DateTime.ToLocalTime 方法

定义

将当前 DateTime 对象的值转换为本地时间。

public:
 DateTime ToLocalTime();
public DateTime ToLocalTime ();
member this.ToLocalTime : unit -> DateTime
Public Function ToLocalTime () As DateTime

返回

DateTime

Kind其属性为 Local的对象,其值为与当前DateTime对象的值等效的本地时间;如果转换的值太大而无法由DateTime对象表示,则为 DateTime.MaxValue;如果转换后的值太小而无法表示为DateTime对象,则为 DateTime.MinValue

示例

下面的示例演示 ToLocalTime 方法。 请注意,确切的输出取决于运行它的系统的当前区域性和本地时区。

using namespace System;

void main()
{
   Console::WriteLine("Enter a date and time.");
   String^ strDateTime = Console::ReadLine();

   DateTime localDateTime, univDateTime;
   try
   {
      localDateTime = DateTime::Parse(strDateTime);
      univDateTime = localDateTime.ToUniversalTime();
    
      Console::WriteLine("{0} local time is {1} universal time.",
                         localDateTime, univDateTime );
   }
   catch (FormatException^) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine("Invalid format.");
      return;
   }

   Console::WriteLine("Enter a date and time in universal time.");
   strDateTime = Console::ReadLine();

   try
   {
      univDateTime = DateTime::Parse(strDateTime);
      localDateTime = univDateTime.ToLocalTime();
  
      Console::WriteLine("{0} universal time is {1} local time.",
                         univDateTime, localDateTime );
   }
   catch (FormatException^) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine("Invalid format.");
      return;
   }
}
// The example displays output like the following when run on a 
// computer whose culture is en-US in the Pacific Standard Time zone:
//     Enter a date and time.
//     12/10/2015 6:18 AM
//     12/10/2015 6:18:00 AM local time is 12/10/2015 2:18:00 PM universal time.
//     Enter a date and time in universal time.
//     12/20/2015 6:42:00
//     12/20/2015 6:42:00 AM universal time is 12/19/2015 10:42:00 PM local time.
open System

printfn "Enter a date and time."

try
    let strDateTime = stdin.ReadLine()
    let localDateTime = DateTime.Parse strDateTime
    let univDateTime = localDateTime.ToUniversalTime()

    printfn $"{localDateTime} local time is {univDateTime} universal time."

with :? FormatException ->
    printfn "Invalid format."

printfn "Enter a date and time in universal time."

try
    let strDateTime = stdin.ReadLine()
    let univDateTime = DateTime.Parse strDateTime
    let localDateTime = univDateTime.ToLocalTime()

    printfn $"{univDateTime} universal time is {localDateTime} local time."

with :? FormatException ->
    printfn "Invalid format."

// The example displays output like the following when run on a
// computer whose culture is en-US in the Pacific Standard Time zone:
//     Enter a date and time.
//     12/10/2015 6:18 AM
//     12/10/2015 6:18:00 AM local time is 12/10/2015 2:18:00 PM universal time.
//     Enter a date and time in universal time.
//     12/20/2015 6:42:00
//     12/20/2015 6:42:00 AM universal time is 12/19/2015 10:42:00 PM local time.
using System;

class Example
{
    static void Main()
    {
        DateTime localDateTime, univDateTime;
        
        Console.WriteLine("Enter a date and time.");
        string strDateTime = Console.ReadLine();

        try {
            localDateTime = DateTime.Parse(strDateTime);
            univDateTime = localDateTime.ToUniversalTime();

            Console.WriteLine("{0} local time is {1} universal time.",
                                localDateTime,
                                    univDateTime);
        }
        catch (FormatException) {
            Console.WriteLine("Invalid format.");
            return;
        }

        Console.WriteLine("Enter a date and time in universal time.");
        strDateTime = Console.ReadLine();

        try {
            univDateTime = DateTime.Parse(strDateTime);
            localDateTime = univDateTime.ToLocalTime();

