StringInfo 类

定义

提供将字符串拆分为文本元素和循环访问这些文本元素的功能。

public ref class StringInfo
public class StringInfo
[System.Serializable]
public class StringInfo
[System.Serializable]
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
public class StringInfo
type StringInfo = class
[<System.Serializable>]
type StringInfo = class
[<System.Serializable>]
[<System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)>]
type StringInfo = class
Public Class StringInfo
继承
StringInfo
属性

示例

此示例使用 GetTextElementEnumerator 类的和 ParseCombiningCharacters 方法 StringInfo 来操作包含代理项和组合字符的字符串。

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Text;
using namespace System::Globalization;


// Show how to enumerate each real character (honoring surrogates)
// in a string.

void EnumTextElements(String^ combiningChars)
{
    // This StringBuilder holds the output results.
    StringBuilder^ sb = gcnew StringBuilder();

    // Use the enumerator returned from GetTextElementEnumerator
    // method to examine each real character.
    TextElementEnumerator^ charEnum =
        StringInfo::GetTextElementEnumerator(combiningChars);
    while (charEnum->MoveNext())
    {
        sb->AppendFormat("Character at index {0} is '{1}'{2}", 
            charEnum->ElementIndex, charEnum->GetTextElement(), 
            Environment::NewLine);
    }

    // Show the results.
    Console::WriteLine("Result of GetTextElementEnumerator:");
    Console::WriteLine(sb);
}


// Show how to discover the index of each real character
// (honoring surrogates) in a string.

void EnumTextElementIndexes(String^ combiningChars)
{
    // This StringBuilder holds the output results.
    StringBuilder^ sb = gcnew StringBuilder();

    // Use the ParseCombiningCharacters method to
    // get the index of each real character in the string.
    array <int>^ textElemIndex =
        StringInfo::ParseCombiningCharacters(combiningChars);

    // Iterate through each real character showing the character
    // and the index where it was found.
    for (int i = 0; i < textElemIndex->Length; i++)
    {
        sb->AppendFormat("Character {0} starts at index {1}{2}",
            i, textElemIndex[i], Environment::NewLine);
    }

    // Show the results.
    Console::WriteLine("Result of ParseCombiningCharacters:");
    Console::WriteLine(sb);
}

int main()
{

    // The string below contains combining characters.
    String^ combiningChars = L"a\u0304\u0308bc\u0327";

    // Show each 'character' in the string.
    EnumTextElements(combiningChars);

    // Show the index in the string where each 'character' starts.
    EnumTextElementIndexes(combiningChars);

};

// This code produces the following output.
//
// Result of GetTextElementEnumerator:
// Character at index 0 is 'a-"'
// Character at index 3 is 'b'
// Character at index 4 is 'c,'
//
// Result of ParseCombiningCharacters:
// Character 0 starts at index 0
// Character 1 starts at index 3
// Character 2 starts at index 4
using System;
using System.Text;
using System.Globalization;

public sealed class App {
   static void Main() {
      // The string below contains combining characters.
      String s = "a\u0304\u0308bc\u0327";

      // Show each 'character' in the string.
      EnumTextElements(s);

      // Show the index in the string where each 'character' starts.
      EnumTextElementIndexes(s);
   }

   // Show how to enumerate each real character (honoring surrogates) in a string.
   static void EnumTextElements(String s) {
      // This StringBuilder holds the output results.
      StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();

      // Use the enumerator returned from GetTextElementEnumerator
      // method to examine each real character.
      TextElementEnumerator charEnum = StringInfo.GetTextElementEnumerator(s);
      while (charEnum.MoveNext()) {
         sb.AppendFormat(
           "Character at index {0} is '{1}'{2}",
           charEnum.ElementIndex, charEnum.GetTextElement(),
           Environment.NewLine);
      }

      // Show the results.
      Console.WriteLine("Result of GetTextElementEnumerator:");
      Console.WriteLine(sb);
   }

   // Show how to discover the index of each real character (honoring surrogates) in a string.
   static void EnumTextElementIndexes(String s) {
      // This StringBuilder holds the output results.
      StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();

      // Use the ParseCombiningCharacters method to
      // get the index of each real character in the string.
      Int32[] textElemIndex = StringInfo.ParseCombiningCharacters(s);

      // Iterate through each real character showing the character and the index where it was found.
      for (Int32 i = 0; i < textElemIndex.Length; i++) {
         sb.AppendFormat(
            "Character {0} starts at index {1}{2}",
            i, textElemIndex[i], Environment.NewLine);
      }

      // Show the results.
      Console.WriteLine("Result of ParseCombiningCharacters:");
      Console.WriteLine(sb);
   }
}

