Configure Windows native VPN client for P2S certificate authentication connections

If your point-to-site (P2S) VPN gateway is configured to use IKEv2/SSTP and certificate authentication, you can connect to your virtual network using the native VPN client that's part of your Windows operating system. This article walks you through the steps to configure the native VPN client and connect to your virtual network.

Before you begin

This article assumes that you've already performed the following prerequisites:

Before beginning the workflow, verify that you're on the correct VPN client configuration article. The following table shows the configuration articles available for VPN Gateway point-to-site VPN clients. Steps differ, depending on the authentication type, tunnel type, and the client OS.

Authentication Tunnel type Generate config files Configure VPN client
Azure certificate IKEv2, SSTP Windows Native VPN client
Azure certificate OpenVPN Windows - OpenVPN client
- Azure VPN client
Azure certificate IKEv2, OpenVPN macOS-iOS macOS-iOS
Azure certificate IKEv2, OpenVPN Linux Linux
Microsoft Entra ID OpenVPN (SSL) Windows Windows
Microsoft Entra ID OpenVPN (SSL) macOS macOS
RADIUS - certificate - Article Article
RADIUS - password - Article Article
RADIUS - other methods - Article Article

View configuration files

The VPN client profile configuration package contains specific folders. The files within the folders contain the settings needed to configure the VPN client profile on the client computer. The files and the settings they contain are specific to the VPN gateway and the type of authentication and tunnel your VPN gateway is configured to use.

Locate and unzip the VPN client profile configuration package you generated. For certificate authentication and IKEv2/SSTP, you'll see the following files:

  • WindowsAmd64 and WindowsX86 contain the Windows 64-bit and 32-bit installer packages, respectively. The WindowsAmd64 installer package is for all supported 64-bit Windows clients, not just AMD.
  • Generic contains general information used to create your own VPN client configuration. The Generic folder is provided if IKEv2 or SSTP+IKEv2 was configured on the gateway. If only SSTP is configured, then the Generic folder isn’t present.

Configure the VPN client profile

To connect, you'll first need to configure the VPN client with the required settings. You do this by configuring the VPN client profile using the settings contained in the VPN client configuration package. The settings in the package are specific to the VPN gateway to which you connect.

You can use the same VPN client configuration package on each Windows client computer, as long as the version matches the architecture for the client. For the list of client operating systems that are supported, see the point-to-site section of the VPN Gateway FAQ.


You must have Administrator rights on the Windows client computer from which you want to connect.

Install the VPN client configuration package

  1. Select the VPN client configuration files that correspond to the architecture of the Windows computer. For a 64-bit processor architecture, choose the 'VpnClientSetupAmd64' installer package. For a 32-bit processor architecture, choose the 'VpnClientSetupX86' installer package.
  2. Double-click the package to install it. If you see a SmartScreen popup, select More info, then Run anyway.

Install the client certificate

Each computer needs a client certificate in order to authenticate. If the client certificate isn't already installed on the local computer, you can install it using the following steps:

  1. Locate the client certificate. For more information about client certificates, see Install client certificates.
  2. Install the client certificate. Typically, you can do this by double-clicking the certificate file and providing a password (if required).


Connect to your virtual network via point-to-site VPN.

  1. Go to the VPN settings and locate the VPN connection that you created. It's the same name as your virtual network. Select Connect. A pop-up message might appear. Select Continue to use elevated privileges.
  2. On the Connection status page, select Connect to start the connection. If you see a Select Certificate screen, verify that the client certificate showing is the one that you want to use to connect. If it isn't, use the drop-down arrow to select the correct certificate, and then select OK.

Next steps

Point-to-site configuration steps Point-to-site VPN clients: certificate authentication - Windows