# Decimal Constructors

## Definition

Initializes a new instance of Decimal.

 Decimal(Double) Initializes a new instance of Decimal to the value of the specified double-precision floating-point number. Decimal(Int32) Initializes a new instance of Decimal to the value of the specified 32-bit signed integer. Decimal(Int32[]) Initializes a new instance of Decimal to a decimal value represented in binary and contained in a specified array. Decimal(Int64) Initializes a new instance of Decimal to the value of the specified 64-bit signed integer. Decimal(ReadOnlySpan) Initializes a new instance of Decimal to a decimal value represented in binary and contained in the specified span. Decimal(Single) Initializes a new instance of Decimal to the value of the specified single-precision floating-point number. Decimal(UInt32) Initializes a new instance of Decimal to the value of the specified 32-bit unsigned integer. Decimal(UInt64) Initializes a new instance of Decimal to the value of the specified 64-bit unsigned integer. Decimal(Int32, Int32, Int32, Boolean, Byte) Initializes a new instance of Decimal from parameters specifying the instance's constituent parts.

## Decimal(Double)

Source:
Decimal.cs
Source:
Decimal.cs
Source:
Decimal.cs

Initializes a new instance of Decimal to the value of the specified double-precision floating-point number.

public:
Decimal(double value);
public Decimal (double value);
new decimal : double -> decimal
Public Sub New (value As Double)

#### Parameters

value
Double

The value to represent as a Decimal.

#### Exceptions

value is greater than Decimal.MaxValue or less than Decimal.MinValue.

-or-

value is NaN, PositiveInfinity, or NegativeInfinity.

### Examples

The following code example creates several Decimal numbers using the constructor overload that initializes a Decimal structure with a Double value.

// Example of the Decimal( double ) constructor.
using namespace System;

// Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
String^ GetExceptionType( Exception^ ex )
{
String^ exceptionType = ex->GetType()->ToString();
return exceptionType->Substring( exceptionType->LastIndexOf( '.' ) + 1 );
}

// Create a Decimal object and display its value.
void CreateDecimal( double value, String^ valToStr )
{

// Format and display the constructor.
Console::Write( "{0,-34}", String::Format( "Decimal( {0} )", valToStr ) );
try
{

// Construct the Decimal value.
Decimal decimalNum = Decimal(value);

// Display the value if it was created successfully.
Console::WriteLine( "{0,31}", decimalNum );
}
catch ( Exception^ ex )
{

// Display the exception type if an exception was thrown.
Console::WriteLine( "{0,31}", GetExceptionType( ex ) );
}

}

int main()
{
Console::WriteLine( "This example of the Decimal( double ) "
"constructor \ngenerates the following output.\n" );
Console::WriteLine( "{0,-34}{1,31}", "Constructor", "Value or Exception" );
Console::WriteLine( "{0,-34}{1,31}", "-----------", "------------------" );

// Construct Decimal objects from double values.
CreateDecimal( 1.23456789E+5, "1.23456789E+5" );
CreateDecimal( 1.234567890123E+15, "1.234567890123E+15" );
CreateDecimal( 1.2345678901234567E+25, "1.2345678901234567E+25" );
CreateDecimal( 1.2345678901234567E+35, "1.2345678901234567E+35" );
CreateDecimal( 1.23456789E-5, "1.23456789E-5" );
CreateDecimal( 1.234567890123E-15, "1.234567890123E-15" );
CreateDecimal( 1.2345678901234567E-25, "1.2345678901234567E-25" );
CreateDecimal( 1.2345678901234567E-35, "1.2345678901234567E-35" );
CreateDecimal( 1.0 / 7.0, "1.0 / 7.0" );
}

/*
This example of the Decimal( double ) constructor
generates the following output.

Constructor                                    Value or Exception
-----------                                    ------------------
Decimal( 1.23456789E+5 )                               123456.789
Decimal( 1.234567890123E+15 )                    1234567890123000
Decimal( 1.2345678901234567E+25 )      12345678901234600000000000
Decimal( 1.2345678901234567E+35 )               OverflowException
Decimal( 1.23456789E-5 )                          0.0000123456789
Decimal( 1.234567890123E-15 )       0.000000000000001234567890123
Decimal( 1.2345678901234567E-25 )  0.0000000000000000000000001235
Decimal( 1.2345678901234567E-35 )                               0
Decimal( 1.0 / 7.0 )                            0.142857142857143
*/

// Example of the decimal( double ) constructor.
using System;

class DecimalCtorDoDemo
{
// Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
public static string GetExceptionType( Exception ex )
{
string exceptionType = ex.GetType( ).ToString( );
return exceptionType.Substring(
exceptionType.LastIndexOf( '.' )+1 );
}

// Create a decimal object and display its value.
public static void CreateDecimal( double value, string valToStr )
{
// Format and display the constructor.
Console.Write( "{0,-34}",
String.Format( "decimal( {0} )", valToStr ) );

try
{
// Construct the decimal value.
decimal decimalNum = new decimal( value );

// Display the value if it was created successfully.
Console.WriteLine( "{0,31}", decimalNum );
}
catch( Exception ex )
{
// Display the exception type if an exception was thrown.
Console.WriteLine( "{0,31}", GetExceptionType( ex ) );
}
}

public static void Main( )
{
Console.WriteLine( "This example of the decimal( double ) " +
"constructor \ngenerates the following output.\n" );
Console.WriteLine( "{0,-34}{1,31}", "Constructor",
"Value or Exception" );
Console.WriteLine( "{0,-34}{1,31}", "-----------",
"------------------" );

// Construct decimal objects from double values.
CreateDecimal( 1.23456789E+5, "1.23456789E+5" );
CreateDecimal( 1.234567890123E+15, "1.234567890123E+15" );
CreateDecimal( 1.2345678901234567E+25,
"1.2345678901234567E+25" );
CreateDecimal( 1.2345678901234567E+35,
"1.2345678901234567E+35" );
CreateDecimal( 1.23456789E-5, "1.23456789E-5" );
CreateDecimal( 1.234567890123E-15, "1.234567890123E-15" );
CreateDecimal( 1.2345678901234567E-25,
"1.2345678901234567E-25" );
CreateDecimal( 1.2345678901234567E-35,
"1.2345678901234567E-35" );
CreateDecimal( 1.0 / 7.0, "1.0 / 7.0" );
}
}

/*
This example of the decimal( double ) constructor
generates the following output.

Constructor                                    Value or Exception
-----------                                    ------------------
decimal( 1.23456789E+5 )                               123456.789
decimal( 1.234567890123E+15 )                    1234567890123000
decimal( 1.2345678901234567E+25 )      12345678901234600000000000
decimal( 1.2345678901234567E+35 )               OverflowException
decimal( 1.23456789E-5 )                          0.0000123456789
decimal( 1.234567890123E-15 )       0.000000000000001234567890123
decimal( 1.2345678901234567E-25 )  0.0000000000000000000000001235
decimal( 1.2345678901234567E-35 )                               0
decimal( 1.0 / 7.0 )                            0.142857142857143
*/

// Example of the decimal( double ) constructor.
open System

// Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
let getExceptionType (ex: exn) =
let exceptionType = ex.GetType() |> string
exceptionType.Substring(exceptionType.LastIndexOf '.' + 1)

// Create a decimal object and display its value.
let createDecimal (value: double) valToStr =
// Format and display the constructor.
printf "%-34s" $"decimal( {valToStr} )" try // Construct the decimal value. let decimalNum = Decimal value // Display the value if it was created successfully. printfn$"{decimalNum,31}"
with ex ->
// Display the exception type if an exception was thrown.
printfn $"{getExceptionType ex,31}" printfn$"This example of the decimal( double ) constructor \ngenerates the following output.\n"
printfn "%-34s%31s" "Constructor" "Value or Exception"
printfn "%-34s%31s" "-----------" "------------------"

// Construct decimal objects from double values.
createDecimal 1.23456789E+5 "1.23456789E+5"
createDecimal 1.234567890123E+15 "1.234567890123E+15"
createDecimal 1.2345678901234567E+25 "1.2345678901234567E+25"
createDecimal 1.2345678901234567E+35 "1.2345678901234567E+35"
createDecimal 1.23456789E-5 "1.23456789E-5"
createDecimal 1.234567890123E-15 "1.234567890123E-15"
createDecimal 1.2345678901234567E-25 "1.2345678901234567E-25"
createDecimal 1.2345678901234567E-35 "1.2345678901234567E-35"
createDecimal (1. / 7.) "1. / 7."

// This example of the decimal( double ) constructor
// generates the following output.
//
// Constructor                                    Value or Exception
// -----------                                    ------------------
// decimal( 1.23456789E+5 )                               123456.789
// decimal( 1.234567890123E+15 )                    1234567890123000
// decimal( 1.2345678901234567E+25 )      12345678901234600000000000
// decimal( 1.2345678901234567E+35 )               OverflowException
// decimal( 1.23456789E-5 )                          0.0000123456789
// decimal( 1.234567890123E-15 )       0.000000000000001234567890123
// decimal( 1.2345678901234567E-25 )  0.0000000000000000000000001235
// decimal( 1.2345678901234567E-35 )                               0

' Example of the Decimal( Double ) constructor.
Module DecimalCtorDoDemo

' Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
Function GetExceptionType( ex As Exception ) As String

Dim exceptionType   As String = ex.GetType( ).ToString( )
Return exceptionType.Substring( _
exceptionType.LastIndexOf( "."c ) + 1 )
End Function

' Create a Decimal object and display its value.
Sub CreateDecimal( value As Double, valToStr As String )

' Format and display the constructor.
Console.Write( "{0,-34}", _
String.Format( "Decimal( {0} )", valToStr ) )

' Construct the Decimal value.
Try
Dim decimalNum As New Decimal( value )

' Display the value if it was created successfully.
Console.WriteLine( "{0,31}", decimalNum )

' Display the exception type if an exception was thrown.
Catch ex As Exception
Console.WriteLine( "{0,31}", GetExceptionType( ex ) )
End Try
End Sub

Sub Main( )

Console.WriteLine( _
"This example of the Decimal( Double ) constructor " & _
vbCrLf & "generates the following output." & vbCrLf )
Console.WriteLine( "{0,-34}{1,31}", "Constructor", _
"Value or Exception" )
Console.WriteLine( "{0,-34}{1,31}", "-----------", _
"------------------" )

' Construct Decimal objects from Double values.
CreateDecimal( 1.23456789E+5, "1.23456789E+5" )
CreateDecimal( 1.234567890123E+15, "1.234567890123E+15" )
CreateDecimal( 1.2345678901234567E+25, _
"1.2345678901234567E+25" )
CreateDecimal( 1.2345678901234567E+35, _
"1.2345678901234567E+35" )
CreateDecimal( 1.23456789E-5, "1.23456789E-5" )
CreateDecimal( 1.234567890123E-15, "1.234567890123E-15" )
CreateDecimal( 1.2345678901234567E-25, _
"1.2345678901234567E-25" )
CreateDecimal( 1.2345678901234567E-35, _
"1.2345678901234567E-35" )
CreateDecimal( 1.0 / 7.0, "1.0 / 7.0" )
End Sub
End Module

' This example of the Decimal( Double ) constructor
' generates the following output.
'
' Constructor                                    Value or Exception
' -----------                                    ------------------
' Decimal( 1.23456789E+5 )                               123456.789
' Decimal( 1.234567890123E+15 )                    1234567890123000
' Decimal( 1.2345678901234567E+25 )      12345678901234600000000000
' Decimal( 1.2345678901234567E+35 )               OverflowException
' Decimal( 1.23456789E-5 )                          0.0000123456789
' Decimal( 1.234567890123E-15 )       0.000000000000001234567890123
' Decimal( 1.2345678901234567E-25 )  0.0000000000000000000000001235
' Decimal( 1.2345678901234567E-35 )                               0
' Decimal( 1.0 / 7.0 )                            0.142857142857143


### Remarks

This constructor rounds value to 15 significant digits using rounding to nearest. This is done even if the number has more than 15 digits and the less significant digits are zero.

