Convert.ToSByte メソッド

定義

指定した値を 8 ビット符号付き整数に変換します。

オーバーロード

ToSByte(UInt32)

指定した 32 ビット符号なし整数の値を等価の 8 ビット符号付き整数に変換します。

ToSByte(String)

指定した数値の文字列形式を等価の 8 ビット符号付き整数に変換します。

ToSByte(UInt64)

指定した 64 ビット符号なし整数の値を等価の 8 ビット符号付き整数に変換します。

ToSByte(UInt16)

指定した 16 ビット符号なし整数の値を等価の 8 ビット符号付き整数に変換します。

ToSByte(String, IFormatProvider)

指定したカルチャに固有の書式情報を使用して、指定した数値の文字列形式を等価の 8 ビット符号付き整数に変換します。

ToSByte(String, Int32)

指定した基数での数値の文字列形式を、等価の 8 ビット符号付き整数に変換します。

ToSByte(Single)

指定した単精度浮動小数点数の値を等価の 8 ビット符号付き整数に変換します。

ToSByte(Object, IFormatProvider)

指定したカルチャに固有の書式情報を使用して、指定したオブジェクトの値を 8 ビット符号付き整数に変換します。

ToSByte(SByte)

指定した 8 ビット符号付き整数が返されます。実際の変換は行われません。

ToSByte(Int32)

指定した 32 ビット符号付き整数の値を、それと等しい 8 ビット符号付き整数に変換します。

ToSByte(Int64)

指定した 64 ビット符号付き整数の値を等価の 8 ビット符号付き整数に変換します。

ToSByte(Object)

指定したオブジェクトの値を 8 ビット符号付き整数に変換します。

ToSByte(Byte)

指定した 8 ビット符号なし整数の値を等価の 8 ビット符号付き整数に変換します。

ToSByte(Char)

指定した Unicode 文字の値を等価の 8 ビット符号付き整数に変換します。

ToSByte(DateTime)

このメソッドを呼び出すと、必ず InvalidCastException がスローされます。

ToSByte(Boolean)

指定したブール値を等価の 8 ビット符号付き整数に変換します。

ToSByte(Double)

指定した倍精度浮動小数点数値を等価の 8 ビット符号付き整数に変換します。

ToSByte(Int16)

指定した 16 ビット符号付き整数の値を等価の 8 ビット符号付き整数に変換します。

ToSByte(Decimal)

指定した 10 進数値を等価の 8 ビット符号付き整数に変換します。

ToSByte(UInt32)

重要

この API は CLS 準拠ではありません。

指定した 32 ビット符号なし整数の値を等価の 8 ビット符号付き整数に変換します。

public:
 static System::SByte ToSByte(System::UInt32 value);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static sbyte ToSByte (uint value);
[<System.CLSCompliant(false)>]
static member ToSByte : uint32 -> sbyte
Public Shared Function ToSByte (value As UInteger) As SByte

パラメーター

value
UInt32

変換する 32 ビット符号なし整数。

戻り値

SByte

value と等価の 8 ビット符号付き整数。

属性

例外

valueSByte.MaxValue より大きいか 、SByte.MinValue 未満です。

次の例では、整数配列内の各要素を符号付きバイトに変換しようとしています。

uint[] numbers = { UInt32.MinValue, 121, 340, UInt32.MaxValue };
sbyte result;

foreach (uint number in numbers)
{
   try {
      result = Convert.ToSByte(number);
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.",
                        number.GetType().Name, number,
                        result.GetType().Name, result);
   }
   catch (OverflowException) {
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the SByte type.",
                        number.GetType().Name, number);
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    Converted the UInt32 value 0 to the SByte value 0.
//    Converted the UInt32 value 121 to the SByte value 121.
//    The UInt32 value 340 is outside the range of the SByte type.
//    The UInt32 value 4294967295 is outside the range of the SByte type.
let numbers =
    [| UInt16.MinValue; 121us; 340us; UInt16.MaxValue |]

for number in numbers do
    try
        let result = Convert.ToSByte number
        printfn $"Converted the {number.GetType().Name} value {number} to the {result.GetType().Name} value {result}."
    with :? OverflowException ->
        printfn $"The {number.GetType().Name} value {number} is outside the range of the SByte type."
// The example displays the following output:
//    Converted the UInt16 value 0 to the SByte value 0.
//    Converted the UInt16 value 121 to the SByte value 121.
//    Converted the UInt16 value 340 to the SByte value 340.
//    Converted the UInt16 value 65535 to the SByte value 65535.
Dim numbers() As UInteger = { UInt32.MinValue, 121, 340, UInt32.MaxValue }
Dim result As SByte
For Each number As UInteger In numbers
   Try
      result = Convert.ToSByte(number)
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.", _
                        number.GetType().Name, number, _
                        result.GetType().Name, result)
   Catch e As OverflowException
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the SByte type.", _
                        number.GetType().Name, number)
   End Try
Next
' The example displays the following output:
'    Converted the UInt32 value 0 to the SByte value 0.
'    Converted the UInt32 value 121 to the SByte value 121.
'    The UInt32 value 340 is outside the range of the SByte type.
'    The UInt32 value 4294967295 is outside the range of the SByte type.

適用対象

ToSByte(String)

重要

この API は CLS 準拠ではありません。

指定した数値の文字列形式を等価の 8 ビット符号付き整数に変換します。

public:
 static System::SByte ToSByte(System::String ^ value);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static sbyte ToSByte (string value);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static sbyte ToSByte (string? value);
[<System.CLSCompliant(false)>]
static member ToSByte : string -> sbyte
Public Shared Function ToSByte (value As String) As SByte

パラメーター

value
String

変換する数値を含んだ文字列。

戻り値

SByte

value の数値と等価の 8 ビット符号付き整数。value が null の場合は 0 (ゼロ)。

属性

例外

value は、オプションの符号とそれに続く数字 (0 ~ 9) のシーケンスで構成されていません。

value は、 SByte.MinValue より小さいか 、SByte.MaxValue より大きい数値を表します。

次の例では、既定の書式を使用して、メソッドを使用して値のSByteToSByte文字列表現を変換します。

// Example of the Convert::ToSByte( String* ) and 
// Convert::ToSByte( String*, IFormatProvider* ) methods.
using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
const __wchar_t * protoFmt = L"{0,-20}{1,-20}{2}";

// Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
String^ GetExceptionType( Exception^ ex )
{
   String^ exceptionType = ex->GetType()->ToString();
   return exceptionType->Substring( exceptionType->LastIndexOf( '.' ) + 1 );
}

void ConvertToSByte( String^ numericStr, IFormatProvider^ provider )
{
   Object^ defaultValue;
   Object^ providerValue;
   
   // Convert numericStr to SByte without a format provider.
   try
   {
      defaultValue = Convert::ToSByte( numericStr );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ ex ) 
   {
      defaultValue = GetExceptionType( ex );
   }

   
   // Convert numericStr to SByte with a format provider.
   try
   {
      providerValue = Convert::ToSByte( numericStr, provider );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ ex ) 
   {
      providerValue = GetExceptionType( ex );
   }

   Console::WriteLine( gcnew String( protoFmt ), numericStr, defaultValue, providerValue );
}

int main()
{
   
   // Create a NumberFormatInfo object and set several of its
   // properties that apply to numbers.
   NumberFormatInfo^ provider = gcnew NumberFormatInfo;
   
   // These properties affect the conversion.
   provider->NegativeSign = "neg ";
   provider->PositiveSign = "pos ";
   
   // These properties do not affect the conversion.
   // The input string cannot have decimal and group separators.
   provider->NumberDecimalSeparator = ".";
   provider->NumberNegativePattern = 0;
   Console::WriteLine( "This example of\n"
   "  Convert::ToSByte( String* ) and \n"
   "  Convert::ToSByte( String*, IFormatProvider* ) "
   "\ngenerates the following output. It converts "
   "several strings to \nSByte values, using "
   "default formatting or a NumberFormatInfo object.\n" );
   Console::WriteLine( gcnew String( protoFmt ), "String to convert", "Default/exception", "Provider/exception" );
   Console::WriteLine( gcnew String( protoFmt ), "-----------------", "-----------------", "------------------" );
   
   // Convert strings, with and without an IFormatProvider.
   ConvertToSByte( "123", provider );
   ConvertToSByte( "+123", provider );
   ConvertToSByte( "pos 123", provider );
   ConvertToSByte( "-123", provider );
   ConvertToSByte( "neg 123", provider );
   ConvertToSByte( "123.", provider );
   ConvertToSByte( "(123)", provider );
   ConvertToSByte( "128", provider );
   ConvertToSByte( "-129", provider );
}

/*
This example of
  Convert::ToSByte( String* ) and
  Convert::ToSByte( String*, IFormatProvider* )
generates the following output. It converts several strings to
SByte values, using default formatting or a NumberFormatInfo object.

String to convert   Default/exception   Provider/exception
-----------------   -----------------   ------------------
123                 123                 123
+123                123                 FormatException
pos 123             FormatException     123
-123                -123                FormatException
neg 123             FormatException     -123
123.                FormatException     FormatException
(123)               FormatException     FormatException
128                 OverflowException   OverflowException
-129                OverflowException   FormatException
*/
// Example of the Convert.ToSByte( string ) and
// Convert.ToSByte( string, IFormatProvider ) methods.
using System;
using System.Globalization;

class ToSByteProviderDemo
{
    static string format = "{0,-20}{1,-20}{2}";

     // Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
    static string GetExceptionType( Exception ex )
    {
        string exceptionType = ex.GetType( ).ToString( );
        return exceptionType.Substring(
            exceptionType.LastIndexOf( '.' ) + 1 );
    }

    static void ConvertToSByte( string numericStr,
        IFormatProvider provider )
    {
        object defaultValue;
        object providerValue;

        // Convert numericStr to SByte without a format provider.
        try
        {
            defaultValue = Convert.ToSByte( numericStr );
        }
        catch( Exception ex )
        {
            defaultValue = GetExceptionType( ex );
        }

        // Convert numericStr to SByte with a format provider.
        try
        {
            providerValue = Convert.ToSByte( numericStr, provider );
        }
        catch( Exception ex )
        {
            providerValue = GetExceptionType( ex );
        }

        Console.WriteLine( format, numericStr,
            defaultValue, providerValue );
    }

    public static void Main( )
    {
        // Create a NumberFormatInfo object and set several of its
        // properties that apply to numbers.
        NumberFormatInfo provider = new NumberFormatInfo();

        // These properties affect the conversion.
        provider.NegativeSign = "neg ";
        provider.PositiveSign = "pos ";

        // These properties do not affect the conversion.
        // The input string cannot have decimal and group separators.
        provider.NumberDecimalSeparator = ".";
        provider.NumberNegativePattern = 0;

        Console.WriteLine("This example of\n" +
            "  Convert.ToSByte( string ) and \n" +
            "  Convert.ToSByte( string, IFormatProvider ) " +
            "\ngenerates the following output. It converts " +
            "several strings to \nSByte values, using " +
            "default formatting or a NumberFormatInfo object.\n" );
        Console.WriteLine( format, "String to convert",
            "Default/exception", "Provider/exception" );
        Console.WriteLine( format, "-----------------",
            "-----------------", "------------------" );

        // Convert strings, with and without an IFormatProvider.
        ConvertToSByte( "123", provider );
        ConvertToSByte( "+123", provider );
        ConvertToSByte( "pos 123", provider );
        ConvertToSByte( "-123", provider );
        ConvertToSByte( "neg 123", provider );
        ConvertToSByte( "123.", provider );
        ConvertToSByte( "(123)", provider );
        ConvertToSByte( "128", provider );
        ConvertToSByte( "-129", provider );
    }
}

/*
This example of
  Convert.ToSByte( string ) and
  Convert.ToSByte( string, IFormatProvider )
generates the following output. It converts several strings to
SByte values, using default formatting or a NumberFormatInfo object.

String to convert   Default/exception   Provider/exception
-----------------   -----------------   ------------------
123                 123                 123
+123                123                 FormatException
pos 123             FormatException     123
-123                -123                FormatException
neg 123             FormatException     -123
123.                FormatException     FormatException
(123)               FormatException     FormatException
128                 OverflowException   OverflowException
-129                OverflowException   FormatException
*/
// Example of the Convert.ToSByte( string ) and
// Convert.ToSByte( string, IFormatProvider ) methods.
open System
open System.Globalization

let format obj1 obj2 obj3 = printfn $"{obj1,-20}{obj2,-20}{obj3}"

// Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
let getExceptionType (ex: exn) =
    let exceptionType = ex.GetType() |> string
    exceptionType.Substring(exceptionType.LastIndexOf '.' + 1 )

let convertToSByte (numericStr: string) (provider: IFormatProvider) =
    // Convert numericStr to SByte without a format provider.
    let defaultValue =
        try
            Convert.ToSByte numericStr
            |> string
        with ex -> 
            getExceptionType ex

    // Convert numericStr to SByte with a format provider.
    let providerValue = 
        try
            Convert.ToSByte(numericStr, provider)
            |> string
        with ex ->
            getExceptionType ex

    format numericStr defaultValue providerValue

// Create a NumberFormatInfo object and set several of its
// properties that apply to numbers.
let provider = NumberFormatInfo()

// These properties affect the conversion.
provider.NegativeSign <- "neg "
provider.PositiveSign <- "pos "

// These properties do not affect the conversion.
// The input string cannot have decimal and group separators.
provider.NumberDecimalSeparator <- "."
provider.NumberNegativePattern <- 0

printfn
    """This example of
  Convert.ToSByte( string ) and 
  Convert.ToSByte( string, IFormatProvider ) 
generates the following output. It converts several strings to 
SByte values, using default formatting or a NumberFormatInfo object.
"""
format "String to convert" "Default/exception" "Provider/exception"
format "-----------------" "-----------------" "------------------"

// Convert strings, with and without an IFormatProvider.
convertToSByte "123" provider
convertToSByte "+123" provider
convertToSByte "pos 123" provider
convertToSByte "-123" provider 
convertToSByte "neg 123" provider 
convertToSByte "123." provider 
convertToSByte "(123)" provider 
convertToSByte "128" provider 
convertToSByte "-129" provider 


// This example of
//   Convert.ToSByte( string ) and
//   Convert.ToSByte( string, IFormatProvider )
// generates the following output. It converts several strings to
// SByte values, using default formatting or a NumberFormatInfo object.

