String.StartsWith メソッド

定義

オーバーロード

StartsWith(String, Boolean, CultureInfo)

指定されたカルチャを使って比較した場合に、この文字列インスタンスの先頭が、指定された文字列と一致するかどうかを判断します。

StartsWith(String, StringComparison)

指定された比較オプションを使って比較した場合に、この文字列インスタンスの先頭が、指定された文字列と一致するかどうかを判断します。

StartsWith(Char)

この文字列インスタンスが指定した文字で始まっているかどうかを判断します。

StartsWith(String)

この文字列インスタンスの先頭が、指定した文字列と一致するかどうかを判断します。

StartsWith(String, Boolean, CultureInfo)

指定されたカルチャを使って比較した場合に、この文字列インスタンスの先頭が、指定された文字列と一致するかどうかを判断します。

public:
 bool StartsWith(System::String ^ value, bool ignoreCase, System::Globalization::CultureInfo ^ culture);
public bool StartsWith (string value, bool ignoreCase, System.Globalization.CultureInfo? culture);
public bool StartsWith (string value, bool ignoreCase, System.Globalization.CultureInfo culture);
member this.StartsWith : string * bool * System.Globalization.CultureInfo -> bool
Public Function StartsWith (value As String, ignoreCase As Boolean, culture As CultureInfo) As Boolean

パラメーター

value
String

比較対象の文字列。

ignoreCase
Boolean

比較時に大文字と小文字の区別を無視する場合は true。それ以外の場合は false

culture
CultureInfo

この文字列と value との比較方法を決定するカルチャ情報。 culturenull の場合は、現在のカルチャが使用されます。

戻り値

true パラメーターがこの文字列の先頭と一致する場合は value。それ以外の場合は false

例外

valuenullです。

次の例では、文字列が別の文字列の先頭に出現するかどうかを判断します。 メソッドは StartsWith 、大文字と小文字の区別、大文字と小文字の区別、および検索の結果に影響を与えるさまざまなカルチャを使用して複数回呼び出されます。

// This code example demonstrates the 
// System.String.StartsWith(String, ..., CultureInfo) method.

using System;
using System.Threading;
using System.Globalization;

class Sample 
{
    public static void Main() 
    {
    string msg1 = "Search for the target string \"{0}\" in the string \"{1}\".\n";
    string msg2 = "Using the {0} - \"{1}\" culture:";
    string msg3 = "  The string to search ends with the target string: {0}";
    bool result = false;
    CultureInfo ci;

// Define a target string to search for.
// U+00c5 = LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE
    string capitalARing = "\u00c5";

// Define a string to search. 
// The result of combining the characters LATIN SMALL LETTER A and COMBINING 
// RING ABOVE (U+0061, U+030a) is linguistically equivalent to the character 
// LATIN SMALL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE (U+00e5).
    string aRingXYZ = "\u0061\u030a" + "xyz";

// Clear the screen and display an introduction.
    Console.Clear();

// Display the string to search for and the string to search.
    Console.WriteLine(msg1, capitalARing, aRingXYZ);

// Search using English-United States culture.
    ci = new CultureInfo("en-US");
    Console.WriteLine(msg2, ci.DisplayName, ci.Name);

    Console.WriteLine("Case sensitive:");
    result = aRingXYZ.StartsWith(capitalARing, false, ci);
    Console.WriteLine(msg3, result);

    Console.WriteLine("Case insensitive:");
    result = aRingXYZ.StartsWith(capitalARing, true, ci);
    Console.WriteLine(msg3, result);
    Console.WriteLine();

// Search using Swedish-Sweden culture.
    ci = new CultureInfo("sv-SE");
    Console.WriteLine(msg2, ci.DisplayName, ci.Name);

    Console.WriteLine("Case sensitive:");
    result = aRingXYZ.StartsWith(capitalARing, false, ci);
    Console.WriteLine(msg3, result);

    Console.WriteLine("Case insensitive:");
    result = aRingXYZ.StartsWith(capitalARing, true, ci);
    Console.WriteLine(msg3, result);
    }
}

/*
Note: This code example was executed on a console whose user interface 
culture is "en-US" (English-United States).

Search for the target string "Å" in the string "a°xyz".