## Decimal(Int32)

Source:
Decimal.cs
Source:
Decimal.cs
Source:
Decimal.cs

Initializes a new instance of Decimal to the value of the specified 32-bit signed integer.

public:
Decimal(int value);
public Decimal (int value);
new decimal : int -> decimal
Public Sub New (value As Integer)

#### Parameters

value
Int32

The value to represent as a Decimal.

### Examples

The following code example creates several Decimal numbers using the constructor overload that initializes a Decimal structure with an Int32 value.

// Example of the Decimal( int ) constructor.
using namespace System;

// Create a Decimal object and display its value.
void CreateDecimal( int value, String^ valToStr )
{
Decimal decimalNum = Decimal(value);

// Format the constructor for display.
String^ ctor = String::Format( "Decimal( {0} )", valToStr );

// Display the constructor and its value.
Console::WriteLine( "{0,-30}{1,16}", ctor, decimalNum );
}

int main()
{
Console::WriteLine( "This example of the Decimal( int ) "
"constructor \ngenerates the following output.\n" );
Console::WriteLine( "{0,-30}{1,16}", "Constructor", "Value" );
Console::WriteLine( "{0,-30}{1,16}", "-----------", "-----" );

// Construct Decimal objects from int values.
CreateDecimal( Int32::MinValue, "Int32::MinValue" );
CreateDecimal( Int32::MaxValue, "Int32::MaxValue" );
CreateDecimal( 0, "0" );
CreateDecimal( 999999999, "999999999" );
CreateDecimal( 0x40000000, "0x40000000" );
CreateDecimal( (int)0xC0000000, "(int)0xC0000000" );
}

/*
This example of the Decimal( int ) constructor
generates the following output.

Constructor                              Value
-----------                              -----
Decimal( Int32::MinValue )         -2147483648
Decimal( Int32::MaxValue )          2147483647
Decimal( 0 )                                 0
Decimal( 999999999 )                 999999999
Decimal( 0x40000000 )               1073741824
Decimal( (int)0xC0000000 )         -1073741824
*/

// Example of the decimal( int ) constructor.
using System;

class DecimalCtorIDemo
{
// Create a decimal object and display its value.
public static void CreateDecimal( int value, string valToStr )
{
decimal decimalNum = new decimal( value );

// Format the constructor for display.
string ctor = String.Format( "decimal( {0} )", valToStr );

// Display the constructor and its value.
Console.WriteLine( "{0,-30}{1,16}", ctor, decimalNum );
}

public static void Main( )
{
Console.WriteLine( "This example of the decimal( int ) " +
"constructor \ngenerates the following output.\n" );
Console.WriteLine( "{0,-30}{1,16}", "Constructor", "Value" );
Console.WriteLine( "{0,-30}{1,16}", "-----------", "-----" );

// Construct decimal objects from int values.
CreateDecimal( int.MinValue, "int.MinValue" );
CreateDecimal( int.MaxValue, "int.MaxValue" );
CreateDecimal( 0, "0" );
CreateDecimal( 999999999, "999999999" );
CreateDecimal( 0x40000000, "0x40000000" );
CreateDecimal( unchecked( (int)0xC0000000 ),
"(int)0xC0000000" );
}
}

/*
This example of the decimal( int ) constructor
generates the following output.

Constructor                              Value
-----------                              -----
decimal( int.MinValue )            -2147483648
decimal( int.MaxValue )             2147483647
decimal( 0 )                                 0
decimal( 999999999 )                 999999999
decimal( 0x40000000 )               1073741824
decimal( (int)0xC0000000 )         -1073741824
*/

// Example of the decimal(int) constructor.
open System

// Create a decimal object and display its value.
let createDecimal (value: int) valToStr =
let decimalNum = new decimal(value)

// Format the constructor for display.
let ctor = $"decimal( {valToStr} )" // Display the constructor and its value. printfn$"{ctor,-30}{decimalNum,16}"

printfn "This example of the decimal(int) constructor\ngenerates the following output.\n"
printfn "%-30s%16s" "Constructor" "Value"
printfn "%-30s%16s" "-----------" "-----"

// Construct decimal objects from int values.
createDecimal Int32.MinValue "Int32.MinValue"
createDecimal Int32.MaxValue "int.MaxValue"
createDecimal 0 "0"
createDecimal 999999999 "999999999"
createDecimal 0x40000000 "0x40000000"
createDecimal (int 0xC0000000) "int 0xC0000000"

// This example of the decimal(int) constructor
// generates the following output.

// Constructor                              Value
// -----------                              -----
// decimal( Int32.MinValue )          -2147483648
// decimal( Int32.MaxValue )           2147483647
// decimal( 0 )                                 0
// decimal( 999999999 )                 999999999
// decimal( 0x40000000 )               1073741824
// decimal( int 0xC0000000 )          -1073741824

' Example of the Decimal( Integer ) constructor.
Module DecimalCtorIDemo

' Create a Decimal object and display its value.
Sub CreateDecimal( value As Integer, valToStr As String )

Dim decimalNum As New Decimal( value )

' Format the constructor for display.
Dim ctor As String = _
String.Format( "Decimal( {0} )", valToStr )

' Display the constructor and its value.
Console.WriteLine( "{0,-33}{1,16}", ctor, decimalNum )
End Sub

Sub Main( )

Console.WriteLine( _
"This example of the Decimal( Integer ) constructor " & _
vbCrLf & "generates the following output." & vbCrLf )
Console.WriteLine( "{0,-33}{1,16}", "Constructor", "Value" )
Console.WriteLine( "{0,-33}{1,16}", "-----------", "-----" )

' Construct Decimal objects from Integer values.
CreateDecimal( Integer.MinValue, "Integer.MinValue" )
CreateDecimal( Integer.MaxValue, "Integer.MaxValue" )
CreateDecimal( 0, "0" )
CreateDecimal( 999999999, "999999999" )
CreateDecimal( &H40000000, "&H40000000" )
CreateDecimal( &HC0000000, "&HC0000000" )
End Sub
End Module

' This example of the Decimal( Integer ) constructor
' generates the following output.
'
' Constructor                                 Value
' -----------                                 -----
' Decimal( Integer.MinValue )           -2147483648
' Decimal( Integer.MaxValue )            2147483647
' Decimal( 0 )                                    0
' Decimal( 999999999 )                    999999999
' Decimal( &H40000000 )                  1073741824
' Decimal( &HC0000000 )                 -1073741824


## Decimal(Int32[])

Source:
Decimal.cs
Source:
Decimal.cs
Source:
Decimal.cs

Initializes a new instance of Decimal to a decimal value represented in binary and contained in a specified array.

public:
Decimal(cli::array <int> ^ bits);
public Decimal (int[] bits);
new decimal : int[] -> decimal
Public Sub New (bits As Integer())

#### Parameters

bits
Int32[]

An array of 32-bit signed integers containing a representation of a decimal value.

#### Exceptions

bits is null.

The length of the bits is not 4.

-or-

The representation of the decimal value in bits is not valid.

### Examples

The following code example creates several Decimal numbers using the constructor overload that initializes a Decimal structure with an array of four Int32 values.

// Example of the Decimal( int __gc [ ] ) constructor.
using namespace System;

// Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
String^ GetExceptionType( Exception^ ex )
{
String^ exceptionType = ex->GetType()->ToString();
return exceptionType->Substring( exceptionType->LastIndexOf( '.' ) + 1 );
}

// Create a Decimal object and display its value.
void CreateDecimal( array<int>^bits )
{

// Format the constructor for display.
String^ ctor = String::Format( "Decimal( {{ 0x{0:X}", bits[ 0 ] );
String^ valOrExc;
for ( int index = 1; index < bits->Length; index++ )
ctor = String::Concat( ctor, String::Format( ", 0x{0:X}", bits[ index ] ) );
ctor = String::Concat( ctor, " } )" );
try
{

// Construct the Decimal value.
Decimal decimalNum = Decimal(bits);

// Format the Decimal value for display.
valOrExc = decimalNum.ToString();
}
catch ( Exception^ ex )
{

// Save the exception type if an exception was thrown.
valOrExc = GetExceptionType( ex );
}

// Display the constructor and Decimal value or exception.
int ctorLen = 76 - valOrExc->Length;

// Display the data on one line if it will fit.
if ( ctorLen > ctor->Length )
Console::WriteLine( "{0}{1}", ctor->PadRight( ctorLen ), valOrExc );
// Otherwise, display the data on two lines.
else
{
Console::WriteLine( "{0}", ctor );
Console::WriteLine( "{0,76}", valOrExc );
}
}

int main()
{
Console::WriteLine( "This example of the Decimal( int __gc [ ] ) "
"constructor \ngenerates the following output.\n" );
Console::WriteLine( "{0,-38}{1,38}", "Constructor", "Value or Exception" );
Console::WriteLine( "{0,-38}{1,38}", "-----------", "------------------" );

// Construct Decimal objects from integer arrays.
array<Int32>^zero = {0,0,0,0};
CreateDecimal( zero );
array<Int32>^arrayShort = {0,0,0};
CreateDecimal( arrayShort );
array<Int32>^arrayLong = {0,0,0,0,0};
CreateDecimal( arrayLong );
array<Int32>^word0Data = {1000000000,0,0,0};
CreateDecimal( word0Data );
array<Int32>^word1Data = {0,1000000000,0,0};
CreateDecimal( word1Data );
array<Int32>^word2Data = {0,0,1000000000,0};
CreateDecimal( word2Data );
array<Int32>^word3Data = {0,0,0,1000000000};
CreateDecimal( word3Data );
array<Int32>^decMax = { -1,-1,-1,0};
CreateDecimal( decMax );
array<Int32>^decMin = { -1,-1,-1,0x80000000};
CreateDecimal( decMin );
array<Int32>^fracDig16 = { -1,0,0,0x100000};
CreateDecimal( fracDig16 );
array<Int32>^fracDig28 = { -1,0,0,0x1C0000};
CreateDecimal( fracDig28 );
array<Int32>^fracDig29 = { -1,0,0,0x1D0000};
CreateDecimal( fracDig29 );
array<Int32>^reserved = { -1,0,0,0x1C0001};
CreateDecimal( reserved );
array<Int32>^Same4Words = {0xF0000,0xF0000,0xF0000,0xF0000};
CreateDecimal( Same4Words );
}

/*
This example of the Decimal( int __gc [ ] ) constructor
generates the following output.

