使用 Windows VPN 客户端优化远程工作者的 Microsoft 365 流量

本文介绍如何配置 Microsoft 365 for the Windows VPN 客户端的 VPN 拆分隧道 一文中的建议。 本指南使 VPN 管理员能够优化 Microsoft 365 的使用,同时确保所有其他流量通过 VPN 连接并通过现有安全网关或工具传输。

对于内置 Windows VPN 客户端,可以使用 强制隧道和排除 方法实现这些建议,即使使用 强制隧道,也可以定义基于 IP 的排除项。 可以 拆分 某些流量以使用物理接口,同时仍通过 VPN 接口强制所有其他流量。 寻址到定义的目标的流量 (如 Microsoft 365 优化类别中列出的流量) 遵循更直接、更高效的路径,而无需通过 VPN 隧道遍历或 发夹 并返回组织的网络。 对于 Microsoft 365 等云服务,这在性能和可用性方面对远程用户产生了显著影响。

注意

在一些在线文档中,其他供应商和某些在线文档中有时混淆地称为“强制隧道”(包含排除项的强制隧道)。 对于 Windows VPN,术语 拆分隧道 的定义不同,如 VPN 路由决策一文中所述。

解决方案概述

该解决方案基于 VPN 配置服务提供程序引用配置文件 (VPNv2 CSP) 和嵌入式 ProfileXML 的使用。 它们用于在设备上配置 VPN 配置文件。 可以使用各种预配方法来创建和部署 VPN 配置文件,如步骤 6 一文中所述。配置Windows 10客户端Always On VPN 连接

通常,这些 VPN 配置文件是使用移动设备管理解决方案(如Intune)分发的,如 VPN 配置文件选项和使用Intune配置 VPN 客户端中所述。

若要在 Windows 10 或 Windows 11 VPN 中使用强制隧道,<RoutingPolicyType>通常在现有配置文件 XML (或脚本) 中通过以下条目在 节下<NativeProfile></NativeProfile>配置 ForceTunnel 值:

<RoutingPolicyType>ForceTunnel</RoutingPolicyType>

为了定义特定的强制隧道排除项,然后需要将以下行添加到现有配置文件 XML (或脚本) 中,以便针对每个必需的排除项,并将它们放在节之外 <NativeProfile></NativeProfile> ,如下所示:

<Route>
 <Address>[IP addresses or subnet]</Address>
 <PrefixSize>[IP Prefix]</PrefixSize>
 <ExclusionRoute>true</ExclusionRoute>
</Route>

因此, [IP Addresses or Subnet][IP Prefix] 引用定义的条目将作为 更具体的路由条目 添加到路由表中,这些条目将使用 Internet 连接的接口作为默认网关,而不是使用 VPN 接口。 必须为每个必需的排除项定义唯一且单独的 <Route></Route> 节。

以下为强制隧道配置格式正确的配置文件 XML 配置示例:

<VPNProfile>
 <NativeProfile>
  <RoutingPolicyType>ForceTunnel</RoutingPolicyType>
 </NativeProfile>
 <Route>
  <Address>203.0.113.0</Address>
  <PrefixSize>24</PrefixSize>
  <ExclusionRoute>true</ExclusionRoute>
 </Route>
 <Route>
  <Address>198.51.100.0</Address>
  <PrefixSize>22</PrefixSize>
  <ExclusionRoute>true</ExclusionRoute>
 </Route>
</VPNProfile>

注意

此示例中的 IP 地址和前缀大小值仅用作示例,不应使用。

解决方案部署

因此,对于 Microsoft 365,有必要为Office 365 URL 和 IP 地址范围中所述的优化类别中所述的所有 IP 地址添加排除项,以确保它们被排除在 VPN 强制隧道之外。

这可以通过将 优化 类别条目中定义的 IP 地址添加到现有配置文件 XML (或脚本) 文件来实现,或者可以使用以下脚本来动态地将所需条目添加到现有 PowerShell 脚本或 XML 文件,具体取决于直接查询基于 REST 的 Web 服务,以确保始终使用正确的 IP 地址范围。

下面提供了一个 PowerShell 脚本示例,该脚本可用于使用 Microsoft 365 排除项更新强制隧道 VPN 连接。

# Copyright (c) Microsoft Corporation.  All rights reserved.
#  
# THIS SAMPLE CODE AND INFORMATION IS PROVIDED "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND,
# WHETHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE IMPLIED
# WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND/OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
# IF THIS CODE AND INFORMATION IS MODIFIED, THE ENTIRE RISK OF USE OR RESULTS IN
# CONNECTION WITH THE USE OF THIS CODE AND INFORMATION REMAINS WITH THE USER.