// String to convert   Default/exception   Provider/exception
// -----------------   -----------------   ------------------
// 123                 123                 123
// +123                123                 FormatException
// pos 123             FormatException     123
// -123                -123                FormatException
// neg 123             FormatException     -123
// 123.                FormatException     FormatException
// (123)               FormatException     FormatException
// 128                 OverflowException   OverflowException
// -129                OverflowException   FormatException
' Example of the Convert.ToSByte( String ) and 
' Convert.ToSByte( String, IFormatProvider ) methods.
Imports System.Globalization

Module ToSByteProviderDemo

    Dim format As String = "{0,-20}{1,-20}{2}"

    ' Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
    Function GetExceptionType( ex As Exception ) As String

        Dim exceptionType   As String = ex.GetType( ).ToString( )
        Return exceptionType.Substring( _
            exceptionType.LastIndexOf( "."c ) + 1 )
    End Function

    Sub ConvertToSByte( numericStr As String, _
        provider As IFormatProvider )

        Dim defaultValue    As Object
        Dim providerValue   As Object

        ' Convert numericStr to SByte without a format provider.
        Try
            defaultValue = Convert.ToSByte( numericStr )
        Catch ex As Exception
            defaultValue = GetExceptionType( ex )
        End Try

        ' Convert numericStr to SByte with a format provider.
        Try
            providerValue = Convert.ToSByte( numericStr, provider )
        Catch ex As Exception
            providerValue = GetExceptionType( ex )
        End Try

        Console.WriteLine( format, numericStr, _
            defaultValue, providerValue )
    End Sub

    Sub Main( )

        ' Create a NumberFormatInfo object and set several of its
        ' properties that apply to numbers.
        Dim provider  As NumberFormatInfo = new NumberFormatInfo( )

        ' These properties affect the conversion.
        provider.NegativeSign = "neg "
        provider.PositiveSign = "pos "

        ' These properties do not affect the conversion.
        ' The input string cannot have decimal and group separators.
        provider.NumberDecimalSeparator = "."
        provider.NumberNegativePattern = 0

        Console.WriteLine( "This example of" & vbCrLf & _
            "  Convert.ToSByte( String ) and " & vbCrLf & _
            "  Convert.ToSByte( String, IFormatProvider ) " & _
            vbCrLf & "generates the following output. It " & _
            "converts several strings to " & vbCrLf & "SByte " & _
            "values, using default formatting " & _
            "or a NumberFormatInfo object." & vbCrLf )
        Console.WriteLine( format, "String to convert", _
            "Default/exception", "Provider/exception" )
        Console.WriteLine( format, "-----------------", _
            "-----------------", "------------------" )

        ' Convert strings, with and without an IFormatProvider.
        ConvertToSByte( "123", provider )
        ConvertToSByte( "+123", provider )
        ConvertToSByte( "pos 123", provider )
        ConvertToSByte( "-123", provider )
        ConvertToSByte( "neg 123", provider )
        ConvertToSByte( "123.", provider )
        ConvertToSByte( "(123)", provider )
        ConvertToSByte( "128", provider )
        ConvertToSByte( "-129", provider )
    End Sub 
End Module 

' This example of
'   Convert.ToSByte( String ) and
'   Convert.ToSByte( String, IFormatProvider )
' generates the following output. It converts several strings to
' SByte values, using default formatting or a NumberFormatInfo object.
' 
' String to convert   Default/exception   Provider/exception
' -----------------   -----------------   ------------------
' 123                 123                 123
' +123                123                 FormatException
' pos 123             FormatException     123
' -123                -123                FormatException
' neg 123             FormatException     -123
' 123.                FormatException     FormatException
' (123)               FormatException     FormatException
' 128                 OverflowException   OverflowException
' -129                OverflowException   FormatException

注釈

メソッドの ToSByte(String) 使用は、メソッドへの渡し valueSByte.Parse(String) 同じです。 value は、現在のカルチャの書式設定規則を使用して解釈されます。

変換が失敗した場合に例外を処理しない場合は、代わりにメソッドを SByte.TryParse 呼び出すことができます。 変換が Boolean 成功したか失敗したかを示す値を返します。

こちらもご覧ください

適用対象

ToSByte(UInt64)

重要

この API は CLS 準拠ではありません。

指定した 64 ビット符号なし整数の値を等価の 8 ビット符号付き整数に変換します。

public:
 static System::SByte ToSByte(System::UInt64 value);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static sbyte ToSByte (ulong value);
[<System.CLSCompliant(false)>]
static member ToSByte : uint64 -> sbyte
Public Shared Function ToSByte (value As ULong) As SByte

パラメーター

value
UInt64

変換する 64 ビット符号なし整数。

戻り値

SByte

value と等価の 8 ビット符号付き整数。

属性

例外

valueSByte.MaxValue より大きいか 、SByte.MinValue 未満です。

次の例では、長整数の配列内の各要素を符号付きバイトに変換しようとしています。

ulong[] numbers = { UInt64.MinValue, 121, 340, UInt64.MaxValue };
sbyte result;

foreach (ulong number in numbers)
{
   try {
      result = Convert.ToSByte(number);
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.",
                        number.GetType().Name, number,
                        result.GetType().Name, result);
   }
   catch (OverflowException) {
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the SByte type.",
                        number.GetType().Name, number);
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    Converted the UInt64 value 0 to the SByte value 0.
//    Converted the UInt64 value 121 to the SByte value 121.
//    The UInt64 value 340 is outside the range of the SByte type.
//    The UInt64 value 18446744073709551615 is outside the range of the SByte type.
let numbers =
    [| UInt32.MinValue; 121u; 340u; UInt32.MaxValue |]

for number in numbers do
    try
        let result = Convert.ToSByte number
        printfn $"Converted the {number.GetType().Name} value {number} to the {result.GetType().Name} value {result}."
    with :? OverflowException ->
        printfn $"The {number.GetType().Name} value {number} is outside the range of the SByte type."
// The example displays the following output:
//    Converted the UInt32 value 0 to the SByte value 0.
//    Converted the UInt32 value 121 to the SByte value 121.
//    Converted the UInt32 value 340 to the SByte value 340.
//    The UInt32 value 4294967295 is outside the range of the SByte type.
Dim numbers() As ULong = { UInt64.MinValue, 121, 340, UInt64.MaxValue }
Dim result As SByte
For Each number As ULong In numbers
   Try
      result = Convert.ToSByte(number)
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.", _
                        number.GetType().Name, number, _
                        result.GetType().Name, result)
   Catch e As OverflowException
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the SByte type.", _
                        number.GetType().Name, number)
   End Try
Next
' The example displays the following output:
'    Converted the UInt64 value 0 to the SByte value 0.
'    Converted the UInt64 value 121 to the SByte value 121.
'    The UInt64 value 340 is outside the range of the SByte type.
'    The UInt64 value 18446744073709551615 is outside the range of the SByte type.

適用対象

ToSByte(UInt16)

重要

この API は CLS 準拠ではありません。

指定した 16 ビット符号なし整数の値を等価の 8 ビット符号付き整数に変換します。

public:
 static System::SByte ToSByte(System::UInt16 value);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static sbyte ToSByte (ushort value);
[<System.CLSCompliant(false)>]
static member ToSByte : uint16 -> sbyte
Public Shared Function ToSByte (value As UShort) As SByte

パラメーター

value
UInt16

変換する 16 ビット符号なし整数。

戻り値

SByte

value と等価の 8 ビット符号付き整数。

属性

例外

valueSByte.MaxValue より大きい。

次の例では、符号なし 16 ビット整数の配列内の各要素を符号付きバイトに変換しようとしています。

ushort[] numbers = { UInt16.MinValue, 121, 340, UInt16.MaxValue };
sbyte result;

foreach (ushort number in numbers)
{
   try {
      result = Convert.ToSByte(number);
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.",
                        number.GetType().Name, number,
                        result.GetType().Name, result);
   }
   catch (OverflowException) {
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the SByte type.",
                        number.GetType().Name, number);
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    Converted the UInt16 value 0 to the SByte value 0.
//    Converted the UInt16 value 121 to the SByte value 121.
//    The UInt16 value 340 is outside the range of the SByte type.
//    The UInt16 value 65535 is outside the range of the SByte type.
let values = 
    [| "One"; "1.34e28"; "-26.87"; "-18"; "-6.00"
       " 0"; "137"; "1601.9"; string Int32.MaxValue |]

for value in values do
    try
        let result = Convert.ToSByte value
        printfn $"Converted the {value.GetType().Name} value {value} to the {result.GetType().Name} value {result}."
    with
    | :? OverflowException ->
        printfn $"{value} is outside the range of the SByte type."
    | :? FormatException ->
        printfn $"The {value.GetType().Name} value '{value}' is not in a recognizable format."
// The example displays the following output:
//    The String value 'One' is not in a recognizable format.
//    The String value '1.34e28' is not in a recognizable format.
//    The String value '-26.87' is not in a recognizable format.
//    Converted the String value '-18' to the SByte value -18.
//    The String value '-6.00' is not in a recognizable format.
//    Converted the String value ' 0' to the SByte value 0.
//    Converted the String value '137' to the SByte value 137.
//    The String value '1601.9' is not in a recognizable format.
//    Converted the String value '2147483647' to the SByte value 2147483647.
Dim numbers() As UShort = { UInt16.MinValue, 121, 340, UInt16.MaxValue }
Dim result As SByte
For Each number As UShort In numbers
   Try
      result = Convert.ToSByte(number)
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.", _
                        number.GetType().Name, number, _
                        result.GetType().Name, result)
   Catch e As OverflowException
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the SByte type.", _
                        number.GetType().Name, number)
   End Try
Next
' The example displays the following output:
'    Converted the UInt16 value 0 to the SByte value 0.
'    Converted the UInt16 value 121 to the SByte value 121.
'    The UInt16 value 340 is outside the range of the SByte type.
'    The UInt16 value 65535 is outside the range of the SByte type.

適用対象

ToSByte(String, IFormatProvider)

重要

この API は CLS 準拠ではありません。

指定したカルチャに固有の書式情報を使用して、指定した数値の文字列形式を等価の 8 ビット符号付き整数に変換します。

public:
 static System::SByte ToSByte(System::String ^ value, IFormatProvider ^ provider);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static sbyte ToSByte (string value, IFormatProvider provider);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static sbyte ToSByte (string value, IFormatProvider? provider);
[<System.CLSCompliant(false)>]
static member ToSByte : string * IFormatProvider -> sbyte
Public Shared Function ToSByte (value As String, provider As IFormatProvider) As SByte

パラメーター

value
String

変換する数値を含んだ文字列。

provider
IFormatProvider

カルチャ固有の書式情報を提供するオブジェクト。

戻り値

SByte

value と等価の 8 ビット符号付き整数。

属性

例外

valuenullです。

value は、オプションの符号とそれに続く数字 (0 ~ 9) のシーケンスで構成されていません。

valueは、SByte.MinValue より小さいか、SByte.MaxValue より大きい数値を表します。MaxValue

次の例では、オブジェクトを使用して、メソッドをToSByte使用して値のSByte文字列表現をIFormatProvider変換します。

// Example of the Convert::ToSByte( String* ) and 
// Convert::ToSByte( String*, IFormatProvider* ) methods.
using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
const __wchar_t * protoFmt = L"{0,-20}{1,-20}{2}";

// Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
String^ GetExceptionType( Exception^ ex )
{
   String^ exceptionType = ex->GetType()->ToString();
   return exceptionType->Substring( exceptionType->LastIndexOf( '.' ) + 1 );
}

void ConvertToSByte( String^ numericStr, IFormatProvider^ provider )
{
   Object^ defaultValue;
   Object^ providerValue;
   
   // Convert numericStr to SByte without a format provider.
   try
   {
      defaultValue = Convert::ToSByte( numericStr );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ ex ) 
   {
      defaultValue = GetExceptionType( ex );
   }

   
   // Convert numericStr to SByte with a format provider.
   try
   {
      providerValue = Convert::ToSByte( numericStr, provider );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ ex ) 
   {
      providerValue = GetExceptionType( ex );
   }

   Console::WriteLine( gcnew String( protoFmt ), numericStr, defaultValue, providerValue );
}

int main()
{
   
   // Create a NumberFormatInfo object and set several of its
   // properties that apply to numbers.
   NumberFormatInfo^ provider = gcnew NumberFormatInfo;
   
   // These properties affect the conversion.
   provider->NegativeSign = "neg ";
   provider->PositiveSign = "pos ";
   
   // These properties do not affect the conversion.
   // The input string cannot have decimal and group separators.
   provider->NumberDecimalSeparator = ".";
   provider->NumberNegativePattern = 0;
   Console::WriteLine( "This example of\n"
   "  Convert::ToSByte( String* ) and \n"
   "  Convert::ToSByte( String*, IFormatProvider* ) "
   "\ngenerates the following output. It converts "
   "several strings to \nSByte values, using "
   "default formatting or a NumberFormatInfo object.\n" );
   Console::WriteLine( gcnew String( protoFmt ), "String to convert", "Default/exception", "Provider/exception" );
   Console::WriteLine( gcnew String( protoFmt ), "-----------------", "-----------------", "------------------" );
   
   // Convert strings, with and without an IFormatProvider.
   ConvertToSByte( "123", provider );
   ConvertToSByte( "+123", provider );
   ConvertToSByte( "pos 123", provider );
   ConvertToSByte( "-123", provider );
   ConvertToSByte( "neg 123", provider );
   ConvertToSByte( "123.", provider );
   ConvertToSByte( "(123)", provider );
   ConvertToSByte( "128", provider );
   ConvertToSByte( "-129", provider );
}

/*
This example of
  Convert::ToSByte( String* ) and
  Convert::ToSByte( String*, IFormatProvider* )
generates the following output. It converts several strings to
SByte values, using default formatting or a NumberFormatInfo object.