Using the English (United States) - "en-US" culture:
Case sensitive:
  The string to search ends with the target string: False
Case insensitive:
  The string to search ends with the target string: True

Using the Swedish (Sweden) - "sv-SE" culture:
Case sensitive:
  The string to search ends with the target string: False
Case insensitive:
  The string to search ends with the target string: False

*/
// This code example demonstrates the
// System.String.StartsWith(String, ..., CultureInfo) method.

open System
open System.Globalization
 
[<EntryPoint>]
let main _ =
    let msg1 = "Search for the target string \"{0}\" in the string \"{1}\".\n"
    let msg2 = "Using the {0} - \"{1}\" culture:"
    let msg3 = "  The string to search ends with the target string: {0}"

    // Define a target string to search for.
    // U+00c5 = LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE
    let capitalARing = "\u00c5"

    // Define a string to search.
    // The result of combining the characters LATIN SMALL LETTER A and COMBINING
    // RING ABOVE (U+0061, U+030a) is linguistically equivalent to the character
    // LATIN SMALL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE (U+00e5).
    let aRingXYZ = "\u0061\u030a" + "xyz"

    // Clear the screen and display an introduction.
    Console.Clear()

    // Display the string to search for and the string to search.
    Console.WriteLine(msg1, capitalARing, aRingXYZ)

    // Search using English-United States culture.
    let ci = CultureInfo "en-US"
    Console.WriteLine(msg2, ci.DisplayName, ci.Name)

    printfn "Case sensitive:"
    let result = aRingXYZ.StartsWith(capitalARing, false, ci)
    Console.WriteLine(msg3, result)

    printfn "Case insensitive:"
    let result = aRingXYZ.StartsWith(capitalARing, true, ci)
    Console.WriteLine(msg3, result)
    printfn ""

    // Search using Swedish-Sweden culture.
    let ci = CultureInfo "sv-SE"
    Console.WriteLine(msg2, ci.DisplayName, ci.Name)

    printfn "Case sensitive:"
    let result = aRingXYZ.StartsWith(capitalARing, false, ci)
    Console.WriteLine(msg3, result)

    printfn "Case insensitive:"
    let result = aRingXYZ.StartsWith(capitalARing, true, ci)
    Console.WriteLine(msg3, result)
    0
(*
Note: This code example was executed on a console whose user interface
culture is "en-US" (English-United States).

Search for the target string "Å" in the string "a°xyz".

Using the English (United States) - "en-US" culture:
Case sensitive:
  The string to search ends with the target string: False
Case insensitive:
  The string to search ends with the target string: True

Using the Swedish (Sweden) - "sv-SE" culture:
Case sensitive:
  The string to search ends with the target string: False
Case insensitive:
  The string to search ends with the target string: False

*)
' This code example demonstrates the 
' System.String.StartsWith(String, ..., CultureInfo) method.

Imports System.Threading
Imports System.Globalization

Class Sample
    Public Shared Sub Main() 
        Dim msg1 As String = "Search for the target string ""{0}"" in the string ""{1}""." & vbCrLf
        Dim msg2 As String = "Using the {0} - ""{1}"" culture:"
        Dim msg3 As String = "  The string to search ends with the target string: {0}"
        Dim result As Boolean = False
        Dim ci As CultureInfo
        
        ' Define a target string to search for.
        ' U+00c5 = LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE
        Dim capitalARing As String = "Å"
        
        ' Define a string to search. 
        ' The result of combining the characters LATIN SMALL LETTER A and COMBINING 
        ' RING ABOVE (U+0061, U+030a) is linguistically equivalent to the character 
        ' LATIN SMALL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE (U+00e5).
        Dim aRingXYZ As String = "å" & "xyz"
        
        ' Clear the screen and display an introduction.
        Console.Clear()
        
        ' Display the string to search for and the string to search.
        Console.WriteLine(msg1, capitalARing, aRingXYZ)
        
        ' Search using English-United States culture.
        ci = New CultureInfo("en-US")
        Console.WriteLine(msg2, ci.DisplayName, ci.Name)
        
        Console.WriteLine("Case sensitive:")
        result = aRingXYZ.StartsWith(capitalARing, False, ci)
        Console.WriteLine(msg3, result)
        