            Console.WriteLine("{0} universal time is {1} local time.",
                                     univDateTime,
                                     localDateTime);
        }
        catch (FormatException) {
            Console.WriteLine("Invalid format.");
            return;
        }
    }
}
// The example displays output like the following when run on a
// computer whose culture is en-US in the Pacific Standard Time zone:
//     Enter a date and time.
//     12/10/2015 6:18 AM
//     12/10/2015 6:18:00 AM local time is 12/10/2015 2:18:00 PM universal time.
//     Enter a date and time in universal time.
//     12/20/2015 6:42:00
//     12/20/2015 6:42:00 AM universal time is 12/19/2015 10:42:00 PM local time.
Module Example
    Sub Main()
      Dim localDateTime, univDateTime As DateTime
      
      Console.WriteLine("Enter a date and time.")
      Dim strDateTime As String = Console.ReadLine()
      Try
         localDateTime = DateTime.Parse(strDateTime)
         univDateTime = localDateTime.ToUniversalTime()
         Console.WriteLine("{0} local time is {1} universal time.", 
                           localDateTime, univDateTime)
      Catch exp As FormatException
         Console.WriteLine("Invalid format.")
      End Try

      Console.WriteLine("Enter a date and time in universal time.")
      strDateTime = Console.ReadLine()
      Try
         univDateTime = DateTime.Parse(strDateTime)
         localDateTime = univDateTime.ToLocalTime()
  
         Console.WriteLine("{0} universal time is {1} local time.", _
                           univDateTime, localDateTime)
      Catch exp As FormatException
         Console.WriteLine("Invalid format.")
      End Try
    End Sub
End Module
' The example displays output like the following when run on a 
' computer whose culture is en-US in the Pacific Standard Time zone:
'     Enter a date and time.
'     12/10/2015 6:18 AM
'     12/10/2015 6:18:00 AM local time is 12/10/2015 2:18:00 PM universal time.
'     Enter a date and time in universal time.
'     12/20/2015 6:42:00
'     12/20/2015 6:42:00 AM universal time is 12/19/2015 10:42:00 PM local time.

下面的示例使用 SpecifyKind 方法演示 属性如何影响 KindToLocalTimeToUniversalTime 转换方法。

// This code example demonstrates the DateTime Kind, Now, and
// UtcNow properties, and the SpecifyKind(), ToLocalTime(),
// and ToUniversalTime() methods.

open System

// Display the value and Kind property of a DateTime structure, the
// DateTime structure converted to local time, and the DateTime
// structure converted to universal time.

let datePatt = @"M/d/yyyy hh:mm:ss tt"

let display title (inputDt: DateTime) =
    // Display the original DateTime.

    let dispDt = inputDt
    let dtString = dispDt.ToString datePatt
    printfn $"%s{title} {dtString}, Kind = {dispDt.Kind}"

    // Convert inputDt to local time and display the result.
    // If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Utc, the conversion is performed.
    // If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Local, the conversion is not performed.
    // If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Unspecified, the conversion is
    // performed as if inputDt was universal time.

    let dispDt = inputDt.ToLocalTime()
    let dtString = dispDt.ToString datePatt
    printfn $"  ToLocalTime:     {dtString}, Kind = {dispDt.Kind}"

    // Convert inputDt to universal time and display the result.
    // If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Utc, the conversion is not performed.
    // If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Local, the conversion is performed.
    // If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Unspecified, the conversion is
    // performed as if inputDt was local time.

    let dispDt = inputDt.ToUniversalTime()
    let dtString = dispDt.ToString datePatt
    printfn $"  ToUniversalTime: {dtString}, Kind = {dispDt.Kind}\n" 

    // Display the value and Kind property for DateTime.Now and DateTime.UtcNow.

let displayNow title (inputDt: DateTime) =
    let dtString = inputDt.ToString datePatt
    printfn $"%s{title} {dtString}, Kind = {inputDt.Kind}"

[<EntryPoint>]
let main _ =

    // Get the date and time for the current moment, adjusted
    // to the local time zone.

    let saveNow = DateTime.Now

    // Get the date and time for the current moment expressed
    // as coordinated universal time (UTC).

    let saveUtcNow = DateTime.UtcNow

    // Display the value and Kind property of the current moment
    // expressed as UTC and local time.

    displayNow "UtcNow: .........." saveUtcNow
    displayNow "Now: ............." saveNow
    printfn ""

    // Change the Kind property of the current moment to
    // DateTimeKind.Utc and display the result.

