What is ExpressRoute?
ExpressRoute is an Azure service that lets you create private connections between Microsoft datacenters and infrastructure that's on your premises or in a colocation facility. ExpressRoute connections don't go over the public Internet, and offer higher security, reliability, and speeds with lower latencies than typical connections over the Internet.
What are the benefits of using ExpressRoute and private network connections?
ExpressRoute connections don't go over the public Internet. They offer higher security, reliability, and speeds, with lower and consistent latencies than typical connections over the Internet. In some cases, using ExpressRoute connections to transfer data between on-premises devices and Azure can yield significant cost benefits.
Where is the service available?
See this page for service location and availability: ExpressRoute partners and locations.
How can I use ExpressRoute to connect to Microsoft if I don't have partnerships with one of the ExpressRoute-carrier partners?
You can select a regional carrier and land Ethernet connections to one of the supported exchange provider locations. You can then peer with Microsoft at the provider location. Check the last section of ExpressRoute partners and locations to see if your service provider is present in any of the exchange locations. You can then order an ExpressRoute circuit through the service provider to connect to Azure.
How much does ExpressRoute cost?
Check pricing details for pricing information.
If I pay for an ExpressRoute circuit of a given bandwidth, do I have this bandwidth allocated for ingress and egress traffic separately?
Yes, the ExpressRoute circuit bandwidth is duplex. For example, if you purchase a 200 mbps ExpressRoute circuit, you're procuring 200 mbps for ingress traffic and 200 mbps for egress traffic.
If I pay for an ExpressRoute circuit of a given bandwidth, does the private connection I purchase from my network service provider have to be the same speed?
No. You can purchase a private connection of any speed from your service provider. However, your connection to Azure is limited to the ExpressRoute circuit bandwidth that you purchase.
If I pay for an ExpressRoute circuit of a given bandwidth, do I have the ability to use more than my procured bandwidth?
Yes, you may use up to two times the bandwidth limit you procured by using the bandwidth available on the secondary connection of your ExpressRoute circuit. The built-in redundancy of your circuit is configured using primary and secondary connections, each of the procured bandwidth, to two Microsoft Enterprise Edge routers (MSEEs). The bandwidth available through your secondary connection can be used for more traffic if necessary. Because the secondary connection is meant for redundancy, however, it isn't guaranteed and shouldn't be used for additional traffic for a sustained period of time. To learn more about how to use both connections to transmit traffic, see Use AS PATH prepending.
If you plan to use only your primary connection to transmit traffic, the bandwidth for the connection is fixed, and attempting to oversubscribe it will result in increased packet drops. If traffic flows through an ExpressRoute Gateway, the bandwidth for the Gateway SKU is fixed and not burstable. For the bandwidth of each Gateway SKU, see About ExpressRoute virtual network gateways.
Can I use the same private network connection with virtual network and other Azure services simultaneously?
Yes. An ExpressRoute circuit, once set up, allows you to access services within a virtual network and other Azure services simultaneously. You connect to virtual networks over the private peering path, and to other services over the Microsoft peering path.
How are VNets advertised on ExpressRoute Private Peering?
The ExpressRoute gateway will advertise the Address Space(s) of the Azure VNet, you can't include/exclude at the subnet level. It's always the VNet Address Space that is advertised. Also, if VNet Peering is used and the peered VNet has "Use Remote Gateway" enabled, the Address Space of the peered VNet will also be advertised.
How many prefixes can be advertised from a VNet to on-premises on ExpressRoute Private Peering?
There's a maximum of 1000 IPv4 prefixes advertised on a single ExpressRoute connection, or through VNet peering using gateway transit. For example, if you have 999 address spaces on a single VNet connected to an ExpressRoute circuit, all 999 of those prefixes will be advertised to on-premises. Alternatively, if you have a VNet enabled to allow gateway transit with 1 address space and 500 spoke VNets enabled using the "Allow Remote Gateway" option, the VNet deployed with the gateway will advertise 501 prefixes to on-premises.
If you're using a dual-stack circuit, there's a maximum of 100 IPv6 prefixes on a single ExpressRoute connection, or through VNet peering using gateway transit. This in addition to the limits described above.
What happens if I exceed the prefix limit on an ExpressRoute connection?
The connection between the ExpressRoute circuit and the gateway (and peered VNets using gateway transit, if applicable) will go down. It will re-establish when the prefix limit is no longer exceeded.
Can I filter routes coming from my on-premises network?
The only way to filter/include routes is on the on-premises edge router. User-defined Routes can be added in the VNet to affect specific routing, but this will be static and not part of the BGP advertisement.
Does ExpressRoute offer a Service Level Agreement (SLA)?
For information, see the ExpressRoute SLA page.
ExpressRoute supports three routing domains for various types of services: private peering, Microsoft peering, and public peering (deprecated).