<#
.SYNOPSIS
    Applies or updates recommended Microsoft 365 optimize IP address exclusions to an existing force tunnel Windows 10 and Windows 11 VPN profile
.DESCRIPTION
    Connects to the Microsoft 365 worldwide commercial service instance endpoints to obtain the latest published IP address ranges
    Compares the optimized IP addresses with those contained in the supplied VPN Profile (PowerShell or XML file)
    Adds or updates IP addresses as necessary and saves the resultant file with "-NEW" appended to the file name
.PARAMETERS
    Filename and path for a supplied Windows 10 or Windows 11 VPN profile file in either PowerShell or XML format
.NOTES
    Requires at least Windows 10 Version 1803 with KB4493437, 1809 with KB4490481, or later
.VERSION
    1.0
#>

param (
    [string]$VPNprofilefile
)

$usage=@"

This script uses the following parameters:

VPNprofilefile - The full path and name of the VPN profile PowerShell script or XML file

EXAMPLES

To check a VPN profile PowerShell script file:

Update-VPN-Profile-Office365-Exclusion-Routes.ps1 -VPNprofilefile [FULLPATH AND NAME OF POWERSHELL SCRIPT FILE]

To check a VPN profile XML file:

Update-VPN-Profile-Office365-Exclusion-Routes.ps1 -VPNprofilefile [FULLPATH AND NAME OF XML FILE]

"@
  
# Check if filename has been provided #
if ($VPNprofilefile -eq "")
{
   Write-Host "`nWARNING: You must specify either a PowerShell script or XML filename!" -ForegroundColor Red

    $usage
    exit
}

$FileExtension = [System.IO.Path]::GetExtension($VPNprofilefile)

# Check if XML file exists and is a valid XML file #
if ( $VPNprofilefile -ne "" -and $FileExtension -eq ".xml")
{
    if ( Test-Path $VPNprofilefile )
    {
        $xml = New-Object System.Xml.XmlDocument
        try
        {
            $xml.Load((Get-ChildItem -Path $VPNprofilefile).FullName)

        }
        catch [System.Xml.XmlException]
        {
            Write-Verbose "$VPNprofilefile : $($_.toString())"
            Write-Host "`nWARNING: The VPN profile XML file is not a valid xml file or incorrectly formatted!" -ForegroundColor Red
            $usage
            exit
        }
    }else
    {
        Write-Host "`nWARNING: VPN profile XML file does not exist or cannot be found!" -ForegroundColor Red
        $usage
        exit
    }
}

# Check if VPN profile PowerShell script file exists and contains a VPNPROFILE XML section #
if ( $VPNprofilefile -ne "" -and $FileExtension -eq ".ps1")
{
    if ( (Test-Path $VPNprofilefile) )
    {
        if (-Not $(Select-String -Path $VPNprofilefile -Pattern "<VPNPROFILE>") )
        {
            Write-Host "`nWARNING: PowerShell script file does not contain a valid VPN profile XML section or is incorrectly formatted!" -ForegroundColor Red
            $usage
            exit
        }
    }else
    {
        Write-Host "`nWARNING: PowerShell script file does not exist or cannot be found!"-ForegroundColor Red
        $usage
        exit
    }
}

# Define Microsoft 365 endpoints and service URLs #
$ws = "https://endpoints.office.com"
$baseServiceUrl = "https://endpoints.office.com"

# Path where client ID and latest version number will be stored #
$datapath = $Env:TEMP + "\endpoints_clientid_latestversion.txt"