String to convert   Default/exception   Provider/exception
-----------------   -----------------   ------------------
123                 123                 123
+123                123                 FormatException
pos 123             FormatException     123
-123                -123                FormatException
neg 123             FormatException     -123
123.                FormatException     FormatException
(123)               FormatException     FormatException
128                 OverflowException   OverflowException
-129                OverflowException   FormatException
*/
// Example of the Convert.ToSByte( string ) and
// Convert.ToSByte( string, IFormatProvider ) methods.
using System;
using System.Globalization;

class ToSByteProviderDemo
{
    static string format = "{0,-20}{1,-20}{2}";

     // Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
    static string GetExceptionType( Exception ex )
    {
        string exceptionType = ex.GetType( ).ToString( );
        return exceptionType.Substring(
            exceptionType.LastIndexOf( '.' ) + 1 );
    }

    static void ConvertToSByte( string numericStr,
        IFormatProvider provider )
    {
        object defaultValue;
        object providerValue;

        // Convert numericStr to SByte without a format provider.
        try
        {
            defaultValue = Convert.ToSByte( numericStr );
        }
        catch( Exception ex )
        {
            defaultValue = GetExceptionType( ex );
        }

        // Convert numericStr to SByte with a format provider.
        try
        {
            providerValue = Convert.ToSByte( numericStr, provider );
        }
        catch( Exception ex )
        {
            providerValue = GetExceptionType( ex );
        }

        Console.WriteLine( format, numericStr,
            defaultValue, providerValue );
    }

    public static void Main( )
    {
        // Create a NumberFormatInfo object and set several of its
        // properties that apply to numbers.
        NumberFormatInfo provider = new NumberFormatInfo();

        // These properties affect the conversion.
        provider.NegativeSign = "neg ";
        provider.PositiveSign = "pos ";

        // These properties do not affect the conversion.
        // The input string cannot have decimal and group separators.
        provider.NumberDecimalSeparator = ".";
        provider.NumberNegativePattern = 0;

        Console.WriteLine("This example of\n" +
            "  Convert.ToSByte( string ) and \n" +
            "  Convert.ToSByte( string, IFormatProvider ) " +
            "\ngenerates the following output. It converts " +
            "several strings to \nSByte values, using " +
            "default formatting or a NumberFormatInfo object.\n" );
        Console.WriteLine( format, "String to convert",
            "Default/exception", "Provider/exception" );
        Console.WriteLine( format, "-----------------",
            "-----------------", "------------------" );

        // Convert strings, with and without an IFormatProvider.
        ConvertToSByte( "123", provider );
        ConvertToSByte( "+123", provider );
        ConvertToSByte( "pos 123", provider );
        ConvertToSByte( "-123", provider );
        ConvertToSByte( "neg 123", provider );
        ConvertToSByte( "123.", provider );
        ConvertToSByte( "(123)", provider );
        ConvertToSByte( "128", provider );
        ConvertToSByte( "-129", provider );
    }
}

/*
This example of
  Convert.ToSByte( string ) and
  Convert.ToSByte( string, IFormatProvider )
generates the following output. It converts several strings to
SByte values, using default formatting or a NumberFormatInfo object.

String to convert   Default/exception   Provider/exception
-----------------   -----------------   ------------------
123                 123                 123
+123                123                 FormatException
pos 123             FormatException     123
-123                -123                FormatException
neg 123             FormatException     -123
123.                FormatException     FormatException
(123)               FormatException     FormatException
128                 OverflowException   OverflowException
-129                OverflowException   FormatException
*/
// Example of the Convert.ToSByte( string ) and
// Convert.ToSByte( string, IFormatProvider ) methods.
open System
open System.Globalization

let format obj1 obj2 obj3 = printfn $"{obj1,-20}{obj2,-20}{obj3}"

// Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
let getExceptionType (ex: exn) =
    let exceptionType = ex.GetType() |> string
    exceptionType.Substring(exceptionType.LastIndexOf '.' + 1 )

let convertToSByte (numericStr: string) (provider: IFormatProvider) =
    // Convert numericStr to SByte without a format provider.
    let defaultValue =
        try
            Convert.ToSByte numericStr
            |> string
        with ex -> 
            getExceptionType ex

    // Convert numericStr to SByte with a format provider.
    let providerValue = 
        try
            Convert.ToSByte(numericStr, provider)
            |> string
        with ex ->
            getExceptionType ex

    format numericStr defaultValue providerValue

// Create a NumberFormatInfo object and set several of its
// properties that apply to numbers.
let provider = NumberFormatInfo()

// These properties affect the conversion.
provider.NegativeSign <- "neg "
provider.PositiveSign <- "pos "

// These properties do not affect the conversion.
// The input string cannot have decimal and group separators.
provider.NumberDecimalSeparator <- "."
provider.NumberNegativePattern <- 0

printfn
    """This example of
  Convert.ToSByte( string ) and 
  Convert.ToSByte( string, IFormatProvider ) 
generates the following output. It converts several strings to 
SByte values, using default formatting or a NumberFormatInfo object.
"""
format "String to convert" "Default/exception" "Provider/exception"
format "-----------------" "-----------------" "------------------"

// Convert strings, with and without an IFormatProvider.
convertToSByte "123" provider
convertToSByte "+123" provider
convertToSByte "pos 123" provider
convertToSByte "-123" provider 
convertToSByte "neg 123" provider 
convertToSByte "123." provider 
convertToSByte "(123)" provider 
convertToSByte "128" provider 
convertToSByte "-129" provider 


// This example of
//   Convert.ToSByte( string ) and
//   Convert.ToSByte( string, IFormatProvider )
// generates the following output. It converts several strings to
// SByte values, using default formatting or a NumberFormatInfo object.

// String to convert   Default/exception   Provider/exception
// -----------------   -----------------   ------------------
// 123                 123                 123
// +123                123                 FormatException
// pos 123             FormatException     123
// -123                -123                FormatException
// neg 123             FormatException     -123
// 123.                FormatException     FormatException
// (123)               FormatException     FormatException
// 128                 OverflowException   OverflowException
// -129                OverflowException   FormatException
' Example of the Convert.ToSByte( String ) and 
' Convert.ToSByte( String, IFormatProvider ) methods.
Imports System.Globalization

Module ToSByteProviderDemo

    Dim format As String = "{0,-20}{1,-20}{2}"

    ' Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
    Function GetExceptionType( ex As Exception ) As String

        Dim exceptionType   As String = ex.GetType( ).ToString( )
        Return exceptionType.Substring( _
            exceptionType.LastIndexOf( "."c ) + 1 )
    End Function

    Sub ConvertToSByte( numericStr As String, _
        provider As IFormatProvider )

        Dim defaultValue    As Object
        Dim providerValue   As Object

        ' Convert numericStr to SByte without a format provider.
        Try
            defaultValue = Convert.ToSByte( numericStr )
        Catch ex As Exception
            defaultValue = GetExceptionType( ex )
        End Try

        ' Convert numericStr to SByte with a format provider.
        Try
            providerValue = Convert.ToSByte( numericStr, provider )
        Catch ex As Exception
            providerValue = GetExceptionType( ex )
        End Try

        Console.WriteLine( format, numericStr, _
            defaultValue, providerValue )
    End Sub

    Sub Main( )

        ' Create a NumberFormatInfo object and set several of its
        ' properties that apply to numbers.
        Dim provider  As NumberFormatInfo = new NumberFormatInfo( )

        ' These properties affect the conversion.
        provider.NegativeSign = "neg "
        provider.PositiveSign = "pos "

        ' These properties do not affect the conversion.
        ' The input string cannot have decimal and group separators.
        provider.NumberDecimalSeparator = "."
        provider.NumberNegativePattern = 0

        Console.WriteLine( "This example of" & vbCrLf & _
            "  Convert.ToSByte( String ) and " & vbCrLf & _
            "  Convert.ToSByte( String, IFormatProvider ) " & _
            vbCrLf & "generates the following output. It " & _
            "converts several strings to " & vbCrLf & "SByte " & _
            "values, using default formatting " & _
            "or a NumberFormatInfo object." & vbCrLf )
        Console.WriteLine( format, "String to convert", _
            "Default/exception", "Provider/exception" )
        Console.WriteLine( format, "-----------------", _
            "-----------------", "------------------" )

        ' Convert strings, with and without an IFormatProvider.
        ConvertToSByte( "123", provider )
        ConvertToSByte( "+123", provider )
        ConvertToSByte( "pos 123", provider )
        ConvertToSByte( "-123", provider )
        ConvertToSByte( "neg 123", provider )
        ConvertToSByte( "123.", provider )
        ConvertToSByte( "(123)", provider )
        ConvertToSByte( "128", provider )
        ConvertToSByte( "-129", provider )
    End Sub 
End Module 

' This example of
'   Convert.ToSByte( String ) and
'   Convert.ToSByte( String, IFormatProvider )
' generates the following output. It converts several strings to
' SByte values, using default formatting or a NumberFormatInfo object.
' 
' String to convert   Default/exception   Provider/exception
' -----------------   -----------------   ------------------
' 123                 123                 123
' +123                123                 FormatException
' pos 123             FormatException     123
' -123                -123                FormatException
' neg 123             FormatException     -123
' 123.                FormatException     FormatException
' (123)               FormatException     FormatException
' 128                 OverflowException   OverflowException
' -129                OverflowException   FormatException

注釈

provider は、オブジェクトを IFormatProvider 取得するインスタンスです NumberFormatInfo 。 オブジェクトは NumberFormatInfo 、次の形式に関するカルチャ固有の value情報を提供します。 ある場合 providernull、現在の NumberFormatInfo カルチャに対して使用されます。

変換が失敗した場合に例外を処理しない場合は、代わりにメソッドを SByte.TryParse 呼び出すことができます。 変換が Boolean 成功したか失敗したかを示す値を返します。

こちらもご覧ください

適用対象

ToSByte(String, Int32)

重要

この API は CLS 準拠ではありません。

指定した基数での数値の文字列形式を、等価の 8 ビット符号付き整数に変換します。

public:
 static System::SByte ToSByte(System::String ^ value, int fromBase);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static sbyte ToSByte (string value, int fromBase);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static sbyte ToSByte (string? value, int fromBase);
[<System.CLSCompliant(false)>]
static member ToSByte : string * int -> sbyte
Public Shared Function ToSByte (value As String, fromBase As Integer) As SByte

パラメーター

value
String

変換する数値を含んだ文字列。

fromBase
Int32

value 内の数値の基数。これは 2、8、10、または 16 である必要があります。

戻り値

SByte

value の数値と等価の 8 ビット符号付き整数。valuenull の場合は 0 (ゼロ)。

属性

例外

fromBase が 2、8、10、16 のどれでもありません。

または

valueは 10 進法でない符号付き数値を表しますが、前に負の符号が付いています。

valueEmptyです。

value に、fromBase で指定された進法では使用できない数字である文字が含まれています。 value 内の最初の文字が正しくない場合は、例外メッセージは、変換する数字がないことを示します。それ以外の場合は、このメッセージは、value に正しくない末尾文字が含まれていることを示します。

valueは 10 進法でない符号付き数値を表しますが、前に負の符号が付いています。

または

valueは、SByte.MinValue より小さいか、SByte.MaxValue より大きい数値を表します。MaxValue

次の例では、文字列配列内の要素を数値のバイナリ、8 進数、および 16 進数表現として解釈して、それらを符号なしバイトに変換しようとしています。

using System;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      int[] baseValues = { 2, 8, 16};
      string[] values = { "FF", "81", "03", "11", "8F", "01", "1C", "111",
                          "123", "18A" };