- Virtual networks, including all virtual machines and cloud services like Azure Virtual Desktop RDP Shortpath
If your ExpressRoute circuit is enabled for Azure Microsoft peering, you can access the public IP address ranges used in Azure over the circuit. Azure Microsoft peering will provide access to services currently hosted on Azure (with geo-restrictions depending on your circuit's SKU). To validate availability for a specific service, you can check the documentation for that service to see if there's a reserved range published for that service. Then, look up the IP ranges of the target service and compare with the ranges listed in the Azure IP Ranges and Service Tags – Public Cloud XML file. Alternatively, you can open a support ticket for the service in question for clarification.
- Microsoft 365
- Power BI - Available via an Azure Regional Community, see here for how to find out the region of your Power BI tenant.
- Azure Active Directory
- Azure DevOps (Azure Global Services community)
- Azure Public IP addresses for IaaS (Virtual Machines, Virtual Network Gateways, Load Balancers, etc.)
- Most of the other Azure services are also supported. Check directly with the service that you want to use to verify support.
- Azure Front Door
- Multi-factor Authentication Server (legacy)
- Traffic Manager
- Logic Apps
Public peering has been disabled on new ExpressRoute circuits. Azure services are now available on Microsoft peering. If you have a circuit that was created before public peering was deprecated, you can choose to use Microsoft peering or public peering, depending on the services that you want.
For more information and configuration steps for public peering, see ExpressRoute public peering.
Why I see 'Advertised public prefixes' status as 'Validation needed', while configuring Microsoft peering?
Microsoft verifies if the specified 'Advertised public prefixes' and 'Peer ASN' (or 'Customer ASN') are assigned to you in the Internet Routing Registry. If you're getting the public prefixes from another entity and if the assignment isn't recorded with the routing registry, the automatic validation won't complete, and will require manual validation. If the automatic validation fails, you'll see the message 'Validation needed'.
If you see the message 'Validation needed', collect the document(s) that show the public prefixes are assigned to your organization by the entity that is listed as the owner of the prefixes in the routing registry and submit these documents for manual validation by opening a support ticket as shown below.
Is Dynamics 365 supported on ExpressRoute?
Dynamics 365 and Common Data Service (CDS) environments are hosted on Azure and therefore customers benefit from the underlying ExpressRoute support for Azure resources. You can connect to its service endpoints if your router filter includes the Azure regions your Dynamics 365/CDS environments are hosted in.
ExpressRoute Premium is not required for Dynamics 365 connectivity via Azure ExpressRoute if the ExpressRoute circuit is deployed within the same geopolitical region.
Data and connections
Are there limits on the amount of data that I can transfer using ExpressRoute?
We don't set a limit on the amount of data transfer. Refer to pricing details for information on bandwidth rates.
What connection speeds are supported by ExpressRoute?
Supported bandwidth offers:
50 Mbps, 100 Mbps, 200 Mbps, 500 Mbps, 1 Gbps, 2 Gbps, 5 Gbps, 10 Gbps
Which service providers are available?
See ExpressRoute partners and locations for the list of service providers and locations.
What are the technical requirements for connecting my on-premises location to Azure?
See ExpressRoute prerequisites page for requirements.
Are connections to ExpressRoute redundant?
Yes. Each ExpressRoute circuit has a redundant pair of cross connections configured to provide high availability.
Will I lose connectivity if one of my ExpressRoute links fail?
You won't lose connectivity if one of the cross connections fails. A redundant connection is available to support the load of your network and provide high availability of your ExpressRoute circuit. You can additionally create a circuit in a different peering location to achieve circuit-level resilience.
How do I implement redundancy on private peering?
Multiple ExpressRoute circuits from different peering locations or up to four connections from the same peering location can be connected to the same virtual network to provide high-availability in the case that a single circuit becomes unavailable. You can then assign higher weights to one of the local connections to prefer a specific circuit. It's strongly recommended that customers setup at least two ExpressRoute circuits to avoid single points of failure.
See here for designing for high availability and here for designing for disaster recovery.
How I do implement redundancy on Microsoft peering?
It's highly recommended when customers are using Microsoft peering to access Azure public services like Azure Storage or Azure SQL, and customers that are using Microsoft peering for Microsoft 365 that they implement multiple circuits in different peering locations to avoid single points of failure. Customers can either advertise the same prefix on both circuits and use AS PATH prepending or advertise different prefixes to determine path from on-premises.
See here for designing for high availability.
How do I ensure high availability on a virtual network connected to ExpressRoute?
You can achieve high availability by connecting up to 4 ExpressRoute circuits in the same peering location to your virtual network, or by connecting up to 16 ExpressRoute circuits in different peering locations (for example, Singapore, Singapore2) to your virtual network. If one ExpressRoute circuit goes down, connectivity will fail over to another ExpressRoute circuit. By default, traffic leaving your virtual network is routed based on Equal Cost Multi-path Routing (ECMP). You can use Connection Weight to prefer one circuit to another. For more information, see Optimizing ExpressRoute Routing.
