NtSetInformationFile function (ntifs.h)
The NtSetInformationFile routine changes various kinds of information about a file object.
__kernel_entry NTSYSCALLAPI NTSTATUS NtSetInformationFile( [in] HANDLE FileHandle, [out] PIO_STATUS_BLOCK IoStatusBlock, [in] PVOID FileInformation, [in] ULONG Length, [in] FILE_INFORMATION_CLASS FileInformationClass );
Pointer to an IO_STATUS_BLOCK structure that receives the final completion status and information about the requested operation. The Information member receives the number of bytes set on the file.
Pointer to a buffer that contains the information to set for the file. The particular structure in this buffer is determined by the FileInformationClass parameter. For example, if the FileInformationClass parameter is set to the FileDispositionInformationEx constant, this parameter should be a pointer to a FILE_DISPOSITION_INFORMATION_EX structure.
The size, in bytes, of the FileInformation buffer.
The type of information, supplied in the buffer pointed to by FileInformation, to set for the file. Device and intermediate drivers can specify any of the following FILE_INFORMATION_CLASS values.
|FILE_INFORMATION_CLASS value||Type of information returned|
|FileBasicInformation (4)||Change the information that is supplied in a FILE_BASIC_INFORMATION structure. The caller must have opened the file with the FILE_WRITE_ATTRIBUTES flag set in the DesiredAccess parameter.|
|FileRenameInformation (10)||Change the current file name, which is supplied in a FILE_RENAME_INFORMATION structure. The caller must have DELETE access to the file.|
|FileDispositionInformation (13)||Request to delete the file when it is closed or cancel a previously requested deletion. The choice whether to delete or cancel is supplied in a FILE_DISPOSITION_INFORMATION structure. The caller must have opened the file with the DELETE flag set in the DesiredAccess parameter.|
|FilePositionInformation (14)||Change the current file information, which is stored in a FILE_POSITION_INFORMATION structure.|
|FileEndOfFileInformation (20)||Change the current end-of-file information, supplied in a FILE_END_OF_FILE_INFORMATION structure. The operation can either truncate or extend the file. The caller must have opened the file with the FILE_WRITE_DATA flag set in the DesiredAccess parameter.|
|FileValidDataLengthInformation (39)||Change the current valid data length for the file, which is supplied in a FILE_VALID_DATA_LENGTH_INFORMATION structure. The file must be on an NTFS volume, and the caller must have opened the file with the FILE_WRITE_DATA flag set in the DesiredAccess parameter. Non-administrators and remote users must have the SeManageVolumePrivilege privilege.|
|FileShortNameInformation (40)||Change the current short file name, which is supplied in a FILE_NAME_INFORMATION structure. The file must be on an NTFS volume, and the caller must have opened the file with the DesiredAccess DELETE flag set in the DesiredAccess parameter.|
|FileIoPriorityHintInformation (43)||Change the current default IRP priority hint for the file handle. The new value is supplied in a FILE_IO_PRIORITY_HINT_INFORMATION structure. This structure must be 8-byte aligned.|
|FileReplaceCompletionInformation (61)||Change or remove the I/O completion port for the specified file handle. The caller supplies a pointer to a FILE_COMPLETION_INFORMATION structure that specifies a port handle and a completion key. If the port handle is non-NULL, this handle specifies a new I/O completion port to associate with the file handle. To remove the I/O completion port associated with the file handle, set the port handle in the structure to NULL. To get a port handle, a user-mode caller can call the CreateIoCompletionPort function.|
|FileDispositionInformationEx (64)||Request to delete the file or cancel a previously requested deletion. The choice whether to delete or cancel, as well as settings for when and how the deletion should be performed, are supplied in a FILE_DISPOSITION_INFORMATION_EX structure. The caller must have opened the file with the DELETE flag set in the DesiredAccess parameter.|
|FileCaseSensitiveInformation (71)||Change the information that is supplied in a FILE_CASE_SENSITIVE_INFORMATION structure. The caller must have opened the file with the FILE_WRITE_ATTRIBUTES flag set in the DesiredAccess parameter. This value is available starting with Windows 10, version 1803.|
|FileLinkInformation (72)||Create a hard link to an existing file, which is specified in a FILE_LINK_INFORMATION structure. Not all file systems support hard links; for example NTFS does while FAT does not.|
|FileCaseSensitiveInformationForceAccessCheck (75)||Change the information that is supplied in a FILE_CASE_SENSITIVE_INFORMATION structure. The caller must have opened the file with the FILE_WRITE_ATTRIBUTES flag set in the DesiredAccess parameter. This is a special version of the FileCaseSensitiveInformation operation that is used to force the IOManager to perform access checks for the kernel-mode driver, similar to the checks that apply to a user-mode caller. This operation is only recognized by the IOManager and a file system should never receive it. This value is available starting with Windows 10, version 1803.|
|FileKnownFolderInformation (76)||A FILE_KNOWN_FOLDER_INFORMATION structure. Available starting in Windows Server 2022.|
NtSetInformationFile returns STATUS_SUCCESS or an appropriate error status.
NtSetInformationFile changes information about a file. It ignores any member of a FILE_XXX_INFORMATION structure that is not supported by a particular device or file system.
If you set FileInformationClass to FileDispositionInformation, you can subsequently pass FileHandle to NtClose but not to any other ZwXxxFile routine. Because FileDispositionInformation causes the file to be marked for deletion, it is a programming error to attempt any subsequent operation on the handle other than closing it.
If you set FileInformationClass to FilePositionInformation, and the preceding call to NtCreateFile included the FILE_NO_INTERMEDIATE_BUFFERING flag in the CreateOptions parameter, certain restrictions on the CurrentByteOffset member of the FILE_POSITION_INFORMATION structure are enforced. For more information, see NtCreateFile.
If you set FileInformationClass to FileEndOfFileInformation, and the EndOfFile member of FILE_END_OF_FILE_INFORMATION specifies an offset beyond the current end-of-file mark, NtSetInformationFile extends the file and pads the extension with zeros.
For more information about working with files, see Using Files in a Driver.
Callers of NtSetInformationFile must be running at IRQL = PASSIVE_LEVEL and with special kernel APCs enabled.
If the call to this function occurs in user mode, use the name "NtSetInformationFile" instead of "ZwSetInformationFile".
For calls from kernel-mode drivers, the NtXxx and ZwXxx versions of a Windows Native System Services routine can behave differently in the way that they handle and interpret input parameters. For more information about the relationship between the NtXxx**** and ZwXxx**** versions of a routine, see Using Nt and Zw Versions of the Native System Services Routines.
|Minimum supported client||Windows 2000.|
|Header||ntifs.h (include Wdm.h, Ntddk.h, Ntifs.h)|
|IRQL||PASSIVE_LEVEL (see Remarks section)|
|DDI compliance rules||HwStorPortProhibitedDDIs, PowerIrpDDis|