      // Convert to each supported base.
      foreach (int baseValue in baseValues)
      {
         Console.WriteLine("Converting strings in base {0}:", baseValue);
         foreach (string value in values)
         {
            Console.Write("   '{0,-5}  -->  ", value + "'");
            try {
               Console.WriteLine(Convert.ToSByte(value, baseValue));
            }
            catch (FormatException) {
               Console.WriteLine("Bad Format");
            }
            catch (OverflowException) {
               Console.WriteLine("Out of Range");
            }
         }
         Console.WriteLine();
      }
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       Converting strings in base 2:
//          'FF'    -->  Bad Format
//          '81'    -->  Bad Format
//          '03'    -->  Bad Format
//          '11'    -->  3
//          '8F'    -->  Bad Format
//          '01'    -->  1
//          '1C'    -->  Bad Format
//          '111'   -->  7
//          '123'   -->  Bad Format
//          '18A'   -->  Bad Format
//
//       Converting strings in base 8:
//          'FF'    -->  Bad Format
//          '81'    -->  Bad Format
//          '03'    -->  3
//          '11'    -->  9
//          '8F'    -->  Bad Format
//          '01'    -->  1
//          '1C'    -->  Bad Format
//          '111'   -->  73
//          '123'   -->  83
//          '18A'   -->  Bad Format
//
//       Converting strings in base 16:
//          'FF'    -->  -1
//          '81'    -->  -127
//          '03'    -->  3
//          '11'    -->  17
//          '8F'    -->  -113
//          '01'    -->  1
//          '1C'    -->  28
//          '111'   -->  Out of Range
//          '123'   -->  Out of Range
//          '18A'   -->  Out of Range
open System

let baseValues =
    [| 2; 8; 16 |]
let values =
    [| "FF"; "81"; "03"; "11"; "8F"; "01"; "1C"; "111"; "123"; "18A" |]

// Convert to each supported base.
for baseValue in baseValues do
    printfn $"Converting strings in base {baseValue}:"
    for value in values do
        printf $"""   '{value + "'",-5}  -->  """
        try
            printfn $"{Convert.ToSByte(value, baseValue)}"
        with
        | :? FormatException ->
            printfn "Bad Format"
        | :? OverflowException ->
            printfn "Out of Range"
    printfn ""

// The example displays the following output:
//       Converting strings in base 2:
//          'FF'    -->  Bad Format
//          '81'    -->  Bad Format
//          '03'    -->  Bad Format
//          '11'    -->  3
//          '8F'    -->  Bad Format
//          '01'    -->  1
//          '1C'    -->  Bad Format
//          '111'   -->  7
//          '123'   -->  Bad Format
//          '18A'   -->  Bad Format
//
//       Converting strings in base 8:
//          'FF'    -->  Bad Format
//          '81'    -->  Bad Format
//          '03'    -->  3
//          '11'    -->  9
//          '8F'    -->  Bad Format
//          '01'    -->  1
//          '1C'    -->  Bad Format
//          '111'   -->  73
//          '123'   -->  83
//          '18A'   -->  Bad Format
//
//       Converting strings in base 16:
//          'FF'    -->  -1
//          '81'    -->  -127
//          '03'    -->  3
//          '11'    -->  17
//          '8F'    -->  -113
//          '01'    -->  1
//          '1C'    -->  28
//          '111'   -->  Out of Range
//          '123'   -->  Out of Range
//          '18A'   -->  Out of Range
Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim bases() As Integer = { 2, 8, 16}
      Dim values() As String = { "FF", "81", "03", "11", "8F", "01", "1C", _ 
                                 "111", "123", "18A" } 
   
      ' Convert to each supported base.
      For Each base As Integer In bases
         Console.WriteLine("Converting strings in base {0}:", base)
         For Each value As String In values
            Console.Write("   '{0,-5}  -->  ", value + "'")
            Try
               Console.WriteLine(Convert.ToSByte(value, base))
            Catch e As FormatException
               Console.WriteLine("Bad Format")
            Catch e As OverflowException
               Console.WriteLine("Out of Range")
            End Try   
         Next
         Console.WriteLine()
      Next
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       Converting strings in base 2:
'          'FF'    -->  Bad Format
'          '81'    -->  Bad Format
'          '03'    -->  Bad Format
'          '11'    -->  3
'          '8F'    -->  Bad Format
'          '01'    -->  1
'          '1C'    -->  Bad Format
'          '111'   -->  7
'          '123'   -->  Bad Format
'          '18A'   -->  Bad Format
'       
'       Converting strings in base 8:
'          'FF'    -->  Bad Format
'          '81'    -->  Bad Format
'          '03'    -->  3
'          '11'    -->  9
'          '8F'    -->  Bad Format
'          '01'    -->  1
'          '1C'    -->  Bad Format
'          '111'   -->  73
'          '123'   -->  83
'          '18A'   -->  Bad Format
'       
'       Converting strings in base 16:
'          'FF'    -->  -1
'          '81'    -->  -127
'          '03'    -->  3
'          '11'    -->  17
'          '8F'    -->  -113
'          '01'    -->  1
'          '1C'    -->  28
'          '111'   -->  Out of Range
'          '123'   -->  Out of Range
'          '18A'   -->  Out of Range

注釈

16 の場合 fromBase は、パラメーターで指定された数値の前に value "0x" または "0X" を付けることができます。

負の符号は 10 以外の数値表現ではサポートされていないため、負の ToSByte(String, Int32) 数値は 2 の補数表現を使用すると見なされます。 つまり、メソッドは常にバイトの上位ビット (ビット 7) を符号ビットとして解釈します。 その結果、メソッドが例外をスローせずに、データ型の範囲外の非底 10 個の SByte 数値を値に SByte 変換するコードを記述できます。 次の例では、16 進数の文字列形式に変換 MaxValue し、メソッドを ToSByte(String, Int32) 呼び出します。 メソッドは例外をスローする代わりに、"0xff -1 に変換します" というメッセージを表示します。

// Create a hexadecimal value out of range of the SByte type.
string value = Convert.ToString(byte.MaxValue, 16);
// Convert it back to a number.
try
{
   sbyte number = Convert.ToSByte(value, 16);
   Console.WriteLine("0x{0} converts to {1}.", value, number);
}
catch (OverflowException)
{
   Console.WriteLine("Unable to convert '0x{0}' to a signed byte.", value);
}
// Create a hexadecimal value out of range of the SByte type.
let value = Convert.ToString(Byte.MaxValue, 16)
// Convert it back to a number.
try
    let number = Convert.ToSByte(value, 16)
    printfn $"0x{value} converts to {number}."
with :? OverflowException ->
    printfn $"Unable to convert '0x{value}' to a signed byte."
' Create a hexadecimal value out of range of the SByte type.
Dim value As String = Convert.ToString(Byte.MaxValue, 16)
' Convert it back to a number.
Try
   Dim number As SByte = Convert.ToSByte(value, 16)
   Console.WriteLine("0x{0} converts to {1}.", value, number)
Catch e As OverflowException
   Console.WriteLine("Unable to convert '0x{0}' to a signed byte.", value)
End Try

バイナリ演算または数値変換を実行するときは、常に開発者が、メソッドが適切な数値表現を使用して特定の値を解釈していることを確認する必要があります。 次の例に示すように、16 進数の文字列形式に変換するときに、まず値が符号なし型と符号付き型のどちらを表すかを判断することで、メソッドが適切にオーバーフローを処理するようにすることができます。 元の値が符号なし型であったが、符号付きバイトへの変換によって符号ビットがオンになっている値が生成される場合は、例外をスローします。

// Create a hexadecimal value out of range of the SByte type.
byte sourceNumber = byte.MaxValue;
bool isSigned = Math.Sign(Convert.ToDouble(sourceNumber.GetType().GetField("MinValue").GetValue(null))) == -1;
string value = Convert.ToString(sourceNumber, 16);
sbyte targetNumber;
try
{
   targetNumber = Convert.ToSByte(value, 16);
   if (! isSigned && ((targetNumber & 0x80) != 0))
      throw new OverflowException();
   else
      Console.WriteLine("0x{0} converts to {1}.", value, targetNumber);
}
catch (OverflowException)
{
   Console.WriteLine("Unable to convert '0x{0}' to a signed byte.", value);
}
// Displays the following to the console:
//    Unable to convert '0xff' to a signed byte.
// Create a hexadecimal value out of range of the SByte type.
let sourceNumber = Byte.MaxValue
let isSigned = sign (Convert.ToDouble(sourceNumber.GetType().GetField("MinValue").GetValue null)) = -1
let value = Convert.ToString(sourceNumber, 16)
try
    let targetNumber = Convert.ToSByte(value, 16)
    if not isSigned && targetNumber &&& 0x80y <> 0y then
        raise (OverflowException())
    else
    printfn $"0x{value} converts to {targetNumber}."
with :? OverflowException ->
    printfn $"Unable to convert '0x{value}' to a signed byte."
// Displays the following to the console:
//    Unable to convert '0xff' to a signed byte.
' Create a negative hexadecimal value out of range of the Long type.
Dim sourceNumber As Byte = Byte.MaxValue
Dim isSigned As Boolean = Math.Sign(sourceNumber.MinValue) = -1
Dim value As String = Convert.ToString(sourceNumber, 16)
Dim targetNumber As SByte
Try
   targetNumber = Convert.ToSByte(value, 16)
   If Not isSigned And ((targetNumber And &H80) <> 0) Then
      Throw New OverflowException()
   Else 
      Console.WriteLine("0x{0} converts to {1}.", value, targetNumber)
   End If    
Catch e As OverflowException
   Console.WriteLine("Unable to convert '0x{0}' to a signed byte.", value)
End Try 
' Displays the following to the console:
'    Unable to convert '0xff' to a signed byte.

適用対象

ToSByte(Single)

重要

この API は CLS 準拠ではありません。

指定した単精度浮動小数点数の値を等価の 8 ビット符号付き整数に変換します。

public:
 static System::SByte ToSByte(float value);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static sbyte ToSByte (float value);
[<System.CLSCompliant(false)>]
static member ToSByte : single -> sbyte
Public Shared Function ToSByte (value As Single) As SByte

パラメーター

value
Single

変換する単精度浮動小数点数。

戻り値

SByte

近似値の 8 ビット符号付き整数に丸められた valuevalue が 2 つの整数のちょうど中間にある場合は、偶数が返されます。つまり、4.5 は 4 に変換され、5.5 は 6 に変換されます。

属性

例外

valueSByte.MaxValue より大きいか 、SByte.MinValue 未満です。

次の例では、値の配列 Single 内の各要素を符号付きバイトに変換しようとします。

object[] values = { true, -12, 163, 935, 'x', "104", "103.0", "-1",
                    "1.00e2", "One", 1.00e2};
sbyte result;

foreach (object value in values)
{
   try {
      result = Convert.ToSByte(value);
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.",
                        value.GetType().Name, value,
                        result.GetType().Name, result);
   }
   catch (OverflowException) {
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the SByte type.",
                        value.GetType().Name, value);
   }
   catch (FormatException) {
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is not in a recognizable format.",
                        value.GetType().Name, value);
   }
   catch (InvalidCastException) {
      Console.WriteLine("No conversion to a Byte exists for the {0} value {1}.",
                        value.GetType().Name, value);
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    Converted the Boolean value true to the SByte value 1.
//    Converted the Int32 value -12 to the SByte value -12.
//    The Int32 value 163 is outside the range of the SByte type.
//    The Int32 value 935 is outside the range of the SByte type.
//    Converted the Char value x to the SByte value 120.
//    Converted the String value 104 to the SByte value 104.
//    The String value 103.0 is not in a recognizable format.
//    Converted the String value -1 to the SByte value -1.
//    The String value 1.00e2 is not in a recognizable format.
//    The String value One is not in a recognizable format.
//    Converted the Double value 100 to the SByte value 100.
let values: obj[] = 
    [| true; -12; 163; 935; 'x'; DateTime(2009, 5, 12)
       "104"; "103.0"; "-1"
       "1.00e2"; "One"; 1.00e2; 16.3e42 |]

for value in values do
    try
        let result = Convert.ToSByte value
        printfn $"Converted the {value.GetType().Name} value {value} to the {result.GetType().Name} value {result}."
    with 
    | :? OverflowException ->
        printfn $"The {value.GetType().Name} value {value} is outside the range of the SByte type."
    | :? FormatException ->
        printfn $"The {value.GetType().Name} value {value} is not in a recognizable format."
    | :? InvalidCastException ->
        printfn $"No conversion to an SByte exists for the {value.GetType().Name} value {value}."
// The example displays the following output:
//    Converted the Boolean value True to the SByte value 1.
//    Converted the Int32 value -12 to the SByte value -12.
//    Converted the Int32 value 163 to the SByte value 163.
//    Converted the Int32 value 935 to the SByte value 935.
//    Converted the Char value x to the SByte value 120.
//    No conversion to an SByte exists for the DateTime value 5/12/2009 12:00:00 AM.
//    Converted the String value 104 to the SByte value 104.
//    The String value 103.0 is not in a recognizable format.
//    Converted the String value -1 to the SByte value -1.
//    The String value 1.00e2 is not in a recognizable format.
//    The String value One is not in a recognizable format.
//    Converted the Double value 100 to the SByte value 100.
//    The Double value 1.63E+43 is outside the range of the SByte type.
Dim values() As Object = { True, -12, 163, 935, "x"c, "104", "103.0", "-1", _
                           "1.00e2", "One", 1.00e2}
Dim result As SByte
For Each value As Object In values
   Try
      result = Convert.ToSByte(value)
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.", _
                        value.GetType().Name, value, _
                        result.GetType().Name, result)
   Catch e As OverflowException
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the SByte type.", _
                        value.GetType().Name, value)
   Catch e As FormatException
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is not in a recognizable format.", _
                        value.GetType().Name, value)
   Catch e As InvalidCastException
      Console.WriteLine("No conversion to a Byte exists for the {0} value {1}.", _
                        value.GetType().Name, value)
                        
   End Try
Next                           
' The example displays the following output:
'    Converted the Boolean value True to the SByte value 1.
'    Converted the Int32 value -12 to the SByte value -12.
'    The Int32 value 163 is outside the range of the SByte type.
'    The Int32 value 935 is outside the range of the SByte type.
'    Converted the Char value x to the SByte value 120.
'    Converted the String value 104 to the SByte value 104.
'    The String value 103.0 is not in a recognizable format.
'    Converted the String value -1 to the SByte value -1.
'    The String value 1.00e2 is not in a recognizable format.
'    The String value One is not in a recognizable format.
'    Converted the Double value 100 to the SByte value 100.

