createUiDefinition.json 的測試案例

本文描述針對 createUiDefinition.json 檔案,使用範本測試工具組執行的測試。 這些範例包括測試名稱和測試通過失敗的程式碼範例。

此工具組包含 Azure Resource Manager 範本 (ARM 範本) 的測試案例以及名為 azuredeploy.jsonmaintemplate.json 的主要範本檔案。 當目錄包含 createUiDefinition.json 檔案時,會針對 UI 控制項執行特定的測試。 如需如何執行測試或如何執行特定測試的詳細資訊,請參閱測試參數

createUiDefinition.json 會使用元素函式建立自訂使用者介面 (UI) 控制項。

確認範本參數允許值

測試名稱:應實際允許的值

這項測試會檢查主要範本的參數中,是否允許 createUiDefinition.json 中每個控制項的值。 這些參數會依名稱對應主要範本和 createUiDefinition.json 檔案。

主要範本參數必須接受來自控制項 allowedValues 的值。 測試也會檢查控制項是否在 createUiDefinition.jsonoutputs 區段中參照。

此測試會檢查主要範本和 createUiDefinition.json 檔案。 在主要範本範例之後,會顯示 createUiDefinition.json 的範例。

下列範例失敗的原因,是因為主要範本的參數名稱 combo 不符合控制項的參數名稱 comboBox

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentTemplate.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {
    "combo": {
      "type": "string",
      "defaultValue": "two"
    }
  },
  "resources": [],
  "outputs": {
    "comboBoxOutput": {
      "type": "string",
      "value": "[parameters('combo')]"
    }
  }
}

下列範例失敗的原因,是因為主要範本的參數類型 int 不接受控制項的 string 值。 而且,如果主要範本的參數定義 defaultValue,則其在控制項 allowedValues 中必須為有效的 value

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentTemplate.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {
    "comboBox": {
      "type": "int",
      "defaultValue": 4
    }
  },
  "resources": [],
  "outputs": {
    "comboBoxOutput": {
      "type": "string",
      "value": "[parameters('combo')]"
    }
  }
}

下列範例通過的原因,是因為主要範本的參數名稱符合控制項的參數名稱。 範本的參數類型為 string,其具有在控制項 allowedValues 中指定的 defaultValue

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentTemplate.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {
    "comboBox": {
      "type": "string",
      "defaultValue": "two"
    }
  },
  "resources": [],
  "outputs": {
    "comboBoxOutput": {
      "type": "string",
      "value": "[parameters('comboBox')]"
    }
  }
}

此範例的 createUiDefinition.json 檔案:

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/0.1.2-preview/CreateUIDefinition.MultiVm.json#",
  "handler": "Microsoft.Azure.CreateUIDef",
  "version": "0.1.2-preview",
  "parameters": {
    "basics": [],
    "steps": [
      {
        "name": "demoComboBox",
        "label": "demoComboBoxLabel",
        "elements": [
          {
            "name": "comboBox",
            "type": "Microsoft.Common.DropDown",
            "label": "Example drop down",
            "defaultValue": "Value two",
            "toolTip": "This is a tool tip",
            "constraints": {
              "allowedValues": [
                {
                  "label": "Value one",
                  "description": "The value to select for option 1.",
                  "value": "one"
                },
                {
                  "label": "Value two",
                  "description": "The value to select for option 2.",
                  "value": "two"
                }
              ],
              "required": true
            },
            "visible": true
          }
        ]
      }
    ],
    "outputs": {
      "comboBox": "[steps('demoComboBox').comboBox]"
    }
  }
}

輸出控制項必須存在

測試名稱:輸出中的控制項必須存在

outputs 區段中所使用的控制項必須存在於 createUiDefinition.json 中的其他位置。 outputs 中參考的名稱必須符合或 basics[]steps[] 使用的名稱。

下列範例會失敗

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/0.1.2-preview/CreateUIDefinition.MultiVm.json#",
  "handler": "Microsoft.Azure.CreateUIDef",
  "version": "0.1.2-preview",
  "parameters": {
    "basics": [
      {
        "name": "nameDoesNotMatchOutput",
        "type": "Microsoft.Common.DropDown",
        "label": "Example drop down",
        "toolTip": "This is a tool tip"
      }
    ],
    "steps": [],
    "outputs": {
      "comboBox": "[basics('comboBox')]"
    }
  }
}