How do I ensure that my traffic destined for Azure Public services like Azure Storage and Azure SQL on Microsoft peering or public peering is preferred on the ExpressRoute path?
You must implement the Local Preference attribute on your router(s) to ensure that the path from on-premises to Azure is always preferred on your ExpressRoute circuit(s).
See more details here on BGP path selection and common router configurations.
If I'm not co-located at a cloud exchange and my service provider offers point-to-point connection, do I need to order two physical connections between my on-premises network and Microsoft?
If your service provider can establish two Ethernet virtual circuits over the physical connection, you only need one physical connection. The physical connection (for example, an optical fiber) is terminated on a layer 1 (L1) device (see the image). The two Ethernet virtual circuits are tagged with different VLAN IDs, one for the primary circuit, and one for the secondary. Those VLAN IDs are in the outer 802.1Q Ethernet header. The inner 802.1Q Ethernet header (not shown) is mapped to a specific ExpressRoute routing domain.
Can I extend one of my VLANs to Azure using ExpressRoute?
No. We don't support layer 2 connectivity extensions into Azure.
Can I've more than one ExpressRoute circuit in my subscription?
Yes. You can have more than one ExpressRoute circuit in your subscription. The default limit is set to 50. You can contact Microsoft Support to increase the limit, if needed.
Can I have ExpressRoute circuits from different service providers?
Yes. You can have ExpressRoute circuits with many service providers. Each ExpressRoute circuit is associated with one service provider only.
I see two ExpressRoute peering locations in the same metro, for example, Singapore and Singapore2. Which peering location should I choose to create my ExpressRoute circuit?
If your service provider offers ExpressRoute at both sites, you can work with your provider and pick either site to set up ExpressRoute.
Can I have multiple ExpressRoute circuits in the same metro? Can I link them to the same virtual network?
Yes. You can have multiple ExpressRoute circuits with the same or different service providers. If the metro has multiple ExpressRoute peering locations and the circuits are created at different peering locations, you can link them to the same virtual network. If the circuits are created at the same peering location, you can link up to four circuits to the same virtual network.
How do I connect my virtual networks to an ExpressRoute circuit?
The basic steps are:
- Establish an ExpressRoute circuit and have the service provider enable it.
- You, or the provider, must configure the BGP peering(s).
- Link the virtual network to the ExpressRoute circuit.
For more information, see ExpressRoute workflows for circuit provisioning and circuit states.
Are there connectivity boundaries for my ExpressRoute circuit?
Yes. The ExpressRoute partners and locations article provides an overview of the connectivity boundaries for an ExpressRoute circuit. Connectivity for an ExpressRoute circuit is limited to a single geopolitical region. Connectivity can be expanded to cross geopolitical regions by enabling the ExpressRoute premium feature.
Can I link to more than one virtual network to an ExpressRoute circuit?
Yes. You can have up to 10 virtual networks connections on a standard ExpressRoute circuit, and up to 100 on a premium ExpressRoute circuit.
I have multiple Azure subscriptions that contain virtual networks. Can I connect virtual networks that are in separate subscriptions to a single ExpressRoute circuit?
Yes. You can link up to 10 virtual networks in the same subscription as the circuit or different subscriptions using a single ExpressRoute circuit. This limit can be increased by enabling the ExpressRoute premium feature. Connectivity and bandwidth charges for the dedicated circuit will be applied to the ExpressRoute circuit owner; all virtual networks share the same bandwidth.
For more information, see Sharing an ExpressRoute circuit across multiple subscriptions.
I have multiple Azure subscriptions associated to different Azure Active Directory tenants or Enterprise Agreement enrollments. Can I connect virtual networks that are in separate tenants and enrollments to a single ExpressRoute circuit not in the same tenant or enrollment?
Yes. ExpressRoute authorizations can span subscription, tenant, and enrollment boundaries with no extra configuration required. Connectivity and bandwidth charges for the dedicated circuit will be applied to the ExpressRoute circuit owner; all virtual networks share the same bandwidth.
For more information, see Sharing an ExpressRoute circuit across multiple subscriptions.
Are virtual networks connected to the same circuit isolated from each other?
No. From a routing perspective, all virtual networks linked to the same ExpressRoute circuit are part of the same routing domain and aren't isolated from each other. If you need route isolation, you need to create a separate ExpressRoute circuit.
Can I've one virtual network connected to more than one ExpressRoute circuit?
Yes. You can link a single virtual network with up to four ExpressRoute circuits in the same location or up to 16 ExpressRoute circuits in different peering locations.
Can I access the Internet from my virtual networks connected to ExpressRoute circuits?
Yes. If you haven't advertised default routes (0.0.0.0/0) or Internet route prefixes through the BGP session, you can connect to the Internet from a virtual network linked to an ExpressRoute circuit.