    let myDt = DateTime.SpecifyKind(saveNow, DateTimeKind.Utc)
    display "Utc: ............." myDt

    // Change the Kind property of the current moment to
    // DateTimeKind.Local and display the result.

    let myDt = DateTime.SpecifyKind(saveNow, DateTimeKind.Local)
    display "Local: ..........." myDt

    // Change the Kind property of the current moment to
    // DateTimeKind.Unspecified and display the result.

    let myDt = DateTime.SpecifyKind(saveNow, DateTimeKind.Unspecified)
    display "Unspecified: ....." myDt

    0


// This code example produces the following results:
//
// UtcNow: .......... 5/6/2005 09:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc
// Now: ............. 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Local
//
// Utc: ............. 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc
//   ToLocalTime:     5/6/2005 07:34:42 AM, Kind = Local
//   ToUniversalTime: 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc
//
// Local: ........... 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Local
//   ToLocalTime:     5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Local
//   ToUniversalTime: 5/6/2005 09:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc
//
// Unspecified: ..... 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Unspecified
//   ToLocalTime:     5/6/2005 07:34:42 AM, Kind = Local
//   ToUniversalTime: 5/6/2005 09:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc
// This code example demonstrates the DateTime Kind, Now, and
// UtcNow properties, and the SpecifyKind(), ToLocalTime(),
// and ToUniversalTime() methods.

using System;

class Sample
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        // Get the date and time for the current moment, adjusted
        // to the local time zone.

        DateTime saveNow = DateTime.Now;

        // Get the date and time for the current moment expressed
        // as coordinated universal time (UTC).

        DateTime saveUtcNow = DateTime.UtcNow;
        DateTime myDt;

        // Display the value and Kind property of the current moment
        // expressed as UTC and local time.

        DisplayNow("UtcNow: ..........", saveUtcNow);
        DisplayNow("Now: .............", saveNow);
        Console.WriteLine();

        // Change the Kind property of the current moment to
        // DateTimeKind.Utc and display the result.

        myDt = DateTime.SpecifyKind(saveNow, DateTimeKind.Utc);
        Display("Utc: .............", myDt);

        // Change the Kind property of the current moment to
        // DateTimeKind.Local and display the result.

        myDt = DateTime.SpecifyKind(saveNow, DateTimeKind.Local);
        Display("Local: ...........", myDt);

        // Change the Kind property of the current moment to
        // DateTimeKind.Unspecified and display the result.

        myDt = DateTime.SpecifyKind(saveNow, DateTimeKind.Unspecified);
        Display("Unspecified: .....", myDt);
    }

    // Display the value and Kind property of a DateTime structure, the
    // DateTime structure converted to local time, and the DateTime
    // structure converted to universal time.

    public static string datePatt = @"M/d/yyyy hh:mm:ss tt";
    public static void Display(string title, DateTime inputDt)
    {
        DateTime dispDt = inputDt;
        string dtString;

        // Display the original DateTime.

        dtString = dispDt.ToString(datePatt);
        Console.WriteLine("{0} {1}, Kind = {2}",
                          title, dtString, dispDt.Kind);

        // Convert inputDt to local time and display the result.
        // If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Utc, the conversion is performed.
        // If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Local, the conversion is not performed.
        // If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Unspecified, the conversion is
        // performed as if inputDt was universal time.

        dispDt = inputDt.ToLocalTime();
        dtString = dispDt.ToString(datePatt);
        Console.WriteLine("  ToLocalTime:     {0}, Kind = {1}",
                          dtString, dispDt.Kind);

        // Convert inputDt to universal time and display the result.
        // If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Utc, the conversion is not performed.
        // If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Local, the conversion is performed.
        // If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Unspecified, the conversion is
        // performed as if inputDt was local time.

        dispDt = inputDt.ToUniversalTime();
        dtString = dispDt.ToString(datePatt);
        Console.WriteLine("  ToUniversalTime: {0}, Kind = {1}",
                          dtString, dispDt.Kind);
        Console.WriteLine();
    }

    // Display the value and Kind property for DateTime.Now and DateTime.UtcNow.

    public static void DisplayNow(string title, DateTime inputDt)
    {
        string dtString = inputDt.ToString(datePatt);
        Console.WriteLine("{0} {1}, Kind = {2}",
                          title, dtString, inputDt.Kind);
    }
}