下列範例為通過

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/0.1.2-preview/CreateUIDefinition.MultiVm.json#",
  "handler": "Microsoft.Azure.CreateUIDef",
  "version": "0.1.2-preview",
  "parameters": {
    "basics": [
      {
        "name": "comboBox",
        "type": "Microsoft.Common.DropDown",
        "label": "Example drop down",
        "toolTip": "This is a tool tip"
      }
    ],
    "steps": [],
    "outputs": {
      "comboBox": "[basics('comboBox')]"
    }
  }
}

屬性必須包含值

測試名稱:CreateUIDefinition 不得有空白

屬性必須包含值。 必要屬性必須使用有效的值。 應移除空白的選用屬性。 測試允許空白 "basics": []"steps": []defaultValue

由於 labelplaceholdertoolTip 為字串,因此下列範例會失敗

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/0.1.2-preview/CreateUIDefinition.MultiVm.json#",
  "handler": "Microsoft.Azure.CreateUIDef",
  "version": "0.1.2-preview",
  "parameters": {
    "basics": [
      {
        "name": "comboBox",
        "type": "Microsoft.Common.DropDown",
        "label": "",
        "placeholder": "",
        "defaultValue": "",
        "toolTip": ""
      }
    ],
    "steps": [],
    "outputs": {
      "comboBox": "[basics('comboBox')]"
    }
  }
}

下列範例會通過,因為 labeltoolTip 具有值,而且 placeholder 已移除。

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/0.1.2-preview/CreateUIDefinition.MultiVm.json#",
  "handler": "Microsoft.Azure.CreateUIDef",
  "version": "0.1.2-preview",
  "parameters": {
    "basics": [
      {
        "name": "comboBox",
        "type": "Microsoft.Common.DropDown",
        "label": "Example drop down",
        "defaultValue": "",
        "toolTip": "This is a tool tip"
      }
    ],
    "steps": [],
    "outputs": {
      "comboBox": "[basics('comboBox')]"
    }
  }
}

使用有效的架構和版本

測試名稱:CreateUIDefinition 應該有架構

createUiDefinition.json 檔案必須包含 $schema 屬性,並使用有效的 $schemaversion$schema 中的版本號碼必須和 version 相符。

下列範例會失敗

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/0.9.9-preview/CreateUIDefinition.MultiVm.json#",
  "handler": "Microsoft.Azure.CreateUIDef",
  "version": "0.9.9-preview"
}

下列範例會通過,因為其使用最新的 $schemaversion

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/0.1.2-preview/CreateUIDefinition.MultiVm.json#",
  "handler": "Microsoft.Azure.CreateUIDef",
  "version": "0.1.2-preview"
}

不要隱藏認證確認

測試名稱:不應隱藏認證確認

此測試會檢查是否已確認 Microsoft.Common.PasswordBoxMicrosoft.Compute.CredentialsCombo 的認證。 hideConfirmation 屬性應設定為 false,才能看到確認。

由於 hideConfirmationtrue,因此下列範例會失敗

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/0.1.2-preview/CreateUIDefinition.MultiVm.json#",
  "handler": "Microsoft.Azure.CreateUIDef",
  "version": "0.1.2-preview",
  "parameters": {
    "basics": [
      {
        "name": "credentials",
        "type": "Microsoft.Compute.CredentialsCombo",
        "label": {
          "password": "Password",
          "confirmPassword": "Confirm password"
        },
        "toolTip": {
          "password": "Type your credentials"
        },
        "constraints": {
          "required": true,
          "customPasswordRegex": "^(?=.*[A-Za-z])(?=.*\\d)[A-Za-z\\d]{12,}$",
          "customValidationMessage": "The password must be alphanumeric, contain at least 12 characters, and have at least 1 letter and 1 number."
        },
        "options": {
          "hideConfirmation": true
        },
        "osPlatform": "Windows",
        "visible": true
      }
    ],
    "steps": [],
    "outputs": {
      "location": "[location()]",
      "credentials": "[basics('credentials')]"
    }
  }
}