Can I block Internet connectivity to virtual networks connected to ExpressRoute circuits?
Yes. You can advertise default routes (0.0.0.0/0) to block all Internet connectivity to virtual machines deployed within a virtual network and route all traffic out through the ExpressRoute circuit.
If the advertised route of 0.0.0.0/0 is withdrawn from the routes advertised (for example, due to an outage or misconfiguration), Azure will provide a system route to resources on the connected Virtual Network to provide connectivity to the internet. To ensure egress traffic to the internet is blocked, it is recommended to place a Network Security Group on all subnets with an Outbound Deny rule for internet traffic.
If you advertise default routes, we force traffic to services offered over Microsoft peering (such as Azure storage and SQL DB) back to your premises. You'll have to configure your routers to return traffic to Azure through the Microsoft peering path or over the Internet. If you've enabled a service endpoint for the service, the traffic to the service isn't forced to your premises. The traffic remains within the Azure backbone network. To learn more about service endpoints, see Virtual network service endpoints
Can virtual networks linked to the same ExpressRoute circuit talk to each other?
Yes. Virtual machines deployed in virtual networks connected to the same ExpressRoute circuit can communicate with each other. We recommend setting up virtual network peering to facilitate this communication.
Can I set up a site-to-site VPN connection to my virtual network along with ExpressRoute?
Yes. ExpressRoute can coexist with site-to-site VPNs. See Configure ExpressRoute and site-to-site coexisting connections.
How do I enable routing between my site-to-site VPN connection and my ExpressRoute?
If you want to enable routing between your branch connected to ExpressRoute and your branch connected to a site-to-site VPN connection, you'll need to set up Azure Route Server.
Why is there a public IP address associated with the ExpressRoute gateway on a virtual network?
The public IP address is used for internal management only, and doesn't constitute a security exposure of your virtual network.
Are there limits on the number of routes I can advertise?
Yes. We accept up to 4000 route prefixes for private peering and 200 for Microsoft peering. You can increase this to 10,000 routes for private peering if you enable the ExpressRoute premium feature.
Are there restrictions on IP ranges I can advertise over the BGP session?
We don't accept private prefixes (RFC1918) for the Microsoft peering BGP session. We accept any prefix size (up to /32) on both the Microsoft and the private peering.
What happens if I exceed the BGP limits?
BGP sessions will be dropped. They'll be reset once the prefix count goes below the limit.
What is the ExpressRoute BGP hold time? Can it be adjusted?
The hold time is 180. The keep-alive messages are sent every 60 seconds. These are fixed settings on the Microsoft side that can't be changed. It's possible for you to configure different timers, and the BGP session parameters will be negotiated accordingly.
Can I change the bandwidth of an ExpressRoute circuit?
Yes, you can attempt to increase the bandwidth of your ExpressRoute circuit in the Azure portal, or by using PowerShell. If there's capacity available on the physical port on which your circuit was created, your change succeeds.
If your change fails, it means either there isn't enough capacity left on the current port and you need to create a new ExpressRoute circuit with the higher bandwidth, or that there's no other capacity at that location, in which case you won't be able to increase the bandwidth.
You'll also have to follow up with your connectivity provider to ensure that they update the throttles within their networks to support the bandwidth increase. You can't, however, reduce the bandwidth of your ExpressRoute circuit. You have to create a new ExpressRoute circuit with lower bandwidth and delete the old circuit.
How do I change the bandwidth of an ExpressRoute circuit?
You can update the bandwidth of the ExpressRoute circuit using the Azure portal, REST API, PowerShell, or Azure CLI.
I received a notification about maintenance on my ExpressRoute circuit. What is the technical impact of this maintenance?
You should experience minimal to no impact during maintenance if you operate your circuit in active-active mode. We perform maintenance on the primary and secondary connections of your circuit separately. During maintenance you may see longer AS-path prepend over one of the connections. The reason is to gracefully shift traffic from one connection to another. You must not ignore longer AS path, as it can cause asymmetric routing, resulting in a service outage. It's advisable to configure BFD for faster BGP failover between Primary and Secondary connection in the event a BGP failure is detected during maintenance. Scheduled maintenance will usually be performed outside of business hours in the time zone of the peering location, and you can't select a maintenance time.
I received a notification about a software upgrade or maintenance on my ExpressRoute gateway. What is the technical impact of this maintenance?
You should experience minimal to no impact during a software upgrade or maintenance on your gateway. The ExpressRoute gateway is composed of multiple instances and during upgrades, instances are taken offline one at a time. While this may cause your gateway to temporarily support lower network throughput to the virtual network, the gateway itself won't experience any downtime.
ExpressRoute SKU scope access
What is the connectivity scope for different ExpressRoute circuit SKUs?