Constructor                                               Value or Exception
-----------                                               ------------------
Decimal( { 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0 } )                                          0
Decimal( { 0x0, 0x0, 0x0 } )                               ArgumentException
Decimal( { 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0 } )                     ArgumentException
Decimal( { 0x3B9ACA00, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0 } )                          1000000000
Decimal( { 0x0, 0x3B9ACA00, 0x0, 0x0 } )                 4294967296000000000
Decimal( { 0x0, 0x0, 0x3B9ACA00, 0x0 } )       18446744073709551616000000000
Decimal( { 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x3B9ACA00 } )                   ArgumentException
Decimal( { 0xFFFFFFFF, 0xFFFFFFFF, 0xFFFFFFFF, 0x0 } )
79228162514264337593543950335
Decimal( { 0xFFFFFFFF, 0xFFFFFFFF, 0xFFFFFFFF, 0x80000000 } )
-79228162514264337593543950335
Decimal( { 0xFFFFFFFF, 0x0, 0x0, 0x100000 } )             0.0000004294967295
Decimal( { 0xFFFFFFFF, 0x0, 0x0, 0x1C0000 } ) 0.0000000000000000004294967295
Decimal( { 0xFFFFFFFF, 0x0, 0x0, 0x1D0000 } )              ArgumentException
Decimal( { 0xFFFFFFFF, 0x0, 0x0, 0x1C0001 } )              ArgumentException
Decimal( { 0xF0000, 0xF0000, 0xF0000, 0xF0000 } )
18133887298.441562272235520
*/

// Example of the decimal( int[ ] ) constructor.
using System;

class DecimalCtorIArrDemo
{
// Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
public static string GetExceptionType( Exception ex )
{
string exceptionType = ex.GetType( ).ToString( );
return exceptionType.Substring(
exceptionType.LastIndexOf( '.' ) + 1 );
}

// Create a decimal object and display its value.
public static void CreateDecimal( int[ ] bits )
{
// Format the constructor for display.
string ctor = String.Format(
"decimal( {{ 0x{0:X}", bits[ 0 ] );
string valOrExc;

for( int index = 1; index < bits.Length; index++ )
ctor += String.Format( ", 0x{0:X}", bits[ index ] );
ctor += " } )";

try
{
// Construct the decimal value.
decimal decimalNum = new decimal( bits );

// Format the decimal value for display.
valOrExc = decimalNum.ToString( );
}
catch( Exception ex )
{
// Save the exception type if an exception was thrown.
valOrExc = GetExceptionType( ex );
}

// Display the constructor and decimal value or exception.
int ctorLen = 76 - valOrExc.Length;

// Display the data on one line if it will fit.
if( ctorLen > ctor.Length )
valOrExc );

// Otherwise, display the data on two lines.
else
{
Console.WriteLine( "{0}", ctor );
Console.WriteLine( "{0,76}", valOrExc );
}
}

public static void Main( )
{
Console.WriteLine(
"This example of the decimal( int[ ] ) constructor " +
"\ngenerates the following output.\n" );
Console.WriteLine( "{0,-38}{1,38}", "Constructor",
"Value or Exception" );
Console.WriteLine( "{0,-38}{1,38}", "-----------",
"------------------" );

// Construct decimal objects from integer arrays.
CreateDecimal( new int[ ] { 0, 0, 0, 0 } );
CreateDecimal( new int[ ] { 0, 0, 0 } );
CreateDecimal( new int[ ] { 0, 0, 0, 0, 0 } );
CreateDecimal( new int[ ] { 1000000000, 0, 0, 0 } );
CreateDecimal( new int[ ] { 0, 1000000000, 0, 0 } );
CreateDecimal( new int[ ] { 0, 0, 1000000000, 0 } );
CreateDecimal( new int[ ] { 0, 0, 0, 1000000000 } );
CreateDecimal( new int[ ] { -1, -1, -1, 0 } );
CreateDecimal( new int[ ]
{ -1, -1, -1, unchecked( (int)0x80000000 ) } );
CreateDecimal( new int[ ] { -1, 0, 0, 0x100000 } );
CreateDecimal( new int[ ] { -1, 0, 0, 0x1C0000 } );
CreateDecimal( new int[ ] { -1, 0, 0, 0x1D0000 } );
CreateDecimal( new int[ ] { -1, 0, 0, 0x1C0001 } );
CreateDecimal( new int[ ]
{ 0xF0000, 0xF0000, 0xF0000, 0xF0000 } );
}
}

/*
This example of the decimal( int[ ] ) constructor
generates the following output.

Constructor                                               Value or Exception
-----------                                               ------------------
decimal( { 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0 } )                                          0
decimal( { 0x0, 0x0, 0x0 } )                               ArgumentException
decimal( { 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0 } )                     ArgumentException
decimal( { 0x3B9ACA00, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0 } )                          1000000000
decimal( { 0x0, 0x3B9ACA00, 0x0, 0x0 } )                 4294967296000000000
decimal( { 0x0, 0x0, 0x3B9ACA00, 0x0 } )       18446744073709551616000000000
decimal( { 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x3B9ACA00 } )                   ArgumentException
decimal( { 0xFFFFFFFF, 0xFFFFFFFF, 0xFFFFFFFF, 0x0 } )
79228162514264337593543950335
decimal( { 0xFFFFFFFF, 0xFFFFFFFF, 0xFFFFFFFF, 0x80000000 } )
-79228162514264337593543950335
decimal( { 0xFFFFFFFF, 0x0, 0x0, 0x100000 } )             0.0000004294967295
decimal( { 0xFFFFFFFF, 0x0, 0x0, 0x1C0000 } ) 0.0000000000000000004294967295
decimal( { 0xFFFFFFFF, 0x0, 0x0, 0x1D0000 } )              ArgumentException
decimal( { 0xFFFFFFFF, 0x0, 0x0, 0x1C0001 } )              ArgumentException
decimal( { 0xF0000, 0xF0000, 0xF0000, 0xF0000 } )
18133887298.441562272235520
*/

// Example of the decimal(int[]) constructor.
open System

// Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
let getExceptionType (ex: exn) =
let exceptionType = ex.GetType() |> string
exceptionType.Substring(exceptionType.LastIndexOf '.' + 1)

// Create a decimal object and display its value.
let createDecimal (bits: int[]) =
// Format the constructor for display.
let mutable ctor = String.Format("decimal( {{ 0x{0:X}", bits[0])

for i = 1 to bits.Length - 1 do
ctor <- $"{ctor}, 0x{bits[i]:X}" ctor <- ctor + " } )" let valOrExc = try // Construct the decimal value. let decimalNum = new decimal(bits) // Format the decimal value for display. string decimalNum with ex -> // Save the exception type if an exception was thrown. getExceptionType ex // Display the constructor and decimal value or exception. let ctorLen = 76 - valOrExc.Length; // Display the data on one line if it will fit. if ctorLen > ctor.Length then printfn$"{ctor.PadRight ctorLen}{valOrExc}"

// Otherwise, display the data on two lines.
else
printfn $"{ctor}" printfn$"{valOrExc,76}"

printfn
"""This example of the decimal(int[]) constructor
generates the following output.
"""
printfn "%-38s%38s" "Constructor" "Value or Exception"
printfn "%-38s%38s" "-----------" "------------------"

// Construct decimal objects from integer arrays.
createDecimal [| 0; 0; 0; 0 |]
createDecimal [| 0; 0; 0 |]
createDecimal [| 0; 0; 0; 0; 0 |]
createDecimal [| 1000000000; 0; 0; 0 |]
createDecimal [| 0; 1000000000; 0; 0 |]
createDecimal [| 0; 0; 1000000000; 0 |]
createDecimal [| 0; 0; 0; 1000000000 |]
createDecimal [| -1; -1; -1; 0 |]
createDecimal [| -1; -1; -1; 0x80000000 |]
createDecimal [| -1; 0; 0; 0x100000 |]
createDecimal [| -1; 0; 0; 0x1C0000 |]
createDecimal [| -1; 0; 0; 0x1D0000 |]
createDecimal [| -1; 0; 0; 0x1C0001 |]
createDecimal [| 0xF0000; 0xF0000; 0xF0000; 0xF0000 |]

// This example of the decimal(int[]) constructor
// generates the following output.
//
// Constructor                                               Value or Exception
// -----------                                               ------------------
// decimal( { 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0 } )                                          0
// decimal( { 0x0, 0x0, 0x0 } )                               ArgumentException
// decimal( { 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0 } )                     ArgumentException
// decimal( { 0x3B9ACA00, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0 } )                          1000000000
// decimal( { 0x0, 0x3B9ACA00, 0x0, 0x0 } )                 4294967296000000000
// decimal( { 0x0, 0x0, 0x3B9ACA00, 0x0 } )       18446744073709551616000000000
// decimal( { 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x3B9ACA00 } )                   ArgumentException
// decimal( { 0xFFFFFFFF, 0xFFFFFFFF, 0xFFFFFFFF, 0x0 } )
//                                                79228162514264337593543950335
// decimal( { 0xFFFFFFFF, 0xFFFFFFFF, 0xFFFFFFFF, 0x80000000 } )
//                                               -79228162514264337593543950335
// decimal( { 0xFFFFFFFF, 0x0, 0x0, 0x100000 } )             0.0000004294967295
// decimal( { 0xFFFFFFFF, 0x0, 0x0, 0x1C0000 } ) 0.0000000000000000004294967295
// decimal( { 0xFFFFFFFF, 0x0, 0x0, 0x1D0000 } )              ArgumentException
// decimal( { 0xFFFFFFFF, 0x0, 0x0, 0x1C0001 } )              ArgumentException
// decimal( { 0xF0000, 0xF0000, 0xF0000, 0xF0000 } )
//                                                  18133887298.441562272235520

' Example of the Decimal( Integer( ) ) constructor.
Module DecimalCtorIArrDemo

' Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
Function GetExceptionType( ex As Exception ) As String

Dim exceptionType   As String = ex.GetType( ).ToString( )
Return exceptionType.Substring( _
exceptionType.LastIndexOf( "."c ) + 1 )
End Function

' Create a Decimal object and display its value.
Sub CreateDecimal( ByVal bits( ) As Integer )

' Format and save the constructor.
Dim ctor As String = String.Format( "Decimal( {{ &H{0:X}", bits( 0 ) )
Dim valOrExc As String
Dim index As Integer
For index = 1 to bits.Length - 1
ctor &= String.Format( ", &H{0:X}", bits( index ) )
Next index
ctor &= " } )"

' Construct the Decimal value.
Try
Dim decimalNum As New Decimal( bits )

' Format the Decimal value for display.
valOrExc = decimalNum.ToString( )

' Save the exception type if an exception was thrown.
Catch ex As Exception
valOrExc =  GetExceptionType( ex )
End Try

' Display the constructor and Decimal value or exception.
Dim ctorLen As Integer = 76 - valOrExc.Length
If ctorLen > ctor.Length Then

' Display the data on one line if it will fit.
Console.WriteLine( "{0}{1}", ctor.PadRight( ctorLen ), _
valOrExc )