由於 hideConfirmationfalse,因此下列範例會通過

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/0.1.2-preview/CreateUIDefinition.MultiVm.json#",
  "handler": "Microsoft.Azure.CreateUIDef",
  "version": "0.1.2-preview",
  "parameters": {
    "basics": [
      {
        "name": "credentials",
        "type": "Microsoft.Compute.CredentialsCombo",
        "label": {
          "password": "Password",
          "confirmPassword": "Confirm password"
        },
        "toolTip": {
          "password": "Type your credentials"
        },
        "constraints": {
          "required": true,
          "customPasswordRegex": "^(?=.*[A-Za-z])(?=.*\\d)[A-Za-z\\d]{12,}$",
          "customValidationMessage": "The password must be alphanumeric, contain at least 12 characters, and have at least 1 letter and 1 number."
        },
        "options": {
          "hideConfirmation": false
        },
        "osPlatform": "Windows",
        "visible": true
      }
    ],
    "steps": [],
    "outputs": {
      "location": "[location()]",
      "credentials": "[basics('credentials')]"
    }
  }
}

使用正確的處理常式

測試名稱:處理常式必須正確

createUiDefinition.json 檔案中使用 Microsoft.Azure.CreateUIDefMicrosoft.Compute.MultiVm

下列範例會失敗

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/0.1.2-preview/CreateUIDefinition.MultiVm.json#",
  "handler": "Microsoft.Azure.",
  "version": "0.1.2-preview"
}

下列範例為通過

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/0.1.2-preview/CreateUIDefinition.MultiVm.json#",
  "handler": "Microsoft.Azure.CreateUIDef",
  "version": "0.1.2-preview"
}

不要隱藏現有的資源

測試名稱:HideExisting 必須正確處理

如果 hideExisting 設定為 false 或省略,則 outputs 必須包含 resourceGroupnewOrExistinghideExisting 的預設值為 false

包含 hideExisting 的控制項類型範例為 Microsoft.Storage.StorageAccountSelectorMicrosoft.Network.PublicIpAddressComboMicrosoft.Network.VirtualNetworkCombo

下列範例會失敗

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/0.1.2-preview/CreateUIDefinition.MultiVm.json#",
  "handler": "Microsoft.Azure.CreateUIDef",
  "version": "0.1.2-preview",
  "parameters": {
    "basics": [
      {
        "name": "storage",
        "type": "Microsoft.Storage.StorageAccountSelector",
        "label": "Storage account",
        "toolTip": "This is a demo storage account",
        "defaultValue": {
          "name": "storageaccount01",
          "type": "Premium_LRS"
        },
        "options": {
          "hideExisting": false
        },
        "visible": true
      }
    ],
    "steps": [],
    "outputs": {
      "location": "[location()]"
    }
  }
}

下列範例為通過

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/0.1.2-preview/CreateUIDefinition.MultiVm.json#",
  "handler": "Microsoft.Azure.CreateUIDef",
  "version": "0.1.2-preview",
  "parameters": {
    "basics": [
      {
        "name": "storage",
        "type": "Microsoft.Storage.StorageAccountSelector",
        "label": "Storage account",
        "toolTip": "This is a demo storage account",
        "defaultValue": {
          "name": "storageaccount01",
          "type": "Premium_LRS"
        },
        "options": {
          "hideExisting": false
        },
        "visible": false
      }
    ],
    "steps": [],
    "outputs": {
      "location": "[location()]",
      "resourceGroup": "[basics('storage').resourceGroup]",
      "newOrExisting": "[basics('storage').newOrExisting]"
    }
  }
}

在輸出中使用位置

測試名稱:位置應該在輸出中

outputs 區段應包含使用 location 函數的位置。

下列範例會失敗,因為 outputs 未包含位置。

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/0.1.2-preview/CreateUIDefinition.MultiVm.json#",
  "handler": "Microsoft.Azure.CreateUIDef",
  "version": "0.1.2-preview",
  "parameters": {
    "basics": [
      {
        "name": "comboBox",
        "type": "Microsoft.Common.DropDown",
        "label": "Example drop down",
        "toolTip": "This is a tool tip"
      }
    ],
    "steps": [],
    "outputs": {
      "comboBox": "[basics('comboBox')]"
    }
  }
}