# Fetch client ID and version if data file exists; otherwise create new file #
if (Test-Path $datapath)
{
    $content = Get-Content $datapath
    $clientRequestId = $content[0]
    $lastVersion = $content[1]

}else
{
    $clientRequestId = [GUID]::NewGuid().Guid
    $lastVersion = "0000000000"
    @($clientRequestId, $lastVersion) | Out-File $datapath
}

# Call version method to check the latest version, and pull new data if version number is different #
$version = Invoke-RestMethod -Uri ($ws + "/version?clientRequestId=" + $clientRequestId)

if ($version[0].latest -gt $lastVersion)
{

    Write-Host
    Write-Host "A new version of Microsoft 365 worldwide commercial service instance endpoints has been detected!" -ForegroundColor Cyan

    # Write the new version number to the data file #
    @($clientRequestId, $version[0].latest) | Out-File $datapath
}

# Invoke endpoints method to get the new data #
$uri = "$baseServiceUrl" + "/endpoints/worldwide?clientRequestId=$clientRequestId"

# Invoke endpoints method to get the data for the VPN profile comparison #
$endpointSets = Invoke-RestMethod -Uri ($uri)
$Optimize = $endpointSets | Where-Object { $_.category -eq "Optimize" }
$optimizeIpsv4 = $Optimize.ips | Where-Object { ($_).contains(".") } | Sort-Object -Unique

# Temporarily include additional IP address until Teams client update is released
$optimizeIpsv4 += "13.107.60.1/32"

# Process PowerShell script file start #
if ($VPNprofilefile -ne "" -and $FileExtension -eq ".ps1")
{
    Write-host "`nStarting PowerShell script exclusion route check...`n" -ForegroundColor Cyan

    # Clear Variables to allow re-run testing #

    $ARRVPN=$null              # Array to hold VPN addresses from VPN profile PowerShell file #
    $In_Opt_Only=$null         # Variable to hold IP addresses that only appear in the optimize list #
    $In_VPN_Only=$null         # Variable to hold IP addresses that only appear in the VPN profile PowerShell file #

    # Extract the Profile XML from the ps1 file #

    $regex = '(?sm).*^*.<VPNProfile>\r?\n(.*?)\r?\n</VPNProfile>.*'

    # Create xml format variable to compare with the optimize list #

    $xmlbody=(Get-Content -Raw $VPNprofilefile) -replace $regex, '$1'
    [xml]$VPNprofilexml="<VPNProfile>"+$xmlbody+"</VPNProfile>"

        # Loop through each address found in VPNPROFILE XML section #
        foreach ($Route in $VPNprofilexml.VPNProfile.Route)
        {
        $VPNIP=$Route.Address+"/"+$Route.PrefixSize
        [array]$ARRVPN=$ARRVPN+$VPNIP
        }

    # In optimize address list only #
    $In_Opt_Only= $optimizeIpsv4 | Where {$ARRVPN -NotContains $_}

    # In VPN list only #
    $In_VPN_only =$ARRVPN | Where {$optimizeIpsv4 -NotContains $_}
    [array]$Inpfile = get-content $VPNprofilefile

    if ($In_Opt_Only.Count -gt 0 )
    {
        Write-Host "Exclusion route IP addresses are unknown, missing, or need to be updated in the VPN profile`n" -ForegroundColor Red