The following diagram shows the connectivity scope of different ExpressRoute circuit SKUs. In this example, your on-premises network is connected to an ExpressRoute peering site in London. With a Local SKU ExpressRoute circuit you can connect to resources in Azure regions in the same metro as the peering site. In this case, your on-premises network can access UK South Azure resources over ExpressRoute. For more information, see What is ExpressRoute Local?. When you configure a Standard SKU ExpressRoute circuit, connectivity to Azure resources will expand to all Azure regions in a geopolitical area. As explained in the diagram, your on-premises can connect to resources in West Europe and France Central. To allow your on-premises network to access resources globally across all Azure regions, you'll need to configure an ExpressRoute premium SKU circuit. For more information, see What is ExpressRoute premium?.
What is ExpressRoute premium?
ExpressRoute premium is a collection of the following features:
Increased routing table limit from 4000 routes to 10,000 routes for private peering.
Increased number of VNets and ExpressRoute Global Reach connections that can be enabled on an ExpressRoute circuit (default is 10). For more information, see the ExpressRoute Limits table.
Connectivity to Microsoft 365
Global connectivity over the Microsoft core network. You can now link a VNet in one geopolitical region with an ExpressRoute circuit in another region.
- You can link a VNet created in Europe West to an ExpressRoute circuit created in Silicon Valley.
- On the Microsoft peering, prefixes from other geopolitical regions are advertised such that you can connect to, for example, SQL Azure in Europe West from a circuit in Silicon Valley.
How many VNets and ExpressRoute Global Reach connections can I enable on an ExpressRoute circuit if I enabled ExpressRoute premium?
The following tables show the ExpressRoute limits and the number of VNets and ExpressRoute Global Reach connections per ExpressRoute circuit:
|ExpressRoute circuits per subscription||50 (Submit a support request to increase limit)|
|ExpressRoute circuits per region per subscription, with Azure Resource Manager||10|
|Maximum number of circuits in the same peering location linked to the same virtual network||4|
|Maximum number of circuits in different peering locations linked to the same virtual network||Standard / ERGw1Az - 4 High Perf / ERGw2Az - 8 Ultra Performance / ErGw3Az - 16|
|Maximum number of IPs for ExpressRoute provider circuit with Fastpath||25,000|
|Maximum number of IPs for ExpressRoute Direct 10 Gbps with Fastpath||100,000|
|Maximum number of IPs for ExpressRoute Direct 100 Gbps with Fastpath||200,000|
|Maximum number of flows for ExpressRoute Traffic Collector||30,000|
Route advertisement limits
|Resource||Local / Standard SKU||Premium SKU|
|Maximum number of IPv4 routes advertised to Azure private peering||4,000||10,000|
|Maximum number of IPv6 routes advertised to Azure private peering||100||100|
|Maximum number of IPv4 routes advertised from Azure private peering from the VNet address space||1,000||1,000|
|Maximum number of IPv6 routes advertised from Azure private peering from the VNet address space||1,000||1,000|
|Maximum number of IPv4 routes advertised to Microsoft peering||200||200|
|Maximum number of IPv6 routes advertised to Microsoft peering||200||200|
Virtual networks links allowed for each ExpressRoute circuit limit
|Circuit size||Local / Standard SKU||Premium SKU|
*100-Gbps ExpressRoute Direct Only
Global Reach connections count against the limit of virtual network connections per ExpressRoute Circuit. For example, a 10 Gbps Premium Circuit would allow for 5 Global Reach connections and 95 connections to the ExpressRoute Gateways or 95 Global Reach connections and 5 connections to the ExpressRoute Gateways or any other combination up to the limit of 100 connections for the circuit.
ExpressRoute gateway performance limits
The following table shows the gateway types and the estimated performance scale numbers. These numbers are derived from the following testing conditions and represent the max support limits. Actual performance may vary, depending on how closely traffic replicates these testing conditions.
|Gateway SKU||Traffic sent from on-premises||Number of routes advertised by gateway||Number of routes learned by gateway|
|High Performance/ERGw2Az||2 Gbps||500||9,500|
|Ultra Performance/ErGw3Az||10 Gbps||500||9,500|
This table applies to both the Resource Manager and classic deployment models.
|Gateway SKU||Connections per second||Mega-Bits per second||Packets per second||Supported number of VMs in the Virtual Network|
- Application performance depends on multiple factors, such as end-to-end latency, and the number of traffic flows the application opens. The numbers in the table represent the upper limit that the application can theoretically achieve in an ideal environment. Additionally, Microsoft performs routine host and OS maintenance on the ExpressRoute Virtual Network Gateway, to maintain reliability of the service. During a maintenance period, the control plane and data path capacity of the gateway is reduced.
- During a maintenance period, you may experience intermittent connectivity issues to private endpoint resources.
How do I enable ExpressRoute premium?
ExpressRoute premium features can be enabled when the feature is enabled, and can be shut down by updating the circuit state. You can enable ExpressRoute premium at circuit creation time, or can call the REST API / PowerShell cmdlet.