' Otherwise, display the data on two lines.
Else
Console.WriteLine( "{0}", ctor )
Console.WriteLine( "{0,76}", valOrExc )
End If
End Sub

Sub Main( )

Console.WriteLine( "This example of the " & _
"Decimal( Integer( ) ) constructor " & _
vbCrLf & "generates the following output." & vbCrLf )
Console.WriteLine( "{0,-38}{1,38}", "Constructor", _
"Value or Exception" )
Console.WriteLine( "{0,-38}{1,38}", "-----------", _
"------------------" )

' Construct Decimal objects from Integer arrays.
CreateDecimal( New Integer( ) { 0, 0, 0, 0 } )
CreateDecimal( New Integer( ) { 0, 0, 0 } )
CreateDecimal( New Integer( ) { 0, 0, 0, 0, 0 } )
CreateDecimal( New Integer( ) { 1000000000, 0, 0, 0 } )
CreateDecimal( New Integer( ) { 0, 1000000000, 0, 0 } )
CreateDecimal( New Integer( ) { 0, 0, 1000000000, 0 } )
CreateDecimal( New Integer( ) { 0, 0, 0, 1000000000 } )
CreateDecimal( New Integer( ) { -1, -1, -1, 0 } )
CreateDecimal( New Integer( ) { -1, -1, -1, &H80000000 } )
CreateDecimal( New Integer( ) { -1, 0, 0, &H100000 } )
CreateDecimal( New Integer( ) { -1, 0, 0, &H1C0000 } )
CreateDecimal( New Integer( ) { -1, 0, 0, &H1D0000 } )
CreateDecimal( New Integer( ) { -1, 0, 0, &H1C0001 } )
CreateDecimal( New Integer( ) _
{ &HF0000, &HF0000, &HF0000, &HF0000 } )
End Sub
End Module

' This example of the Decimal( Integer( ) ) constructor
' generates the following output.
'
' Constructor                                               Value or Exception
' -----------                                               ------------------
' Decimal( { &H0, &H0, &H0, &H0 } )                                          0
' Decimal( { &H0, &H0, &H0 } )                               ArgumentException
' Decimal( { &H0, &H0, &H0, &H0, &H0 } )                     ArgumentException
' Decimal( { &H3B9ACA00, &H0, &H0, &H0 } )                          1000000000
' Decimal( { &H0, &H3B9ACA00, &H0, &H0 } )                 4294967296000000000
' Decimal( { &H0, &H0, &H3B9ACA00, &H0 } )       18446744073709551616000000000
' Decimal( { &H0, &H0, &H0, &H3B9ACA00 } )                   ArgumentException
' Decimal( { &HFFFFFFFF, &HFFFFFFFF, &HFFFFFFFF, &H0 } )
'                                                79228162514264337593543950335
' Decimal( { &HFFFFFFFF, &HFFFFFFFF, &HFFFFFFFF, &H80000000 } )
'                                               -79228162514264337593543950335
' Decimal( { &HFFFFFFFF, &H0, &H0, &H100000 } )             0.0000004294967295
' Decimal( { &HFFFFFFFF, &H0, &H0, &H1C0000 } ) 0.0000000000000000004294967295
' Decimal( { &HFFFFFFFF, &H0, &H0, &H1D0000 } )              ArgumentException
' Decimal( { &HFFFFFFFF, &H0, &H0, &H1C0001 } )              ArgumentException
' Decimal( { &HF0000, &HF0000, &HF0000, &HF0000 } )
'                                                  18133887298.441562272235520


### Remarks

The binary representation of a Decimal number consists of a 1-bit sign, a 96-bit integer number, and a scaling factor used to divide the integer number and specify what portion of it is a decimal fraction. The scaling factor is implicitly the number 10, raised to an exponent ranging from 0 to 28.

bits is a four-element long array of 32-bit signed integers.

bits [0], bits [1], and bits [2] contain the low, middle, and high 32 bits of the 96-bit integer number.

bits [3] contains the scale factor and sign, and consists of following parts:

Bits 0 to 15, the lower word, are unused and must be zero.

Bits 16 to 23 must contain an exponent between 0 and 28, which indicates the power of 10 to divide the integer number.

Bits 24 to 30 are unused and must be zero.

Bit 31 contains the sign; 0 meaning positive, and 1 meaning negative.

A numeric value might have several possible binary representations; all are equally valid and numerically equivalent. Note that the bit representation differentiates between negative and positive zero. These values are treated as being equal in all operations.

## Decimal(Int64)

Source:
Decimal.cs
Source:
Decimal.cs
Source:
Decimal.cs

Initializes a new instance of Decimal to the value of the specified 64-bit signed integer.

public:
Decimal(long value);
public Decimal (long value);
new decimal : int64 -> decimal
Public Sub New (value As Long)

#### Parameters

value
Int64

The value to represent as a Decimal.

### Examples

The following code example creates several Decimal numbers using the constructor overload that initializes a Decimal structure with an Int64 value.

// Example of the Decimal( __int64 ) constructor.
using namespace System;

// Create a Decimal object and display its value.
void CreateDecimal( __int64 value, String^ valToStr )
{
Decimal decimalNum = Decimal(value);

// Format the constructor for display.
String^ ctor = String::Format( "Decimal( {0} )", valToStr );

// Display the constructor and its value.
Console::WriteLine( "{0,-35}{1,22}", ctor, decimalNum );
}

int main()
{
Console::WriteLine( "This example of the Decimal( __int64 ) "
"constructor \ngenerates the following output.\n" );
Console::WriteLine( "{0,-35}{1,22}", "Constructor", "Value" );
Console::WriteLine( "{0,-35}{1,22}", "-----------", "-----" );

// Construct Decimal objects from __int64 values.
CreateDecimal( Int64::MinValue, "Int64::MinValue" );
CreateDecimal( Int64::MaxValue, "Int64::MaxValue" );
CreateDecimal( 0, "0" );
CreateDecimal( 999999999999999999, "999999999999999999" );
CreateDecimal( 0x2000000000000000, "0x2000000000000000" );
CreateDecimal( 0xE000000000000000, "0xE000000000000000" );
}

/*
This example of the Decimal( __int64 ) constructor
generates the following output.

Constructor                                         Value
-----------                                         -----
Decimal( Int64::MinValue )           -9223372036854775808
Decimal( Int64::MaxValue )            9223372036854775807
Decimal( 0 )                                            0
Decimal( 999999999999999999 )          999999999999999999
Decimal( 0x2000000000000000 )         2305843009213693952
Decimal( 0xE000000000000000 )        -2305843009213693952
*/

// Example of the decimal( long ) constructor.
using System;

class DecimalCtorLDemo
{
// Create a decimal object and display its value.
public static void CreateDecimal( long value, string valToStr )
{
decimal decimalNum = new decimal( value );

// Format the constructor for display.
string ctor = String.Format( "decimal( {0} )", valToStr );

// Display the constructor and its value.
Console.WriteLine( "{0,-35}{1,22}", ctor, decimalNum );
}

public static void Main( )
{
Console.WriteLine( "This example of the decimal( long ) " +
"constructor \ngenerates the following output.\n" );
Console.WriteLine( "{0,-35}{1,22}", "Constructor", "Value" );
Console.WriteLine( "{0,-35}{1,22}", "-----------", "-----" );

// Construct decimal objects from long values.
CreateDecimal( long.MinValue, "long.MinValue" );
CreateDecimal( long.MaxValue, "long.MaxValue" );
CreateDecimal( 0L, "0L" );
CreateDecimal( 999999999999999999, "999999999999999999" );
CreateDecimal( 0x2000000000000000, "0x2000000000000000" );
CreateDecimal( unchecked( (long)0xE000000000000000 ),
"(long)0xE000000000000000" );
}
}

/*
This example of the decimal( long ) constructor
generates the following output.

Constructor                                         Value
-----------                                         -----
decimal( long.MinValue )             -9223372036854775808
decimal( long.MaxValue )              9223372036854775807
decimal( 0 )                                            0
decimal( 999999999999999999 )          999999999999999999
decimal( 0x2000000000000000 )         2305843009213693952
decimal( (long)0xE000000000000000 )  -2305843009213693952
*/

// Example of the decimal( int64 ) constructor.
open System

// Create a decimal object and display its value.
let createDecimal (value: int64) valToStr =
let decimalNum = Decimal value

// Format the constructor for display.
let ctor = $"decimal( {valToStr} )" // Display the constructor and its value. printfn$"{ctor,-35}{decimalNum,22}"

printfn "This example of the decimal( int64 ) constructor\ngenerates the following output.\n"
printfn "%-35s%22s" "Constructor" "Value"
printfn "%-35s%22s" "-----------" "-----"

// Construct decimal objects from long values.
createDecimal Int64.MinValue "Int64.MinValue"
createDecimal Int64.MaxValue "Int64.MaxValue"
createDecimal 0L "0L"
createDecimal 999999999999999999L "999999999999999999L"
createDecimal 0x2000000000000000L "0x2000000000000000L"
createDecimal (int64 0xE000000000000000L) "int64 0xE000000000000000L"

// This example of the decimal( int64 ) constructor
// generates the following output.
//
// Constructor                                         Value
// -----------                                         -----
// decimal( Int64.MinValue )            -9223372036854775808
// decimal( Int64.MaxValue )             9223372036854775807
// decimal( 0L )                                           0
// decimal( 999999999999999999L )         999999999999999999
// decimal( 0x2000000000000000L )        2305843009213693952
// decimal( int64 0xE000000000000000L )  -2305843009213693952

' Example of the Decimal( Long ) constructor.
Module DecimalCtorLDemo

' Create a Decimal object and display its value.
Sub CreateDecimal( value As Long, valToStr As String )

Dim decimalNum As New Decimal( value )

' Format the constructor for display.
Dim ctor As String = _
String.Format( "Decimal( {0} )", valToStr )

' Display the constructor and its value.
Console.WriteLine( "{0,-30}{1,22}", ctor, decimalNum )
End Sub

Sub Main( )

Console.WriteLine( _
"This example of the Decimal( Long ) constructor " & _
vbCrLf & "generates the following output." & vbCrLf )
Console.WriteLine( "{0,-30}{1,22}", "Constructor", "Value" )
Console.WriteLine( "{0,-30}{1,22}", "-----------", "-----" )

' Construct Decimal objects from Long values.
CreateDecimal( Long.MinValue, "Long.MinValue" )
CreateDecimal( Long.MaxValue, "Long.MaxValue" )
CreateDecimal( 0L, "0" )
CreateDecimal( 999999999999999999, "999999999999999999" )
CreateDecimal( &H2000000000000000, "&H2000000000000000" )
CreateDecimal( &HE000000000000000, "&HE000000000000000" )
End Sub
End Module

' This example of the Decimal( Long ) constructor
' generates the following output.
'
' Constructor                                    Value
' -----------                                    -----
' Decimal( Long.MinValue )        -9223372036854775808
' Decimal( Long.MaxValue )         9223372036854775807
' Decimal( 0 )                                       0
' Decimal( 999999999999999999 )     999999999999999999
' Decimal( &H2000000000000000 )    2305843009213693952
' Decimal( &HE000000000000000 )   -2305843009213693952


### Applies to

Source:
Decimal.cs
Source:
Decimal.cs
Source:
Decimal.cs

Initializes a new instance of Decimal to a decimal value represented in binary and contained in the specified span.

public:
Decimal(ReadOnlySpan<int> bits);
public Decimal (ReadOnlySpan<int> bits);
new decimal : ReadOnlySpan<int> -> decimal
Public Sub New (bits As ReadOnlySpan(Of Integer))

#### Parameters

bits

A span of four Int32 values that contains a binary representation of a decimal value.