/*
This code example produces the following results:

UtcNow: .......... 5/6/2005 09:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc
Now: ............. 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Local

Utc: ............. 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc
  ToLocalTime:     5/6/2005 07:34:42 AM, Kind = Local
  ToUniversalTime: 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc

Local: ........... 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Local
  ToLocalTime:     5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Local
  ToUniversalTime: 5/6/2005 09:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc

Unspecified: ..... 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Unspecified
  ToLocalTime:     5/6/2005 07:34:42 AM, Kind = Local
  ToUniversalTime: 5/6/2005 09:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc

*/

' This code example demonstrates the DateTime Kind, Now, and
' UtcNow properties, and the SpecifyKind(), ToLocalTime(), 
' and ToUniversalTime() methods.
Class Sample
    Public Shared Sub Main() 
        ' Get the date and time for the current moment, adjusted 
        ' to the local time zone.
        Dim saveNow As DateTime = DateTime.Now
        
        ' Get the date and time for the current moment expressed 
        ' as coordinated universal time (UTC).
        Dim saveUtcNow As DateTime = DateTime.UtcNow
        Dim myDt As DateTime
        
        ' Display the value and Kind property of the current moment 
        ' expressed as UTC and local time.
        DisplayNow("UtcNow: ..........", saveUtcNow)
        DisplayNow("Now: .............", saveNow)
        Console.WriteLine()
        
        ' Change the Kind property of the current moment to 
        ' DateTimeKind.Utc and display the result.
        myDt = DateTime.SpecifyKind(saveNow, DateTimeKind.Utc)
        Display("Utc: .............", myDt)
        
        ' Change the Kind property of the current moment to 
        ' DateTimeKind.Local and display the result.
        myDt = DateTime.SpecifyKind(saveNow, DateTimeKind.Local)
        Display("Local: ...........", myDt)
        
        ' Change the Kind property of the current moment to 
        ' DateTimeKind.Unspecified and display the result.
        myDt = DateTime.SpecifyKind(saveNow, DateTimeKind.Unspecified)
        Display("Unspecified: .....", myDt)
    End Sub
    
    ' Display the value and Kind property of a DateTime structure, the 
    ' DateTime structure converted to local time, and the DateTime 
    ' structure converted to universal time. 

    Public Shared datePatt As String = "M/d/yyyy hh:mm:ss tt"
    
    Public Shared Sub Display(ByVal title As String, ByVal inputDt As DateTime) 
        Dim dispDt As DateTime = inputDt
        Dim dtString As String
        
        ' Display the original DateTime.
        dtString = dispDt.ToString(datePatt)
        Console.WriteLine("{0} {1}, Kind = {2}", title, dtString, dispDt.Kind)
        
        ' Convert inputDt to local time and display the result. 
        ' If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Utc, the conversion is performed.
        ' If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Local, the conversion is not performed.
        ' If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Unspecified, the conversion is 
        ' performed as if inputDt was universal time.
        dispDt = inputDt.ToLocalTime()
        dtString = dispDt.ToString(datePatt)
        Console.WriteLine("  ToLocalTime:     {0}, Kind = {1}", dtString, dispDt.Kind)
        
        ' Convert inputDt to universal time and display the result. 
        ' If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Utc, the conversion is not performed.
        ' If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Local, the conversion is performed.
        ' If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Unspecified, the conversion is 
        ' performed as if inputDt was local time.
        dispDt = inputDt.ToUniversalTime()
        dtString = dispDt.ToString(datePatt)
        Console.WriteLine("  ToUniversalTime: {0}, Kind = {1}", dtString, dispDt.Kind)
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub
    
    
    ' Display the value and Kind property for DateTime.Now and DateTime.UtcNow.

