SqlDataAdapter.RowUpdating 事件

定義

發生在已經針對資料來源執行命令前的 Update(DataSet) 期間。 嘗試進行更新,因此引發了事件。

public:
 event System::Data::SqlClient::SqlRowUpdatingEventHandler ^ RowUpdating;
public event System.Data.SqlClient.SqlRowUpdatingEventHandler RowUpdating;
[System.Data.DataSysDescription("DbDataAdapter_RowUpdating")]
public event System.Data.SqlClient.SqlRowUpdatingEventHandler RowUpdating;
member this.RowUpdating : System.Data.SqlClient.SqlRowUpdatingEventHandler 
[<System.Data.DataSysDescription("DbDataAdapter_RowUpdating")>]
member this.RowUpdating : System.Data.SqlClient.SqlRowUpdatingEventHandler 
Public Custom Event RowUpdating As SqlRowUpdatingEventHandler 

事件類型

屬性

範例

下列範例示範如何使用 RowUpdatingRowUpdated 事件。

事件會 RowUpdating 傳回此輸出:

event args: (command=System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand commandType=2 status=0)

事件會 RowUpdated 傳回此輸出:

event args: (command=System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand commandType=2 recordsAffected=1 row=System.DataRow[37] status=0)

// handler for RowUpdating event
private static void OnRowUpdating(object sender, SqlRowUpdatingEventArgs e)
{
    PrintEventArgs(e);
}

// handler for RowUpdated event
private static void OnRowUpdated(object sender, SqlRowUpdatedEventArgs e)
{
    PrintEventArgs(e);
}

public static int Main()
{
    const string connectionString =
              "Integrated Security=SSPI;database=Northwind;server=MSSQL1";
    const string queryString = "SELECT * FROM Products";

    // create DataAdapter
    SqlDataAdapter adapter = new SqlDataAdapter(queryString, connectionString);
    SqlCommandBuilder builder = new SqlCommandBuilder(adapter);

    // Create and fill DataSet (select only first 5 rows)
    DataSet dataSet = new DataSet();
    adapter.Fill(dataSet, 0, 5, "Table");

    // Modify DataSet
    DataTable table = dataSet.Tables["Table"];
    table.Rows[0][1] = "new product";

    // add handlers
    adapter.RowUpdating += new SqlRowUpdatingEventHandler( OnRowUpdating );
    adapter.RowUpdated += new SqlRowUpdatedEventHandler( OnRowUpdated );

    // update, this operation fires two events
    // (RowUpdating/RowUpdated) per changed row
    adapter.Update(dataSet, "Table");

    // remove handlers
    adapter.RowUpdating -= new SqlRowUpdatingEventHandler( OnRowUpdating );
    adapter.RowUpdated -= new SqlRowUpdatedEventHandler( OnRowUpdated );
    return 0;
}

private static void PrintEventArgs(SqlRowUpdatingEventArgs args)
{
    Console.WriteLine("OnRowUpdating");
    Console.WriteLine("  event args: ("+
        " command=" + args.Command +
        " commandType=" + args.StatementType +
        " status=" + args.Status + ")");
}

private static void PrintEventArgs(SqlRowUpdatedEventArgs args)
{
    Console.WriteLine("OnRowUpdated");
    Console.WriteLine( "  event args: ("+
        " command=" + args.Command +
        " commandType=" + args.StatementType +
        " recordsAffected=" + args.RecordsAffected +
        " status=" + args.Status + ")");
}
    ' handler for RowUpdating event
    Private Shared Sub OnRowUpdating(sender As Object, e As SqlRowUpdatingEventArgs)
        PrintEventArgs(e)
    End Sub 

    ' handler for RowUpdated event
    Private Shared Sub OnRowUpdated(sender As Object, e As SqlRowUpdatedEventArgs)
        PrintEventArgs(e)
    End Sub 
    
    'Entry point which delegates to C-style main Private Function
    Public Overloads Shared Sub Main()
        System.Environment.ExitCode = Main(System.Environment.GetCommandLineArgs())
    End Sub
    
    Overloads Public Shared Function Main(args() As String) As Integer
        Const connectionString As String = _
            "Integrated Security=SSPI;database=Northwind;server=MSSQL1"
        Const queryString As String = "SELECT * FROM Products"
        
        ' create DataAdapter
        Dim adapter As New SqlDataAdapter(queryString, connectionString)
        Dim builder As New SqlCommandBuilder(adapter)
        
        ' Create and fill DataSet (select only first 5 rows)
        Dim dataSet As New DataSet()
        adapter.Fill(dataSet, 0, 5, "Table")
        
        ' Modify DataSet
        Dim table As DataTable = dataSet.Tables("Table")
        table.Rows(0)(1) = "new product"
        
        ' add handlers
        AddHandler adapter.RowUpdating, AddressOf OnRowUpdating
        AddHandler adapter.RowUpdated, AddressOf OnRowUpdated
        
        ' update, this operation fires two events 
        '(RowUpdating/RowUpdated) per changed row 
        adapter.Update(dataSet, "Table")
        
        ' remove handlers
        RemoveHandler adapter.RowUpdating, AddressOf OnRowUpdating
        RemoveHandler adapter.RowUpdated, AddressOf OnRowUpdated
        Return 0
    End Function 
    
    
    Overloads Private Shared Sub PrintEventArgs(args As SqlRowUpdatingEventArgs)
        Console.WriteLine("OnRowUpdating")
        Console.WriteLine("  event args: (" & " command=" & args.Command.CommandText & _
           " commandType=" & args.StatementType & " status=" & args.Status & ")")
    End Sub 
    
    
    Overloads Private Shared Sub PrintEventArgs(args As SqlRowUpdatedEventArgs)
        Console.WriteLine("OnRowUpdated")
        Console.WriteLine("  event args: (" & " command=" & args.Command.CommandText & _
           " commandType=" & args.StatementType & " recordsAffected=" & _
           args.RecordsAffected & " status=" & args.Status & ")")
    End Sub 
End Class

備註

使用 Update 時,每個資料列都會更新兩個事件。 執行順序如下:

  1. 中的 DataRow 值會移至參數值。

  2. 便會引發 OnRowUpdating 事件。

  3. 命令會執行。

  4. 如果命令設定為 FirstReturnedRecord ,則會將第一個傳回的結果放在 中 DataRow

  5. 如果有輸出參數,它們會放在 中 DataRow

  6. 便會引發 OnRowUpdated 事件。

  7. 呼叫 AcceptChanges

適用於

另請參閱