#### Exceptions

The length of bits is not 4, or the representation of the decimal value in bits is not valid.

## Decimal(Single)

Source:
Decimal.cs
Source:
Decimal.cs
Source:
Decimal.cs

Initializes a new instance of Decimal to the value of the specified single-precision floating-point number.

public:
Decimal(float value);
public Decimal (float value);
new decimal : single -> decimal
Public Sub New (value As Single)

#### Parameters

value
Single

The value to represent as a Decimal.

#### Exceptions

value is greater than Decimal.MaxValue or less than Decimal.MinValue.

-or-

value is NaN, PositiveInfinity, or NegativeInfinity.

### Examples

The following code example creates several Decimal numbers using the constructor overload that initializes a Decimal structure with a Single value.

// Example of the Decimal( float ) constructor.
using namespace System;

// Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
String^ GetExceptionType( Exception^ ex )
{
String^ exceptionType = ex->GetType()->ToString();
return exceptionType->Substring( exceptionType->LastIndexOf( '.' ) + 1 );
}

// Create a Decimal object and display its value.
void CreateDecimal( float value, String^ valToStr )
{

// Format and display the constructor.
Console::Write( "{0,-27}", String::Format( "Decimal( {0} )", valToStr ) );
try
{

// Construct the Decimal value.
Decimal decimalNum = Decimal(value);

// Display the value if it was created successfully.
Console::WriteLine( "{0,31}", decimalNum );
}
catch ( Exception^ ex )
{

// Display the exception type if an exception was thrown.
Console::WriteLine( "{0,31}", GetExceptionType( ex ) );
}

}

int main()
{
Console::WriteLine( "This example of the Decimal( float ) "
"constructor \ngenerates the following output.\n" );
Console::WriteLine( "{0,-27}{1,31}", "Constructor", "Value or Exception" );
Console::WriteLine( "{0,-27}{1,31}", "-----------", "------------------" );

// Construct Decimal objects from float values.
CreateDecimal( 1.2345E+5, "1.2345E+5" );
CreateDecimal( 1.234567E+15, "1.234567E+15" );
CreateDecimal( 1.23456789E+25, "1.23456789E+25" );
CreateDecimal( 1.23456789E+35, "1.23456789E+35" );
CreateDecimal( 1.2345E-5, "1.2345E-5" );
CreateDecimal( 1.234567E-15, "1.234567E-15" );
CreateDecimal( 1.23456789E-25, "1.23456789E-25" );
CreateDecimal( 1.23456789E-35, "1.23456789E-35" );
CreateDecimal( 1.0 / 7.0, "1.0 / 7.0" );
}

/*
This example of the Decimal( float ) constructor
generates the following output.

Constructor                             Value or Exception
-----------                             ------------------
Decimal( 1.2345E+5 )                                123450
Decimal( 1.234567E+15 )                   1234567000000000
Decimal( 1.23456789E+25 )       12345680000000000000000000
Decimal( 1.23456789E+35 )                OverflowException
Decimal( 1.2345E-5 )                           0.000012345
Decimal( 1.234567E-15 )            0.000000000000001234567
Decimal( 1.23456789E-25 )   0.0000000000000000000000001235
Decimal( 1.23456789E-35 )                                0
Decimal( 1.0 / 7.0 )                             0.1428571
*/

// Example of the decimal( float ) constructor.
using System;

class DecimalCtorSDemo
{
// Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
public static string GetExceptionType( Exception ex )
{
string exceptionType = ex.GetType( ).ToString( );
return exceptionType.Substring(
exceptionType.LastIndexOf( '.' ) + 1 );
}

// Create a decimal object and display its value.
public static void CreateDecimal( float value, string valToStr )
{
// Format and display the constructor.
Console.Write( "{0,-27}",
String.Format( "decimal( {0} )", valToStr ) );

try
{
// Construct the decimal value.
decimal decimalNum = new decimal( value );

// Display the value if it was created successfully.
Console.WriteLine( "{0,31}", decimalNum );
}
catch( Exception ex )
{
// Display the exception type if an exception was thrown.
Console.WriteLine( "{0,31}", GetExceptionType( ex ) );
}
}

public static void Main( )
{

Console.WriteLine( "This example of the decimal( float ) " +
"constructor \ngenerates the following output.\n" );
Console.WriteLine( "{0,-27}{1,31}", "Constructor",
"Value or Exception" );
Console.WriteLine( "{0,-27}{1,31}", "-----------",
"------------------" );

// Construct decimal objects from float values.
CreateDecimal( 1.2345E+5F, "1.2345E+5F" );
CreateDecimal( 1.234567E+15F, "1.234567E+15F" );
CreateDecimal( 1.23456789E+25F, "1.23456789E+25F" );
CreateDecimal( 1.23456789E+35F, "1.23456789E+35F" );
CreateDecimal( 1.2345E-5F, "1.2345E-5F" );
CreateDecimal( 1.234567E-15F, "1.234567E-15F" );
CreateDecimal( 1.23456789E-25F, "1.23456789E-25F" );
CreateDecimal( 1.23456789E-35F, "1.23456789E-35F" );
CreateDecimal( 1.0F / 7.0F, "1.0F / 7.0F" );
}
}

/*
This example of the decimal( float ) constructor
generates the following output.

Constructor                             Value or Exception
-----------                             ------------------
decimal( 1.2345E+5F )                               123450
decimal( 1.234567E+15F )                  1234567000000000
decimal( 1.23456789E+25F )      12345680000000000000000000
decimal( 1.23456789E+35F )               OverflowException
decimal( 1.2345E-5F )                          0.000012345
decimal( 1.234567E-15F )           0.000000000000001234567
decimal( 1.23456789E-25F )  0.0000000000000000000000001235
decimal( 1.23456789E-35F )                               0
decimal( 1.0F / 7.0F )                           0.1428571
*/

// Example of the decimal( float ) constructor.
open System

// Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
let getExceptionType (ex: exn) =
let exceptionType = ex.GetType() |> string
exceptionType.Substring(exceptionType.LastIndexOf '.'  + 1)

// Create a decimal object and display its value.
let createDecimal (value: float32) valToStr =
// Format and display the constructor.
printf "%-27s" $"decimal( {valToStr} )" try // Construct the decimal value. let decimalNum = Decimal value // Display the value if it was created successfully. printfn$"{decimalNum,31}"
with ex ->
// Display the exception type if an exception was thrown.
printfn $"{getExceptionType ex,31}" printfn "This example of the decimal( float ) constructor \ngenerates the following output.\n" printfn$"""{"Constructor",-27}{"Value or Exception",31}"""
printfn $"""{"-----------",-27}{"------------------",31}""" // Construct decimal objects from float values. createDecimal 1.2345E+5f "1.2345E+5F" createDecimal 1.234567E+15f "1.234567E+15F" createDecimal 1.23456789E+25f "1.23456789E+25F" createDecimal 1.23456789E+35f "1.23456789E+35F" createDecimal 1.2345E-5f "1.2345E-5F" createDecimal 1.234567E-15f "1.234567E-15F" createDecimal 1.23456789E-25f "1.23456789E-25F" createDecimal 1.23456789E-35f "1.23456789E-35F" createDecimal (1f / 7f) "1.0F / 7.0F" // This example of the decimal( float ) constructor // generates the following output. // Constructor Value or Exception // ----------- ------------------ // decimal( 1.2345E+5F ) 123450 // decimal( 1.234567E+15F ) 1234567000000000 // decimal( 1.23456789E+25F ) 12345680000000000000000000 // decimal( 1.23456789E+35F ) OverflowException // decimal( 1.2345E-5F ) 0.000012345 // decimal( 1.234567E-15F ) 0.000000000000001234567 // decimal( 1.23456789E-25F ) 0.0000000000000000000000001235 // decimal( 1.23456789E-35F ) 0 // decimal( 1.0F / 7.0F ) 0.1428571  ' Example of the Decimal( Single ) constructor. Module DecimalCtorSDemo ' Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix. Function GetExceptionType( ex As Exception ) As String Dim exceptionType As String = ex.GetType( ).ToString( ) Return exceptionType.Substring( _ exceptionType.LastIndexOf( "."c ) + 1 ) End Function ' Create a Decimal object and display its value. Sub CreateDecimal( value As Single, valToStr As String ) ' Format and display the constructor. Console.Write( "{0,-27}", _ String.Format( "Decimal( {0} )", valToStr ) ) ' Construct the Decimal value. Try Dim decimalNum As New Decimal( value ) ' Display the value if it was created successfully. Console.WriteLine( "{0,31}", decimalNum ) ' Display the exception type if an exception was thrown. Catch ex As Exception Console.WriteLine( "{0,31}", GetExceptionType( ex ) ) End Try End Sub Sub Main( ) Console.WriteLine( _ "This example of the Decimal( Single ) constructor " & _ vbCrLf & "generates the following output." & vbCrLf ) Console.WriteLine( "{0,-27}{1,31}", "Constructor", "Value or Exception" ) Console.WriteLine( "{0,-27}{1,31}", "-----------", "------------------" ) ' Construct Decimal objects from Single values. CreateDecimal( 1.2345E+5, "1.2345E+5" ) CreateDecimal( 1.234567E+15, "1.234567E+15" ) CreateDecimal( 1.23456789E+25, "1.23456789E+25" ) CreateDecimal( 1.23456789E+35, "1.23456789E+35" ) CreateDecimal( 1.2345E-5, "1.2345E-5" ) CreateDecimal( 1.234567E-15, "1.234567E-15" ) CreateDecimal( 1.23456789E-25, "1.23456789E-25" ) CreateDecimal( 1.23456789E-35, "1.23456789E-35" ) CreateDecimal( 1.0 / 7.0, "1.0 / 7.0" ) End Sub End Module ' This example of the Decimal( Single ) constructor ' generates the following output. ' ' Constructor Value or Exception ' ----------- ------------------ ' Decimal( 1.2345E+5 ) 123450 ' Decimal( 1.234567E+15 ) 1234567000000000 ' Decimal( 1.23456789E+25 ) 12345680000000000000000000 ' Decimal( 1.23456789E+35 ) OverflowException ' Decimal( 1.2345E-5 ) 0.000012345 ' Decimal( 1.234567E-15 ) 0.000000000000001234567 ' Decimal( 1.23456789E-25 ) 0.0000000000000000000000001235 ' Decimal( 1.23456789E-35 ) 0 ' Decimal( 1.0 / 7.0 ) 0.1428571  ### Remarks This constructor rounds value to 7 significant digits using rounding to nearest. This is done even if the number has more than 7 digits and the less significant digits are zero. ### Applies to ## Decimal(UInt32) Source: Decimal.cs Source: Decimal.cs Source: Decimal.cs Important This API is not CLS-compliant. Initializes a new instance of Decimal to the value of the specified 32-bit unsigned integer. public: Decimal(System::UInt32 value); [System.CLSCompliant(false)] public Decimal (uint value); [<System.CLSCompliant(false)>] new decimal : uint32 -> decimal Public Sub New (value As UInteger) #### Parameters value UInt32 The value to represent as a Decimal. Attributes ### Examples The following code example creates several Decimal numbers using the constructor overload that initializes a Decimal structure with a UInt32 value. // Example of the Decimal( unsigned int ) constructor. using namespace System; // Create a Decimal object and display its value. void CreateDecimal( unsigned int value, String^ valToStr ) { Decimal decimalNum = Decimal(value); // Format the constructor for display. String^ ctor = String::Format( "Decimal( {0} )", valToStr ); // Display the constructor and its value. Console::WriteLine( "{0,-30}{1,16}", ctor, decimalNum ); } int main() { Console::WriteLine( "This example of the Decimal( unsigned " "int ) constructor \ngenerates the following output.\n" ); Console::WriteLine( "{0,-30}{1,16}", "Constructor", "Value" ); Console::WriteLine( "{0,-30}{1,16}", "-----------", "-----" ); // Construct Decimal objects from unsigned int values. CreateDecimal( UInt32::MinValue, "UInt32::MinValue" ); CreateDecimal( UInt32::MaxValue, "UInt32::MaxValue" ); CreateDecimal( Int32::MaxValue, "Int32::MaxValue" ); CreateDecimal( 999999999, "999999999" ); CreateDecimal( 0x40000000, "0x40000000" ); CreateDecimal( 0xC0000000, "0xC0000000" ); } /* This example of the Decimal( unsigned int ) constructor generates the following output. Constructor Value ----------- ----- Decimal( UInt32::MinValue ) 0 Decimal( UInt32::MaxValue ) 4294967295 Decimal( Int32::MaxValue ) 2147483647 Decimal( 999999999 ) 999999999 Decimal( 0x40000000 ) 1073741824 Decimal( 0xC0000000 ) 3221225472 */  // Example of the decimal( uint ) constructor. using System; class DecimalCtorUIDemo { // Create a decimal object and display its value. public static void CreateDecimal( uint value, string valToStr ) { decimal decimalNum = new decimal( value ); // Format the constructor for display. string ctor = String.Format( "decimal( {0} )", valToStr ); // Display the constructor and its value. Console.WriteLine( "{0,-33}{1,16}", ctor, decimalNum ); } public static void Main( ) { Console.WriteLine( "This example of the decimal( uint ) " + "constructor \ngenerates the following output.\n" ); Console.WriteLine( "{0,-33}{1,16}", "Constructor", "Value" ); Console.WriteLine( "{0,-33}{1,16}", "-----------", "-----" ); // Construct decimal objects from uint values. CreateDecimal( uint.MinValue, "uint.MinValue" ); CreateDecimal( uint.MaxValue, "uint.MaxValue" ); CreateDecimal( (uint)int.MaxValue, "(uint)int.MaxValue" ); CreateDecimal( 999999999U, "999999999U" ); CreateDecimal( 0x40000000U, "0x40000000U" ); CreateDecimal( 0xC0000000, "0xC0000000" ); } } /* This example of the decimal( uint ) constructor generates the following output. Constructor Value ----------- ----- decimal( uint.MinValue ) 0 decimal( uint.MaxValue ) 4294967295 decimal( (uint)int.MaxValue ) 2147483647 decimal( 999999999U ) 999999999 decimal( 0x40000000U ) 1073741824 decimal( 0xC0000000 ) 3221225472 */  // Example of the decimal( uint ) constructor. open System // Create a decimal object and display its value. let createDecimal (value: uint) valToStr = let decimalNum = Decimal value // Format the constructor for display. let ctor =$"decimal( {valToStr} )"