    Public Shared Sub DisplayNow(ByVal title As String, ByVal inputDt As DateTime) 
        Dim dtString As String = inputDt.ToString(datePatt)
        Console.WriteLine("{0} {1}, Kind = {2}", title, dtString, inputDt.Kind)
    End Sub
End Class

'
'This code example produces the following results:
'
'UtcNow: .......... 5/6/2005 09:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc
'Now: ............. 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Local
'
'Utc: ............. 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc
'  ToLocalTime:     5/6/2005 07:34:42 AM, Kind = Local
'  ToUniversalTime: 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc
'
'Local: ........... 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Local
'  ToLocalTime:     5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Local
'  ToUniversalTime: 5/6/2005 09:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc
'
'Unspecified: ..... 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Unspecified
'  ToLocalTime:     5/6/2005 07:34:42 AM, Kind = Local
'  ToUniversalTime: 5/6/2005 09:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc
'

注解

本地时间等于协调世界时 (UTC) 时间加上 UTC 偏移量。 有关 UTC 偏移量的详细信息,请参阅 TimeZoneInfo.GetUtcOffset。 转换还考虑了适用于当前 DateTime 对象表示的时间的夏令时规则。

重要

在 Windows XP 系统上, ToLocalTime 方法在从 UTC 转换为本地时间时仅识别当前调整规则。 因此,在当前调整规则生效之前的时间段的转换可能无法准确反映 UTC 和本地时间之间的差异。

从 .NET Framework 版本 2.0 开始,方法返回ToLocalTime的值由Kind当前 DateTime 对象的 属性确定。 下表描述了可能的结果。

种类 结果
Utc 的此实例 DateTime 将转换为本地时间。
Local 不执行任何转换。
Unspecified 的此实例 DateTime 假定为 UTC 时间,并且转换的执行方式与 KindUtc一样。

注意

方法 ToLocalTimeDateTime 值从 UTC 转换为本地时间。 若要将任何指定时区中的时间转换为本地时间,请使用 TimeZoneInfo.ConvertTime 方法。

转换返回的值是 , DateTimeKind 属性始终返回 Local。 因此,即使 ToLocalTime 重复应用于同 DateTime一个 ,也会返回有效的结果。

调用方说明

可以使用 ToLocalTime() 方法还原通过 ToUniversalTime()FromFileTimeUtc(Int64) 方法转换为 UTC 的本地日期和时间值。 但是,如果原始时间表示本地时区中的无效时间,则它与还原的值不匹配。 ToLocalTime()当 方法将时间从 UTC 转换为本地时区时,它还会调整时间,使其在本地时区中有效。

例如,从标准时间到夏令时制的转换发生在美国太平洋时区 2010 年 3 月 14 日凌晨 2:00,时间提前一小时到凌晨 3:00。此小时间隔是无效时间,即此时区中不存在的时间间隔。 以下示例显示,当方法将属于此范围内的时间转换为 UTC ToUniversalTime() ,然后由 ToLocalTime() 方法还原时,原始值将调整为有效时间。 如示例所示,可以通过将特定日期和时间值传递给 IsInvalidTime(DateTime) 方法来确定它是否可进行修改。

using System;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      DateTime date1 = new DateTime(2010, 3, 14, 2, 30, 0, DateTimeKind.Local);
      Console.WriteLine("Invalid time: {0}",
                        TimeZoneInfo.Local.IsInvalidTime(date1));
      DateTime utcDate1 = date1.ToUniversalTime();
      DateTime date2 = utcDate1.ToLocalTime();
      Console.WriteLine("{0} --> {1}", date1, date2);
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       Invalid time: True
//       3/14/2010 2:30:00 AM --> 3/14/2010 3:30:00 AM
open System

let date1 = DateTime(2010, 3, 14, 2, 30, 0, DateTimeKind.Local)
printfn $"Invalid time: {TimeZoneInfo.Local.IsInvalidTime date1}"
let utcDate1 = date1.ToUniversalTime()
let date2 = utcDate1.ToLocalTime()
printfn $"{date1} --> {date2}"

// The example displays the following output:
//       Invalid time: True
//       3/14/2010 2:30:00 AM --> 3/14/2010 3:30:00 AM
Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim date1 As New Date(2010, 3, 14, 2, 30, 0, DateTimeKind.Local)
      Console.WriteLine("Invalid time: {0}", _
                        TimeZoneInfo.Local.IsInvalidTime(date1))
      Dim utcDate1 As Date = date1.ToUniversalTime()
      Dim date2 As Date = utcDate1.ToLocalTime()
      Console.WriteLine("{0} --> {1}", date1, date2)      
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       Invalid time: True
'       3/14/2010 2:30:00 AM --> 3/14/2010 3:30:00 AM

适用于

另请参阅