How do I disable ExpressRoute premium?
You can disable ExpressRoute premium by calling the REST API or PowerShell cmdlet. You must make sure that you've scaled your connectivity needs to meet the default limits before you disable ExpressRoute premium. If your utilization scales beyond the default limits, the request to disable ExpressRoute premium fails.
Can I pick and choose the features I want from the premium feature set?
No. You can't pick the features. We enable all features when you turn on ExpressRoute premium.
How much does ExpressRoute premium cost?
Refer to pricing details for cost.
Do I pay for ExpressRoute premium in addition to standard ExpressRoute charges?
Yes. ExpressRoute premium charges apply on top of ExpressRoute circuit charges and charges required by the connectivity provider.
What is ExpressRoute Local?
ExpressRoute Local is a SKU of ExpressRoute circuit, in addition to the Standard SKU and the Premium SKU. A key feature of Local is that a Local circuit at an ExpressRoute peering location gives you access only to one or two Azure regions in or near the same metro. In contrast, a Standard circuit gives you access to all Azure regions in a geopolitical area and a Premium circuit to all Azure regions globally. Specifically, with a Local SKU you can only advertise routes (over Microsoft and private peering) from the corresponding local region of the ExpressRoute circuit. You won't be able to receive routes for other regions different than the defined Local region.
ExpressRoute Local may not be available for an ExpressRoute Location. For peering location and supported Azure local region, see locations and connectivity providers.
What are the benefits of ExpressRoute Local?
While you need to pay egress data transfer for your Standard or Premium ExpressRoute circuit, you don't pay egress data transfer separately for your ExpressRoute Local circuit. In other words, the price of ExpressRoute Local includes data transfer fees. ExpressRoute Local is a more economical solution if you have massive amount of data to transfer and you can bring your data over a private connection to an ExpressRoute peering location near your desired Azure regions.
What features are available and what aren't on ExpressRoute Local?
Compared to a Standard ExpressRoute circuit, a Local circuit has the same set of features except:
- Scope of access to Azure regions as described above
- ExpressRoute Global Reach isn't available on Local
ExpressRoute Local also has the same limits on resources (for example, the number of VNets per circuits) as Standard.
Where is ExpressRoute Local available and which Azure regions is each peering location mapped to?
ExpressRoute Local is available at the peering locations where one or two Azure regions are close-by. It isn't available at a peering location where there's no Azure region in that state or province or country/region. See the exact mappings on ExpressRoute Locations page.
ExpressRoute for Microsoft 365
Microsoft 365 was created to be accessed securely and reliably via the Internet. Because of this, we recommend ExpressRoute for specific scenarios. For information about using ExpressRoute to access Microsoft 365, visit Azure ExpressRoute for Microsoft 365.
How do I create an ExpressRoute circuit to connect to Microsoft 365 services?
- Review the ExpressRoute prerequisites page to make sure you meet the requirements.
- To ensure that your connectivity needs are met, review the list of service providers and locations in the ExpressRoute partners and locations article.
- Plan your capacity requirements by reviewing Network planning and performance tuning for Microsoft 365.
- Follow the steps listed in the workflows to set up connectivity ExpressRoute workflows for circuit provisioning and circuit states.
Make sure that you have enabled ExpressRoute premium add-on when configuring connectivity to Microsoft 365 services.
Can my existing ExpressRoute circuits support connectivity to Microsoft 365 services?
Yes. Your existing ExpressRoute circuit can be configured to support connectivity to Microsoft 365 services. Make sure that you have sufficient capacity to connect to Microsoft 365 services and that you have enabled premium add-on. Network planning and performance tuning for Microsoft 365 helps you plan your connectivity needs. Also, see Create and modify an ExpressRoute circuit.
What Microsoft 365 services can be accessed over an ExpressRoute connection?
Refer to Microsoft 365 URLs and IP address ranges page for an up-to-date list of services supported over ExpressRoute.
How much does ExpressRoute for Microsoft 365 services cost?
Microsoft 365 services require premium add-on to be enabled. See the pricing details page for costs.
What regions is ExpressRoute for Microsoft 365 supported in?
See ExpressRoute partners and locations for information.
Can I access Microsoft 365 over the Internet, even if ExpressRoute was configured for my organization?
Yes. Microsoft 365 service endpoints are reachable through the Internet, even though ExpressRoute has been configured for your network. Check with your organization's networking team if the network at your location is configured to connect to Microsoft 365 services through ExpressRoute.
How can I plan for high availability for Microsoft 365 network traffic on Azure ExpressRoute?
See the recommendation for High availability and failover with Azure ExpressRoute
Can I access Office 365 US Government Community (GCC) services over an Azure US Government ExpressRoute circuit?