下列範例為通過

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/0.1.2-preview/CreateUIDefinition.MultiVm.json#",
  "handler": "Microsoft.Azure.CreateUIDef",
  "version": "0.1.2-preview",
  "parameters": {
    "basics": [
      {
        "name": "comboBox",
        "type": "Microsoft.Common.DropDown",
        "label": "Example drop down",
        "toolTip": "This is a tool tip"
      }
    ],
    "steps": [],
    "outputs": {
      "comboBox": "[basics('comboBox')]",
      "location": "[location()]"
    }
  }
}

在範本參數中包含控制項輸出

測試名稱:輸出必須存在於範本參數中

此測試會檢查 createUiDefinition.json 是否包含 outputs 區段。 測試也會檢查是否已在主要範本的 parameters 區段中定義這些 outputs。 名稱必須相符,因為參數會依名稱對應至 createUiDefinition.json 和主要範本。

此測試會檢查主要範本和 createUiDefinition.json 檔案。 在主要範本範例之後,會顯示 createUiDefinition.json 的範例。

下列範例會失敗,因為主要範本未包含 createUiDefinition.json 檔案 outputs 區段中的 comboBox 參數。

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentTemplate.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {
    "location": {
      "type": "string",
      "defaultValue": "[resourceGroup().location]"
    }
  },
  "resources": [],
  "outputs": {
    "location": {
      "type": "string",
      "value": "[parameters('location')]"
    }
  }
}

下列範例會通過,因為主要範本包含 comboBox 參數。

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentTemplate.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {
    "comboBox": {
      "type": "string",
      "defaultValue": "two"
    },
    "location": {
      "type": "string",
      "defaultValue": "[resourceGroup().location]"
    }
  },
  "resources": [],
  "outputs": {
    "comboBox": {
      "type": "string",
      "value": "[parameters('comboBox')]"
    },
    "location": {
      "type": "string",
      "value": "[parameters('location')]"
    }
  }
}

此範例的 createUiDefinition.json 檔案:

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/0.1.2-preview/CreateUIDefinition.MultiVm.json#",
  "handler": "Microsoft.Azure.CreateUIDef",
  "version": "0.1.2-preview",
  "parameters": {
    "basics": [
      {
        "name": "comboBox",
        "type": "Microsoft.Common.DropDown",
        "label": "Example drop down",
        "toolTip": "This is a tool tip"
      }
    ],
    "steps": [],
    "outputs": {
      "comboBox": "[basics('comboBox')]",
      "location": "[location()]"
    }
  }
}

不含預設值的參數必須存在於輸出中

測試名稱:CreateUIDefinition 中必須有不含預設值的參數

主要範本中不含預設值的參數,必須存在於 createUiDefinition.json 檔案的 outputs 區段中。

此測試會檢查主要範本和 createUiDefinition.json 檔案。 Azuredeploy.json 檔案範例會顯示在控制項的範例之後。

下列範例會失敗,因為 createUiDefinition.json 檔案的 outputs 未包含主要範本參數 comboBox

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/0.1.2-preview/CreateUIDefinition.MultiVm.json#",
  "handler": "Microsoft.Azure.CreateUIDef",
  "version": "0.1.2-preview",
  "parameters": {
    "basics": [
      {
        "name": "comboBox",
        "type": "Microsoft.Common.DropDown",
        "label": "Example drop down",
        "toolTip": "This is a tool tip"
      }
    ],
    "steps": [],
    "outputs": {
      "location": "[location()]"
    }
  }
}

下列範例會通過,因為 createUiDefinition.jsonoutputs 中包含 comboBox

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/0.1.2-preview/CreateUIDefinition.MultiVm.json#",
  "handler": "Microsoft.Azure.CreateUIDef",
  "version": "0.1.2-preview",
  "parameters": {
    "basics": [
      {
        "name": "comboBox",
        "type": "Microsoft.Common.DropDown",
        "label": "Example drop down",
        "toolTip": "This is a tool tip"
      }
    ],
    "steps": [],
    "outputs": {
      "comboBox": "[basics('comboBox')]",
      "location": "[location()]"
    }
  }
}