// Display the constructor and its value.
printfn $"{ctor,-33}{decimalNum,16}" printfn "This example of the decimal( uint ) constructor \ngenerates the following output.\n" printfn "%-33s%16s" "Constructor" "Value" printfn "%-33s%16s" "-----------" "-----" // Construct decimal objects from uint values. createDecimal UInt32.MinValue "UInt32.MinValue" createDecimal UInt32.MaxValue "UInt32.MaxValue" createDecimal (uint Int32.MaxValue) "uint Int32.MaxValue" createDecimal 999999999u "999999999u" createDecimal 0x40000000u "0x40000000u" createDecimal 0xC0000000u "0xC0000000u" // This example of the decimal( uint ) constructor // generates the following output. // // Constructor Value // ----------- ----- // decimal( UInt32.MinValue ) 0 // decimal( UInt32.MaxValue ) 4294967295 // decimal( uint Int32.MaxValue ) 2147483647 // decimal( 999999999u ) 999999999 // decimal( 0x40000000u ) 1073741824 // decimal( 0xC0000000u ) 3221225472  ' Example of the Decimal( UInt32 ) constructor. Module DecimalCtorUIDemo ' Create a Decimal object and display its value. Sub CreateDecimal( value As UInt32, valToStr As String ) Dim decimalNum As New Decimal( value ) ' Format the constructor for display. Dim ctor As String = _ String.Format( "Decimal( {0} )", valToStr ) ' Display the constructor and its value. Console.WriteLine( "{0,-33}{1,16}", ctor, decimalNum ) End Sub Sub Main( ) Console.WriteLine( _ "This example of the Decimal( UInt32 ) constructor " & _ vbCrLf & "generates the following output." & vbCrLf ) Console.WriteLine( "{0,-33}{1,16}", "Constructor", "Value" ) Console.WriteLine( "{0,-33}{1,16}", "-----------", "-----" ) ' Construct Decimal objects from UInt32 values. ' UInt32.MinValue and UInt32.MaxValue are not defined in VB. CreateDecimal( Convert.ToUInt32( 0 ), """UInt32.MinValue""" ) CreateDecimal( Convert.ToUInt32( 4294967295 ), _ """UInt32.MaxValue""" ) CreateDecimal( Convert.ToUInt32( Integer.MaxValue ), _ "Integer.MaxValue" ) CreateDecimal( Convert.ToUInt32( 999999999 ), "999999999" ) CreateDecimal( Convert.ToUInt32( &H40000000 ), "&H40000000" ) CreateDecimal( Convert.ToUInt32( &HC0000000L ), "&HC0000000" ) End Sub End Module ' This example of the Decimal( UInt32 ) constructor ' generates the following output. ' ' Constructor Value ' ----------- ----- ' Decimal( "UInt32.MinValue" ) 0 ' Decimal( "UInt32.MaxValue" ) 4294967295 ' Decimal( Integer.MaxValue ) 2147483647 ' Decimal( 999999999 ) 999999999 ' Decimal( &H40000000 ) 1073741824 ' Decimal( &HC0000000 ) 3221225472  ### Applies to ## Decimal(UInt64) Source: Decimal.cs Source: Decimal.cs Source: Decimal.cs Important This API is not CLS-compliant. Initializes a new instance of Decimal to the value of the specified 64-bit unsigned integer. public: Decimal(System::UInt64 value); [System.CLSCompliant(false)] public Decimal (ulong value); [<System.CLSCompliant(false)>] new decimal : uint64 -> decimal Public Sub New (value As ULong) #### Parameters value UInt64 The value to represent as a Decimal. Attributes ### Examples The following code example creates several Decimal numbers using the constructor overload that initializes a Decimal structure with a UInt64 value. // Example of the Decimal( unsigned __int64 ) constructor. using namespace System; // Create a Decimal object and display its value. void CreateDecimal( unsigned __int64 value, String^ valToStr ) { Decimal decimalNum = Decimal(value); // Format the constructor for display. String^ ctor = String::Format( "Decimal( {0} )", valToStr ); // Display the constructor and its value. Console::WriteLine( "{0,-33}{1,22}", ctor, decimalNum ); } int main() { Console::WriteLine( "This example of the Decimal( unsigned " "__int64 ) constructor \ngenerates the following output.\n" ); Console::WriteLine( "{0,-33}{1,22}", "Constructor", "Value" ); Console::WriteLine( "{0,-33}{1,22}", "-----------", "-----" ); // Construct Decimal objects from unsigned __int64 values. CreateDecimal( UInt64::MinValue, "UInt64::MinValue" ); CreateDecimal( UInt64::MaxValue, "UInt64::MaxValue" ); CreateDecimal( Int64::MaxValue, "Int64::MaxValue" ); CreateDecimal( 999999999999999999, "999999999999999999" ); CreateDecimal( 0x2000000000000000, "0x2000000000000000" ); CreateDecimal( 0xE000000000000000, "0xE000000000000000" ); } /* This example of the Decimal( unsigned __int64 ) constructor generates the following output. Constructor Value ----------- ----- Decimal( UInt64::MinValue ) 0 Decimal( UInt64::MaxValue ) 18446744073709551615 Decimal( Int64::MaxValue ) 9223372036854775807 Decimal( 999999999999999999 ) 999999999999999999 Decimal( 0x2000000000000000 ) 2305843009213693952 Decimal( 0xE000000000000000 ) 16140901064495857664 */  // Example of the decimal( ulong ) constructor. using System; class DecimalCtorLDemo { // Create a decimal object and display its value. public static void CreateDecimal( ulong value, string valToStr ) { decimal decimalNum = new decimal( value ); // Format the constructor for display. string ctor = String.Format( "decimal( {0} )", valToStr ); // Display the constructor and its value. Console.WriteLine( "{0,-35}{1,22}", ctor, decimalNum ); } public static void Main( ) { Console.WriteLine( "This example of the decimal( ulong ) " + "constructor \ngenerates the following output.\n" ); Console.WriteLine( "{0,-35}{1,22}", "Constructor", "Value" ); Console.WriteLine( "{0,-35}{1,22}", "-----------", "-----" ); // Construct decimal objects from ulong values. CreateDecimal( ulong.MinValue, "ulong.MinValue" ); CreateDecimal( ulong.MaxValue, "ulong.MaxValue" ); CreateDecimal( long.MaxValue, "long.MaxValue" ); CreateDecimal( 999999999999999999, "999999999999999999" ); CreateDecimal( 0x2000000000000000, "0x2000000000000000" ); CreateDecimal( 0xE000000000000000, "0xE000000000000000" ); } } /* This example of the decimal( ulong ) constructor generates the following output. Constructor Value ----------- ----- decimal( ulong.MinValue ) 0 decimal( ulong.MaxValue ) 18446744073709551615 decimal( long.MaxValue ) 9223372036854775807 decimal( 999999999999999999 ) 999999999999999999 decimal( 0x2000000000000000 ) 2305843009213693952 decimal( 0xE000000000000000 ) 16140901064495857664 */  // Example of the decimal( uint64 ) constructor. open System // Create a decimal object and display its value. let createDecimal (value: uint64) valToStr = let decimalNum = Decimal value // Format the constructor for display. let ctor =$"decimal( {valToStr} )"