         [int32]$insline=0

            for ($i=0; $i -lt $Inpfile.count; $i++)
            {
                if ($Inpfile[$i] -match "</NativeProfile>")
                {
                $insline += $i # Record the position of the line after the NativeProfile section ends #
                }
            }
            $OFS = "`r`n"
                foreach ($NewIP in $In_Opt_Only)
                {
                    # Add the missing IP address(es) #
                    $IPInfo=$NewIP.Split("/")
                    $InpFile[$insline] += $OFS+"    <Route>"
                    $InpFile[$insline] += $OFS+"      <Address>"+$IPInfo[0].Trim()+"</Address>"
                    $InpFile[$insline] += $OFS+"      <PrefixSize>"+$IPInfo[1].Trim()+"</PrefixSize>"
                    $InpFile[$insline] += $OFS+"      <ExclusionRoute>true</ExclusionRoute>"
                    $InpFile[$insline] += $OFS+"    </Route>"
                }
             # Update fileName and write new PowerShell file #
             $NewFileName=(Get-Item $VPNprofilefile).Basename + "-NEW.ps1"
             $OutFile=$(Split-Path $VPNprofilefile -Parent)+"\"+$NewFileName
             $InpFile | Set-Content $OutFile
             Write-Host "Exclusion routes have been added to VPN profile and output to a separate PowerShell script file; the original file has not been modified`n" -ForegroundColor Green
    }else
    {
        Write-Host "Exclusion route IP addresses are correct and up to date in the VPN profile`n" -ForegroundColor Green
        $OutFile=$VPNprofilefile
    }

if ( $In_VPN_Only.Count -gt 0 )
{
    Write-Host "Unknown exclusion route IP addresses have been found in the VPN profile`n" -ForegroundColor Yellow

        foreach ($OldIP in $In_VPN_Only)
        {
            [array]$Inpfile = get-content $Outfile
            $IPInfo=$OldIP.Split("/")
            Write-Host "Unknown exclusion route IP address"$IPInfo[0]"has been found in the VPN profile - Do you wish to remove it? (Y/N)`n" -ForegroundColor Yellow
            $matchstr="<Address>"+$IPInfo[0].Trim()+"</Address>"
            $DelAns=Read-host
                if ($DelAns.ToUpper() -eq "Y")
                {
                    [int32]$insline=0
                        for ($i=0; $i -lt $Inpfile.count; $i++)
                        {
                            if ($Inpfile[$i] -match $matchstr)
                            {
                                $insline += $i # Record the position of the line for the string match #
                            }
                        }
                        # Remove entries from XML #
                        $InpFile[$insline-1]="REMOVETHISLINE"
                        $InpFile[$insline]="REMOVETHISLINE"
                        $InpFile[$insline+1]="REMOVETHISLINE"
                        $InpFile[$insline+2]="REMOVETHISLINE"
                        $InpFile[$insline+3]="REMOVETHISLINE"
                        $InpFile=$InpFile | Where-Object {$_ -ne "REMOVETHISLINE"}

                        # Update filename and write new PowerShell file #
                        $NewFileName=(Get-Item $VPNprofilefile).Basename + "-NEW.xml"
                        $OutFile=$(Split-Path $VPNprofilefile -Parent)+"\"+$NewFileName
                        $Inpfile | Set-content $OutFile
                        Write-Host "`nAddress"$IPInfo[0]"exclusion route has been removed from the VPN profile and output to a separate PowerShell script file; the original file has not been modified`n" -ForegroundColor Green

                }else
                {
                    Write-Host "`nExclusion route IP address has *NOT* been removed from the VPN profile`n" -ForegroundColor Green
                }
        }
 }
}

# Process XML file start #
if ($VPNprofilefile -ne "" -and $FileExtension -eq ".xml")
{
    Write-host "`nStarting XML file exclusion route check...`n" -ForegroundColor Cyan

    # Clear variables to allow re-run testing #
    $ARRVPN=$null              # Array to hold VPN addresses from the XML file #
    $In_Opt_Only=$null         # Variable to hold IP Addresses that only appear in optimize list #
    $In_VPN_Only=$null         # Variable to hold IP Addresses that only appear in the VPN profile XML file #  

    # Extract the Profile XML from the XML file #
    $regex = '(?sm).*^*.<VPNProfile>\r?\n(.*?)\r?\n</VPNProfile>.*'

    # Create xml format variable to compare with optimize list #
    $xmlbody=(Get-Content -Raw $VPNprofilefile) -replace $regex, '$1'
    [xml]$VPNRulesxml="$xmlbody"

        # Loop through each address found in VPNPROFILE file #
        foreach ($Route in $VPNRulesxml.VPNProfile.Route)
        {
            $VPNIP=$Route.Address+"/"+$Route.PrefixSize
            [array]$ARRVPN=$ARRVPN+$VPNIP
        }

