Logs Ingestion API in Azure Monitor

The Logs Ingestion API in Azure Monitor lets you send data to a Log Analytics workspace from any REST API client. By using this API, you can send data from almost any source to supported built-in tables or to custom tables that you create. You can even extend the schema of built-in tables with custom columns.

Note

The Logs Ingestion API was previously referred to as the custom logs API.

Basic operation

Your application sends data to a data collection endpoint (DCE), which is a unique connection point for your subscription. The payload of your API call includes the source data formatted in JSON. The call:

  • Specifies a data collection rule (DCR) that understands the format of the source data.
  • Potentially filters and transforms it for the target table.
  • Directs it to a specific table in a specific workspace.

You can modify the target table and workspace by modifying the DCR without any change to the REST API call or source data.

Diagram that shows an overview of logs ingestion API.

Supported tables

Custom tables

The Logs Ingestion API can send data to any custom table that you create and to certain built-in tables in your Log Analytics workspace. The target table must exist before you can send data to it. Custom tables must have the _CL suffix.

Built-in tables

The Logs Ingestion API can send data to the following built-in tables. Other tables may be added to this list as support for them is implemented. Columns extended on top of built-in tables must have the suffix _CF. Columns in a custom table don't need this suffix. Column names can consist of alphanumeric characters and the characters _ and -, and they must start with a letter.

Authentication

Authentication for the Logs Ingestion API is performed at the DCE, which uses standard Azure Resource Manager authentication. A common strategy is to use an application ID and application key as described in Tutorial: Add ingestion-time transformation to Azure Monitor Logs.

Source data

The source data sent by your application is formatted in JSON and must match the structure expected by the DCR. It doesn't necessarily need to match the structure of the target table because the DCR can include a transformation to convert the data to match the table's structure.

Data collection rule

Data collection rules define data collected by Azure Monitor and specify how and where that data should be sent or stored. The REST API call must specify a DCR to use. A single DCE can support multiple DCRs, so you can specify a different DCR for different sources and target tables.

The DCR must understand the structure of the input data and the structure of the target table. If the two don't match, it can use a transformation to convert the source data to match the target table. You can also use the transformation to filter source data and perform any other calculations or conversions.

Send data

To send data to Azure Monitor with the Logs Ingestion API, make a POST call to the DCE over HTTP. Details of the call are described in the following sections.

Endpoint URI

The endpoint URI uses the following format, where the Data Collection Endpoint and DCR Immutable ID identify the DCE and DCR. Stream Name refers to the stream in the DCR that should handle the custom data.

{Data Collection Endpoint URI}/dataCollectionRules/{DCR Immutable ID}/streams/{Stream Name}?api-version=2021-11-01-preview

Note

You can retrieve the immutable ID from the JSON view of the DCR. For more information, see Collect information from the DCR.

Headers

Header Required? Value Description
Authorization Yes Bearer (bearer token obtained through the client credentials flow)
Content-Type Yes application/json
Content-Encoding No gzip Use the gzip compression scheme for performance optimization.
x-ms-client-request-id No String-formatted GUID Request ID that can be used by Microsoft for any troubleshooting purposes.

Body

The body of the call includes the custom data to be sent to Azure Monitor. The shape of the data must be a JSON object or array with a structure that matches the format expected by the stream in the DCR. Additionally, it is important to ensure that the request body is properly encoded in UTF-8 to prevent any issues with data transmission.

Sample call

For sample data and an API call using the Logs Ingestion API, see either Send custom logs to Azure Monitor Logs using the Azure portal or Send custom logs to Azure Monitor Logs using Resource Manager templates.

Limits and restrictions

For limits related to the Logs Ingestion API, see Azure Monitor service limits.

Next steps