此範例的 azuredeploy.json 檔案。 comboBox 參數沒有預設值。

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentTemplate.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {
    "comboBox": {
      "type": "string"
    },
    "location": {
      "type": "string"
    }
  },
  "resources": [],
  "outputs": {
    "comboBox": {
      "type": "string",
      "value": "[parameters('comboBox')]"
    },
    "location": {
      "type": "string",
      "value": "[parameters('location')]"
    }
  }
}

使用安全參數與密碼方塊

測試名稱:密碼文字方塊必須用於密碼參數

這項測試會檢查是否已在主要範本的 parameterscreateUiDefinition.jsonoutputs 中定義 Microsoft.Common.PasswordBox 元素。 主要範本的密碼方塊參數類型必須是 secureStringsecureObject

此測試會檢查主要範本和 createUiDefinition.json 檔案。 在主要範本範例之後,會顯示 createUiDefinition.json 的範例。

下列範例會失敗,因為主要範本的 passwordBox 參數為 string

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentTemplate.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {
    "passwordBox": {
      "type": "string"
    },
    "location": {
      "type": "string"
    }
  },
  "resources": [],
  "outputs": {
    "location": {
      "type": "string",
      "value": "[parameters('location')]"
    }
  }
}

下列範例會通過,因為主要範本的 passwordBox 參數為 secureString

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentTemplate.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {
    "passwordBox": {
      "type": "secureString"
    },
    "location": {
      "type": "string"
    }
  },
  "resources": [],
  "outputs": {
    "location": {
      "type": "string",
      "value": "[parameters('location')]"
    }
  }
}

此範例的 createUiDefinition.json 檔案:

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/0.1.2-preview/CreateUIDefinition.MultiVm.json#",
  "handler": "Microsoft.Azure.CreateUIDef",
  "version": "0.1.2-preview",
  "parameters": {
    "basics": [
      {
        "name": "passwordBox",
        "type": "Microsoft.Common.PasswordBox",
        "label": {
          "password": "Password",
          "confirmPassword": "Confirm password"
        },
        "toolTip": "Type a password"
      }
    ],
    "steps": [],
    "outputs": {
      "location": "[location()]",
      "passwordBox": "[basics('passwordBox')]"
    }
  }
}

密碼方塊需要最小長度

測試名稱:PasswordBoxes 的長度必須具有最小長度

測試會檢查 Microsoft.Common.PasswordBox 元素使用 constraints 並搭配至少需要 12 個字元的 regex

由於沒有 constraints,因此下列範例會失敗

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/0.1.2-preview/CreateUIDefinition.MultiVm.json#",
  "handler": "Microsoft.Azure.CreateUIDef",
  "version": "0.1.2-preview",
  "parameters": {
    "basics": [
      {
        "name": "passwordBox",
        "type": "Microsoft.Common.PasswordBox",
        "label": {
          "password": "Password",
          "confirmPassword": "Confirm password"
        },
        "toolTip": "Type a password"
      }
    ],
    "steps": [],
    "outputs": {
      "location": "[location()]",
      "passwordBox": "[basics('passwordBox')]"
    }
  }
}

下列範例會通過,因為 regex 需要至少 12 個字元。

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/0.1.2-preview/CreateUIDefinition.MultiVm.json#",
  "handler": "Microsoft.Azure.CreateUIDef",
  "version": "0.1.2-preview",
  "parameters": {
    "basics": [
      {
        "name": "passwordBox",
        "type": "Microsoft.Common.PasswordBox",
        "label": {
          "password": "Password",
          "confirmPassword": "Confirm password"
        },
        "toolTip": "Type a password",
        "constraints": {
          "required": true,
          "regex": "^[a-zA-Z0-9]{12,}$",
          "validationMessage": "Password must be at least 12 characters long, contain only numbers and letters"
        }
      }
    ],
    "steps": [],
    "outputs": {
      "location": "[location()]",
      "passwordBox": "[basics('passwordBox')]"
    }
  }
}

