Enumerable.Any 方法

定义

确定序列中是否包含元素或存在元素满足指定条件。

重载

Any<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

确定序列是否包含任何元素。

Any<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

确定序列中是否存在任意一个元素满足条件。

Any<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

确定序列是否包含任何元素。

public:
generic <typename TSource>
[System::Runtime::CompilerServices::Extension]
 static bool Any(System::Collections::Generic::IEnumerable<TSource> ^ source);
public static bool Any<TSource> (this System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<TSource> source);
static member Any : seq<'Source> -> bool
<Extension()>
Public Function Any(Of TSource) (source As IEnumerable(Of TSource)) As Boolean

类型参数

TSource

source 的元素类型。

参数

source
IEnumerable<TSource>

要检查是否为空的 IEnumerable<T>

返回

Boolean

如果源序列包含任何元素,则为 true;否则为 false

例外

sourcenull

示例

下面的代码示例演示如何用于 Any 确定序列是否包含任何元素。

List<int> numbers = new List<int> { 1, 2 };
bool hasElements = numbers.Any();

Console.WriteLine("The list {0} empty.",
    hasElements ? "is not" : "is");

// This code produces the following output:
//
// The list is not empty.
' Create a list of Integers.
Dim numbers As New List(Of Integer)(New Integer() {1, 2})

' Determine if the list contains any items.
Dim hasElements As Boolean = numbers.Any()

' Display the output.
Dim text As String = IIf(hasElements, "not ", "")
Console.WriteLine($"The list is {text}empty.")

' This code produces the following output:
'
' The list is not empty.

方法返回的Any<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)布尔值通常用于Visual Basic) 或直接调用Where<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)方法的子句 (Where子句的谓where词中。 以下示例演示了此方法的 Any 这种用法。

class Pet
{
    public string Name { get; set; }
    public int Age { get; set; }
}
class Person
{
    public string LastName { get; set; }
    public Pet[] Pets { get; set; }
}

public static void AnyEx2()
{
    List<Person> people = new List<Person>
        { new Person { LastName = "Haas",
                       Pets = new Pet[] { new Pet { Name="Barley", Age=10 },
                                          new Pet { Name="Boots", Age=14 },
                                          new Pet { Name="Whiskers", Age=6 }}},
          new Person { LastName = "Fakhouri",
                       Pets = new Pet[] { new Pet { Name = "Snowball", Age = 1}}},
          new Person { LastName = "Antebi",
                       Pets = new Pet[] { }},
          new Person { LastName = "Philips",
                       Pets = new Pet[] { new Pet { Name = "Sweetie", Age = 2},
                                          new Pet { Name = "Rover", Age = 13}} }
        };

    // Determine which people have a non-empty Pet array.
    IEnumerable<string> names = from person in people
                                where person.Pets.Any()
                                select person.LastName;

    foreach (string name in names)
    {
        Console.WriteLine(name);
    }

    /* This code produces the following output:

       Haas
       Fakhouri
       Philips
    */
}
Structure Pet
    Public Name As String
    Public Age As Integer
End Structure

Structure Person
    Public LastName As String
    Public Pets() As Pet
End Structure

Sub AnyEx2()
    Dim people As New List(Of Person)(New Person() _
{New Person With {.LastName = "Haas",
                  .Pets = New Pet() {New Pet With {.Name = "Barley", .Age = 10},
                                     New Pet With {.Name = "Boots", .Age = 14},
                                     New Pet With {.Name = "Whiskers", .Age = 6}}},
  New Person With {.LastName = "Fakhouri",
                   .Pets = New Pet() {New Pet With {.Name = "Snowball", .Age = 1}}},
  New Person With {.LastName = "Antebi",
                   .Pets = New Pet() {}},
  New Person With {.LastName = "Philips",
                   .Pets = New Pet() {New Pet With {.Name = "Sweetie", .Age = 2},
                                      New Pet With {.Name = "Rover", .Age = 13}}}})

    ' Determine which people have a non-empty Pet array.
    Dim names = From person In people
                Where person.Pets.Any()
                Select person.LastName

    For Each name As String In names
        Console.WriteLine(name)
    Next

    ' This code produces the following output:
    '
    ' Haas
    ' Fakhouri
    ' Philips

End Sub

注解

备注

此方法不返回集合中的任何一个元素, 而是确定集合是否包含任何元素。

一旦可以确定结果,就会停止枚举 source

在Visual Basic查询表达式语法中,子Aggregate Into Any()句转换为调用 Any

另请参阅

适用于

Any<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

确定序列中是否存在任意一个元素满足条件。

public:
generic <typename TSource>
[System::Runtime::CompilerServices::Extension]
 static bool Any(System::Collections::Generic::IEnumerable<TSource> ^ source, Func<TSource, bool> ^ predicate);
public static bool Any<TSource> (this System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<TSource> source, Func<TSource,bool> predicate);
static member Any : seq<'Source> * Func<'Source, bool> -> bool
<Extension()>
Public Function Any(Of TSource) (source As IEnumerable(Of TSource), predicate As Func(Of TSource, Boolean)) As Boolean

类型参数

TSource

source 的元素类型。

参数

source
IEnumerable<TSource>

一个 IEnumerable<T>,其元素将应用谓词。

predicate
Func<TSource,Boolean>

用于测试每个元素是否满足条件的函数。

返回

Boolean

如果源序列不为空,并且至少有一个元素通过指定谓词中的测试,则为 true;否则为 false

例外

sourcepredicatenull

示例

下面的代码示例演示如何使用Any以确定序列中是否有任意一个元素满足条件。

class Pet
{
    public string Name { get; set; }
    public int Age { get; set; }
    public bool Vaccinated { get; set; }
}

public static void AnyEx3()
{
    // Create an array of Pets.
    Pet[] pets =
        { new Pet { Name="Barley", Age=8, Vaccinated=true },
          new Pet { Name="Boots", Age=4, Vaccinated=false },
          new Pet { Name="Whiskers", Age=1, Vaccinated=false } };

    // Determine whether any pets over age 1 are also unvaccinated.
    bool unvaccinated =
        pets.Any(p => p.Age > 1 && p.Vaccinated == false);

    Console.WriteLine(
        "There {0} unvaccinated animals over age one.",
        unvaccinated ? "are" : "are not any");
}

// This code produces the following output:
//
//  There are unvaccinated animals over age one.
Structure Pet
    Public Name As String
    Public Age As Integer
    Public Vaccinated As Boolean
End Structure

Shared Sub AnyEx3()
    ' Create a list of Pets
    Dim pets As New List(Of Pet)(New Pet() _
                         {New Pet With {.Name = "Barley", .Age = 8, .Vaccinated = True},
                          New Pet With {.Name = "Boots", .Age = 4, .Vaccinated = False},
                          New Pet With {.Name = "Whiskers", .Age = 1, .Vaccinated = False}})

    ' Determine whether any pets over age 1 are also unvaccinated.
    Dim unvaccinated As Boolean =
pets.Any(Function(pet) pet.Age > 1 And pet.Vaccinated = False)

    ' Display the output.
    Dim text As String = IIf(unvaccinated, "are", "are not")
    Console.WriteLine($"There {text} unvaccinated animals over age 1.")
End Sub

' This code produces the following output:
'
' There are unvaccinated animals over age 1.

注解

备注

此方法不返回集合中的任何一个元素, 而是确定集合中是否存在任何元素满足条件。

一旦可以确定结果,就会停止枚举 source

在Visual Basic查询表达式语法中,子Aggregate Into Any()句转换为调用 Any

另请参阅

适用于