こちらもご覧ください

適用対象

ToSByte(Object, IFormatProvider)

重要

この API は CLS 準拠ではありません。

指定したカルチャに固有の書式情報を使用して、指定したオブジェクトの値を 8 ビット符号付き整数に変換します。

public:
 static System::SByte ToSByte(System::Object ^ value, IFormatProvider ^ provider);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static sbyte ToSByte (object value, IFormatProvider provider);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static sbyte ToSByte (object? value, IFormatProvider? provider);
[<System.CLSCompliant(false)>]
static member ToSByte : obj * IFormatProvider -> sbyte
Public Shared Function ToSByte (value As Object, provider As IFormatProvider) As SByte

パラメーター

value
Object

IConvertible インターフェイスを実装するオブジェクト。

provider
IFormatProvider

カルチャ固有の書式情報を提供するオブジェクト。

戻り値

SByte

value と等価の 8 ビット符号付き整数。valuenull の場合は 0。

属性

例外

value が適切な形式ではありません。

valueIConvertible インターフェイスを実装していません。

または

この変換はサポートされていません。

valueは、SByte.MinValue より小さいか、SByte.MaxValue より大きい数値を表します。MaxValue

次の例では、符号付 ByteString きバイトと符号なしバイトの両方を 16 進文字列として格納するクラスと、バイトの符号を示すフィールドを定義します。 ByteString クラスは、IConvertible インターフェイスを実装します。 そのメソッドは IConvertible.ToSByte 、変換を Parse(String, IFormatProvider) 実行するメソッドを呼び出します。 失敗した場合は、 OverflowException.

using System;
using System.Globalization;

public enum SignBit { Negative=-1, Zero=0, Positive=1 };

public struct ByteString : IConvertible
{
   private SignBit signBit;
   private string byteString;

   public SignBit Sign
   {
      set { signBit = value; }
      get { return signBit; }
   }

   public string Value
   {
      set {
         if (value.Trim().Length > 2)
            throw new ArgumentException("The string representation of a byte cannot have more than two characters.");
         else
            byteString = value;
      }
      get { return byteString; }
   }

   // IConvertible implementations.
   public TypeCode GetTypeCode() {
      return TypeCode.Object;
   }

   public bool ToBoolean(IFormatProvider provider)
   {
      if (signBit == SignBit.Zero)
         return false;
      else
         return true;
   }

   public byte ToByte(IFormatProvider provider)
   {
      if (signBit == SignBit.Negative)
         throw new OverflowException(String.Format("{0} is out of range of the Byte type.", Convert.ToSByte(byteString, 16)));
      else
         return Byte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber);
   }

   public char ToChar(IFormatProvider provider)
   {
      if (signBit == SignBit.Negative) {
         throw new OverflowException(String.Format("{0} is out of range of the Char type.", Convert.ToSByte(byteString, 16)));
      }
      else {
         byte byteValue = Byte.Parse(this.byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber);
         return Convert.ToChar(byteValue);
      }
   }

   public DateTime ToDateTime(IFormatProvider provider)
   {
      throw new InvalidCastException("ByteString to DateTime conversion is not supported.");
   }

   public decimal ToDecimal(IFormatProvider provider)
   {
      if (signBit == SignBit.Negative)
      {
         sbyte byteValue = SByte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber);
         return Convert.ToDecimal(byteValue);
      }
      else
      {
         byte byteValue = Byte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber);
         return Convert.ToDecimal(byteValue);
      }
   }

   public double ToDouble(IFormatProvider provider)
   {
      if (signBit == SignBit.Negative)
         return Convert.ToDouble(SByte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber));
      else
         return Convert.ToDouble(Byte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber));
   }

   public short ToInt16(IFormatProvider provider)
   {
      if (signBit == SignBit.Negative)
         return Convert.ToInt16(SByte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber));
      else
         return Convert.ToInt16(Byte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber));
   }

   public int ToInt32(IFormatProvider provider)
   {
      if (signBit == SignBit.Negative)
         return Convert.ToInt32(SByte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber));
      else
         return Convert.ToInt32(Byte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber));
   }

   public long ToInt64(IFormatProvider provider)
   {
      if (signBit == SignBit.Negative)
         return Convert.ToInt64(SByte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber));
      else
         return Convert.ToInt64(Byte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber));
   }

   public sbyte ToSByte(IFormatProvider provider)
   {
      try {
         return SByte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber);
      }
      catch (OverflowException e) {
         throw new OverflowException(String.Format("{0} is outside the range of the SByte type.",
                                                   Byte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)), e);
      }
   }

   public float ToSingle(IFormatProvider provider)
   {
      if (signBit == SignBit.Negative)
         return Convert.ToSingle(SByte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber));
      else
         return Convert.ToSingle(Byte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber));
   }

   public string ToString(IFormatProvider provider)
   {
      return "0x" + this.byteString;
   }

   public object ToType(Type conversionType, IFormatProvider provider)
   {
      switch (Type.GetTypeCode(conversionType))
      {
         case TypeCode.Boolean:
            return this.ToBoolean(null);
         case TypeCode.Byte:
            return this.ToByte(null);
         case TypeCode.Char:
            return this.ToChar(null);
         case TypeCode.DateTime:
            return this.ToDateTime(null);
         case TypeCode.Decimal:
            return this.ToDecimal(null);
         case TypeCode.Double:
            return this.ToDouble(null);
         case TypeCode.Int16:
            return this.ToInt16(null);
         case TypeCode.Int32:
            return this.ToInt32(null);
         case TypeCode.Int64:
            return this.ToInt64(null);
         case TypeCode.Object:
            if (typeof(ByteString).Equals(conversionType))
               return this;
            else
               throw new InvalidCastException(String.Format("Conversion to a {0} is not supported.", conversionType.Name));
         case TypeCode.SByte:
            return this.ToSByte(null);
         case TypeCode.Single:
            return this.ToSingle(null);
         case TypeCode.String:
            return this.ToString(null);
         case TypeCode.UInt16:
            return this.ToUInt16(null);
         case TypeCode.UInt32:
            return this.ToUInt32(null);
         case TypeCode.UInt64:
            return this.ToUInt64(null);
         default:
            throw new InvalidCastException(String.Format("Conversion to {0} is not supported.", conversionType.Name));
      }
   }

   public UInt16 ToUInt16(IFormatProvider provider)
   {
      if (signBit == SignBit.Negative)
         throw new OverflowException(String.Format("{0} is outside the range of the UInt16 type.",
                                                   SByte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)));
      else
         return Convert.ToUInt16(Byte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber));
   }

   public UInt32 ToUInt32(IFormatProvider provider)
   {
      if (signBit == SignBit.Negative)
         throw new OverflowException(String.Format("{0} is outside the range of the UInt32 type.",
                                                   SByte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)));
      else
         return Convert.ToUInt32(Byte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber));
   }

   public UInt64 ToUInt64(IFormatProvider provider)
   {
      if (signBit == SignBit.Negative)
         throw new OverflowException(String.Format("{0} is outside the range of the UInt64 type.",
                                                   SByte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)));
      else
         return Convert.ToUInt64(Byte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber));
   }
}
open System
open System.Globalization

type SignBit =
   | Negative = -1
   | Zero = 0
   | Positive = 1

[<Struct>]
type ByteString =
    val mutable private byteString: string

    val mutable Sign : SignBit

    member this.Value
        with get () = this.byteString
        and set (value: string) =
            if value.Trim().Length > 2 then
                invalidArg "value" "The string representation of a byte cannot have more than two characters."
            this.byteString <- value

    // IConvertible implementations.
    interface IConvertible with
        member _.GetTypeCode() = 
            TypeCode.Object

        member this.ToBoolean(provider: IFormatProvider) =
            this.Sign <> SignBit.Zero

        member this.ToByte(provider: IFormatProvider) =
            if this.Sign = SignBit.Negative then
                raise (OverflowException $"{Convert.ToSByte(this.byteString, 16)} is out of range of the Byte type.")
            else
                Byte.Parse(this.byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)

        member this.ToChar(provider: IFormatProvider) =
        
            if this.Sign = SignBit.Negative then
                raise (OverflowException $"{Convert.ToSByte(this.byteString, 16)} is out of range of the Char type.")
            else
                let byteValue = Byte.Parse(this.byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)
                Convert.ToChar byteValue

        member _.ToDateTime(provider: IFormatProvider) =    
            raise (InvalidCastException "ByteString to DateTime conversion is not supported.")

        member this.ToDecimal(provider: IFormatProvider) =    
            if this.Sign = SignBit.Negative then
                SByte.Parse(this.byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)
                |> Convert.ToDecimal
            else
                Byte.Parse(this.byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)
                |> Convert.ToDecimal

        member this.ToDouble(provider: IFormatProvider) =
            if this.Sign = SignBit.Negative then
                SByte.Parse(this.byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)
                |> Convert.ToDouble
            else
                Byte.Parse(this.byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)
                |> Convert.ToDouble

        member this.ToInt16(provider: IFormatProvider) =    
            if this.Sign = SignBit.Negative then
                SByte.Parse(this.byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)
                |> Convert.ToInt16
            else
                Byte.Parse(this.byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)
                |> Convert.ToInt16

        member this.ToInt32(provider: IFormatProvider) =    
            if this.Sign = SignBit.Negative then
                SByte.Parse(this.byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)
                |> Convert.ToInt32
            else
                Byte.Parse(this.byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)
                |> Convert.ToInt32

        member this.ToInt64(provider: IFormatProvider) =
            if this.Sign = SignBit.Negative then
                SByte.Parse(this.byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)
                |> Convert.ToInt64
            else
                Byte.Parse(this.byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)
                |> Convert.ToInt64

        member this.ToSByte(provider: IFormatProvider) =    
            try
                SByte.Parse(this.byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)
            with :? OverflowException as e ->
                raise (OverflowException($"{Byte.Parse(this.byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)} is outside the range of the SByte type.", e) )

        member this.ToSingle(provider: IFormatProvider) =
            if this.Sign = SignBit.Negative then
                SByte.Parse(this.byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)
                |> Convert.ToSingle
            else
                Byte.Parse(this.byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)
                |> Convert.ToSingle

        member this.ToString(provider: IFormatProvider) =
            "0x" + this.byteString

        member this.ToType(conversionType: Type, provider: IFormatProvider) =
            let this = this :> IConvertible
            match Type.GetTypeCode conversionType with
            | TypeCode.Boolean ->
                this.ToBoolean null
            | TypeCode.Byte ->
                this.ToByte null
            | TypeCode.Char ->
                this.ToChar null
            | TypeCode.DateTime ->
                this.ToDateTime null
            | TypeCode.Decimal ->
                this.ToDecimal null
            | TypeCode.Double ->
                this.ToDouble null
            | TypeCode.Int16 ->
                this.ToInt16 null
            | TypeCode.Int32 ->
                this.ToInt32 null
            | TypeCode.Int64 ->
                this.ToInt64 null
            | TypeCode.Object ->
                if typeof<ByteString>.Equals conversionType then
                    this
                else
                    raise (InvalidCastException $"Conversion to a {conversionType.Name} is not supported.")
            | TypeCode.SByte ->
                this.ToSByte null
            | TypeCode.Single ->
                this.ToSingle null
            | TypeCode.String ->
                this.ToString null
            | TypeCode.UInt16 ->
                this.ToUInt16 null
            | TypeCode.UInt32 ->
                this.ToUInt32 null
            | TypeCode.UInt64 ->
                this.ToUInt64 null
            | _ ->
                raise (InvalidCastException $"Conversion to {conversionType.Name} is not supported.")

        member this.ToUInt16(provider: IFormatProvider) =
            if this.Sign = SignBit.Negative then
                raise (OverflowException $"{SByte.Parse(this.byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)} is outside the range of the UInt16 type." )
            else
                Byte.Parse(this.byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)
                |> Convert.ToUInt16

        member this.ToUInt32(provider: IFormatProvider) =
            if this.Sign = SignBit.Negative then
                raise (OverflowException $"{SByte.Parse(this.byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)} is outside the range of the UInt32 type.")
            else
                Byte.Parse(this.byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)
                |> Convert.ToUInt32
    
        member this.ToUInt64(provider: IFormatProvider) =
            if this.Sign = SignBit.Negative then
                raise (OverflowException $"{SByte.Parse(this.byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)} is outside the range of the UInt32 type.")
            else
                Byte.Parse(this.byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)
                |> Convert.ToUInt64
Imports System.Globalization

Public Enum SignBit As Integer
   Positive = 1
   Zero = 0
   Negative = -1
End Enum

Public Structure ByteString : Implements IConvertible
   Private signBit As SignBit
   Private byteString As String
   
