TimeZoneInfo.GetSystemTimeZones Método

Definição

Sobrecargas

GetSystemTimeZones()

Retorna uma coleção classificada de todos os fuso horários sobre os quais há informações disponíveis no sistema local.

GetSystemTimeZones(Boolean)

Retorna um ReadOnlyCollection<T> que contém todos os TimeZone válidos do computador local. Esse método não lança TimeZoneNotFoundException ou InvalidTimeZoneException.

GetSystemTimeZones()

Retorna uma coleção classificada de todos os fuso horários sobre os quais há informações disponíveis no sistema local.

public:
 static System::Collections::ObjectModel::ReadOnlyCollection<TimeZoneInfo ^> ^ GetSystemTimeZones();
public static System.Collections.ObjectModel.ReadOnlyCollection<TimeZoneInfo> GetSystemTimeZones ();
[System.Security.SecurityCritical]
[System.Security.SecurityTreatAsSafe]
public static System.Collections.ObjectModel.ReadOnlyCollection<TimeZoneInfo> GetSystemTimeZones ();
static member GetSystemTimeZones : unit -> System.Collections.ObjectModel.ReadOnlyCollection<TimeZoneInfo>
[<System.Security.SecurityCritical>]
[<System.Security.SecurityTreatAsSafe>]
static member GetSystemTimeZones : unit -> System.Collections.ObjectModel.ReadOnlyCollection<TimeZoneInfo>
Public Shared Function GetSystemTimeZones () As ReadOnlyCollection(Of TimeZoneInfo)

Retornos

Uma coleção de objetos TimeZoneInfo somente leitura.

Atributos

Exceções

A memória é insuficiente para armazenar todas as informações de fuso horário.

O usuário não tem permissão para ler as chaves do Registro que contêm informações de fuso horário.

Exemplos

O exemplo a seguir recupera uma coleção de objetos de fuso horário que representam os fusos horários definidos em um computador e grava informações sobre eles em um arquivo de texto.

using System;
using System.Globalization;
using System.IO;
using System.Collections.ObjectModel;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      const string OUTPUTFILENAME = @"C:\Temp\TimeZoneInfo.txt";
   
      DateTimeFormatInfo dateFormats = CultureInfo.CurrentCulture.DateTimeFormat;
      ReadOnlyCollection<TimeZoneInfo> timeZones = TimeZoneInfo.GetSystemTimeZones(); 
      StreamWriter sw = new StreamWriter(OUTPUTFILENAME, false);
   
      foreach (TimeZoneInfo timeZone in timeZones)
      {
         bool hasDST = timeZone.SupportsDaylightSavingTime;
         TimeSpan offsetFromUtc = timeZone.BaseUtcOffset;
         TimeZoneInfo.AdjustmentRule[] adjustRules;
         string offsetString;
      
         sw.WriteLine("ID: {0}", timeZone.Id);
         sw.WriteLine("   Display Name: {0, 40}", timeZone.DisplayName);
         sw.WriteLine("   Standard Name: {0, 39}", timeZone.StandardName);
         sw.Write("   Daylight Name: {0, 39}", timeZone.DaylightName);
         sw.Write(hasDST ? "   ***Has " : "   ***Does Not Have ");
         sw.WriteLine("Daylight Saving Time***");
         offsetString = String.Format("{0} hours, {1} minutes", offsetFromUtc.Hours, offsetFromUtc.Minutes);
         sw.WriteLine("   Offset from UTC: {0, 40}", offsetString);
         adjustRules = timeZone.GetAdjustmentRules();
         sw.WriteLine("   Number of adjustment rules: {0, 26}", adjustRules.Length);  
         if (adjustRules.Length > 0)
         {
            sw.WriteLine("   Adjustment Rules:");
            foreach (TimeZoneInfo.AdjustmentRule rule in adjustRules)
            {
               TimeZoneInfo.TransitionTime transTimeStart = rule.DaylightTransitionStart;
               TimeZoneInfo.TransitionTime transTimeEnd = rule.DaylightTransitionEnd; 
            