// Display the constructor and its value.
printfn $"{ctor,-35}{decimalNum,22}" printfn "This example of the decimal( uint64 ) constructor \ngenerates the following output.\n" printfn "%-35s%22s" "Constructor" "Value" printfn "%-35s%22s" "-----------" "-----" // Construct decimal objects from ulong values. createDecimal UInt64.MinValue "UInt64.MinValue" createDecimal UInt64.MaxValue "UInt64.MaxValue" createDecimal (uint64 Int64.MaxValue) "int64 Int64.MaxValue" createDecimal 999999999999999999uL "999999999999999999uL" createDecimal 0x2000000000000000uL "0x2000000000000000uL" createDecimal 0xE000000000000000uL "0xE000000000000000uL" // This example of the decimal( uint64 ) constructor // generates the following output. // // Constructor Value // ----------- ----- // decimal( UInt64.MinValue ) 0 // decimal( UInt64.MaxValue ) 18446744073709551615 // decimal( int64 Int64.MaxValue ) 9223372036854775807 // decimal( 999999999999999999uL ) 999999999999999999 // decimal( 0x2000000000000000uL ) 2305843009213693952 // decimal( 0xE000000000000000uL ) 16140901064495857664  ' Example of the Decimal( UInt64 ) constructor. Module DecimalCtorULDemo ' Create a Decimal object and display its value. Sub CreateDecimal( value As UInt64, valToStr As String ) Dim decimalNum As New Decimal( value ) ' Format the constructor for display. Dim ctor As String = _ String.Format( "Decimal( {0} )", valToStr ) ' Display the constructor and its value. Console.WriteLine( "{0,-33}{1,22}", ctor, decimalNum ) End Sub Sub Main( ) Console.WriteLine( _ "This example of the Decimal( UInt64 ) constructor " & _ vbCrLf & "generates the following output." & vbCrLf ) Console.WriteLine( "{0,-33}{1,22}", "Constructor", "Value" ) Console.WriteLine( "{0,-33}{1,22}", "-----------", "-----" ) ' Construct Decimal objects from UInt64 values. ' UInt64.MinValue and UInt64.MaxValue are not defined in VB. CreateDecimal( Convert.ToUInt64( 0 ), """UInt64.MinValue""" ) CreateDecimal( Convert.ToUInt64( 18446744073709551615D ), _ """UInt64.MaxValue""" ) CreateDecimal( Convert.ToUInt64( Long.MaxValue ), _ "Long.MaxValue" ) CreateDecimal( Convert.ToUInt64( 999999999999999999 ), _ "999999999999999999" ) CreateDecimal( Convert.ToUInt64( &H2000000000000000 ), _ "&H2000000000000000" ) CreateDecimal( Convert.ToUInt64( 16140901064495857664.0 ), _ "16140901064495857664.0" ) End Sub End Module ' This example of the Decimal( UInt64 ) constructor ' generates the following output. ' ' Constructor Value ' ----------- ----- ' Decimal( "UInt64.MinValue" ) 0 ' Decimal( "UInt64.MaxValue" ) 18446744073709551615 ' Decimal( Long.MaxValue ) 9223372036854775807 ' Decimal( 999999999999999999 ) 999999999999999999 ' Decimal( &H2000000000000000 ) 2305843009213693952 ' Decimal( 16140901064495857664.0 ) 16140901064495857664  ### Applies to ## Decimal(Int32, Int32, Int32, Boolean, Byte) Source: Decimal.cs Source: Decimal.cs Source: Decimal.cs Initializes a new instance of Decimal from parameters specifying the instance's constituent parts. public: Decimal(int lo, int mid, int hi, bool isNegative, System::Byte scale); public Decimal (int lo, int mid, int hi, bool isNegative, byte scale); new decimal : int * int * int * bool * byte -> decimal Public Sub New (lo As Integer, mid As Integer, hi As Integer, isNegative As Boolean, scale As Byte) #### Parameters lo Int32 The low 32 bits of a 96-bit integer. mid Int32 The middle 32 bits of a 96-bit integer. hi Int32 The high 32 bits of a 96-bit integer. isNegative Boolean true to indicate a negative number; false to indicate a positive number. scale Byte A power of 10 ranging from 0 to 28. #### Exceptions scale is greater than 28. ### Examples The following code example creates several Decimal numbers using the constructor overload that initializes a Decimal structure with three Int32 value words, a Boolean sign, and a Byte scale factor. // Example of the Decimal( int, int, int, bool, unsigned char ) // constructor. using namespace System; // Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix. String^ GetExceptionType( Exception^ ex ) { String^ exceptionType = ex->GetType()->ToString(); return exceptionType->Substring( exceptionType->LastIndexOf( '.' ) + 1 ); } // Create a Decimal object and display its value. void CreateDecimal( int low, int mid, int high, bool isNeg, unsigned char scale ) { // Format the constructor for display. array<Object^>^boxedParams = gcnew array<Object^>(5); boxedParams[ 0 ] = low; boxedParams[ 1 ] = mid; boxedParams[ 2 ] = high; boxedParams[ 3 ] = isNeg; boxedParams[ 4 ] = scale; String^ ctor = String::Format( "Decimal( {0}, {1}, {2}, {3}, {4} )", boxedParams ); String^ valOrExc; try { // Construct the Decimal value. Decimal decimalNum = Decimal(low,mid,high,isNeg,scale); // Format and save the Decimal value. valOrExc = decimalNum.ToString(); } catch ( Exception^ ex ) { // Save the exception type if an exception was thrown. valOrExc = GetExceptionType( ex ); } // Display the constructor and Decimal value or exception. int ctorLen = 76 - valOrExc->Length; // Display the data on one line if it will fit. if ( ctorLen > ctor->Length ) Console::WriteLine( "{0}{1}", ctor->PadRight( ctorLen ), valOrExc ); // Otherwise, display the data on two lines. else { Console::WriteLine( "{0}", ctor ); Console::WriteLine( "{0,76}", valOrExc ); } } int main() { Console::WriteLine( "This example of the Decimal( int, int, " "int, bool, unsigned char ) \nconstructor " "generates the following output.\n" ); Console::WriteLine( "{0,-38}{1,38}", "Constructor", "Value or Exception" ); Console::WriteLine( "{0,-38}{1,38}", "-----------", "------------------" ); // Construct Decimal objects from double values. CreateDecimal( 0, 0, 0, false, 0 ); CreateDecimal( 0, 0, 0, false, 27 ); CreateDecimal( 0, 0, 0, true, 0 ); CreateDecimal( 1000000000, 0, 0, false, 0 ); CreateDecimal( 0, 1000000000, 0, false, 0 ); CreateDecimal( 0, 0, 1000000000, false, 0 ); CreateDecimal( 1000000000, 1000000000, 1000000000, false, 0 ); CreateDecimal( -1, -1, -1, false, 0 ); CreateDecimal( -1, -1, -1, true, 0 ); CreateDecimal( -1, -1, -1, false, 15 ); CreateDecimal( -1, -1, -1, false, 28 ); CreateDecimal( -1, -1, -1, false, 29 ); CreateDecimal( Int32::MaxValue, 0, 0, false, 18 ); CreateDecimal( Int32::MaxValue, 0, 0, false, 28 ); CreateDecimal( Int32::MaxValue, 0, 0, true, 28 ); } /* This example of the Decimal( int, int, int, bool, unsigned char ) constructor generates the following output. Constructor Value or Exception ----------- ------------------ Decimal( 0, 0, 0, False, 0 ) 0 Decimal( 0, 0, 0, False, 27 ) 0 Decimal( 0, 0, 0, True, 0 ) 0 Decimal( 1000000000, 0, 0, False, 0 ) 1000000000 Decimal( 0, 1000000000, 0, False, 0 ) 4294967296000000000 Decimal( 0, 0, 1000000000, False, 0 ) 18446744073709551616000000000 Decimal( 1000000000, 1000000000, 1000000000, False, 0 ) 18446744078004518913000000000 Decimal( -1, -1, -1, False, 0 ) 79228162514264337593543950335 Decimal( -1, -1, -1, True, 0 ) -79228162514264337593543950335 Decimal( -1, -1, -1, False, 15 ) 79228162514264.337593543950335 Decimal( -1, -1, -1, False, 28 ) 7.9228162514264337593543950335 Decimal( -1, -1, -1, False, 29 ) ArgumentOutOfRangeException Decimal( 2147483647, 0, 0, False, 18 ) 0.000000002147483647 Decimal( 2147483647, 0, 0, False, 28 ) 0.0000000000000000002147483647 Decimal( 2147483647, 0, 0, True, 28 ) -0.0000000000000000002147483647 */  // Example of the decimal( int, int, int, bool, byte ) constructor. using System; class DecimalCtorIIIBByDemo { // Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix. public static string GetExceptionType( Exception ex ) { string exceptionType = ex.GetType( ).ToString( ); return exceptionType.Substring( exceptionType.LastIndexOf( '.' ) + 1 ); } // Create a decimal object and display its value. public static void CreateDecimal( int low, int mid, int high, bool isNeg, byte scale ) { // Format the constructor for display. string ctor = String.Format( "decimal( {0}, {1}, {2}, {3}, {4} )", low, mid, high, isNeg, scale ); string valOrExc; try { // Construct the decimal value. decimal decimalNum = new decimal( low, mid, high, isNeg, scale ); // Format and save the decimal value. valOrExc = decimalNum.ToString( ); } catch( Exception ex ) { // Save the exception type if an exception was thrown. valOrExc = GetExceptionType( ex ); } // Display the constructor and decimal value or exception. int ctorLen = 76 - valOrExc.Length; // Display the data on one line if it will fit. if ( ctorLen > ctor.Length ) Console.WriteLine( "{0}{1}", ctor.PadRight( ctorLen ), valOrExc ); // Otherwise, display the data on two lines. else { Console.WriteLine( "{0}", ctor ); Console.WriteLine( "{0,76}", valOrExc ); } } public static void Main( ) { Console.WriteLine( "This example of the decimal( int, int, " + "int, bool, byte ) \nconstructor " + "generates the following output.\n" ); Console.WriteLine( "{0,-38}{1,38}", "Constructor", "Value or Exception" ); Console.WriteLine( "{0,-38}{1,38}", "-----------", "------------------" ); // Construct decimal objects from the component fields. CreateDecimal( 0, 0, 0, false, 0 ); CreateDecimal( 0, 0, 0, false, 27 ); CreateDecimal( 0, 0, 0, true, 0 ); CreateDecimal( 1000000000, 0, 0, false, 0 ); CreateDecimal( 0, 1000000000, 0, false, 0 ); CreateDecimal( 0, 0, 1000000000, false, 0 ); CreateDecimal( 1000000000, 1000000000, 1000000000, false, 0 ); CreateDecimal( -1, -1, -1, false, 0 ); CreateDecimal( -1, -1, -1, true, 0 ); CreateDecimal( -1, -1, -1, false, 15 ); CreateDecimal( -1, -1, -1, false, 28 ); CreateDecimal( -1, -1, -1, false, 29 ); CreateDecimal( int.MaxValue, 0, 0, false, 18 ); CreateDecimal( int.MaxValue, 0, 0, false, 28 ); CreateDecimal( int.MaxValue, 0, 0, true, 28 ); } } /* This example of the decimal( int, int, int, bool, byte ) constructor generates the following output. Constructor Value or Exception ----------- ------------------ decimal( 0, 0, 0, False, 0 ) 0 decimal( 0, 0, 0, False, 27 ) 0 decimal( 0, 0, 0, True, 0 ) 0 decimal( 1000000000, 0, 0, False, 0 ) 1000000000 decimal( 0, 1000000000, 0, False, 0 ) 4294967296000000000 decimal( 0, 0, 1000000000, False, 0 ) 18446744073709551616000000000 decimal( 1000000000, 1000000000, 1000000000, False, 0 ) 18446744078004518913000000000 decimal( -1, -1, -1, False, 0 ) 79228162514264337593543950335 decimal( -1, -1, -1, True, 0 ) -79228162514264337593543950335 decimal( -1, -1, -1, False, 15 ) 79228162514264.337593543950335 decimal( -1, -1, -1, False, 28 ) 7.9228162514264337593543950335 decimal( -1, -1, -1, False, 29 ) ArgumentOutOfRangeException decimal( 2147483647, 0, 0, False, 18 ) 0.000000002147483647 decimal( 2147483647, 0, 0, False, 28 ) 0.0000000000000000002147483647 decimal( 2147483647, 0, 0, True, 28 ) -0.0000000000000000002147483647 */  // Example of the decimal( int, int, int, bool, byte ) constructor. open System // Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix. let getExceptionType (ex: exn) = let exceptionType = ex.GetType() |> string exceptionType.Substring(exceptionType.LastIndexOf '.' + 1) // Create a decimal object and display its value. let createDecimal low mid high (isNeg: bool) (scale: byte) = // Format the constructor for display. let ctor =$"decimal( %i{low}, %i{mid}, %i{high}, {isNeg}, {scale} )"

