ' Remove one element from the StringCollection.
      myCol.Remove("yellow")

      Console.WriteLine("After removing ""yellow"":")
      PrintValues1(myCol)

      ' Remove all occurrences of a value from the StringCollection.
      Dim i As Integer = myCol.IndexOf("RED")
      While i > - 1
         myCol.RemoveAt(i)
         i = myCol.IndexOf("RED")
      End While

      ' Verify that all occurrences of "RED" are gone.
      If myCol.Contains("RED") Then
         Console.WriteLine("*** The collection still contains ""RED"".")
      End If 
      Console.WriteLine("After removing all occurrences of ""RED"":")
      PrintValues1(myCol)

      ' Copy the collection to a new array starting at index 0.
      Dim myArr2(myCol.Count) As String
      myCol.CopyTo(myArr2, 0)

      Console.WriteLine("The new array contains:")
      For i = 0 To myArr2.Length - 1
         Console.WriteLine("   [{0}] {1}", i, myArr2(i))
      Next i
      Console.WriteLine()

      ' Clears the entire collection.
      myCol.Clear()

      Console.WriteLine("After clearing the collection:")
      PrintValues1(myCol)
   End Sub


   ' Uses the foreach statement which hides the complexity of the enumerator.
   ' NOTE: The foreach statement is the preferred way of enumerating the contents of a collection.
   Public Shared Sub PrintValues1(myCol As StringCollection)
      Dim obj As [Object]
      For Each obj In  myCol
         Console.WriteLine("   {0}", obj)
      Next obj
      Console.WriteLine()
   End Sub


   ' Uses the enumerator. 
   ' NOTE: The foreach statement is the preferred way of enumerating the contents of a collection.
   Public Shared Sub PrintValues2(myCol As StringCollection)
      Dim myEnumerator As StringEnumerator = myCol.GetEnumerator()
      While myEnumerator.MoveNext()
         Console.WriteLine("   {0}", myEnumerator.Current)
      End While
      Console.WriteLine()
   End Sub


   ' Uses the Count and Item properties.
   Public Shared Sub PrintValues3(myCol As StringCollection)
      Dim i As Integer
      For i = 0 To myCol.Count - 1
         Console.WriteLine("   {0}", myCol(i))
      Next i
      Console.WriteLine()
   End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.
'
'Displays the elements using foreach:
'   RED
'   orange
'   yellow
'   RED
'   green
'   blue
'   RED
'   indigo
'   violet
'   RED
'
'Displays the elements using the IEnumerator:
'   RED
'   orange
'   yellow
'   RED
'   green
'   blue
'   RED
'   indigo
'   violet
'   RED
'
'Displays the elements using the Count and Item properties:
'   RED
'   orange
'   yellow
'   RED
'   green
'   blue
'   RED
'   indigo
'   violet
'   RED
'
'After adding "* white" to the end and inserting "* gray" at index 3:
'   RED
'   orange
'   yellow
'   * gray
'   RED
'   green
'   blue
'   RED
'   indigo
'   violet
'   RED
'   * white
'
'After removing "yellow":
'   RED
'   orange
'   * gray
'   RED
'   green
'   blue
'   RED
'   indigo
'   violet
'   RED
'   * white
'
'After removing all occurrences of "RED":
'   orange
'   * gray
'   green
'   blue
'   indigo
'   violet
'   * white
'
'The new array contains:
'   [0] orange
'   [1] * gray
'   [2] green
'   [3] blue
'   [4] indigo
'   [5] violet
'   [6] * white
'
'After clearing the collection:
'

注解

StringCollection 接受 null 为有效值,并允许重复元素。

字符串比较区分大小写。

可以使用整数索引访问此集合中的元素。 此集合中的索引从零开始。

构造函数

StringCollection()

初始化 StringCollection 类的新实例。

属性

Count

获取 StringCollection 中包含的字符串的数目。

IsReadOnly

获取一个值,该值指示 StringCollection 是否为只读。

IsSynchronized

获取一个值,该值指示是否同步对 StringCollection 的访问(线程安全)。

Item[Int32]

获取或设置指定索引处的元素。

SyncRoot

获取可用于同步对 StringCollection 的访问的对象。

方法

Add(String)

将字符串添加到 StringCollection 的末尾。

AddRange(String[])

将字符串数组的元素复制到 StringCollection 的末尾。

Clear()

移除 StringCollection 中的所有字符串。

Contains(String)

确定指定的字符串是否在 StringCollection 中。

CopyTo(String[], Int32)

从目标数组的指定索引处开始,将全部 StringCollection 值复制到一维字符串数组中。

Equals(Object)

确定指定对象是否等于当前对象。

(继承自 Object)
GetEnumerator()

返回循环访问 StringEnumeratorStringCollection

GetHashCode()

作为默认哈希函数。

(继承自 Object)
GetType()

获取当前实例的 Type

(继承自 Object)
IndexOf(String)

搜索指定的字符串并返回 StringCollection 内的第一个匹配项的从零开始的索引。

Insert(Int32, String)

将字符串插入 StringCollection 中的指定索引处。

MemberwiseClone()

创建当前 Object 的浅表副本。

(继承自 Object)
Remove(String)

StringCollection 中移除特定字符串的第一个匹配项。

RemoveAt(Int32)

移除 StringCollection 的指定索引处的字符串。

ToString()

返回表示当前对象的字符串。

(继承自 Object)

显式接口实现

ICollection.CopyTo(Array, Int32)

从目标数组的指定索引处开始将整个 StringCollection 复制到兼容的一维 Array

IEnumerable.GetEnumerator()

返回循环访问 IEnumeratorStringCollection

IList.Add(Object)

将对象添加到 StringCollection 的结尾处。

IList.Contains(Object)

确定某元素是否在 StringCollection 中。

IList.IndexOf(Object)

搜索指定的 Object,并返回整个 StringCollection 中第一个匹配项的从零开始的索引。

IList.Insert(Int32, Object)

将元素插入 StringCollection 的指定索引处。

IList.IsFixedSize

获取一个值,该值指示 StringCollection 对象是否具有固定大小。

IList.IsReadOnly

获取一个值,该值指示 StringCollection 对象是否为只读。

IList.Item[Int32]

获取或设置指定索引处的元素。

IList.Remove(Object)

StringCollection 中移除特定对象的第一个匹配项。

扩展方法

Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable)

IEnumerable 的元素强制转换为指定的类型。

OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable)

根据指定类型筛选 IEnumerable 的元素。

AsParallel(IEnumerable)

启用查询的并行化。

AsQueryable(IEnumerable)

IEnumerable 转换为 IQueryable

适用于

线程安全性

此类型的Visual Basic) 成员中的公共静态 (Shared是线程安全的。 但不保证所有实例成员都是线程安全的。

此实现不提供同步的 (线程安全) 包装器StringCollection,但派生类可以创建其自己的使用SyncRoot属性的StringCollection同步版本。

通过集合进行枚举本质上不是线程安全过程。 即使某个集合已同步,其他线程仍可以修改该集合,这会导致枚举数引发异常。 若要确保枚举过程中的线程安全性,可以在整个枚举期间锁定集合,或者捕获由其他线程进行的更改所导致的异常。

另请参阅