   Public Property Sign As SignBit
      Set
         signBit = value
      End Set
      Get
         Return signBit
      End Get
   End Property
   
   Public Property Value As String
      Set
         If value.Trim().Length > 2 Then
            Throw New ArgumentException("The string representation of a byte cannot have more than two characters.")
         Else
            byteString = value
         End If   
      End Set
      Get
         Return byteString
      End Get
   End Property
   
   ' IConvertible implementations.
   Public Function GetTypeCode() As TypeCode _
                   Implements IConvertible.GetTypeCode
      Return TypeCode.Object
   End Function
   
   Public Function ToBoolean(provider As IFormatProvider) As Boolean _
                   Implements IConvertible.ToBoolean
      If signBit = SignBit.Zero Then
         Return False
      Else
         Return True
      End If
   End Function 
   
   Public Function ToByte(provider As IFormatProvider) As Byte _
                   Implements IConvertible.ToByte
      If signBit = signBit.Negative Then
         Throw New OverflowException(String.Format("{0} is out of range of the Byte type.", Convert.ToSByte(byteString, 16))) 
      Else
         Return Byte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)
      End If       
   End Function
   
   Public Function ToChar(provider As IFormatProvider) As Char _
                   Implements IConvertible.ToChar
      If signBit = signBit.Negative Then 
         Throw New OverflowException(String.Format("{0} is out of range of the Char type.", Convert.ToSByte(byteString, 16)))
      Else
         Dim byteValue As Byte = Byte.Parse(Me.byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)
         Return Convert.ToChar(byteValue)
      End If                
   End Function 
   
   Public Function ToDateTime(provider As IFormatProvider) As Date _
                   Implements IConvertible.ToDateTime
      Throw New InvalidCastException("ByteString to DateTime conversion is not supported.")
   End Function
   
   Public Function ToDecimal(provider As IFormatProvider) As Decimal _
                   Implements IConvertible.ToDecimal
      If signBit = signBit.Negative Then
         Dim byteValue As SByte = SByte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)
         Return Convert.ToDecimal(byteValue)
      Else
         Dim byteValue As Byte = Byte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)
         Return Convert.ToDecimal(byteValue)
      End If
   End Function
   
   Public Function ToDouble(provider As IFormatProvider) As Double _
                   Implements IConvertible.ToDouble
      If signBit = signBit.Negative Then
         Return Convert.ToDouble(SByte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber))
      Else
         Return Convert.ToDouble(Byte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber))
      End If   
   End Function   
   
   Public Function ToInt16(provider As IFormatProvider) As Int16 _
                   Implements IConvertible.ToInt16
      If signBit = signBit.Negative Then
         Return Convert.ToInt16(SByte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber))
      Else
         Return Convert.ToInt16(Byte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber))
      End If   
   End Function
   
   Public Function ToInt32(provider As IFormatProvider) As Int32 _
                   Implements IConvertible.ToInt32
      If signBit = signBit.Negative Then
         Return Convert.ToInt32(SByte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber))
      Else
         Return Convert.ToInt32(Byte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber))
      End If   
   End Function
   
   Public Function ToInt64(provider As IFormatProvider) As Int64 _
                   Implements IConvertible.ToInt64
      If signBit = signBit.Negative Then
         Return Convert.ToInt64(SByte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber))
      Else
         Return Convert.ToInt64(Byte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber))
      End If   
   End Function
   
   Public Function ToSByte(provider As IFormatProvider) As SByte _
                   Implements IConvertible.ToSByte
      Try
         Return SByte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)
      Catch e As OverflowException
         Throw New OverflowException(String.Format("{0} is outside the range of the SByte type.", _
                                                   Byte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)))
      End Try   
   End Function

   Public Function ToSingle(provider As IFormatProvider) As Single _
                   Implements IConvertible.ToSingle
      If signBit = signBit.Negative Then
         Return Convert.ToSingle(SByte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber))
      Else
         Return Convert.ToSingle(Byte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber))
      End If   
   End Function

   Public Overloads Function ToString(provider As IFormatProvider) As String _
                   Implements IConvertible.ToString
      Return Me.byteString
   End Function
   
   Public Function ToType(conversionType As Type, provider As IFormatProvider) As Object _
                   Implements IConvertible.ToType
      Select Case Type.GetTypeCode(conversionType)
         Case TypeCode.Boolean 
            Return Me.ToBoolean(Nothing)
         Case TypeCode.Byte
            Return Me.ToByte(Nothing)
         Case TypeCode.Char
            Return Me.ToChar(Nothing)
         Case TypeCode.DateTime
            Return Me.ToDateTime(Nothing)
         Case TypeCode.Decimal
            Return Me.ToDecimal(Nothing)
         Case TypeCode.Double
            Return Me.ToDouble(Nothing)
         Case TypeCode.Int16
            Return Me.ToInt16(Nothing)
         Case TypeCode.Int32
            Return Me.ToInt32(Nothing)
         Case TypeCode.Int64
            Return Me.ToInt64(Nothing)
         Case TypeCode.Object
            If GetType(ByteString).Equals(conversionType) Then
               Return Me
            Else
               Throw New InvalidCastException(String.Format("Conversion to a {0} is not supported.", conversionType.Name))
            End If 
         Case TypeCode.SByte
            Return Me.ToSByte(Nothing)
         Case TypeCode.Single
            Return Me.ToSingle(Nothing)
         Case TypeCode.String
            Return Me.ToString(Nothing)
         Case TypeCode.UInt16
            Return Me.ToUInt16(Nothing)
         Case TypeCode.UInt32
            Return Me.ToUInt32(Nothing)
         Case TypeCode.UInt64
            Return Me.ToUInt64(Nothing)   
         Case Else
            Throw New InvalidCastException(String.Format("Conversion to {0} is not supported.", conversionType.Name))   
            
      End Select
   End Function
   
   Public Function ToUInt16(provider As IFormatProvider) As UInt16 _
                   Implements IConvertible.ToUInt16
      If signBit = signBit.Negative Then
         Throw New OverflowException(String.Format("{0} is outside the range of the UInt16 type.", _
                                                   SByte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)))
      Else
         Return Convert.ToUInt16(Byte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber))
      End If   
   End Function

   Public Function ToUInt32(provider As IFormatProvider) As UInt32 _
                   Implements IConvertible.ToUInt32
      If signBit = signBit.Negative Then
         Throw New OverflowException(String.Format("{0} is outside the range of the UInt32 type.", _
                                                   SByte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)))
      Else
         Return Convert.ToUInt32(Byte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber))
      End If   
   End Function
   
   Public Function ToUInt64(provider As IFormatProvider) As UInt64 _
                   Implements IConvertible.ToUInt64
      If signBit = signBit.Negative Then
         Throw New OverflowException(String.Format("{0} is outside the range of the UInt64 type.", _
                                                   SByte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)))
      Else
         Return Convert.ToUInt64(Byte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber))
      End If   
   End Function
   
End Structure

次の例は、クラスの IConvertible.ToSByte 実装が ByteString メソッドによって呼び出される方法を Convert.ToSByte(Object, IFormatProvider) 示しています。

public class Class1
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      sbyte positiveByte = 120;
      sbyte negativeByte = -101;

      ByteString positiveString = new ByteString();
      positiveString.Sign = (SignBit) Math.Sign(positiveByte);
      positiveString.Value = positiveByte.ToString("X2");

      ByteString negativeString = new ByteString();
      negativeString.Sign = (SignBit) Math.Sign(negativeByte);
      negativeString.Value = negativeByte.ToString("X2");

      try {
         Console.WriteLine("'{0}' converts to {1}.", positiveString.Value, Convert.ToSByte(positiveString));
      }
      catch (OverflowException) {
         Console.WriteLine("0x{0} is outside the range of the Byte type.", positiveString.Value);
      }

      try {
         Console.WriteLine("'{0}' converts to {1}.", negativeString.Value, Convert.ToSByte(negativeString));
      }
      catch (OverflowException) {
         Console.WriteLine("0x{0} is outside the range of the Byte type.", negativeString.Value);
      }
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       '78' converts to 120.
//       '9B' converts to -101.
let positiveByte = 120y
let negativeByte = -101y

let mutable positiveString = ByteString()
positiveString.Sign <- sign positiveByte |> enum
positiveString.Value <- positiveByte.ToString "X2"

let mutable negativeString = ByteString()
negativeString.Sign <- sign negativeByte |> enum
negativeString.Value <- negativeByte.ToString "X2"

try
    printfn $"'{positiveString.Value}' converts to {Convert.ToSByte positiveString}."
with :? OverflowException ->
    printfn $"0x{positiveString.Value} is outside the range of the Byte type."

try
    printfn $"'{negativeString.Value}' converts to {Convert.ToSByte negativeString}."
with :? OverflowException ->
    printfn $"0x{negativeString.Value} is outside the range of the Byte type."

// The example displays the following output:
//       '78' converts to 120.
//       '9B' converts to -101.
Module modMain
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim positiveByte As SByte = 120
      Dim negativeByte As SByte = -101
      
      
      Dim positiveString As New ByteString()
      positiveString.Sign = CType(Math.Sign(positiveByte), SignBit)
      positiveString.Value = positiveByte.ToString("X2")
      
      Dim negativeString As New ByteString()
      negativeString.Sign = CType(Math.Sign(negativeByte), SignBit)
      negativeString.Value = negativeByte.ToString("X2")
      
      Try
         Console.WriteLine("'{0}' converts to {1}.", positiveString.Value, Convert.ToSByte(positiveString))
      Catch e As OverflowException
         Console.WriteLine("0x{0} is outside the range of the Byte type.", positiveString.Value)
      End Try

      Try
         Console.WriteLine("'{0}' converts to {1}.", negativeString.Value, Convert.ToSByte(negativeString))
      Catch e As OverflowException
         Console.WriteLine("0x{0} is outside the range of the Byte type.", negativeString.Value)
      End Try   
   End Sub
End Module
' The example dosplays the following output:
'       '78' converts to 120.
'       '9B' converts to -101.

注釈

provider を使用すると、ユーザーはコンテンツに関するカルチャ固有の value変換情報を指定できます。 たとえば、数値を表す a String の場合valueは、providerその数値を表すために使用される表記に関するカルチャ固有の情報を提供できます。

基本型は無視 providerされます。ただし、インターフェイスを実装するユーザー定義型の場合 value は、パラメーターを IConvertible 使用できます。

適用対象

ToSByte(SByte)

重要

この API は CLS 準拠ではありません。

指定した 8 ビット符号付き整数が返されます。実際の変換は行われません。

public:
 static System::SByte ToSByte(System::SByte value);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static sbyte ToSByte (sbyte value);
[<System.CLSCompliant(false)>]
static member ToSByte : sbyte -> sbyte
Public Shared Function ToSByte (value As SByte) As SByte

パラメーター

value
SByte

返される 8 ビット符号付き整数。

戻り値

SByte

value は変更されずに返されます。

属性

適用対象

ToSByte(Int32)

重要

この API は CLS 準拠ではありません。

指定した 32 ビット符号付き整数の値を、それと等しい 8 ビット符号付き整数に変換します。

public:
 static System::SByte ToSByte(int value);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static sbyte ToSByte (int value);
[<System.CLSCompliant(false)>]
static member ToSByte : int -> sbyte
Public Shared Function ToSByte (value As Integer) As SByte

パラメーター

value
Int32

変換する 32 ビット符号付き整数。

戻り値

SByte

value と等価の 8 ビット符号付き整数。

属性

例外

valueSByte.MaxValue より大きいか 、SByte.MinValue 未満です。

次の例では、符号付き整数の配列内の各要素を符号付きバイトに変換しようとしています。

int[] numbers = { Int32.MinValue, -1, 0, 121, 340, Int32.MaxValue };
sbyte result;

foreach (int number in numbers)
{
   try {
      result = Convert.ToSByte(number);
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.",
                        number.GetType().Name, number,
                        result.GetType().Name, result);
   }
   catch (OverflowException) {
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the SByte type.",
                        number.GetType().Name, number);
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    The Int32 value -2147483648 is outside the range of the SByte type.
//    Converted the Int32 value -1 to the SByte value -1.
//    Converted the Int32 value 0 to the SByte value 0.
//    Converted the Int32 value 121 to the SByte value 121.
//    The Int32 value 340 is outside the range of the SByte type.
//    The Int32 value 2147483647 is outside the range of the SByte type.
let numbers =
    [| Int32.MinValue; -1; 0; 121; 340; Int32.MaxValue |]

for number in numbers do
    try
        let result = Convert.ToSByte number
        printfn $"Converted the {number.GetType().Name} value {number} to the {result.GetType().Name} value {result}."
    with :? OverflowException ->
        printfn $"The {number.GetType().Name} value {number} is outside the range of the SByte type."
// The example displays the following output:
//    The Int32 value -2147483647 is outside the range of the SByte type.
//    Converted the Int32 value -1 to the SByte value -1.
//    Converted the Int32 value 0 to the SByte value 0.
//    Converted the Int32 value 121 to the SByte value 121.
//    Converted the Int32 value 340 to the SByte value 340.
//    The Int32 value 2147483647 is outside the range of the SByte type.
Dim numbers() As Integer = { Int32.MinValue, -1, 0, 121, 340, Int32.MaxValue }
Dim result As SByte
For Each number As Integer In numbers
   Try
      result = Convert.ToSByte(number)
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.", _
                        number.GetType().Name, number, _
                        result.GetType().Name, result)
   Catch e As OverflowException
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the SByte type.", _
                        number.GetType().Name, number)
   End Try
Next
' The example displays the following output:
'    The Int32 value -2147483648 is outside the range of the SByte type.
'    Converted the Int32 value -1 to the SByte value -1.
'    Converted the Int32 value 0 to the SByte value 0.
'    Converted the Int32 value 121 to the SByte value 121.
'    The Int32 value 340 is outside the range of the SByte type.
'    The Int32 value 2147483647 is outside the range of the SByte type.