    # In optimize address list only #
    $In_Opt_Only= $optimizeIpsv4 | Where {$ARRVPN -NotContains $_}

    # In VPN list only #
    $In_VPN_only =$ARRVPN | Where {$optimizeIpsv4 -NotContains $_}
    [System.Collections.ArrayList]$Inpfile = get-content $VPNprofilefile

        if ($In_Opt_Only.Count -gt 0 )
        {
            Write-Host "Exclusion route IP addresses are unknown, missing, or need to be updated in the VPN profile`n" -ForegroundColor Red

                foreach ($NewIP in $In_Opt_Only)
                {
                    # Add the missing IP address(es) #
                    $IPInfo=$NewIP.Split("/")
                    $routes += "<Route>`n"+"`t<Address>"+$IPInfo[0].Trim()+"</Address>`n"+"`t<PrefixSize>"+$IPInfo[1].Trim()+"</PrefixSize>`n"+"`t<ExclusionRoute>true</ExclusionRoute>`n"+"</Route>`n"
                }
            $inspoint = $Inpfile.IndexOf("</VPNProfile>")
            $Inpfile.Insert($inspoint,$routes)

            # Update filename and write new XML file #
            $NewFileName=(Get-Item $VPNprofilefile).Basename + "-NEW.xml"
            $OutFile=$(Split-Path $VPNprofilefile -Parent)+"\"+$NewFileName
            $InpFile | Set-Content $OutFile
            Write-Host "Exclusion routes have been added to VPN profile and output to a separate XML file; the original file has not been modified`n`n" -ForegroundColor Green

        }else
        {
            Write-Host "Exclusion route IP addresses are correct and up to date in the VPN profile`n" -ForegroundColor Green
            $OutFile=$VPNprofilefile
        }

        if ( $In_VPN_Only.Count -gt 0 )
        {
            Write-Host "Unknown exclusion route IP addresses found in the VPN profile`n" -ForegroundColor Yellow

            foreach ($OldIP in $In_VPN_Only)
            {
                [array]$Inpfile = get-content $OutFile
                $IPInfo=$OldIP.Split("/")
                Write-Host "Unknown exclusion route IP address"$IPInfo[0]"has been found in the VPN profile - Do you wish to remove it? (Y/N)`n" -ForegroundColor Yellow
                $matchstr="<Route>"+"<Address>"+$IPInfo[0].Trim()+"</Address>"+"<PrefixSize>"+$IPInfo[1].Trim()+"</PrefixSize>"+"<ExclusionRoute>true</ExclusionRoute>"+"</Route>"
                $DelAns=Read-host
                    if ($DelAns.ToUpper() -eq "Y")
                    {
                        # Remove unknown IP address(es) #
                        $inspoint = $Inpfile[0].IndexOf($matchstr)
                        $Inpfile[0] = $Inpfile[0].Replace($matchstr,"")

                        # Update filename and write new XML file #
                        $NewFileName=(Get-Item $VPNprofilefile).Basename + "-NEW.xml"
                        $OutFile=$(Split-Path $VPNprofilefile -Parent)+"\"+$NewFileName
                        $Inpfile | Set-content $OutFile
                        Write-Host "`nAddress"$IPInfo[0]"exclusion route has been removed from the VPN profile and output to a separate XML file; the original file has not been modified`n" -ForegroundColor Green

                    }else
                    {
                        Write-Host "`nExclusion route IP address has *NOT* been removed from the VPN profile`n" -ForegroundColor Green
                    }
            }
        }
}

其他注意事项

还应能够调整此方法,以包括可由已知/静态 IP 地址定义的其他云服务的必要排除项; Cisco WebExZoom 所需的排除项是很好的示例。

示例

下面提供了可用于创建 Microsoft 365 排除项的强制隧道 VPN 连接的 PowerShell 脚本示例,或参阅 创建 ProfileXML 配置文件 中的指导来创建初始 PowerShell 脚本:

# Copyright (c) Microsoft Corporation.  All rights reserved.
#
# THIS SAMPLE CODE AND INFORMATION IS PROVIDED "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND,
# WHETHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE IMPLIED
# WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND/OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
# IF THIS CODE AND INFORMATION IS MODIFIED, THE ENTIRE RISK OF USE OR RESULTS IN
# CONNECTION WITH THE USE OF THIS CODE AND INFORMATION REMAINS WITH THE USER.