Yes. Office 365 GCC service endpoints are reachable through the Azure US Government ExpressRoute. However, you first need to open a support ticket on the Azure portal to provide the prefixes you intend to advertise to Microsoft. Your connectivity to Office 365 GCC services will be established after the support ticket is resolved.
Route filters for Microsoft peering
I'm turning on Microsoft peering for the first time, what routes will I see?
You won't see any routes. You have to attach a route filter to your circuit to start prefix advertisements. For instructions, see Configure route filters for Microsoft peering.
I turned on Microsoft peering and now I'm trying to select Exchange Online, but it's giving me an error that I'm not authorized to do it.
When you're using route filters, anyone can turn on Microsoft peering. However, for consuming Microsoft 365 services, you still need to get authorized by Microsoft 365.
I enabled Microsoft peering prior to August 1, 2017, how can I take advantage of route filters?
Your existing circuit will continue advertising the prefixes for Microsoft 365. If you want to add Azure public prefixes advertisements over the same Microsoft peering, you can create a route filter, select the services you need advertised (including the Microsoft 365 service(s) you need), and attach the filter to your Microsoft peering. For instructions, see Configure route filters for Microsoft peering.
I have Microsoft peering at one location, now I'm trying to enable it at another location and I'm not seeing any prefixes.
Microsoft peering of ExpressRoute circuits that were configured prior to August 1, 2017 will have all service prefixes advertised through Microsoft peering, even if route filters aren't defined.
Microsoft peering of ExpressRoute circuits that are configured on or after August 1, 2017 won't have any prefixes advertised until a route filter is attached to the circuit. You'll see no prefixes by default.
If I have multiple Virtual Networks (VNets) connected to the same ExpressRoute circuit, can I use ExpressRoute for VNet-to-VNet connectivity?
VNet-to-VNet connectivity over ExpressRoute isn't recommended. To achieve this, configure Virtual Network Peering.
What is ExpressRoute Direct?
ExpressRoute Direct provides customers with the ability to connect directly into Microsoft’s global network at peering locations strategically distributed across the world. ExpressRoute Direct provides dual 100 Gbps or 10-Gbps connectivity, which supports Active/Active connectivity at scale.
How do customers connect to ExpressRoute Direct?
Customers need to work with their local carriers and colocation providers to get connectivity to ExpressRoute routers to take advantage of ExpressRoute Direct.
What locations currently support ExpressRoute Direct?
Check the availability on the location page.
What is the SLA for ExpressRoute Direct?
ExpressRoute Direct utilizes the same enterprise-grade of ExpressRoute.
What scenarios should customers consider with ExpressRoute Direct?
ExpressRoute Direct provides customers with direct 100 Gbps or 10-Gbps port pairs into the Microsoft global backbone. The scenarios that provide customers with the greatest benefits include: Massive data ingestion, physical isolation for regulated markets, and dedicated capacity for burst scenario, like rendering.
What is the billing model for ExpressRoute Direct?
ExpressRoute Direct is billed for the port pair at a fixed amount. Standard circuits are included at no extra charge and premium has a slight add-on charge. Egress is billed on a per circuit basis based on the zone of the peering location.
When does billing start and stop for the ExpressRoute Direct port pairs?
ExpressRoute Direct's port pairs gets billed 45 days into the creation of the ExpressRoute Direct resource or when one or both of the links get enabled, whichever comes first. The 45-day grace period is granted to allow customers to complete the cross-connection process with the colocation provider.
You'll stop being charged for ExpressRoute Direct's port pairs after you delete the direct ports and remove the cross-connects.
How do I request Express Route Direct Port if bandwidth isn't available at a peering location?
If bandwidth is unavailable in the target peering location, open a support request in the Azure portal and select the ExpressRoute Direct support topic.
What is ExpressRoute Global Reach?
ExpressRoute Global Reach is an Azure service that connects your on-premises networks via the ExpressRoute service through Microsoft's global network. For example, if you have a private data center in California connected to ExpressRoute in Silicon Valley and another private data center in Texas connected to ExpressRoute in Dallas, with ExpressRoute Global Reach, you can connect your private data centers together through the two ExpressRoute connections and your cross data center traffic will traverse through Microsoft's network backbone.
How do I enable or disable ExpressRoute Global Reach?
You enable ExpressRoute Global Reach by connecting your ExpressRoute circuits together. You disable the feature by disconnecting the circuits. See the configuration.
Do I need ExpressRoute Premium for ExpressRoute Global Reach?
If your ExpressRoute circuits are in the same geopolitical region, you don't need ExpressRoute Premium to connect them together. If two ExpressRoute circuits are in different geopolitical regions, you need ExpressRoute Premium for both circuits in order to enable connectivity between them.
How will I be charged for ExpressRoute Global Reach?