適用対象

ToSByte(Int64)

重要

この API は CLS 準拠ではありません。

指定した 64 ビット符号付き整数の値を等価の 8 ビット符号付き整数に変換します。

public:
 static System::SByte ToSByte(long value);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static sbyte ToSByte (long value);
[<System.CLSCompliant(false)>]
static member ToSByte : int64 -> sbyte
Public Shared Function ToSByte (value As Long) As SByte

パラメーター

value
Int64

変換する 64 ビット符号付き整数。

戻り値

SByte

value と等価の 8 ビット符号付き整数。

属性

例外

valueSByte.MaxValue より大きいか 、SByte.MinValue 未満です。

次の例では、長整数の配列内の各要素を符号付きバイトに変換しようとしています。

long[] numbers = { Int64.MinValue, -1, 0, 121, 340, Int64.MaxValue };
sbyte result;
foreach (long number in numbers)
{
   try {
      result = Convert.ToSByte(number);
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.",
                        number.GetType().Name, number,
                        result.GetType().Name, result);
   }
   catch (OverflowException) {
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the SByte type.",
                        number.GetType().Name, number);
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    The Int64 value -9223372036854775808 is outside the range of the SByte type.
//    Converted the Int64 value -1 to the SByte value -1.
//    Converted the Int64 value 0 to the SByte value 0.
//    Converted the Int64 value 121 to the SByte value 121.
//    The Int64 value 340 is outside the range of the SByte type.
//    The Int64 value 9223372036854775807 is outside the range of the SByte type.
let numbers =
    [| Int64.MinValue; -1L; 0L; 121L; 340L; Int64.MaxValue |]

for number in numbers do
    try
        let result = Convert.ToSByte number
        printfn $"Converted the {number.GetType().Name} value {number} to the {result.GetType().Name} value {result}."
    with :? OverflowException ->
        printfn $"The {number.GetType().Name} value {number} is outside the range of the SByte type."
// The example displays the following output:
//    The Int64 value -9223372036854775808 is outside the range of the SByte type.
//    Converted the Int64 value -1 to the SByte value -1.
//    Converted the Int64 value 0 to the SByte value 0.
//    Converted the Int64 value 121 to the SByte value 121.
//    Converted the Int64 value 340 to the SByte value 340.
//    The Int64 value 9223372036854775807 is outside the range of the SByte type.
Dim numbers() As Long = { Int64.MinValue, -1, 0, 121, 340, Int64.MaxValue }
Dim result As SByte
For Each number As Long In numbers
   Try
      result = Convert.ToSByte(number)
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.", _
                        number.GetType().Name, number, _
                        result.GetType().Name, result)
   Catch e As OverflowException
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the SByte type.", _
                        number.GetType().Name, number)
   End Try
Next
' The example displays the following output:
'    The Int64 value -9223372036854775808 is outside the range of the SByte type.
'    Converted the Int64 value -1 to the SByte value -1.
'    Converted the Int64 value 0 to the SByte value 0.
'    Converted the Int64 value 121 to the SByte value 121.
'    The Int64 value 340 is outside the range of the SByte type.
'    The Int64 value 9223372036854775807 is outside the range of the SByte type.

適用対象

ToSByte(Object)

重要

この API は CLS 準拠ではありません。

指定したオブジェクトの値を 8 ビット符号付き整数に変換します。

public:
 static System::SByte ToSByte(System::Object ^ value);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static sbyte ToSByte (object value);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static sbyte ToSByte (object? value);
[<System.CLSCompliant(false)>]
static member ToSByte : obj -> sbyte
Public Shared Function ToSByte (value As Object) As SByte

パラメーター

value
Object

IConvertible インターフェイスを実装するオブジェクトか、または null

戻り値

SByte

value と等価の 8 ビット符号付き整数。valuenull の場合は 0。

属性

例外

value が適切な形式ではありません。

valueIConvertible インターフェイスを実装していません。

または

この変換はサポートされていません。

value は、 SByte.MinValue より小さいか 、SByte.MaxValue より大きい数値を表します。

次の例では、オブジェクト配列内の各要素を符号付きバイトに変換しようとしています。

object[] values = { true, -12, 163, 935, 'x', "104", "103.0", "-1",
                    "1.00e2", "One", 1.00e2};
sbyte result;

foreach (object value in values)
{
   try {
      result = Convert.ToSByte(value);
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.",
                        value.GetType().Name, value,
                        result.GetType().Name, result);
   }
   catch (OverflowException) {
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the SByte type.",
                        value.GetType().Name, value);
   }
   catch (FormatException) {
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is not in a recognizable format.",
                        value.GetType().Name, value);
   }
   catch (InvalidCastException) {
      Console.WriteLine("No conversion to a Byte exists for the {0} value {1}.",
                        value.GetType().Name, value);
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    Converted the Boolean value true to the SByte value 1.
//    Converted the Int32 value -12 to the SByte value -12.
//    The Int32 value 163 is outside the range of the SByte type.
//    The Int32 value 935 is outside the range of the SByte type.
//    Converted the Char value x to the SByte value 120.
//    Converted the String value 104 to the SByte value 104.
//    The String value 103.0 is not in a recognizable format.
//    Converted the String value -1 to the SByte value -1.
//    The String value 1.00e2 is not in a recognizable format.
//    The String value One is not in a recognizable format.
//    Converted the Double value 100 to the SByte value 100.
let values: obj[] = 
    [| true; -12; 163; 935; 'x'; DateTime(2009, 5, 12)
       "104"; "103.0"; "-1"
       "1.00e2"; "One"; 1.00e2; 16.3e42 |]

for value in values do
    try
        let result = Convert.ToSByte value
        printfn $"Converted the {value.GetType().Name} value {value} to the {result.GetType().Name} value {result}."
    with 
    | :? OverflowException ->
        printfn $"The {value.GetType().Name} value {value} is outside the range of the SByte type."
    | :? FormatException ->
        printfn $"The {value.GetType().Name} value {value} is not in a recognizable format."
    | :? InvalidCastException ->
        printfn $"No conversion to an SByte exists for the {value.GetType().Name} value {value}."
// The example displays the following output:
//    Converted the Boolean value True to the SByte value 1.
//    Converted the Int32 value -12 to the SByte value -12.
//    Converted the Int32 value 163 to the SByte value 163.
//    Converted the Int32 value 935 to the SByte value 935.
//    Converted the Char value x to the SByte value 120.
//    No conversion to an SByte exists for the DateTime value 5/12/2009 12:00:00 AM.
//    Converted the String value 104 to the SByte value 104.
//    The String value 103.0 is not in a recognizable format.
//    Converted the String value -1 to the SByte value -1.
//    The String value 1.00e2 is not in a recognizable format.
//    The String value One is not in a recognizable format.
//    Converted the Double value 100 to the SByte value 100.
//    The Double value 1.63E+43 is outside the range of the SByte type.
Dim values() As Object = { True, -12, 163, 935, "x"c, "104", "103.0", "-1", _
                           "1.00e2", "One", 1.00e2}
Dim result As SByte
For Each value As Object In values
   Try
      result = Convert.ToSByte(value)
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.", _
                        value.GetType().Name, value, _
                        result.GetType().Name, result)
   Catch e As OverflowException
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the SByte type.", _
                        value.GetType().Name, value)
   Catch e As FormatException
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is not in a recognizable format.", _
                        value.GetType().Name, value)
   Catch e As InvalidCastException
      Console.WriteLine("No conversion to a Byte exists for the {0} value {1}.", _
                        value.GetType().Name, value)
                        
   End Try
Next                           
' The example displays the following output:
'    Converted the Boolean value True to the SByte value 1.
'    Converted the Int32 value -12 to the SByte value -12.
'    The Int32 value 163 is outside the range of the SByte type.
'    The Int32 value 935 is outside the range of the SByte type.
'    Converted the Char value x to the SByte value 120.
'    Converted the String value 104 to the SByte value 104.
'    The String value 103.0 is not in a recognizable format.
'    Converted the String value -1 to the SByte value -1.
'    The String value 1.00e2 is not in a recognizable format.
'    The String value One is not in a recognizable format.
'    Converted the Double value 100 to the SByte value 100.

注釈

戻り値は、基になる型valueのメソッドをIConvertible.ToSByte呼び出した結果です。

適用対象

ToSByte(Byte)

重要

この API は CLS 準拠ではありません。

指定した 8 ビット符号なし整数の値を等価の 8 ビット符号付き整数に変換します。

public:
 static System::SByte ToSByte(System::Byte value);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static sbyte ToSByte (byte value);
[<System.CLSCompliant(false)>]
static member ToSByte : byte -> sbyte
Public Shared Function ToSByte (value As Byte) As SByte

パラメーター

value
Byte

変換する 8 ビット符号なし整数。

戻り値

SByte

value と等価の 8 ビット符号付き整数。

属性

例外

valueSByte.MaxValue より大きい。

次の例では、バイト配列内の各要素を符号付きバイトに変換しようとしています。

byte[] numbers = { Byte.MinValue, 10, 100, Byte.MaxValue };
sbyte result;

foreach (byte number in numbers)
{
   try {
      result = Convert.ToSByte(number);
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.",
                        number.GetType().Name, number,
                        result.GetType().Name, result);
   }
   catch (OverflowException) {
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the SByte type.",
                        number.GetType().Name, number);
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    Converted the Byte value 0 to the SByte value 0.
//    Converted the Byte value 10 to the SByte value 10.
//    Converted the Byte value 100 to the SByte value 100.
//    The Byte value 255 is outside the range of the SByte type.
let bytes = 
    [| Byte.MinValue; 14uy; 122uy; Byte.MaxValue |]

for byteValue in bytes do
    let result = Convert.ToSByte byteValue
    printfn $"Converted the {byteValue.GetType().Name} value {byteValue} to the {result.GetType().Name} value {result}."
// The example displays the following output:
//       Converted the Byte value 0 to the SByte value 0.
//       Converted the Byte value 14 to the SByte value 14.
//       Converted the Byte value 122 to the SByte value 122.
//       Converted the Byte value 255 to the SByte value 255.
Dim numbers() As Byte = { Byte.MinValue, 10, 100, Byte.MaxValue }
Dim result As SByte
For Each number As Byte In numbers
   Try
      result = Convert.ToSByte(number)
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.", _
                        number.GetType().Name, number, _
                        result.GetType().Name, result)
   Catch e As OverflowException
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the SByte type.", _
                        number.GetType().Name, number)
   End Try
Next
' The example displays the following output:
'    Converted the Byte value 0 to the SByte value 0.
'    Converted the Byte value 10 to the SByte value 10.
'    Converted the Byte value 100 to the SByte value 100.
'    The Byte value 255 is outside the range of the SByte type.

適用対象

ToSByte(Char)

重要

この API は CLS 準拠ではありません。

指定した Unicode 文字の値を等価の 8 ビット符号付き整数に変換します。

public:
 static System::SByte ToSByte(char value);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static sbyte ToSByte (char value);
[<System.CLSCompliant(false)>]
static member ToSByte : char -> sbyte
Public Shared Function ToSByte (value As Char) As SByte

パラメーター

value
Char

変換する Unicode 文字。

戻り値

SByte

value と等価の 8 ビット符号付き整数。

属性

例外

valueSByte.MaxValue より大きい。

次の例では、値の配列 Char 内の各要素を符号付きバイトに変換しようとします。

char[] chars = { 'a', 'z', '\u0007', '\u0200', '\u1023' };
foreach (char ch in chars)
{
   try {
      sbyte result = Convert.ToSByte(ch);
      Console.WriteLine("{0} is converted to {1}.", ch, result);
   }
   catch (OverflowException) {
      Console.WriteLine("Unable to convert u+{0} to a byte.",
                        Convert.ToInt16(ch).ToString("X4"));
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    a is converted to 97.
//    z is converted to 122.
//     is converted to 7.
//    Unable to convert u+00C8 to a byte.
//    Unable to convert u+03FF to a byte.
let chars = 
    [| 'a'; 'z'; '\u0007'; '\u03FF'; '\u7FFF'; '\uFFFE' |]

for ch in chars do
    try
        let result = Convert.ToSByte ch
        printfn $"Converted the {ch.GetType().Name} value '{ch}' to the {result.GetType().Name} value {result}."
    with :? OverflowException ->
        printfn $"Unable to convert u+{int ch:X4} to an Int32."
// The example displays the following output:
//       Converted the Char value 'a' to the SByte value 97.
//       Converted the Char value 'z' to the SByte value 122.
//       Converted the Char value '' to the SByte value 7.
//       Converted the Char value 'Ͽ' to the SByte value 1023.
//       Converted the Char value '翿' to the SByte value 32767.
//       Converted the Char value '￾' to the SByte value 65534.
Dim chars() As Char = { "a"c, "z"c, ChrW(7), ChrW(200), ChrW(1023) }
For Each ch As Char in chars
   Try
      Dim result As SByte = Convert.ToSByte(ch)
      Console.WriteLine("{0} is converted to {1}.", ch, result)
   Catch e As OverflowException
      Console.WriteLine("Unable to convert u+{0} to a byte.", _
                        AscW(ch).ToString("X4"))
   End Try
Next   
' The example displays the following output:
'    a is converted to 97.
'    z is converted to 122.
'     is converted to 7.
'    Unable to convert u+00C8 to a byte.
'    Unable to convert u+03FF to a byte.