let valOrExc =
try
// Construct the decimal value.
let decimalNum = new decimal(low, mid, high, isNeg, scale)

// Format and save the decimal value.
decimalNum |> string
with ex ->
// Save the exception type if an exception was thrown.
getExceptionType ex

// Display the constructor and decimal value or exception.
let ctorLen = 76 - valOrExc.Length

// Display the data on one line if it will fit.
if ctorLen > ctor.Length then
printfn $"{ctor.PadRight ctorLen}{valOrExc}" // Otherwise, display the data on two lines. else printfn$"{ctor}"
printfn $"{valOrExc,76}" printfn """This example of the decimal(int, int, int, bool, byte) constructor generates the following output. """ printfn "%-38s%38s" "Constructor" "Value or Exception" printfn "%-38s%38s" "-----------" "------------------" // Construct decimal objects from the component fields. createDecimal 0 0 0 false 0uy createDecimal 0 0 0 false 27uy createDecimal 0 0 0 true 0uy createDecimal 1000000000 0 0 false 0uy createDecimal 0 1000000000 0 false 0uy createDecimal 0 0 1000000000 false 0uy createDecimal 1000000000 1000000000 1000000000 false 0uy createDecimal -1 -1 -1 false 0uy createDecimal -1 -1 -1 true 0uy createDecimal -1 -1 -1 false 15uy createDecimal -1 -1 -1 false 28uy createDecimal -1 -1 -1 false 29uy createDecimal Int32.MaxValue 0 0 false 18uy createDecimal Int32.MaxValue 0 0 false 28uy createDecimal Int32.MaxValue 0 0 true 28uy // This example of the decimal(int, int, int, bool, byte) // constructor generates the following output. // // Constructor Value or Exception // ----------- ------------------ // decimal( 0, 0, 0, False, 0 ) 0 // decimal( 0, 0, 0, False, 27 ) 0 // decimal( 0, 0, 0, True, 0 ) 0 // decimal( 1000000000, 0, 0, False, 0 ) 1000000000 // decimal( 0, 1000000000, 0, False, 0 ) 4294967296000000000 // decimal( 0, 0, 1000000000, False, 0 ) 18446744073709551616000000000 // decimal( 1000000000, 1000000000, 1000000000, False, 0 ) // 18446744078004518913000000000 // decimal( -1, -1, -1, False, 0 ) 79228162514264337593543950335 // decimal( -1, -1, -1, True, 0 ) -79228162514264337593543950335 // decimal( -1, -1, -1, False, 15 ) 79228162514264.337593543950335 // decimal( -1, -1, -1, False, 28 ) 7.9228162514264337593543950335 // decimal( -1, -1, -1, False, 29 ) ArgumentOutOfRangeException // decimal( 2147483647, 0, 0, False, 18 ) 0.000000002147483647 // decimal( 2147483647, 0, 0, False, 28 ) 0.0000000000000000002147483647 // decimal( 2147483647, 0, 0, True, 28 ) -0.0000000000000000002147483647  ' Example of the Decimal( Integer, Integer, Integer, Boolean, Byte ) ' constructor. Module DecimalCtorIIIBByDemo ' Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix. Function GetExceptionType( ex As Exception ) As String Dim exceptionType As String = ex.GetType( ).ToString( ) Return exceptionType.Substring( _ exceptionType.LastIndexOf( "."c ) + 1 ) End Function ' Create a Decimal object and display its value. Sub CreateDecimal( low As Integer, mid As Integer, _ high As Integer, isNeg As Boolean, scale as Byte ) ' Format the constructor for display. Dim ctor As String = String.Format( _ "Decimal( {0}, {1}, {2}, {3}, {4} )", _ low, mid, high, isNeg, scale ) Dim valOrExc As String ' Construct the Decimal value. Try Dim decimalNum As New Decimal( _ low, mid, high, isNeg, scale ) ' Format and save the Decimal value. valOrExc = decimalNum.ToString( ) ' Save the exception type if an exception was thrown. Catch ex As Exception valOrExc = GetExceptionType( ex ) End Try ' Display the constructor and Decimal value or exception. Dim ctorLen = 76 - valOrExc.Length If ctorLen > ctor.Length Then ' Display the data on one line if it will fit. Console.WriteLine( "{0}{1}", ctor.PadRight( ctorLen ), _ valOrExc ) ' Otherwise, display the data on two lines. Else Console.WriteLine( "{0}", ctor ) Console.WriteLine( "{0,76}", valOrExc ) End If End Sub Sub Main( ) Console.WriteLine( _ "This example of the Decimal( Integer, Integer, " & _ "Integer, Boolean, Byte ) " & vbCrLf & "constructor " & _ "generates the following output." & vbCrLf ) Console.WriteLine( "{0,-38}{1,38}", "Constructor", _ "Value or Exception" ) Console.WriteLine( "{0,-38}{1,38}", "-----------", _ "------------------" ) ' Construct Decimal objects from the component fields. CreateDecimal( 0, 0, 0, False, 0 ) CreateDecimal( 0, 0, 0, False, 27 ) CreateDecimal( 0, 0, 0, True, 0 ) CreateDecimal( 1000000000, 0, 0, False, 0 ) CreateDecimal( 0, 1000000000, 0, False, 0 ) CreateDecimal( 0, 0, 1000000000, False, 0 ) CreateDecimal( 1000000000, 1000000000, 1000000000, False, 0 ) CreateDecimal( -1, -1, -1, False, 0 ) CreateDecimal( -1, -1, -1, True, 0 ) CreateDecimal( -1, -1, -1, False, 15 ) CreateDecimal( -1, -1, -1, False, 28 ) CreateDecimal( -1, -1, -1, False, 29 ) CreateDecimal( Integer.MaxValue, 0, 0, False, 18 ) CreateDecimal( Integer.MaxValue, 0, 0, False, 28 ) CreateDecimal( Integer.MaxValue, 0, 0, True, 28 ) End Sub End Module ' This example of the Decimal( Integer, Integer, Integer, Boolean, Byte ) ' constructor generates the following output. ' ' Constructor Value or Exception ' ----------- ------------------ ' Decimal( 0, 0, 0, False, 0 ) 0 ' Decimal( 0, 0, 0, False, 27 ) 0 ' Decimal( 0, 0, 0, True, 0 ) 0 ' Decimal( 1000000000, 0, 0, False, 0 ) 1000000000 ' Decimal( 0, 1000000000, 0, False, 0 ) 4294967296000000000 ' Decimal( 0, 0, 1000000000, False, 0 ) 18446744073709551616000000000 ' Decimal( 1000000000, 1000000000, 1000000000, False, 0 ) ' 18446744078004518913000000000 ' Decimal( -1, -1, -1, False, 0 ) 79228162514264337593543950335 ' Decimal( -1, -1, -1, True, 0 ) -79228162514264337593543950335 ' Decimal( -1, -1, -1, False, 15 ) 79228162514264.337593543950335 ' Decimal( -1, -1, -1, False, 28 ) 7.9228162514264337593543950335 ' Decimal( -1, -1, -1, False, 29 ) ArgumentOutOfRangeException ' Decimal( 2147483647, 0, 0, False, 18 ) 0.000000002147483647 ' Decimal( 2147483647, 0, 0, False, 28 ) 0.0000000000000000002147483647 ' Decimal( 2147483647, 0, 0, True, 28 ) -0.0000000000000000002147483647  The following example uses the GetBits method to retrieve the component parts of an array. It then uses this array in the call to the Decimal(Int32, Int32, Int32, Boolean, Byte) constructor to instantiate a new Decimal value. using System; public class Example { public static void Main() { Decimal[] values = { 1234.96m, -1234.96m }; foreach (var value in values) { int[] parts = Decimal.GetBits(value); bool sign = (parts[3] & 0x80000000) != 0; byte scale = (byte) ((parts[3] >> 16) & 0x7F); Decimal newValue = new Decimal(parts[0], parts[1], parts[2], sign, scale); Console.WriteLine("{0} --> {1}", value, newValue); } } } // The example displays the following output: // 1234.96 --> 1234.96 // -1234.96 --> -1234.96  open System let values = [ 1234.96m; -1234.96m ] for value in values do let parts = Decimal.GetBits value let sign = (parts[3] &&& 0x80000000) <> 0 let scale = (parts[3] >>> 16) &&& 0x7F |> byte let newValue = Decimal(parts[0], parts[1], parts[2], sign, scale) printfn$"{value} --> {newValue}"

// The example displays the following output:
//       1234.96 --> 1234.96
//       -1234.96 --> -1234.96

Module Example
Public Sub Main()
Dim values() As Decimal = { 1234.96d, -1234.96d }
For Each value In values
Dim parts() = Decimal.GetBits(value)
Dim sign As Boolean = (parts(3) And &h80000000) <> 0
Dim scale As Byte = CByte((parts(3) >> 16) And &H7F)

Dim newValue As New Decimal(parts(0), parts(1), parts(2), sign, scale)
Console.WriteLine("{0} --> {1}", value, newValue)
Next
End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'    1234.96 --> 1234.96
'    -1234.96 --> -1234.96


### Remarks

The binary representation of a Decimal number consists of a 1-bit sign, a 96-bit integer number, and a scaling factor used to divide the integer number and specify what portion of it is a decimal fraction. The scaling factor is implicitly the number 10 raised to an exponent ranging from 0 to 28.