ExpressRoute enables connectivity from your on-premises network to Microsoft cloud services. ExpressRoute Global Reach enables connectivity between your own on-premises networks via your existing ExpressRoute circuits, leveraging Microsoft's global network. ExpressRoute Global Reach is billed separately from the existing ExpressRoute service. There is an Add-on fee for enabling this feature on each ExpressRoute circuit. Traffic between your on-premises networks enabled by ExpressRoute Global Reach will be billed for an egress rate at the source and for an ingress rate at the destination. The rates are based on the zone at which the circuits are located.
Where is ExpressRoute Global Reach supported?
ExpressRoute Global Reach is supported in select countries/regions or places. The ExpressRoute circuits must be created at the peering locations in those countries/regions or places.
I have more than two on-premises networks, each connected to an ExpressRoute circuit. Can I enable ExpressRoute Global Reach to connect all of my on-premises networks together?
Yes, you can, as long as the circuits are in the supported countries/regions. You need to connect two ExpressRoute circuits at a time. To create a fully meshed network, you need to enumerate all circuit pairs and repeat the configuration.
Can I enable ExpressRoute Global Reach between two ExpressRoute circuits at the same peering location?
No. The two circuits must be from different peering locations. If a metro in a supported country/region has more than one ExpressRoute peering location, you can connect together the ExpressRoute circuits created at different peering locations in that metro.
If ExpressRoute Global Reach is enabled between circuit X and circuit Y, and between circuit Y and circuit Z, will my on-premises networks connected to circuit X and circuit Z talk to each other via Microsoft's network?
No. To enable connectivity between any two of your on-premises networks, you must connect the corresponding ExpressRoute circuits explicitly. In the above example, you must connect circuit X and circuit Z.
What is the network throughput I can expect between my on-premises networks after I enable ExpressRoute Global Reach?
The network throughput between your on-premises networks, enabled by ExpressRoute Global Reach, is capped by the smaller of the two ExpressRoute circuits. Premises-to-Azure traffic and premises-to-premises traffic share the same circuit and are subject to the same bandwidth cap.
With ExpressRoute Global Reach, what are the limits on the number of routes I can advertise and the number of routes I will receive?
The number of routes you can advertise to Microsoft on Azure private peering remains at 4000 on a Standard circuit or 10000 on a Premium circuit. The number of routes you will receive from Microsoft on Azure private peering will be the sum of the routes of your Azure virtual networks and the routes from your other on-premises networks connected via ExpressRoute Global Reach. Please make sure you set an appropriate maximum prefix limit on your on-premises router.
Can I send IPv6 traffic over an ExpressRoute Global Reach connection?
IPv6 support for ExpressRoute Global Reach is now in Public Preview. See Enable Global Reach to learn more.
What is the SLA for ExpressRoute Global Reach?
ExpressRoute Global Reach will provide the same availability SLA as the regular ExpressRoute service.
ExpressRoute Traffic Collector
Where does ExpressRoute Traffic Collector store your data?
All flow logs are ingested into your Log Analytics workspace by the ExpressRoute Traffic Collector. ExpressRoute Traffic Collector itself, doesn't store any of your data.
What is the sampling rate used by ExpressRoute Traffic Collector?
ExpressRoute Traffic Collector uses a sampling rate of 1:4096, which means 1 out of 4096 packets are captured.
How many flows can ExpressRoute Traffic Collector handle?
ExpressRoute Traffic Collector can handle up to 30,000 flows a minute. In the event this limit is reached, excess flows will be dropped. For more information, see count of flows metric on a circuit.
Does ExpressRoute Traffic Collector support Virtual WAN?
Yes, you can use Express Traffic Collector with ExpressRoute Direct circuits used in a Virtual WAN deployment. However, deploying ExpressRoute Traffic Collector within a Virtual WAN hub isn’t supported. You can deploy ExpressRoute Traffic collector in a spoke virtual network and ingest flow logs to a Log Analytics workspace.
What is the impact of maintenance on flow logging?
You should experience minimal to no impact during maintenance on your ExpressRoute Traffic Collector. ExpressRoute Traffic Collector has multiple instances on different update domains, during an upgrade, instances are taken offline one at a time. While you may experience lower ingestion of sample flows into the Log Analytics workspace, the ExpressRoute Traffic Collector itself won't experience any downtime. Loss of sampled flows during maintenance shouldn't impact network traffic analysis, when sampled data is aggregated over a longer time frame.
Does ExpressRoute Traffic Collector support availability zones?
ExpressRoute Traffic Collector deployment by default has availability zones enabled in the regions where it's available. For information about region availability, see Availability zones supported regions.
How should I incorporate ExpressRoute Traffic Collector in my disaster recovery plan?
You can associate a single ExpressRoute Direct circuit with multiple ExpressRoute Traffic Collectors deployed in different Azure region within a given geo-political region. It's recommended that you associate your ExpressRoute Direct circuit with multiple ExpressRoute Traffic Collectors as part of your disaster recovery and high availability plan.
Does the ExpressRoute service store customer data?
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