文字方塊必須使用驗證

測試名稱:文字方塊的格式正確

使用驗證與文字方塊來檢查 constraints 是否包含 regexmessage

下列範例會失敗

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/0.1.2-preview/CreateUIDefinition.MultiVm.json#",
  "handler": "Microsoft.Azure.CreateUIDef",
  "version": "0.1.2-preview",
  "parameters": {
    "basics": [
      {
        "name": "textBox",
        "type": "Microsoft.Common.TextBox",
        "label": "Text box",
        "toolTip": "Type 1-30 alphanumeric characters",
        "placeholder": "Type your text here",
        "visible": true
      }
    ],
    "steps": [],
    "outputs": {
      "location": "[location()]",
      "textBox": "[basics('textBox')]"
    }
  }
}

下列範例為通過

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/0.1.2-preview/CreateUIDefinition.MultiVm.json#",
  "handler": "Microsoft.Azure.CreateUIDef",
  "version": "0.1.2-preview",
  "parameters": {
    "basics": [
      {
        "name": "textBox",
        "type": "Microsoft.Common.TextBox",
        "label": "Text box",
        "toolTip": "Type 1-30 alphanumeric characters",
        "placeholder": "Type your text here",
        "constraints": {
          "required": true,
          "validations": [
            {
              "regex": "^[a-z0-9A-Z]{1,30}$",
              "message": "Only 1-30 characters alphanumeric characters are allowed."
            }
          ]
        },
        "visible": true
      }
    ],
    "steps": [],
    "outputs": {
      "location": "[location()]",
      "textBox": "[basics('textBox')]"
    }
  }
}

工具提示必須有值

測試名稱:工具提示應該存在

此測試會檢查 toolTip 屬性是否存在且包含值。

下列範例會失敗

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/0.1.2-preview/CreateUIDefinition.MultiVm.json#",
  "handler": "Microsoft.Azure.CreateUIDef",
  "version": "0.1.2-preview",
  "parameters": {
    "basics": [
      {
        "name": "comboBox",
        "type": "Microsoft.Common.DropDown",
        "label": "Example drop down",
        "toolTip": ""
      }
    ],
    "steps": [],
    "outputs": {
      "location": "[location()]",
      "comboBox": "[basics('comboBox')]"
    }
  }
}

下列範例為通過

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/0.1.2-preview/CreateUIDefinition.MultiVm.json#",
  "handler": "Microsoft.Azure.CreateUIDef",
  "version": "0.1.2-preview",
  "parameters": {
    "basics": [
      {
        "name": "comboBox",
        "type": "Microsoft.Common.DropDown",
        "label": "Example drop down",
        "toolTip": "This is a tool tip"
      }
    ],
    "steps": [],
    "outputs": {
      "location": "[location()]",
      "comboBox": "[basics('comboBox')]"
    }
  }
}

不要設定預設使用者名稱

測試名稱:使用者名稱不應有預設值

測試會檢查 Microsoft.Compute.UserNameTextBox 是否有 defaultValue 的集合。

由於提供了 defaultValue,因此下列範例會失敗

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/0.1.2-preview/CreateUIDefinition.MultiVm.json#",
  "handler": "Microsoft.Azure.CreateUIDef",
  "version": "0.1.2-preview",
  "parameters": {
    "basics": [
      {
        "name": "userNameBox",
        "type": "Microsoft.Compute.UserNameTextBox",
        "label": "User name",
        "defaultValue": "admin",
        "toolTip": "Enter your user name",
        "osPlatform": "Windows"
      }
    ],
    "steps": [],
    "outputs": {
      "location": "[location()]",
      "userNameBox": "[basics('userNameBox')]"
    }
  }
}

下列範例為通過

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/0.1.2-preview/CreateUIDefinition.MultiVm.json#",
  "handler": "Microsoft.Azure.CreateUIDef",
  "version": "0.1.2-preview",
  "parameters": {
    "basics": [
      {
        "name": "userNameBox",
        "type": "Microsoft.Compute.UserNameTextBox",
        "label": "User name",
        "toolTip": "Enter your user name",
        "osPlatform": "Windows"
      }
    ],
    "steps": [],
    "outputs": {
      "location": "[location()]",
      "userNameBox": "[basics('userNameBox')]"
    }
  }
}