        Console.WriteLine("Case insensitive:")
        result = aRingXYZ.StartsWith(capitalARing, True, ci)
        Console.WriteLine(msg3, result)
        Console.WriteLine()
        
        ' Search using Swedish-Sweden culture.
        ci = New CultureInfo("sv-SE")
        Console.WriteLine(msg2, ci.DisplayName, ci.Name)
        
        Console.WriteLine("Case sensitive:")
        result = aRingXYZ.StartsWith(capitalARing, False, ci)
        Console.WriteLine(msg3, result)
        
        Console.WriteLine("Case insensitive:")
        result = aRingXYZ.StartsWith(capitalARing, True, ci)
        Console.WriteLine(msg3, result)
    
    End Sub
End Class

'
'Note: This code example was executed on a console whose user interface 
'culture is "en-US" (English-United States).
'
'Search for the target string "Å" in the string "a°xyz".
'
'Using the English (United States) - "en-US" culture:
'Case sensitive:
'  The string to search ends with the target string: False
'Case insensitive:
'  The string to search ends with the target string: True
'
'Using the Swedish (Sweden) - "sv-SE" culture:
'Case sensitive:
'  The string to search ends with the target string: False
'Case insensitive:
'  The string to search ends with the target string: False
'

注釈

このメソッドは、 パラメーターを value 、 と同じ長さの valueこの文字列の先頭にある部分文字列と比較し、それらが等しいかどうかを示す値を返します。 等しくするには、 value 空の文字列 (String.Empty)、この同じインスタンスへの参照である必要があります。または、このインスタンスの先頭と一致する必要があります。

このメソッドは、指定した大文字と小文字とカルチャを使用して比較を実行します。

適用対象

StartsWith(String, StringComparison)

指定された比較オプションを使って比較した場合に、この文字列インスタンスの先頭が、指定された文字列と一致するかどうかを判断します。

public:
 bool StartsWith(System::String ^ value, StringComparison comparisonType);
public bool StartsWith (string value, StringComparison comparisonType);
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(false)]
public bool StartsWith (string value, StringComparison comparisonType);
member this.StartsWith : string * StringComparison -> bool
[<System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(false)>]
member this.StartsWith : string * StringComparison -> bool
Public Function StartsWith (value As String, comparisonType As StringComparison) As Boolean

パラメーター

value
String

比較対象の文字列。

comparisonType
StringComparison

この文字列と value との比較方法を決定する列挙値の 1 つ。

戻り値

インスタンスが true で開始する場合は value。それ以外の場合は false

属性

例外

valuenullです。

comparisonTypeStringComparison 値ではありません。

次の例では、"The" という単語で始まる長い文字列の先頭にある文字列 "the" を検索します。 例の出力に示すように、カルチャに依存しないが大文字と小文字を区別する比較を実行するメソッドの StartsWith(String, StringComparison) 呼び出しは文字列と一致しませんが、カルチャと大文字と小文字を区別しない比較を実行する呼び出しは文字列と一致します。

using namespace System;

void main()
{
   String^ title = "The House of the Seven Gables";
   String^ searchString = "the";
   StringComparison comparison = StringComparison::InvariantCulture;
   Console::WriteLine("'{0}':", title);
   Console::WriteLine("   Starts with '{0}' ({1:G} comparison): {2}",
                      searchString, comparison,
                      title->StartsWith(searchString, comparison));

   comparison = StringComparison::InvariantCultureIgnoreCase;
   Console::WriteLine("   Starts with '{0}' ({1:G} comparison): {2}",
                      searchString, comparison,
                      title->StartsWith(searchString, comparison));
   }
// The example displays the following output:
//       'The House of the Seven Gables':
//          Starts with 'the' (InvariantCulture comparison): False
//          Starts with 'the' (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase comparison): True
using System;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      String title = "The House of the Seven Gables";
      String searchString = "the";
      StringComparison comparison = StringComparison.InvariantCulture;
      Console.WriteLine("'{0}':", title);
      Console.WriteLine("   Starts with '{0}' ({1:G} comparison): {2}",
                        searchString, comparison,
                        title.StartsWith(searchString, comparison));