// This code produces the following output:
//
// Result of GetTextElementEnumerator:
// Character at index 0 is 'ā̈'
// Character at index 3 is 'b'
// Character at index 4 is 'ç'
//
// Result of ParseCombiningCharacters:
// Character 0 starts at index 0
// Character 1 starts at index 3
// Character 2 starts at index 4
Imports System.Text
Imports System.Globalization

Public Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      ' The string below contains combining characters.
      Dim s As String = "a" + ChrW(&h0304) + ChrW(&h0308) + "bc" + ChrW(&h0327)

      ' Show each 'character' in the string.
      EnumTextElements(s)

      ' Show the index in the string where each 'character' starts.
      EnumTextElementIndexes(s)
   End Sub

   ' Show how to enumerate each real character (honoring surrogates) in a string.
   Sub EnumTextElements(s As String)
      ' This StringBuilder holds the output results.
      Dim sb As New StringBuilder()

      ' Use the enumerator returned from GetTextElementEnumerator 
      ' method to examine each real character.
      Dim charEnum As TextElementEnumerator = StringInfo.GetTextElementEnumerator(s)
      Do While charEnum.MoveNext()
         sb.AppendFormat("Character at index {0} is '{1}'{2}",
                         charEnum.ElementIndex, 
                         charEnum.GetTextElement(),
                         Environment.NewLine)
      Loop

      ' Show the results.
      Console.WriteLine("Result of GetTextElementEnumerator:")
      Console.WriteLine(sb)
   End Sub

   ' Show how to discover the index of each real character (honoring surrogates) in a string.
   Sub EnumTextElementIndexes(s As String)
      ' This StringBuilder holds the output results.
      Dim sb As New StringBuilder()

      ' Use the ParseCombiningCharacters method to 
      ' get the index of each real character in the string.
      Dim textElemIndex() As Integer = StringInfo.ParseCombiningCharacters(s)

      ' Iterate through each real character showing the character and the index where it was found.
      For i As Int32 = 0 To textElemIndex.Length - 1
         sb.AppendFormat("Character {0} starts at index {1}{2}",
                         i, textElemIndex(i), Environment.NewLine)
      Next

      ' Show the results.
      Console.WriteLine("Result of ParseCombiningCharacters:")
      Console.WriteLine(sb)
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'
'       Result of GetTextElementEnumerator:
'       Character at index 0 is 'ā̈'
'       Character at index 3 is 'b'
'       Character at index 4 is 'ç'
'       
'       Result of ParseCombiningCharacters:
'       Character 0 starts at index 0
'       Character 1 starts at index 3
'       Character 2 starts at index 4

注解

.NET 将文本元素定义为显示为单个字符(即字形)的文本单元。 文本元素可以是基字符、代理项对或组合字符序列。 Unicode 标准将代理项对定义为单个抽象字符的编码字符表示形式,该字符由两个代码单元组成,其中,对的第一个单元为高代理项,第二个是低代理项。 Unicode 标准将组合字符序列定义为基字符和一个或多个组合字符的组合。 代理项对可表示基字符或组合字符。

StringInfo 类使您能够将字符串作为一系列文本元素而不是单个 Char 对象进行处理。

若要实例化 StringInfo 表示指定字符串的对象,可以执行以下任一操作:

可通过两种方式处理字符串中的单个文本元素:

下面的示例阐释了两种处理字符串中的文本元素的方法。 它创建两个字符串:

  • strCombining,它是一个阿拉伯语字符串,包含三个文本元素和多个 Char 对象。 第一个文本元素是后跟 ARABIC HAMZA BELOW (U+-655) 和 ARABIC KASRA (U+0650) 的基字符 ARABIC LETTER ALEF (U+-627)。 第二个文本元素是后跟 ARABIC FATHA (U+-64E) 的 ARABIC LETTER HEH (U+0647)。 第三个文本元素是阿拉伯文字母 BEH (U + 0628) 后跟阿拉伯 DAMMATAN (U + 064C) 。

  • strSurrogates,它是一个包含三个代理项对的字符串:希腊语 ACROPHONIC 5 人才 (U + 10148) 从补充的多语言平面,U + 20026,从补充表意型,U + F1001,来自专用用户区域。 每个字符的 UTF-16 编码是一个代理项对,其中依次包含一个高代理项和一个低代理项。

每个字符串依次通过 ParseCombiningCharacters 方法和 GetTextElementEnumerator 方法分析一次。 两个方法都可正确分析两个字符串中的文本元素并显示分析操作的结果。

using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      // The Unicode code points specify Arabic base characters and
      // combining character sequences.
      string strCombining = "\u0627\u0655\u0650\u064A\u0647\u064E" +
                            "\u0627\u0628\u064C";

      // The Unicode code points specify private surrogate pairs.
      string strSurrogates = Char.ConvertFromUtf32(0x10148) +
                             Char.ConvertFromUtf32(0x20026) + "a" +
                             Char.ConvertFromUtf32(0xF1001);