使用含有驗證的訊息

測試名稱:驗證必須含有訊息

這項測試會檢查 createUiDefinition.json 中的任何 validations 是否包含 message

下列範例會失敗,因為 regex 驗證沒有 message

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/0.1.2-preview/CreateUIDefinition.MultiVm.json#",
  "handler": "Microsoft.Azure.CreateUIDef",
  "version": "0.1.2-preview",
  "parameters": {
    "basics": [
      {
        "name": "textBox",
        "type": "Microsoft.Common.TextBox",
        "label": "Text box",
        "toolTip": "Type 1-30 alphanumeric characters",
        "placeholder": "Type your text here",
        "constraints": {
          "required": true,
          "validations": [
            {
              "regex": "^[a-z0-9A-Z]{1,30}$"
            }
          ]
        },
        "visible": true
      }
    ],
    "steps": [],
    "outputs": {
      "location": "[location()]",
      "textBox": "[basics('textBox')]"
    }
  }
}

下列範例為通過

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/0.1.2-preview/CreateUIDefinition.MultiVm.json#",
  "handler": "Microsoft.Azure.CreateUIDef",
  "version": "0.1.2-preview",
  "parameters": {
    "basics": [
      {
        "name": "textBox",
        "type": "Microsoft.Common.TextBox",
        "label": "Text box",
        "toolTip": "Type 1-30 alphanumeric characters",
        "placeholder": "Type your text here",
        "constraints": {
          "required": true,
          "validations": [
            {
              "regex": "^[a-z0-9A-Z]{1,30}$",
              "message": "Only 1-30 characters alphanumeric characters are allowed."
            }
          ]
        },
        "visible": true
      }
    ],
    "steps": [],
    "outputs": {
      "location": "[location()]",
      "textBox": "[basics('textBox')]"
    }
  }
}

虛擬機器大小必須相符

測試名稱:VM 大小必須符合範本

這項測試會檢查 Microsoft.Compute.SizeSelector 是否位於 createUiDefinition.jsonoutputs 和主要範本的 parameters 區段中。 指定 defaultValue 的主要範本參數必須符合控制項 allowedSizes 中的值。

此測試會檢查主要範本和 createUiDefinition.json 檔案。 在主要範本範例之後,會顯示 createUiDefinition.json 的範例。

下列範例會失敗,因為主範本 defaultValueallowedSizes 中的值不相符。

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentTemplate.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {
    "location": {
      "type": "string"
    },
    "vmSize": {
      "type": "string",
      "defaultValue": "Standard_D9"
    }
  },
  "resources": [],
  "outputs": {
    "location": {
      "type": "string",
      "value": "[parameters('location')]"
    },
    "vmSize": {
      "type": "string",
      "value": "[parameters('vmSize')]"
    }
  }
}

下列範例會通過,因為主要範本的 defaultValueallowedSizes 中的值符合。

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentTemplate.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {
    "location": {
      "type": "string"
    },
    "vmSize": {
      "type": "string",
      "defaultValue": "Standard_D3"
    }
  },
  "resources": [],
  "outputs": {
    "location": {
      "type": "string",
      "value": "[parameters('location')]"
    },
    "vmSize": {
      "type": "string",
      "value": "[parameters('vmSize')]"
    }
  }
}

此範例的 createUiDefinition.json 檔案:

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/0.1.2-preview/CreateUIDefinition.MultiVm.json#",
  "handler": "Microsoft.Azure.CreateUIDef",
  "version": "0.1.2-preview",
  "parameters": {
    "basics": [
      {
        "name": "vmSize",
        "type": "Microsoft.Compute.SizeSelector",
        "label": "VM Size",
        "toolTip": "Select a virtual machine size",
        "recommendedSizes": [
          "Standard_D1"
        ],
        "constraints": {
          "allowedSizes": [
            "Standard_D1",
            "Standard_D2",
            "Standard_D3"
          ]
        },
        "osPlatform": "Windows",
        "visible": true
      }
    ],
    "steps": [],
    "outputs": {
      "location": "[location()]",
      "vmSize": "[basics('vmSize')]"
    }
  }
}

後續步驟