      comparison = StringComparison.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase;
      Console.WriteLine("   Starts with '{0}' ({1:G} comparison): {2}",
                        searchString, comparison,
                        title.StartsWith(searchString, comparison));
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       'The House of the Seven Gables':
//          Starts with 'the' (InvariantCulture comparison): False
//          Starts with 'the' (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase comparison): True
open System

let title = "The House of the Seven Gables"
let searchString = "the"
let comparison = StringComparison.InvariantCulture
printfn $"'{title}':"
printfn $"   Starts with '{searchString}' ({comparison:G} comparison): {title.StartsWith(searchString, comparison)}"

let comparison2 = StringComparison.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase
printfn $"   Starts with '{searchString}' ({comparison2:G} comparison): {title.StartsWith(searchString, comparison2)}"
// The example displays the following output:
//       'The House of the Seven Gables':
//          Starts with 'the' (InvariantCulture comparison): False
//          Starts with 'the' (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase comparison): True
Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim title As String = "The House of the Seven Gables"
      Dim searchString As String = "the"
      Dim comparison As StringComparison = StringComparison.InvariantCulture
      Console.WriteLine("'{0}':", title)
      Console.WriteLine("   Starts with '{0}' ({1:G} comparison): {2}",
                        searchString, comparison,
                        title.StartsWith(searchString, comparison))

      comparison = StringComparison.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase
      Console.WriteLine("   Starts with '{0}' ({1:G} comparison): {2}",
                        searchString, comparison,
                        title.StartsWith(searchString, comparison))
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'    'The House of the Seven Gables':
'       Starts with 'the' (InvariantCulture comparison): False
'       Starts with 'the' (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase comparison): True

次の例では、文字列が特定の部分文字列で始まるかどうかを判断します。 2 次元文字列配列を初期化します。 2 番目のディメンションの最初の要素には文字列が含まれており、2 番目の要素には最初の文字列の先頭で検索する文字列が含まれています。 結果は、カルチャの選択、大文字と小文字の区別が無視されるかどうか、序数比較が実行されるかどうかの影響を受けます。 文字列インスタンスに合字が含まれている場合、カルチャに依存する比較とその連続する文字が正常に一致することに注意してください。

using namespace System;

void main()
{
   array<String^, 2>^ strings = gcnew array<String^, 2> { {"ABCdef", "abc" },                    
                         {"ABCdef", "abc" }, {"œil","oe" }, 
                         { "læring}", "lae" } };
   for (int ctr1 = strings->GetLowerBound(0); ctr1 <= strings->GetUpperBound(0); ctr1++)
   {
         for each (String^ cmpName in Enum::GetNames(StringComparison::typeid))
         { 
            StringComparison strCmp = (StringComparison) Enum::Parse(StringComparison::typeid, 
                                                         cmpName);
            String^ instance = strings[ctr1, 0];
            String^ value = strings[ctr1, 1];
            Console::WriteLine("{0} starts with {1}: {2} ({3} comparison)", 
                               instance, value, 
                               instance->StartsWith(value, strCmp), 
                               strCmp); 
         }
         Console::WriteLine();   
   }   
}