               sw.WriteLine("      From {0} to {1}", rule.DateStart, rule.DateEnd);
               sw.WriteLine("      Delta: {0}", rule.DaylightDelta);
               if (! transTimeStart.IsFixedDateRule)
               {
                  sw.WriteLine("      Begins at {0:t} on {1} of week {2} of {3}", transTimeStart.TimeOfDay, 
                                                                                transTimeStart.DayOfWeek,                                                                                 
                                                                                transTimeStart.Week, 
                                                                                dateFormats.MonthNames[transTimeStart.Month - 1]);
                  sw.WriteLine("      Ends at {0:t} on {1} of week {2} of {3}", transTimeEnd.TimeOfDay,
                                                                                transTimeEnd.DayOfWeek, 
                                                                                transTimeEnd.Week,
                                                                                dateFormats.MonthNames[transTimeEnd.Month - 1]);
               }
               else
               {
                  sw.WriteLine("      Begins at {0:t} on {1} {2}", transTimeStart.TimeOfDay, 
                                                                 transTimeStart.Day, 
                                                                 dateFormats.MonthNames[transTimeStart.Month - 1]);
                  sw.WriteLine("      Ends at {0:t} on {1} {2}", transTimeEnd.TimeOfDay, 
                                                               transTimeEnd.Day, 
                                                               dateFormats.MonthNames[transTimeEnd.Month - 1]);
               }
            }
         }            
      }
      sw.Close();
   }
}
open System
open System.Globalization
open System.IO
open System.Collections.ObjectModel

[<EntryPoint>]
let main _ =
    let OUTPUTFILENAME = @"C:\Temp\TimeZoneInfo.txt"

    let dateFormats = CultureInfo.CurrentCulture.DateTimeFormat
    let timeZones = TimeZoneInfo.GetSystemTimeZones() 
    use sw = new StreamWriter(OUTPUTFILENAME, false)

    for timeZone in timeZones do
        let hasDST = timeZone.SupportsDaylightSavingTime
        let offsetFromUtc = timeZone.BaseUtcOffset
    
        sw.WriteLine $"ID: {timeZone.Id}"
        sw.WriteLine $"   Display Name: {timeZone.DisplayName, 40}"
        sw.WriteLine $"   Standard Name: {timeZone.StandardName, 39}"
        sw.Write $"   Daylight Name: {timeZone.DaylightName, 39}"
        sw.Write(if hasDST then "   ***Has " else "   ***Does Not Have ")
        sw.WriteLine "Daylight Saving Time***"
        let offsetString = $"{offsetFromUtc.Hours} hours, {offsetFromUtc.Minutes} minutes"
        sw.WriteLine $"   Offset from UTC: {offsetString, 40}"
        let adjustRules = timeZone.GetAdjustmentRules()
        sw.WriteLine $"   Number of adjustment rules: {adjustRules.Length, 26}"
        if adjustRules.Length > 0 then
            sw.WriteLine "   Adjustment Rules:"
            for rule in adjustRules do
                let transTimeStart = rule.DaylightTransitionStart
                let transTimeEnd = rule.DaylightTransitionEnd 
            
                sw.WriteLine $"      From {rule.DateStart} to {rule.DateEnd}"
                sw.WriteLine $"      Delta: {rule.DaylightDelta}"
                if not transTimeStart.IsFixedDateRule then
                    sw.WriteLine $"      Begins at {transTimeStart.TimeOfDay:t} on {transTimeStart.DayOfWeek} of week {transTimeStart.Week} of {dateFormats.MonthNames[transTimeStart.Month - 1]}"
                    sw.WriteLine $"      Ends at {transTimeEnd.TimeOfDay:t} on {transTimeEnd.DayOfWeek} of week {transTimeEnd.Week} of {dateFormats.MonthNames[transTimeEnd.Month - 1]}"
                else
                    sw.WriteLine $"      Begins at {transTimeStart.TimeOfDay:t} on {transTimeStart.Day} {dateFormats.MonthNames[transTimeStart.Month - 1]}"
                    sw.WriteLine $"      Ends at {transTimeEnd.TimeOfDay:t} on {transTimeEnd.Day} {dateFormats.MonthNames[transTimeEnd.Month - 1]}"
    0
Imports System.Collections.ObjectModel
Imports System.Globalization
Imports System.IO

Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Const OUTPUTFILENAME As String = "C:\Temp\TimeZoneInfo.txt"
      
      Dim timeZones As ReadOnlyCollection(Of TimeZoneInfo) = TimeZoneInfo.GetSystemTimeZones() 
      Dim sw As StreamWriter = New StreamWriter(OUTPUTFILENAME, False)
      
      For Each timeZone As TimeZoneInfo in timeZones
         Dim hasDST As Boolean = timeZone.SupportsDaylightSavingTime
         Dim offsetFromUtc As TimeSpan = timeZone.BaseUtcOffset
         Dim adjustRules() As System.TimeZoneInfo.AdjustmentRule
         Dim offsetString As String
         
         sw.WriteLine("ID: {0}", timeZone.Id)
         sw.WriteLine("   Display Name: {0, 40}", timeZone.DisplayName)
         sw.WriteLine("   Standard Name: {0, 39}", timeZone.StandardName)
         sw.Write("   Daylight Name: {0, 39}", timeZone.DaylightName)
         sw.Write(iif(hasDST, "   ***Has ", "   ***Does Not Have "))
         sw.WriteLine("Daylight Saving Time***")
         offsetString = String.Format("{0} hours, {1} minutes", offsetFromUtc.Hours, offsetFromUtc.Minutes)
         sw.WriteLine("   Offset from UTC: {0, 40}", offsetString)
         adjustRules = timeZone.GetAdjustmentRules()
         sw.WriteLine("   Number of adjustment rules: {0, 26}", adjustRules.Length)  
         If adjustRules.Length > 0 Then
            sw.WriteLine("   Adjustment Rules:")
            For Each rule As TimeZoneInfo.AdjustmentRule In adjustRules
               Dim transTimeStart As TimeZoneInfo.TransitionTime = rule.DaylightTransitionStart
               Dim transTimeEnd As TimeZoneInfo.TransitionTime = rule.DaylightTransitionEnd 
               
               sw.WriteLine("      From {0} to {1}", rule.DateStart, rule.DateEnd)
               sw.WriteLine("      Delta: {0}", rule.DaylightDelta)
               If Not transTimeStart.IsFixedDateRule
                  sw.WriteLine("      Begins at {0:t} on {1} of week {2} of {3}", transTimeStart.TimeOfDay, _
                                                                                transTimeStart.DayOfWeek, _
                                                                                transTimeStart.Week, _
                                                                                MonthName(transTimeStart.Month))
                  sw.WriteLine("      Ends at {0:t} on {1} of week {2} of {3}", transTimeEnd.TimeOfDay, _
                                                                                transTimeEnd.DayOfWeek, _
                                                                                transTimeEnd.Week, _
                                                                                MonthName(transTimeEnd.Month))
               Else
                  sw.WriteLine("      Begins at {0:t} on {1} {2}", transTimeStart.TimeOfDay, _
                                                                 transTimeStart.Day, _
                                                                 MonthName(transTimeStart.Month))
                  sw.WriteLine("      Ends at {0:t} on {1} {2}", transTimeEnd.TimeOfDay, _
                                                               transTimeEnd.Day, _
                                                               MonthName(transTimeEnd.Month))
               End If
            Next
         End If            
      Next
      sw.Close()
#  Get timezone/date details and open a stream writer
$DateFormats    = [System.Globalization.CultureInfo]::CurrentCulture.DateTimeFormat
$TimeZones      = [System.TimeZoneInfo]::GetSystemTimeZones()
$OutputFileName = 'C:\Temp\TimeZoneInfo.txt'
$Sw             = New-Object -TypeName System.IO.StreamWriter -ArgumentList $OutputFileName,$false
# Write overview information
$Sw.WriteLine('{0} Time zones on this system' -f $TimeZones.Count)