<#
.SYNOPSIS
    Configures an AlwaysOn IKEv2 VPN Connection using a basic script
.DESCRIPTION
    Configures an AlwaysOn IKEv2 VPN Connection with proxy PAC information and force tunneling
.PARAMETERS
    Parameters are defined in a ProfileXML object within the script itself
.NOTES
    Requires at least Windows 10 Version 1803 with KB4493437, 1809 with KB4490481, or later
.VERSION
    1.0
#>

<#-- Define Key VPN Profile Parameters --#>
$ProfileName = 'Contoso VPN with Microsoft 365 Exclusions'
$ProfileNameEscaped = $ProfileName -replace ' ', '%20'

<#-- Define VPN ProfileXML --#>
$ProfileXML = '<VPNProfile>
      <RememberCredentials>true</RememberCredentials>
    <DnsSuffix>corp.contoso.com</DnsSuffix>
    <AlwaysOn>true</AlwaysOn>
    <TrustedNetworkDetection>corp.contoso.com</TrustedNetworkDetection>
<NativeProfile>
        <Servers>edge1.contoso.com</Servers>
        <RoutingPolicyType>ForceTunnel</RoutingPolicyType>
        <NativeProtocolType>IKEv2</NativeProtocolType>
        <Authentication>
            <MachineMethod>Certificate</MachineMethod>
        </Authentication>
    </NativeProfile>
    <Route>
      <Address>13.107.6.152</Address>
      <PrefixSize>31</PrefixSize>
      <ExclusionRoute>true</ExclusionRoute>
    </Route>
    <Route>
      <Address>13.107.18.10</Address>
      <PrefixSize>31</PrefixSize>
      <ExclusionRoute>true</ExclusionRoute>
    </Route>
    <Route>
      <Address>13.107.128.0</Address>
      <PrefixSize>22</PrefixSize>
      <ExclusionRoute>true</ExclusionRoute>
    </Route>
    <Route>
      <Address>23.103.160.0</Address>
      <PrefixSize>20</PrefixSize>
      <ExclusionRoute>true</ExclusionRoute>
    </Route>
    <Route>
      <Address>40.96.0.0</Address>
      <PrefixSize>13</PrefixSize>
      <ExclusionRoute>true</ExclusionRoute>
    </Route>
    <Route>
      <Address>40.104.0.0</Address>
      <PrefixSize>15</PrefixSize>
      <ExclusionRoute>true</ExclusionRoute>
    </Route>
    <Route>
      <Address>52.96.0.0</Address>
      <PrefixSize>14</PrefixSize>
      <ExclusionRoute>true</ExclusionRoute>
    </Route>
    <Route>
      <Address>131.253.33.215</Address>
      <PrefixSize>32</PrefixSize>
      <ExclusionRoute>true</ExclusionRoute>
    </Route>
    <Route>
      <Address>132.245.0.0</Address>
      <PrefixSize>16</PrefixSize>
      <ExclusionRoute>true</ExclusionRoute>
    </Route>
    <Route>
      <Address>150.171.32.0</Address>
      <PrefixSize>22</PrefixSize>
      <ExclusionRoute>true</ExclusionRoute>
    </Route>
    <Route>
      <Address>191.234.140.0</Address>
      <PrefixSize>22</PrefixSize>
      <ExclusionRoute>true</ExclusionRoute>
    </Route>
    <Route>
      <Address>204.79.197.215</Address>
      <PrefixSize>32</PrefixSize>
    <ExclusionRoute>true</ExclusionRoute>
    </Route>
    <Route>
      <Address>13.107.136.0</Address>
      <PrefixSize>22</PrefixSize>
      <ExclusionRoute>true</ExclusionRoute>
    </Route>
    <Route>
      <Address>40.108.128.0</Address>
      <PrefixSize>17</PrefixSize>
      <ExclusionRoute>true</ExclusionRoute>
    </Route>
    <Route>
      <Address>52.104.0.0</Address>
      <PrefixSize>14</PrefixSize>
      <ExclusionRoute>true</ExclusionRoute>
    </Route>
    <Route>
      <Address>104.146.128.0</Address>
      <PrefixSize>17</PrefixSize>
      <ExclusionRoute>true</ExclusionRoute>
    </Route>  
    <Route>
      <Address>150.171.40.0</Address>
      <PrefixSize>22</PrefixSize>
      <ExclusionRoute>true</ExclusionRoute>
    </Route>  
    <Route>
      <Address>13.107.60.1</Address>
      <PrefixSize>32</PrefixSize>
      <ExclusionRoute>true</ExclusionRoute>
    </Route>
    <Route>
      <Address>13.107.64.0</Address>
     <PrefixSize>18</PrefixSize>
    <ExclusionRoute>true</ExclusionRoute>
    </Route>
    <Route>
      <Address>52.112.0.0</Address>
      <PrefixSize>14</PrefixSize>
      <ExclusionRoute>true</ExclusionRoute>
    </Route>
    <Route>
      <Address>52.120.0.0</Address>
      <PrefixSize>14</PrefixSize>
    <ExclusionRoute>true</ExclusionRoute>
    </Route>
    <Proxy>  
            <AutoConfigUrl>http://webproxy.corp.contoso.com/proxy.pac</AutoConfigUrl>  
      </Proxy>  
</VPNProfile>'