適用対象

ToSByte(DateTime)

重要

この API は CLS 準拠ではありません。

このメソッドを呼び出すと、必ず InvalidCastException がスローされます。

public:
 static System::SByte ToSByte(DateTime value);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static sbyte ToSByte (DateTime value);
[<System.CLSCompliant(false)>]
static member ToSByte : DateTime -> sbyte
Public Shared Function ToSByte (value As DateTime) As SByte

パラメーター

value
DateTime

変換する日時の値。

戻り値

SByte

この変換はサポートされていません。 値は返されません。

属性

例外

この変換はサポートされていません。

適用対象

ToSByte(Boolean)

重要

この API は CLS 準拠ではありません。

指定したブール値を等価の 8 ビット符号付き整数に変換します。

public:
 static System::SByte ToSByte(bool value);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static sbyte ToSByte (bool value);
[<System.CLSCompliant(false)>]
static member ToSByte : bool -> sbyte
Public Shared Function ToSByte (value As Boolean) As SByte

パラメーター

value
Boolean

変換するブール値。

戻り値

SByte

valuetrue の場合は数値の 1。それ以外の場合は 0。

属性

次の例では、ブール値 truefalse 符号付きバイト値に変換します。

bool falseFlag = false;
bool trueFlag = true;

Console.WriteLine("{0} converts to {1}.", falseFlag,
                  Convert.ToSByte(falseFlag));
Console.WriteLine("{0} converts to {1}.", trueFlag,
                  Convert.ToSByte(trueFlag));
// The example displays the following output:
//       false converts to 0.
//       true converts to 1.
let falseFlag = false
let trueFlag = true

printfn $"{falseFlag} converts to {Convert.ToSByte falseFlag}."
printfn $"{trueFlag} converts to {Convert.ToSByte trueFlag}."
// The example displays the following output:
//       False converts to 0.
//       True converts to 1.
Dim falseFlag As Boolean = False
Dim trueFlag As Boolean = True

Console.WriteLine("{0} converts to {1}.", falseFlag, _
                  Convert.ToSByte(falseFlag))
Console.WriteLine("{0} converts to {1}.", trueFlag, _
                  Convert.ToSByte(trueFlag))
' The example displays the following output:
'       False converts to 0.
'       True converts to 1.

適用対象

ToSByte(Double)

重要

この API は CLS 準拠ではありません。

指定した倍精度浮動小数点数値を等価の 8 ビット符号付き整数に変換します。

public:
 static System::SByte ToSByte(double value);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static sbyte ToSByte (double value);
[<System.CLSCompliant(false)>]
static member ToSByte : double -> sbyte
Public Shared Function ToSByte (value As Double) As SByte

パラメーター

value
Double

変換する倍精度浮動小数点数。

戻り値

SByte

近似値の 8 ビット符号付き整数に丸められた valuevalue が 2 つの整数のちょうど中間にある場合は、偶数が返されます。つまり、4.5 は 4 に変換され、5.5 は 6 に変換されます。

属性

例外

valueSByte.MaxValue より大きいか 、SByte.MinValue 未満です。

次の例では、値の配列 Double 内の各要素を符号付きバイトに変換しようとします。

double[] numbers = { Double.MinValue, -129.5, -12.7, 0, 16,
                     103.6, 255.0, 1.63509e17, Double.MaxValue};
sbyte result;

foreach (double number in numbers)
{
   try {
      result = Convert.ToSByte(number);
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.",
                        number.GetType().Name, number,
                        result.GetType().Name, result);
   }
   catch (OverflowException) {
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the SByte type.",
                        number.GetType().Name, number);
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    The Double value -1.79769313486232E+308 is outside the range of the SByte type.
//    The Double value -129.5 is outside the range of the SByte type.
//    Converted the Double value -12.7 to the SByte value -13.
//    Converted the Double value 0 to the SByte value 0.
//    Converted the Double value 16 to the SByte value 16.
//    Converted the Double value 103.6 to the SByte value 104.
//    The Double value 255 is outside the range of the SByte type.
//    The Double value 1.63509E+17 is outside the range of the SByte type.
//    The Double value 1.79769313486232E+308 is outside the range of the SByte type.
let values = 
    [| Double.MinValue; -1.38e10; -1023.299; -12.98
       0; 9.113e-16; 103.919; 17834.191; Double.MaxValue |]

for value in values do
    try
        let result = Convert.ToSByte value
        printfn $"Converted the {value.GetType().Name} value '{value}' to the {result.GetType().Name} value {result}."
    with :? OverflowException ->
        printfn $"{value} is outside the range of the SByte type."
//    -1.79769313486232E+308 is outside the range of the SByte type.
//    -13800000000 is outside the range of the SByte type.
//    Converted the Double value '-1023.299' to the SByte value -1023.
//    Converted the Double value '-12.98' to the SByte value -13.
//    Converted the Double value '0' to the SByte value 0.
//    Converted the Double value '9.113E-16' to the SByte value 0.
//    Converted the Double value '103.919' to the SByte value 104.
//    Converted the Double value '17834.191' to the SByte value 17834.
//    1.79769313486232E+308 is outside the range of the SByte type.
Dim numbers() As Double = { Double.MinValue, -129.5, -12.7, 0, 16, _
                            103.6, 255.0, 1.63509e17, Double.MaxValue}
Dim result As SByte

For Each number As Double In numbers
   Try
      result = Convert.ToSByte(number)
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.", _
                        number.GetType().Name, number, _
                        result.GetType().Name, result)
   Catch e As OverflowException
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the SByte type.", _
                        number.GetType().Name, number)
   End Try
Next                                  
' The example displays the following output:
'    The Double value -1.79769313486232E+308 is outside the range of the SByte type.
'    The Double value -129.5 is outside the range of the SByte type.
'    Converted the Double value -12.7 to the SByte value -13.
'    Converted the Double value 0 to the SByte value 0.
'    Converted the Double value 16 to the SByte value 16.
'    Converted the Double value 103.6 to the SByte value 104.
'    The Double value 255 is outside the range of the SByte type.
'    The Double value 1.63509E+17 is outside the range of the SByte type.
'    The Double value 1.79769313486232E+308 is outside the range of the SByte type.

こちらもご覧ください

適用対象

ToSByte(Int16)

重要

この API は CLS 準拠ではありません。

指定した 16 ビット符号付き整数の値を等価の 8 ビット符号付き整数に変換します。

public:
 static System::SByte ToSByte(short value);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static sbyte ToSByte (short value);
[<System.CLSCompliant(false)>]
static member ToSByte : int16 -> sbyte
Public Shared Function ToSByte (value As Short) As SByte

パラメーター

value
Int16

変換する 16 ビット符号付き整数。

戻り値

SByte

value と等価の 8 ビット符号付き整数。

属性

例外

valueSByte.MaxValue より大きいか 、SByte.MinValue 未満です。

次の例では、符号付き 16 ビット整数の配列内の各要素を符号付きバイトに変換しようとしています。

short[] numbers = { Int16.MinValue, -1, 0, 121, 340, Int16.MaxValue };
sbyte result;
foreach (short number in numbers)
{
   try {
      result = Convert.ToSByte(number);
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.",
                        number.GetType().Name, number,
                        result.GetType().Name, result);
   }
   catch (OverflowException) {
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the SByte type.",
                        number.GetType().Name, number);
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    The Int16 value -32768 is outside the range of the SByte type.
//    Converted the Int16 value -1 to the SByte value -1.
//    Converted the Int16 value 0 to the SByte value 0.
//    Converted the Int16 value 121 to the SByte value 121.
//    The Int16 value 340 is outside the range of the SByte type.
//    The Int16 value 32767 is outside the range of the SByte type.
let numbers = 
    [| Int16.MinValue; -1s; 0s; 121s; 340s; Int16.MaxValue |]

for number in numbers do
    let result = Convert.ToSByte number
    printfn $"Converted the {number.GetType().Name} value {number} to a {result.GetType().Name} value {result}."
// The example displays the following output:
//    Converted the Int16 value -32768 to a Int64 value -32768.
//    Converted the Int16 value -1 to a Int64 value -1.
//    Converted the Int16 value 0 to a Int64 value 0.
//    Converted the Int16 value 121 to a Int64 value 121.
//    Converted the Int16 value 340 to a Int64 value 340.
//    Converted the Int16 value 32767 to a Int64 value 32767.
Dim numbers() As Short = { Int16.MinValue, -1, 0, 121, 340, Int16.MaxValue }
Dim result As SByte
For Each number As Short In numbers
   Try
      result = Convert.ToSByte(number)
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.", _
                        number.GetType().Name, number, _
                        result.GetType().Name, result)
   Catch e As OverflowException
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the SByte type.", _
                        number.GetType().Name, number)
   End Try
Next
' The example displays the following output:
'    The Int16 value -32768 is outside the range of the SByte type.
'    Converted the Int16 value -1 to the SByte value -1.
'    Converted the Int16 value 0 to the SByte value 0.
'    Converted the Int16 value 121 to the SByte value 121.
'    The Int16 value 340 is outside the range of the SByte type.
'    The Int16 value 32767 is outside the range of the SByte type.

適用対象

ToSByte(Decimal)

重要

この API は CLS 準拠ではありません。

指定した 10 進数値を等価の 8 ビット符号付き整数に変換します。

public:
 static System::SByte ToSByte(System::Decimal value);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static sbyte ToSByte (decimal value);
[<System.CLSCompliant(false)>]
static member ToSByte : decimal -> sbyte
Public Shared Function ToSByte (value As Decimal) As SByte

パラメーター

value
Decimal

変換する 10 進数。

戻り値

SByte

近似値の 8 ビット符号付き整数に丸められた valuevalue が 2 つの整数のちょうど中間にある場合は、偶数が返されます。つまり、4.5 は 4 に変換され、5.5 は 6 に変換されます。

属性

例外

valueSByte.MaxValue より大きいか 、SByte.MinValue 未満です。

次の例では、値の配列 Decimal 内の各要素を符号付きバイトに変換しようとします。

decimal[] numbers = { Decimal.MinValue, -129.5m, -12.7m, 0m, 16m,
                      103.6m, 255.0m, Decimal.MaxValue };
sbyte result;

foreach (decimal number in numbers)
{
   try {
      result = Convert.ToSByte(number);
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.",
                        number.GetType().Name, number,
                        result.GetType().Name, result);
   }
   catch (OverflowException) {
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the SByte type.",
                        number.GetType().Name, number);
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    The Decimal value -79228162514264337593543950335 is outside the range of the SByte type.
//    The Decimal value -129.5 is outside the range of the SByte type.
//    Converted the Decimal value -12.7 to the SByte value -13.
//    Converted the Decimal value 0 to the SByte value 0.
//    Converted the Decimal value 16 to the SByte value 16.
//    Converted the Decimal value 103.6 to the SByte value 104.
//    The Decimal value 255 is outside the range of the SByte type.
//    The Decimal value 79228162514264337593543950335 is outside the range of the SByte type.
let values = 
    [| Decimal.MinValue; -1034.23m; -12m; 0m; 147m
       199.55m; 9214.16m; Decimal.MaxValue |]

for value in values do
    try
        let result = Convert.ToSByte value
        printfn $"Converted the {value.GetType().Name} value '{value}' to the {result.GetType().Name} value {result}."
    with :? OverflowException ->
        printfn $"{value} is outside the range of the SByte type."
// The example displays the following output:
//    -79228162514264337593543950335 is outside the range of the SByte type.
//    Converted the Decimal value '-1034.23' to the SByte value -1034.
//    Converted the Decimal value '-12' to the SByte value -12.
//    Converted the Decimal value '0' to the SByte value 0.
//    Converted the Decimal value '147' to the SByte value 147.
//    Converted the Decimal value '199.55' to the SByte value 200.
//    Converted the Decimal value '9214.16' to the SByte value 9214.
//    79228162514264337593543950335 is outside the range of the SByte type.
Dim numbers() As Decimal = { Decimal.MinValue, -129.5d, -12.7d, 0d, 16d, _
                             103.6d, 255.0d, Decimal.MaxValue }
Dim result As SByte

For Each number As Decimal In numbers
   Try
      result = Convert.ToSByte(number)
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.", _
                        number.GetType().Name, number, _
                        result.GetType().Name, result)
   Catch e As OverflowException
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the SByte type.", _
                        number.GetType().Name, number)
   End Try
Next                         
' The example displays the following output:
'    The Decimal value -79228162514264337593543950335 is outside the range of the SByte type.
'    The Decimal value -129.5 is outside the range of the SByte type.
'    Converted the Decimal value -12.7 to the SByte value -13.
'    Converted the Decimal value 0 to the SByte value 0.
'    Converted the Decimal value 16 to the SByte value 16.
'    Converted the Decimal value 103.6 to the SByte value 104.
'    The Decimal value 255 is outside the range of the SByte type.
'    The Decimal value 79228162514264337593543950335 is outside the range of the SByte type.

こちらもご覧ください

適用対象