# Process each timezone on the system
# Write details to the streamwriter
foreach ($TimeZone in $TimeZones) {
 $HasDST        = $TimeZone.SupportsDaylightSavingTime
 $OffsetFromUtc = $TimeZone.BaseUtcOffset
 $Sw.WriteLine("ID: {0}" -f $TimeZone.Id)
 $Sw.WriteLine("   Display Name:  {0}" -f $TimeZone.DisplayName)
 $Sw.WriteLine("   Standard Name: {0}" -f $TimeZone.StandardName)
 $Sw.Write("   Daylight Name: {0}" -f $TimeZone.DaylightName)
 $Sw.Write( $(If ($HasDST) {"  ***Has: "} Else {"  ***Does Not Have: "}))
 $Sw.WriteLine("Daylight Saving Time***")
 $OffsetString = "{0} hours, {1} minutes" -f $OffsetFromUtc.Hours, $OffsetFromUtc.Minutes
 $Sw.WriteLine("   Offset from UTC: {0}"  -f $offsetString)
 $AdjustRules = $timeZone.GetAdjustmentRules()
 $Sw.WriteLine("   Number of adjustment rules: {0}" -f $adjustRules.Count)
 If ($AdjustRules.Count -gt 0)
 {
    $Sw.WriteLine("   Adjustment Rules:")
    foreach ($Rule in $AdjustRules)
    {
       $TransTimeStart = $Rule.DaylightTransitionStart
       $TransTimeEnd   = $Rule.DaylightTransitionEnd
       $Sw.WriteLine(("     From   {0} to {1}" -f $Rule.DateStart, $Rule.DateEnd))
       $Sw.WriteLine(("       Delta: {0}" -f $Rule.DaylightDelta))
       if (-Not  $TransTimeStart.IsFixedDateRule)
       {
          $Sw.WriteLine(("       Begins at {0:t} on {1} of week {2} of {3}" -f $TransTimeStart.TimeOfDay, 
                                                                             $TransTimeStart.DayOfWeek,                                                                                 
                                                                             $TransTimeStart.Week, 
                                                                             $DateFormats.MonthNames[$TransTimeStart.Month - 1]))
          $Sw.WriteLine(("       Ends at {0:t} on {1} of week {2} of {3}" -f $TransTimeEnd.TimeOfDay,
                                                                             $TransTimeEnd.DayOfWeek, 
                                                                             $TransTimeEnd.Week,
                                                                             $DateFormats.MonthNames[[int] $TransTimeEnd.Month - 1]))
       }
     else
       {
         $Sw.WriteLine(("       Begins at {0:t} on {1} {2}" -f $TransTimeStart.TimeOfDay, 
                                                             $TransTimeStart.Day, 
                                                             $DateFormats.MonthNames[$transTimeStart.Month - 1]))
         $Sw.WriteLine(("       Ends at {0:t} on {1} {2}"   -f $TransTimeEnd.TimeOfDay, 
                                                             $TransTimeEnd.Day, 
                                                             $DateFormats.MonthNames[$transTimeEnd.Month - 1]))        
       }
    } # End of processing each adjustment rule
 } # End of checking adjustment rules
} # End of processing Time Zones