      EnumerateTextElements(strCombining);
      EnumerateTextElements(strSurrogates);
   }

   public static void EnumerateTextElements(string str)
   {
      // Get the Enumerator.
      TextElementEnumerator teEnum = null;

      // Parse the string using the ParseCombiningCharacters method.
      Console.WriteLine("\nParsing with ParseCombiningCharacters:");
      int[] teIndices = StringInfo.ParseCombiningCharacters(str);

      for (int i = 0; i < teIndices.Length; i++) {
         if (i < teIndices.Length - 1)
            Console.WriteLine("Text Element {0} ({1}..{2})= {3}", i,
               teIndices[i], teIndices[i + 1] - 1,
               ShowHexValues(str.Substring(teIndices[i], teIndices[i + 1] -
                             teIndices[i])));
         else
            Console.WriteLine("Text Element {0} ({1}..{2})= {3}", i,
               teIndices[i], str.Length - 1,
               ShowHexValues(str.Substring(teIndices[i])));
      }
      Console.WriteLine();

      // Parse the string with the GetTextElementEnumerator method.
      Console.WriteLine("Parsing with TextElementEnumerator:");
      teEnum = StringInfo.GetTextElementEnumerator(str);

      int teCount = - 1;

      while (teEnum.MoveNext()) {
         // Displays the current element.
         // Both GetTextElement() and Current retrieve the current
         // text element. The latter returns it as an Object.
         teCount++;
         Console.WriteLine("Text Element {0} ({1}..{2})= {3}", teCount,
            teEnum.ElementIndex, teEnum.ElementIndex +
            teEnum.GetTextElement().Length - 1, ShowHexValues((string)(teEnum.Current)));
      }
   }

   private static string ShowHexValues(string s)
   {
      string hexString = "";
      foreach (var ch in s)
         hexString += $"{(ushort)ch:X4} ";

      return hexString;
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       Parsing with ParseCombiningCharacters:
//       Text Element 0 (0..2)= 0627 0655 0650
//       Text Element 1 (3..3)= 064A
//       Text Element 2 (4..5)= 0647 064E
//       Text Element 3 (6..6)= 0627
//       Text Element 4 (7..8)= 0628 064C
//
//       Parsing with TextElementEnumerator:
//       Text Element 0 (0..2)= 0627 0655 0650
//       Text Element 1 (3..3)= 064A
//       Text Element 2 (4..5)= 0647 064E
//       Text Element 3 (6..6)= 0627
//       Text Element 4 (7..8)= 0628 064C
//
//       Parsing with ParseCombiningCharacters:
//       Text Element 0 (0..1)= D800 DD48
//       Text Element 1 (2..3)= D840 DC26
//       Text Element 2 (4..4)= 0061
//       Text Element 3 (5..6)= DB84 DC01
//
//       Parsing with TextElementEnumerator:
//       Text Element 0 (0..1)= D800 DD48
//       Text Element 1 (2..3)= D840 DC26
//       Text Element 2 (4..4)= 0061
//       Text Element 3 (5..6)= DB84 DC01
Imports System.Globalization

Public Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      ' The Unicode code points specify Arabic base characters and 
      ' combining character sequences.
      Dim strCombining As String = ChrW(&H627) & ChrW(&h0655) + ChrW(&H650) & 
              ChrW(&H64A) & ChrW(&H647) & ChrW(&H64E) & ChrW(&H627) & 
              ChrW(&H628) & ChrW(&H64C)

      ' The Unicode code points specify private surrogate pairs.
      Dim strSurrogates As String = Char.ConvertFromUtf32(&h10148) +
                                    Char.ConvertFromUtf32(&h20026) + "a" +
                                    Char.ConvertFromUtf32(&hF1001)
      
      EnumerateTextElements(strCombining)
      EnumerateTextElements(strSurrogates)
   End Sub

   Public Sub EnumerateTextElements(str As String)
      ' Get the Enumerator.
      Dim teEnum As TextElementEnumerator = Nothing      

      ' Parse the string using the ParseCombiningCharacters method.
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("Parsing with ParseCombiningCharacters:")
      Dim teIndices As Integer() = StringInfo.ParseCombiningCharacters(str)
      
      For i As Integer = 0 To teIndices.Length - 1
         If i < teIndices.Length - 1 Then
            Console.WriteLine("Text Element {0} ({1}..{2})= {3}", i, 
               TEIndices(i), TEIndices((i + 1)) - 1, 
               ShowHexValues(str.Substring(TEIndices(i), TEIndices((i + 1)) - 
                             teIndices(i))))
         Else
            Console.WriteLine("Text Element {0} ({1}..{2})= {3}", i, 
               teIndices(i), str.Length - 1, 
               ShowHexValues(str.Substring(teIndices(i))))
         End If
      Next
      Console.WriteLine()