<#-- Convert ProfileXML to Escaped Format --#>
$ProfileXML = $ProfileXML -replace '<', '&lt;'
$ProfileXML = $ProfileXML -replace '>', '&gt;'
$ProfileXML = $ProfileXML -replace '"', '&quot;'

<#-- Define WMI-to-CSP Bridge Properties --#>
$nodeCSPURI = './Vendor/MSFT/VPNv2'
$namespaceName = "root\cimv2\mdm\dmmap"
$className = "MDM_VPNv2_01"

<#-- Define WMI Session --#>
$session = New-CimSession

<#-- Detect and Delete Previous VPN Profile --#>
try
{
    $deleteInstances = $session.EnumerateInstances($namespaceName, $className, $options)
    foreach ($deleteInstance in $deleteInstances)
    {
        $InstanceId = $deleteInstance.InstanceID
        if ("$InstanceId" -eq "$ProfileNameEscaped")
        {
            $session.DeleteInstance($namespaceName, $deleteInstance, $options)
            $Message = "Removed $ProfileName profile $InstanceId"
            Write-Host "$Message"
        } else {
            $Message = "Ignoring existing VPN profile $InstanceId"
            Write-Host "$Message"
        }
    }
}
catch [Exception]
{
    $Message = "Unable to remove existing outdated instance(s) of $ProfileName profile: $_"
    Write-Host "$Message"
    exit
}

<#-- Create VPN Profile --#>
try
{
    $newInstance = New-Object Microsoft.Management.Infrastructure.CimInstance $className, $namespaceName
    $property = [Microsoft.Management.Infrastructure.CimProperty]::Create("ParentID", "$nodeCSPURI", 'String', 'Key')
    $newInstance.CimInstanceProperties.Add($property)
    $property = [Microsoft.Management.Infrastructure.CimProperty]::Create("InstanceID", "$ProfileNameEscaped", 'String', 'Key')
    $newInstance.CimInstanceProperties.Add($property)
    $property = [Microsoft.Management.Infrastructure.CimProperty]::Create("ProfileXML", "$ProfileXML", 'String', 'Property')
    $newInstance.CimInstanceProperties.Add($property)

    $session.CreateInstance($namespaceName, $newInstance, $options)
    $Message = "Created $ProfileName profile."
    Write-Host "$Message"
    Write-Host "$ProfileName profile summary:"  
    $session.EnumerateInstances($namespaceName, $className, $options)
}
catch [Exception]
{
    $Message = "Unable to create $ProfileName profile: $_"
    Write-Host "$Message"
    exit
}