// The example displays the following output:
//       ABCdef starts with abc: False (CurrentCulture comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: True (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: False (InvariantCulture comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: True (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: False (Ordinal comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: True (OrdinalIgnoreCase comparison)
//       
//       ABCdef starts with abc: False (CurrentCulture comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: True (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: False (InvariantCulture comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: True (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: False (Ordinal comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: True (OrdinalIgnoreCase comparison)
//       
//       œil starts with oe: True (CurrentCulture comparison)
//       œil starts with oe: True (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
//       œil starts with oe: True (InvariantCulture comparison)
//       œil starts with oe: True (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
//       œil starts with oe: False (Ordinal comparison)
//       œil starts with oe: False (OrdinalIgnoreCase comparison)
//       
//       læring} starts with lae: True (CurrentCulture comparison)
//       læring} starts with lae: True (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
//       læring} starts with lae: True (InvariantCulture comparison)
//       læring} starts with lae: True (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
//       læring} starts with lae: False (Ordinal comparison)
//       læring} starts with lae: False (OrdinalIgnoreCase comparison)
using System;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      string[,] strings = { {"ABCdef", "abc" },                    
                            {"ABCdef", "abc" },  
                            {"œil","oe" },
                            { "læring}", "lae" } };
      for (int ctr1 = strings.GetLowerBound(0); ctr1 <= strings.GetUpperBound(0); ctr1++)
      {
            foreach (string cmpName in Enum.GetNames(typeof(StringComparison)))
            { 
               StringComparison strCmp = (StringComparison) Enum.Parse(typeof(StringComparison), 
                                                      cmpName);
               string instance = strings[ctr1, 0];
               string value = strings[ctr1, 1];
               Console.WriteLine("{0} starts with {1}: {2} ({3} comparison)", 
                                 instance, value, 
                                 instance.StartsWith(value, strCmp), 
                                 strCmp); 
            }
            Console.WriteLine();   
      }   
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       ABCdef starts with abc: False (CurrentCulture comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: True (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: False (InvariantCulture comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: True (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: False (Ordinal comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: True (OrdinalIgnoreCase comparison)
//       
//       ABCdef starts with abc: False (CurrentCulture comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: True (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: False (InvariantCulture comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: True (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: False (Ordinal comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: True (OrdinalIgnoreCase comparison)
//       
//       œil starts with oe: True (CurrentCulture comparison)
//       œil starts with oe: True (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
//       œil starts with oe: True (InvariantCulture comparison)
//       œil starts with oe: True (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
//       œil starts with oe: False (Ordinal comparison)
//       œil starts with oe: False (OrdinalIgnoreCase comparison)
//       
//       læring} starts with lae: True (CurrentCulture comparison)
//       læring} starts with lae: True (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
//       læring} starts with lae: True (InvariantCulture comparison)
//       læring} starts with lae: True (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
//       læring} starts with lae: False (Ordinal comparison)
//       læring} starts with lae: False (OrdinalIgnoreCase comparison)
open System

let strings =
    array2D 
      [ [ "ABCdef"; "abc" ]
        [ "ABCdef"; "abc" ]
        [ "œil"; "oe" ]
        [ "læring}"; "lae" ] ]

for ctr1 = strings.GetLowerBound 0 to strings.GetUpperBound 0 do
    for cmpName in Enum.GetNames typeof<StringComparison> do
        let strCmp = Enum.Parse(typeof<StringComparison>, cmpName) :?> StringComparison
        let instance = strings[ctr1, 0]
        let value = strings[ctr1, 1]
        printfn $"{instance} starts with {value}: {instance.StartsWith(value, strCmp)} ({strCmp} comparison)"
    printfn ""
// The example displays the following output:
//       ABCdef starts with abc: False (CurrentCulture comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: True (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: False (InvariantCulture comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: True (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: False (Ordinal comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: True (OrdinalIgnoreCase comparison)
//
//       ABCdef starts with abc: False (CurrentCulture comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: True (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: False (InvariantCulture comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: True (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: False (Ordinal comparison)
//       ABCdef starts with abc: True (OrdinalIgnoreCase comparison)
//
//       œil starts with oe: True (CurrentCulture comparison)
//       œil starts with oe: True (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
//       œil starts with oe: True (InvariantCulture comparison)
//       œil starts with oe: True (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
//       œil starts with oe: False (Ordinal comparison)
//       œil starts with oe: False (OrdinalIgnoreCase comparison)
//
//       læring} starts with lae: True (CurrentCulture comparison)
//       læring} starts with lae: True (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
//       læring} starts with lae: True (InvariantCulture comparison)
//       læring} starts with lae: True (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
//       læring} starts with lae: False (Ordinal comparison)
//       læring} starts with lae: False (OrdinalIgnoreCase comparison)
Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim strings(,) As String = { {"ABCdef", "abc" },                    
                                   {"ABCdef", "abc" },  
                                   {"œil","oe" },
                                   { "læring}", "lae" } }
      For ctr1 As Integer = strings.GetLowerBound(0) To strings.GetUpperBound(0)
            For Each cmpName As String In [Enum].GetNames(GetType(StringComparison)) 
               Dim strCmp As StringComparison = CType([Enum].Parse(GetType(StringComparison), 
                                                      cmpName), StringComparison)
               Dim instance As String = strings(ctr1, 0)
               Dim value As String = strings(ctr1, 1)
               Console.WriteLine("{0} starts with {1}: {2} ({3} comparison)", 
                                 instance, value, 
                                 instance.StartsWith(value, strCmp), 
                                 strCmp) 
            Next
            Console.WriteLine()   
      Next   
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       ABCdef starts with abc: False (CurrentCulture comparison)
'       ABCdef starts with abc: True (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
'       ABCdef starts with abc: False (InvariantCulture comparison)
'       ABCdef starts with abc: True (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
'       ABCdef starts with abc: False (Ordinal comparison)
'       ABCdef starts with abc: True (OrdinalIgnoreCase comparison)
'       
'       ABCdef starts with abc: False (CurrentCulture comparison)
'       ABCdef starts with abc: True (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
'       ABCdef starts with abc: False (InvariantCulture comparison)
'       ABCdef starts with abc: True (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
'       ABCdef starts with abc: False (Ordinal comparison)
'       ABCdef starts with abc: True (OrdinalIgnoreCase comparison)
'       
'       œil starts with oe: True (CurrentCulture comparison)
'       œil starts with oe: True (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
'       œil starts with oe: True (InvariantCulture comparison)
'       œil starts with oe: True (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
'       œil starts with oe: False (Ordinal comparison)
'       œil starts with oe: False (OrdinalIgnoreCase comparison)
'       
'       læring} starts with lae: True (CurrentCulture comparison)
'       læring} starts with lae: True (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
'       læring} starts with lae: True (InvariantCulture comparison)
'       læring} starts with lae: True (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase comparison)
'       læring} starts with lae: False (Ordinal comparison)
'       læring} starts with lae: False (OrdinalIgnoreCase comparison)