# Close stream writer then display output in notepad
$Sw.Close() 

#  Output of 1st three time zones:
#  135 Time zones on this system
#  ID: Dateline Standard Time
#     Display Name:  (UTC-12:00) International Date Line West
#     Standard Name: Dateline Standard Time
#     Daylight Name: Dateline Summer Time  ***Does Not Have: Daylight Saving Time***
#     Offset from UTC: -12 hours, 0 minutes
#     Number of adjustment rules: 0
#  ID: UTC-11
#     Display Name:  (UTC-11:00) Co-ordinated Universal Time-11
#     Standard Name: UTC-11
#     Daylight Name: UTC-11  ***Does Not Have: Daylight Saving Time***
#     Offset from UTC: -11 hours, 0 minutes
#     Number of adjustment rules: 0
#  ID: Aleutian Standard Time
#     Display Name:  (UTC-10:00) Aleutian Islands
#     Standard Name: Aleutian Standard Time
#     Daylight Name: Aleutian Summer Time  ***Has: Daylight Saving Time***
#     Offset from UTC: -10 hours, 0 minutes
#     Number of adjustment rules: 2
#     Adjustment Rules:
#       From   01/01/0001 00:00:00 to 31/12/2006 00:00:00
#         Delta: 01:00:00
#         Begins at 02:00 on Sunday of week 1 of April
#         Ends at 02:00 on Sunday of week 5 of October
#       From   01/01/2007 00:00:00 to 31/12/9999 00:00:00
#         Delta: 01:00:00
#         Begins at 02:00 on Sunday of week 2 of March
#         Ends at 02:00 on Sunday of week 1 of November

Comentários

O GetSystemTimeZones método recupera todas as informações de fuso horário disponíveis das subchaves da chave HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Time Zones do Registro em sistemas Windows e da Biblioteca de UTI em Linux e macOS. Se não for possível recuperar e analisar valores com êxito para propriedades de cadeia de caracteres específicas de objetos individuais TimeZoneInfo , esse método definirá seu valor como uma cadeia de caracteres vazia ("").

Importante

O GetSystemTimeZones método retorna uma coleção de TimeZoneInfo objetos somente para fusos horários definidos no Registro do Windows ou na biblioteca de ICU. Ele não inclui fusos horários criados usando as sobrecargas do CreateCustomTimeZone método . Eles são acessíveis somente por meio da referência de objeto retornada pelo método de criação de fuso horário.

A coleção retornada por esse método é classificada por deslocamento UTC e, para fusos horários que têm o mesmo deslocamento UTC, pelo nome de exibição usando a cultura atual. Para obter informações sobre o nome de exibição, consulte DisplayName.

O ReadOnlyCollection<T> objeto retornado por esse método dá suporte à interface, o IEnumerable<T> que significa que ele pode ser iterado usando as foreach instruções (em C#) ou For Each…Next (no Visual Basic). Cada iteração do loop fornece o próximo TimeZoneInfo objeto na coleção.

A coleção de TimeZoneInfo objetos representa fusos horários definidos no computador local; ela não fornece necessariamente informações completas para todos os fusos horários durante todos os períodos de tempo. Se o aplicativo exigir fusos horários não encontrados no computador local, você poderá criar fusos horários personalizados usando as sobrecargas do CreateCustomTimeZone método . Para obter mais informações, consulte Como criar fusos horários sem regras de ajuste e Como criar fusos horários com regras de ajuste.

Você também pode determinar se um fuso horário individual é definido no computador local chamando o FindSystemTimeZoneById método e fornecendo o identificador do fuso horário que você deseja recuperar como um parâmetro.

Aplica-se a

GetSystemTimeZones(Boolean)

Retorna um ReadOnlyCollection<T> que contém todos os TimeZone válidos do computador local. Esse método não lança TimeZoneNotFoundException ou InvalidTimeZoneException.

public:
 static System::Collections::ObjectModel::ReadOnlyCollection<TimeZoneInfo ^> ^ GetSystemTimeZones(bool skipSorting);
public static System.Collections.ObjectModel.ReadOnlyCollection<TimeZoneInfo> GetSystemTimeZones (bool skipSorting);
static member GetSystemTimeZones : bool -> System.Collections.ObjectModel.ReadOnlyCollection<TimeZoneInfo>
Public Shared Function GetSystemTimeZones (skipSorting As Boolean) As ReadOnlyCollection(Of TimeZoneInfo)

Parâmetros

skipSorting
Boolean

Se true, a coleção retornada pode não ser necessariamente classificada.

Retornos

Comentários

Ao definir o parâmetro skipSorting como true, o método tentará evitar a classificação da coleção retornada. Essa opção pode ser benéfica quando o chamador não requer uma lista classificada e tem como objetivo melhorar o desempenho.

Aplica-se a