$Message = "Script Complete"
Write-Host "$Message"

下面提供了可用于创建与 Microsoft 365 排除项的强制隧道 VPN 连接的Intune就绪 XML 文件的示例,或者请参阅创建 ProfileXML 配置文件中的指南来创建初始 XML 文件。

注意

此 XML 的格式与 Intune 一起使用,不能包含任何回车符或空格。

<VPNProfile><RememberCredentials>true</RememberCredentials><DnsSuffix>corp.contoso.com</DnsSuffix><AlwaysOn>true</AlwaysOn><TrustedNetworkDetection>corp.contoso.com</TrustedNetworkDetection><NativeProfile><Servers>edge1.contoso.com</Servers><RoutingPolicyType>ForceTunnel</RoutingPolicyType><NativeProtocolType>IKEv2</NativeProtocolType><Authentication><MachineMethod>Certificate</MachineMethod></Authentication></NativeProfile><Route><Address>13.107.6.152</Address><PrefixSize>31</PrefixSize><ExclusionRoute>true</ExclusionRoute></Route><Route><Address>13.107.18.10</Address><PrefixSize>31</PrefixSize><ExclusionRoute>true</ExclusionRoute></Route><Route><Address>13.107.128.0</Address><PrefixSize>22</PrefixSize><ExclusionRoute>true</ExclusionRoute></Route><Route><Address>23.103.160.0</Address><PrefixSize>20</PrefixSize><ExclusionRoute>true</ExclusionRoute></Route><Route><Address>40.96.0.0</Address><PrefixSize>13</PrefixSize><ExclusionRoute>true</ExclusionRoute></Route><Route><Address>40.104.0.0</Address><PrefixSize>15</PrefixSize><ExclusionRoute>true</ExclusionRoute></Route><Route><Address>52.96.0.0</Address><PrefixSize>14</PrefixSize><ExclusionRoute>true</ExclusionRoute></Route><Route><Address>131.253.33.215</Address><PrefixSize>32</PrefixSize><ExclusionRoute>true</ExclusionRoute></Route><Route><Address>132.245.0.0</Address><PrefixSize>16</PrefixSize><ExclusionRoute>true</ExclusionRoute></Route><Route><Address>150.171.32.0</Address><PrefixSize>22</PrefixSize><ExclusionRoute>true</ExclusionRoute></Route><Route><Address>191.234.140.0</Address><PrefixSize>22</PrefixSize><ExclusionRoute>true</ExclusionRoute></Route><Route><Address>204.79.197.215</Address><PrefixSize>32</PrefixSize><ExclusionRoute>true</ExclusionRoute></Route><Route><Address>13.107.136.0</Address><PrefixSize>22</PrefixSize><ExclusionRoute>true</ExclusionRoute></Route><Route><Address>40.108.128.0</Address><PrefixSize>17</PrefixSize><ExclusionRoute>true</ExclusionRoute></Route><Route><Address>52.104.0.0</Address><PrefixSize>14</PrefixSize><ExclusionRoute>true</ExclusionRoute></Route><Route><Address>104.146.128.0</Address><PrefixSize>17</PrefixSize><ExclusionRoute>true</ExclusionRoute></Route><Route><Address>150.171.40.0</Address><PrefixSize>22</PrefixSize><ExclusionRoute>true</ExclusionRoute></Route><Route><Address>13.107.60.1</Address><PrefixSize>32</PrefixSize><ExclusionRoute>true</ExclusionRoute></Route><Route><Address>13.107.64.0</Address><PrefixSize>18</PrefixSize><ExclusionRoute>true</ExclusionRoute></Route><Route><Address>52.112.0.0</Address><PrefixSize>14</PrefixSize><ExclusionRoute>true</ExclusionRoute></Route><Route><Address>52.120.0.0</Address><PrefixSize>14</PrefixSize><ExclusionRoute>true</ExclusionRoute></Route><Proxy><AutoConfigUrl>http://webproxy.corp.contoso.com/proxy.pac</AutoConfigUrl></Proxy></VPNProfile>