注釈

メソッドは StartsWith 、 パラメーターを value この文字列の先頭にある部分文字列と比較し、それらが等しいかどうかを示す値を返します。 等しくするには、 value この同じ文字列への参照である必要があります。空の文字列 ("")、またはこの文字列の先頭と一致している必要があります。 メソッドによって実行される StartsWith 比較の種類は、 パラメーターの comparisonType 値によって異なります。 比較では、現在のカルチャ (StringComparison.CurrentCultureStringComparison.CurrentCultureIgnoreCase) またはインバリアント カルチャ ( と StringComparison.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase) の規則を使用できます。または、コード ポイント (StringComparison.InvariantCultureStringComparison.Ordinal または StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase) の文字ごとの比較で構成できます。 比較では、大文字と小文字を区別することもできます (、、StringComparison.InvariantCulture、)、または大文字とStringComparison.Ordinal小文字を無視することもできます (StringComparison.CurrentCultureIgnoreCase、、StringComparison.InvariantCultureIgnoreCaseStringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase)。StringComparison.CurrentCulture

こちらもご覧ください

適用対象

StartsWith(Char)

この文字列インスタンスが指定した文字で始まっているかどうかを判断します。

public:
 bool StartsWith(char value);
public bool StartsWith (char value);
member this.StartsWith : char -> bool
Public Function StartsWith (value As Char) As Boolean

パラメーター

value
Char

比較対象の文字。

戻り値

この文字列の先頭が value と一致する場合は true。それ以外の場合は false

注釈

このメソッドは、序数 (大文字と小文字を区別し、カルチャに依存しない) 比較を実行します。

適用対象

StartsWith(String)

この文字列インスタンスの先頭が、指定した文字列と一致するかどうかを判断します。

public:
 bool StartsWith(System::String ^ value);
public bool StartsWith (string value);
member this.StartsWith : string -> bool
Public Function StartsWith (value As String) As Boolean

パラメーター

value
String

比較対象の文字列。

戻り値

この文字列の先頭が value と一致する場合は true。それ以外の場合は false

例外

valuenullです。

次の例では、 メソッドを StripStartTags 使用して、文字列の StartsWith(String) 先頭から HTML 開始タグを削除するメソッドを定義します。 StripStartTagsメソッドは再帰的に呼び出され、行の先頭にある複数の HTML 開始タグが確実に削除されることに注意してください。 この例では、文字列に埋め込まれた HTML タグは削除されません。

using namespace System;