      ' Parse the string with the GetTextElementEnumerator method.
      Console.WriteLine("Parsing with TextElementEnumerator:")
      teEnum = StringInfo.GetTextElementEnumerator(str)

      Dim TECount As Integer = - 1

      While teEnum.MoveNext()
         ' Prints the current element.
         ' Both GetTextElement() and Current retrieve the current
         ' text element. The latter returns it as an Object.
         TECount += 1
         Console.WriteLine("Text Element {0} ({1}..{2})= {3}", teCount, 
            teEnum.ElementIndex, teEnum.ElementIndex + 
            teEnum.GetTextElement().Length - 1, ShowHexValues(CStr(teEnum.Current)))
      End While
   End Sub
   
   Private Function ShowHexValues(s As String) As String
      Dim hexString As String = ""
      For Each ch In s
         hexString += String.Format("{0:X4} ", Convert.ToUInt16(ch))
      Next
      Return hexString
   End Function
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       Parsing with ParseCombiningCharacters:
'       Text Element 0 (0..2)= 0627 0655 0650
'       Text Element 1 (3..3)= 064A
'       Text Element 2 (4..5)= 0647 064E
'       Text Element 3 (6..6)= 0627
'       Text Element 4 (7..8)= 0628 064C
'       
'       Parsing with TextElementEnumerator:
'       Text Element 0 (0..2)= 0627 0655 0650
'       Text Element 1 (3..3)= 064A
'       Text Element 2 (4..5)= 0647 064E
'       Text Element 3 (6..6)= 0627
'       Text Element 4 (7..8)= 0628 064C
'       
'       Parsing with ParseCombiningCharacters:
'       Text Element 0 (0..1)= D800 DD48
'       Text Element 1 (2..3)= D840 DC26
'       Text Element 2 (4..4)= 0061
'       Text Element 3 (5..6)= DB84 DC01
'       
'       Parsing with TextElementEnumerator:
'       Text Element 0 (0..1)= D800 DD48
'       Text Element 1 (2..3)= D840 DC26
'       Text Element 2 (4..4)= 0061
'       Text Element 3 (5..6)= DB84 DC01

调用方说明

在内部,类的方法 StringInfo 调用类的方法 CharUnicodeInfo 来确定字符类别。 从 .NET Framework 4.6.2 开始,字符分类基于Unicode 标准版本 8.0.0。 对于 .NET Framework 4 到 .NET Framework 4.6.1,它基于Unicode 标准6.3.0 版本。 在 .NET Core 中,它基于 Unicode Standard 8.0.0 版

构造函数

StringInfo()

初始化 StringInfo 类的新实例。

StringInfo(String)

StringInfo 类的新实例初始化为指定的字符串。

属性

LengthInTextElements

获取当前 StringInfo 对象中的文本元素数量。

String

获取或设置当前 StringInfo 对象的值。

方法

Equals(Object)

指示当前 StringInfo 对象是否与指定的对象相等。

Equals(Object)

确定指定对象是否等于当前对象。

(继承自 Object)
GetHashCode()

计算当前 StringInfo 对象的值的哈希代码。

GetHashCode()

作为默认哈希函数。

(继承自 Object)
GetNextTextElement(String)

获取指定字符串中的第一个文本元素。

GetNextTextElement(String, Int32)

获取指定字符串中指定索引处的文本元素。

GetNextTextElementLength(ReadOnlySpan<Char>)

返回输入范围中出现 (扩展字形群集) 的第一个文本元素的长度。

GetNextTextElementLength(String)

返回在输入字符串中出现 (扩展的字形群集) 的第一个文本元素的长度。

GetNextTextElementLength(String, Int32)

返回在从指定索引开始的输入字符串中出现的 (扩展字形群集) 的第一个文本元素的长度。

GetTextElementEnumerator(String)

返回一个循环访问整个字符串的文本元素的枚举数。

GetTextElementEnumerator(String, Int32)

返回一个枚举数,它循环访问字符串的文本元素并从指定索引处开始。

GetType()

获取当前实例的 Type

(继承自 Object)
MemberwiseClone()

创建当前 Object 的浅表副本。

(继承自 Object)
ParseCombiningCharacters(String)

返回指定字符串中每个基字符、高代理项或控制字符的索引。

SubstringByTextElements(Int32)

从当前的 StringInfo 对象检索文本元素的子字符串(从指定的文本元素开始,一直到最后一个文本元素)。

SubstringByTextElements(Int32, Int32)

从当前的 StringInfo 对象中检索文本元素的子字符串(从指定文本元素开始,一直到指定数目的文本元素)。

ToString()

返回表示当前对象的字符串。

(继承自 Object)

适用于

另请参阅