String^ StripStartTags( String^ item )
{
   // Determine whether a tag begins the string.
   if (item->Trim()->StartsWith("<")) {
      // Find the closing tag.
      int lastLocation = item->IndexOf(">");
      
      // Remove the tag.
      if ( lastLocation >= 0 ) {
         item = item->Substring(lastLocation+ 1);
            
         // Remove any additional starting tags.
         item = StripStartTags(item);
      }      
   }

   return item;
}

int main()
{
   array<String^>^ strSource = { "<b>This is bold text</b>",
                   "<H1>This is large Text</H1>",
                   "<b><i><font color=green>This has multiple tags</font></i></b>",
                   "<b>This has <i>embedded</i> tags.</b>",
                   "<This line simply begins with a lesser than symbol, it should not be modified" };
   
   // Display the initial string array.
   Console::WriteLine("The original strings:");
   Console::WriteLine("---------------------");
   for each (String^ s in strSource)    
      Console::WriteLine( s );
   Console::WriteLine();

   Console::WriteLine( "Strings after starting tags have been stripped:");
   Console::WriteLine( "-----------------------------------------------");
   
   // Display the strings with starting tags removed.
   for each (String^ s in strSource)
      Console::WriteLine(StripStartTags(s));
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    The original strings:
//    ---------------------
//    <b>This is bold text</b>
//    <H1>This is large Text</H1>
//    <b><i><font color = green>This has multiple tags</font></i></b>
//    <b>This has <i>embedded</i> tags.</b>
//    <This line simply begins with a lesser than symbol, it should not be modified
//    
//    Strings after starting tags have been stripped:
//    -----------------------------------------------
//    This is bold text</b>
//    This is large Text</H1>
//    This has multiple tags</font></i></b>
//    This has <i>embedded</i> tags.</b>
//    <This line simply begins with a lesser than symbol, it should not be modified
using System;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main() {
      string [] strSource = { "<b>This is bold text</b>", "<H1>This is large Text</H1>",
                "<b><i><font color=green>This has multiple tags</font></i></b>",
                "<b>This has <i>embedded</i> tags.</b>",
                "<This line simply begins with a lesser than symbol, it should not be modified" };

      // Display the initial string array.
      Console.WriteLine("The original strings:");
      Console.WriteLine("---------------------");
      foreach (var s in strSource)
         Console.WriteLine(s);
      Console.WriteLine();

      Console.WriteLine("Strings after starting tags have been stripped:");
      Console.WriteLine("-----------------------------------------------");

      // Display the strings with starting tags removed.
     foreach (var s in strSource)
        Console.WriteLine(StripStartTags(s));
   }

   private static string StripStartTags(string item)
   {
      // Determine whether a tag begins the string.
      if (item.Trim().StartsWith("<")) {
         // Find the closing tag.
         int lastLocation = item.IndexOf( ">" );
         // Remove the tag.
         if (lastLocation >= 0) {
            item =  item.Substring( lastLocation + 1 );

            // Remove any additional starting tags.
            item = StripStartTags(item);
         }
      }

      return item;
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    The original strings:
//    ---------------------
//    <b>This is bold text</b>
//    <H1>This is large Text</H1>
//    <b><i><font color = green>This has multiple tags</font></i></b>
//    <b>This has <i>embedded</i> tags.</b>
//    <This line simply begins with a lesser than symbol, it should not be modified
//
//    Strings after starting tags have been stripped:
//    -----------------------------------------------
//    This is bold text</b>
//    This is large Text</H1>
//    This has multiple tags</font></i></b>
//    This has <i>embedded</i> tags.</b>
//    <This line simply begins with a lesser than symbol, it should not be modified
let rec stripStartTags (item: string) =
    // Determine whether a tag begins the string.
    if item.Trim().StartsWith "<" then
        // Find the closing tag.
        let lastLocation = item.IndexOf ">"
        // Remove the tag.
        let item = 
            if lastLocation >= 0 then
                item.Substring( lastLocation + 1 )
            else 
                item

        // Remove any additional starting tags.
        stripStartTags item
    else
        item

let strSource = 
    [| "<b>This is bold text</b>"; "<H1>This is large Text</H1>"
       "<b><i><font color=green>This has multiple tags</font></i></b>"
       "<b>This has <i>embedded</i> tags.</b>"
       "<This line simply begins with a lesser than symbol, it should not be modified" |]

// Display the initial string array.
printfn "The original strings:"
printfn "---------------------"
for s in strSource do
    printfn $"{s}"
printfn ""

printfn "Strings after starting tags have been stripped:"
printfn "-----------------------------------------------"

// Display the strings with starting tags removed.
for s in strSource do
    printfn $"{stripStartTags s}"

// The example displays the following output:
//    The original strings:
//    ---------------------
//    <b>This is bold text</b>
//    <H1>This is large Text</H1>
//    <b><i><font color = green>This has multiple tags</font></i></b>
//    <b>This has <i>embedded</i> tags.</b>
//    <This line simply begins with a lesser than symbol, it should not be modified
//
//    Strings after starting tags have been stripped:
//    -----------------------------------------------
//    This is bold text</b>
//    This is large Text</H1>
//    This has multiple tags</font></i></b>
//    This has <i>embedded</i> tags.</b>
//    <This line simply begins with a lesser than symbol, it should not be modified
Public Class Example
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      Dim strSource() As String = { "<b>This is bold text</b>", 
                         "<H1>This is large Text</H1>", 
                         "<b><i><font color = green>This has multiple tags</font></i></b>", 
                         "<b>This has <i>embedded</i> tags.</b>", 
                         "<This line simply begins with a lesser than symbol, it should not be modified" }

      ' Display the initial string array.
      Console.WriteLine("The original strings:")
      Console.WriteLine("---------------------")
      For Each s In strSource
         Console.WriteLine(s)
      Next 
      Console.WriteLine()

      Console.WriteLine("Strings after starting tags have been stripped:")
      Console.WriteLine("-----------------------------------------------") 

      ' Display the strings with starting tags removed.
      For Each s In strSource
         Console.WriteLine(StripStartTags(s))
      Next 
   End Sub 

   Private Shared Function StripStartTags(item As String) As String
      ' Determine whether a tag begins the string.
      If item.Trim().StartsWith("<") Then
         ' Find the closing tag.
         Dim lastLocation As Integer = item.IndexOf(">")
         If lastLocation >= 0 Then
            ' Remove the tag.
            item = item.Substring((lastLocation + 1))
            
            ' Remove any additional starting tags.
            item = StripStartTags(item)
         End If
      End If
      
      Return item
   End Function 
End Class 
' The example displays the following output:
'    The original strings:
'    ---------------------
'    <b>This is bold text</b>
'    <H1>This is large Text</H1>
'    <b><i><font color = green>This has multiple tags</font></i></b>
'    <b>This has <i>embedded</i> tags.</b>
'    <This line simply begins with a lesser than symbol, it should not be modified
'    
'    Strings after starting tags have been stripped:
'    -----------------------------------------------
'    This is bold text</b>
'    This is large Text</H1>
'    This has multiple tags</font></i></b>
'    This has <i>embedded</i> tags.</b>
'    <This line simply begins with a lesser than symbol, it should not be modified

注釈

このメソッドは、 と同じ長さのvalueこのインスタンスの先頭にある部分文字列と比較valueし、それらが等しいかどうかを示す値を返します。 等しくするには、 value 空の文字列 (String.Empty)、この同じインスタンスへの参照である必要があります。または、このインスタンスの先頭と一致する必要があります。

このメソッドは、現在のカルチャを使用して単語 (大文字と小文字を区別し、カルチャに依存) の比較を実行します。

注意 (呼び出し元)

「文字列を使用するためのベスト プラクティス」で説明されているように、既定値に代わる文字列比較メソッドを呼び出さないようにし、代わりにパラメーターを明示的に指定する必要があるメソッドを呼び出さないようにすることをお勧めします。 現在のカルチャの文字列比較規則を使用して、文字列が特定の部分文字列で始まるかどうかを判断するには、そのパラメーターの 値CurrentCulturecomparisonTypeを 指定して メソッド オーバーロードを呼び出StartsWith(String, StringComparison)すことによって、意図を明示的に通知します。

こちらもご覧ください

適用対象